ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 17, 2023
Research on the Influence of Sports Volunteers’ Participation Motivation and Job Satisfaction on Re-Participation Intention—Taking the 2023 National Intercollegiate Athletic Games in Taiwan as an Example
Chen Chin-Sheng, Ke Chi Hao, Wen Yen-Chieh
Page no 62-66
| DOI: 10.36348/jaspe.2023.v06i05.001
The purpose of this study is mainly to analyze the influence of sports volunteers’ participation motivation and job satisfaction on re-participation intention. Students who volunteer to participate in the volunteer work of the 2023 National Intercollegiate Athletic Games are the research objects. A questionnaire survey is conducted at each site during the competition. 200 questionnaires are distributed, with 13 invalid questionnaires and 187 valid questionnaires collected. The effective questionnaire recovery rate is 93%. This research is analyzed by statistical methods, such as narrative statistics and multiple regression, and so forth. The study has the following findings: In the volunteer service of the National Intercollegiate Athletic Games, the participation motivation of the university sports volunteers is the highest in “the method and techniques of learning to do things”. In terms of job satisfaction, the highest is “Feel that I am part of the school". Therefore, in the process of volunteering service, sports volunteers feel a high degree of job satisfaction, and their intention to participate in volunteer service in the future is consequently higher. Based on the above results, this study not only provides specific suggestions for planning volunteer services for large-scale sports events in the future, but also proposes directions for future research.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 21, 2023
Knowledge and Attitude Towards Performance-Enhancing Substances and Methods Among Wrestlers, Boxers, and Bodybuilders in Kenya
Wanjiku Agnes Mandu, Dr. Festus Kiplamai, Prof. Andaje Mwisukha, Dr. Luka Waiganjo
Page no 67-81
| DOI: 10.36348/jaspe.2023.v06i05.002
Boxing, wrestling, and bodybuilding are sports that require athletes to be highly conditioned from both endurance and strength perspective. Hence, the temptation to use performance enhancing substance has become rampant among athletes from these sports. Some of the athletes have tested positive for inadvertent doping after use of performance enhancing substances. This can be blamed on lack of knowledge, as well as attitudes developed by athletes. The purpose of this study was to establish knowledge levels, attitudes towards the use of performance enhancing substances (PES), among athletes from boxing, wrestling, and bodybuilding federations in Kenya. The study utilized cross-sectional analytical research design. The study population comprised of 1900 athletes from the three sports disciplines with a sample size of 384 athletes. Close ended questionnaires were used as the data collection instrument. Data obtained from the respondents was coded and organized for analysis by use of SPSS version 25. Hypotheses were tested using one-way ANOVA and t-test at confidence level of 0.05. Post hoc analysis was carried out using Duncan Multiple Range Test where differences were found to be significant. Results on knowledge indicated that 44.8% of respondents reported that ADAK can advise them on which performance enhancing substances were safe to use. 14.3% reported that they thought PES bought from a pharmacy (over the counter) was safe. In addition, 90% reported that an athlete can be sanctioned for testing positive after taking a performance enhancing substance which they thought was safe. With regards to attitudes, 61.5% of the respondents disagreed that athletes are pressured to take performance enhancing substances. Majority of the respondents (81.5%) disagreed that performance enhancing substances and food supplements should be legalized. Many respondents (95.8%) disagreed that athletes have no alternative career choices except sports, which was a positive attitude. Inferential results on one way ANOVA indicated significant differences in knowledge levels at F (2, 381) = 19.631, p<0.001 and attitudes at F (2, 381) = 25.605, p<0.001 three sports disciplines. In conclusion, knowledge and attitudes of athletes from the three sports disciplines were significantly different. The study recommended that sports federation officials from boxing, wrestling and bodybuilding should have a put proper structures for imparting knowledge and proper attitude on use of performance enhancing substances among athletes.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 21, 2023
Improving Student Motor Skills through a Structured Physical Training Program
Muhammad Jafar, Alfian Rinaldy, Masri Yunus
Page no 82-95
| DOI: 10.36348/jaspe.2023.v06i05.003
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a structured exercise program can improve students' motor skills. Everyday activities, including academic and professional ones, necessitate strong motor skills. In any case, numerous understudies need assistance with their coordinated movements which can influence their general exhibition. An experimental design with a randomized control group was used in this study. There were two groups of 100 students in the research sample: the exploratory gathering, which went through an organized actual activity program, and the benchmark group, which got no mediation. Before and after the intervention, students' motor skills were assessed using a tested that was proven to work. The outcomes showed that the organized actual activity program altogether further developed understudies' coordinated abilities contrasted with the benchmark group. Motor coordination, agility, and movement accuracy all improved significantly in the experimental group. They also said they performed better on tasks that required motor skills. This study's findings show that students' motor skills can be improved with a structured exercise program. This study's practical implications include the need to incorporate structured physical activity into higher education curriculum to ensure that students have sufficient motor skills for life success.