An Enquiry of Physical and Mental Skills between Indian and Foreign Soccer Players
Dr. Shantanu Halder, Prof. (Dr.) Gopal Chandra Saha
Page Numbers : 202-207
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2021.v04i09.002
Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the physical and mental abilities between Indian and foreign soccer players. Methods: As for the study methodology, 90 male soccer players were recruited for this study, 30 of them were from India and 60 were from foreign countries. Only defensive and attacking positional Soccer players were selected for this study. All Indian soccer players who have participated only for the national soccer team and who have their own FIFA (Federation International Football Association) rankings were only selected for the study. Foreign soccer players who were selected for the study were from different countries and who also have their own FIFA (Federation International Football Association) rankings. Results: Two soccer performance factors namely physical and mental Skills were considered for this study. Mental skills were measured with the help of aggression response; assist position, interception, vision and composer skills whereas Physical skills were measured with the help of acceleration, stamina, strength, balance, sprint speed, agility and jumping skills. Secondary data has been used for this study. The Student’t’ test statistics was applied to check the existence of significant differences between Indian and Foreign male soccer players. Conclusion: In conclusion, significant differences were observed across all physical and mental abilities in favour of foreign soccer players.
Sept. 7, 2021
A Study of Effects of Exercise on Physical Fitness Components and Psychological Variables among Physical Education Students in Different Games
Aftab Ahmad Jan, Sabzar Ahmad Lone
Page Numbers : 198-201
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2021.v04i09.001
The Man Objective of the Present Study Was to Know the Reaction of Frustration among the Physical Education Student and their Physical Fitness Scores who were selected for this Training for Random sampling. For this purpose of study 200 physical education students were selected in different indoor and outdoor games. Sample were taken from different academic colleges and training centres in bandipora Kashmir. Total 200 subjects were selected (50 in volleyball 50 in boxing 50 in Athletics 50 in football ) those having minimum 2 years’ experience at district level zone leveling their respective sports. Age group was 18 to 26 years male only. The motive of this study was to know the reaction of frustration among the physical education students and their physical fitness scores. Reaction of frustration scale (RFS) constructed and standardized by Dr D.M Dixit and DR D.N Srivastava (2004) was being implemented. The finding revealed that there was significant main effect for the method /technique of relaxation used on level of frustration .Multiple comparison was being done further in which the Hatha yoga/fasting group was found to have significant lower level of frustration and P>0.1 on aggression ,fixation ,and regression .
Original Research Article
Aug. 25, 2021
Functional Outcome of Lateral Epicondylitis Patients After Physiotherapy Interventions- A Pretest & Posttest Study From Bangladesh
Background: Patients suffering from Lateral Epicondylitis experience restriction in their daily activities due to the pain and dysfunction. Though the condition does not lead to disability, it limits functionality. The condition can be treated effectively in a primary health care environment. Objective: The objective of the study was to find out the functional outcome of lateral epicondylitis patients after 6 weeks of physiotherapy interventions. Methodology: A quantitative quasi-experimental study design was chosen for this study. A total of 18 participants were selected by hospital based convenient sampling technique and by the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients received treatment sessions for 18 sessions within the study period. The assessment was done again on a post-test on the same group using the same scales and the changes between pre and post-test of the same groups were compared. Pain and dysfunction were measured by Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and Patient Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE). Result: The result shows significant reduction of pain between baseline assessment and posttest. Overall pain in affected arm shows (p=0.001), specific activities (p=0.000) and usual activities (p=0.000). Distribution of pain during pretest found 6 (30%), specific activities 4 (20%) and in usual activities 3(17%) which was comparatively reduced after 6 months physiotherapy treatment found in posttest distribution was in affected arm 1 (2%), specific and usual activities was same in each 2 (9%) which proved that the physiotherapy treatment was more effective for reduction of pain of the Lateral Epicondylities. Conclusion: After 6 weeks of physiotherapy interventions, patient showed better outcome of the treatment and better recovery from Lateral Epicondylitis. So, the treatment program should be started as early as possible.
Original Research Article
Aug. 20, 2021
Effects of Music Background on Engagement of Students with Mild Intellectual Disability
Background music played in the class is an educational intervention that has been proven to have a positive impact on student behavior management. By the way, several studies have highlighted the effectiveness of music when it is listened by students with special needs. To examine the effects of Mozart background music on the engagement behavior of 13 students with mild intellectual disability enrolled in a two self-contained gross motor activity classes an ABAB with drawl design was used to demonstrate a functional relationship between music background and student’s engagement behavior. Visual analysis of a repeated-measures graph and statistical analysis for the two classes suggested that there is no significant effect of Mozart music background on the student’s engagement during gross motor activities setting. There is not a significant difference between the first implementation of intervention B1 and baseline conditions A1 (p>0.001). Likewise, there is not a significant difference between the second implementation of music background B2 and second baseline conditions A2 (p>0.001). Results showed that Mozart music background did not influence student’s engagement behavior.
Original Research Article
Aug. 17, 2021
Effect of 14 Weeks of Mindfulness Meditation on Verbal Memory and Composite Memory of Male College Students
Sandip Bera, Dr. Nita Bandyopadhyay
Page Numbers : 182-185
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2021.v04i08.002
Meditation known as influential factor on many neurocognitive variables, memory is one of them. Studies have identified that meditation affects working memory. This study aimed to identify the effect of mindfulness meditation on verbal memory and composite memory. Twenty (n=20) male volunteered students age ranged between 21 to 29 years were taken from colleges and university of Kalyani, West Bengal, India. As the subjects were randomly divided into two groups and named as control Group and Experimental group. At first, Linearity, Homoscadasticity, and Normality of data were checked by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Breusch-Pagan-Godfrey and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test respectively in SPSS 23 software. In present study the mean, standard deviation (SD), paired sample‘t’ test were used for observing the effect of meditation programme. Independent sample t test was also used to identify the base line difference between the groups. After fourteen weeks of mindful meditation practice significant improvements were seen in verbal memory and composite memory of the experimental group. The findings suggest that mindfulness meditation practice can improve verbal memory composite memory of an individual.
Original Research Article
Aug. 16, 2021
Research Progress on Selection Methods of Volleyball Players
Page Numbers : 172-181
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2021.v04i08.001
At the present stage, competitive volleyball is becoming increasingly fierce, and the training means and methods of various national volleyball teams tend to be diversified. In order to stand out in the world volleyball federation, athletes are particularly important in talent selection, and athlete selection is the first link of a project in sports training. This paper takes the standard of talent selection of volleyball players as the research object, and tries to find out the law of talent selection of volleyball players. This paper summarizes the definition of talent selection of volleyball players, the general situation of talent selection of volleyball players at home and abroad, the selection standards of volleyball players and the overall situation. Volleyball is the first big ball championship won by China in the Olympic Games. We need to solve many conflicts in the cultivation of sports reserve talents, which is obviously the key to the sustainable development of sports in our country . We should strengthen the research on the sustainable development of volleyball talents, gradually strengthen the quality and quantity of talents, and establish and improve the sustainable volleyball reserve talent development project. Scientific material selection refers to scientific theories and methods, using means, some data and human body evaluation indicators to predict future competitiveness. In the competitive field, scientific material selection can be designed into many methods, which are very extensive. Such as genetics, morphology, physiology, psychology, sports training and other disciplines, with the current scientific development, each province and city also pay great attention to athletes from childhood . And more reasonable use of scientific material selection. When selecting excellent athletes, the competitive ability of a volleyball player mainly depends on the development level of the player's shape, function, quality, skill, psychology and intelligence. The above factors are combined in quantitative and qualitative forms to form a certain level and type of player model. Therefore, in the selection of talents, we should pay attention to the selection of those with good physical fitness and good intelligence, but the talents with the best of both worlds are not easy to be selected. When there is a contradiction between the two, we should focus on selecting members with good intelligence . Because poor physical fitness can also be improved through training, while players with poor intelligence are generally more difficult to change through training.
Original Research Article
July 14, 2021
Study on the Kinematic Characteristics of Different Level Jumpers Squatting and Jumping Under Different Ground
Page Numbers : 161-171
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2021.v04i07.002
Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the kinematic differences of different level jumping athletes in the process of squatting on different ground, and to reveal the photomechanical mechanism of the effect of squatting on the different ground on training effect. Methods: The subjects were 11 first-class and above jumping athletes (excellent group) and 11 second-class athletes (ordinary group). The kinematic data were photographed by SONYDCRHC52E high-speed camera with a sampling frequency of 50 frames per second, and the data were analyzed by SIMI-Motion three-dimensional motion analysis system. Subjects squatted and jumped on four kinds of ground (force platform, balance pad, gymnastics pad, and sand) with their hands on their hips. Results: In the intra-group analysis, it was found that the athletes of different levels squatted and jumped on four different kinds of ground, but there was no significant difference only on the balance pad and gymnastics mat (excellent group p=0.344, ordinary group p=1). In the inter-group analysis, it was found that there were significant differences between different levels of athletes in balance pad (p=0.043) and sand (p=0.02). In the buffering stage of the squatting jump, there was no significant difference in the buffering angle displacement of lower limb joints of different athletes on different ground. In the stage of pedal and extension, the angular displacement of the ankle on the middle platform of the excellent group was significantly different from that of the balance pad (p=0.014), gymnastics pad (p=0.017), and sand (p=0.013), but in the ordinary group, the ankle angular displacement of the middle platform was only significantly different from that of the gymnastics pad (p= 0.048) and sand (p=0.017), but not significantly different from that of the balance pad (p=0.166). The maximum angular velocity of the hip joint of athletes of different levels was significantly different among different ground groups. The maximum angular velocity of the ankle joint of the common group was significantly different in force platform and sand (p=0.032), gymnastics ma,t and sand (p=0.008), but there was no significant difference in balance pad. Conclusion: Different places have a great influence on the ordinary group, and on the ground with lower elastic coefficient, the maximum angular velocity of the ankle joint in the ordinary group is much smaller than that in the excellent group, which indicates that the rapid contractile ability of ankle muscles in the ordinary group is poor on the ground with low elastic coefficient. When squatting and jumping on the ground with a lower elastic coefficient, the excellent group has better body control and coordination and lower joint energy loss, which makes the jumping effect better, while the ordinary group squats and jumps on the ground with a low elastic coefficient and unstable ground. The jumping effect is poor.