Socioeconomic Standards, Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Habits of Ghanaian Athletes: A Study of Three Major Sporting Regions in Ghana
Laura S. Y. Tugli, Andrew O. F adoju, Ulric S. Abonie, Fritz M. Tugli, Helen S. Tobin-West
Page Numbers : 77-95
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i05.001
Nutrition is essential in ensuring athletes’ optimum sports performance and good health. This study’s objective was to assess the socioeconomic (SE) standards, the nutritional knowledge, and the dietary habits of athletes across three (3) sporting regions in Ghana. Further, this study aimed to examine the relationship between the socioeconomic (SE) standards, the nutritional knowledge, and the dietary habits of athletes. The sample drew from football, hockey and basketball players. Data collection relied on an adapted Dietary Habits and Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire by Paugh, 2005, while examination of the relationships was done using chi-square tests of association, at 0.050 level of significance. The results showed that athletes had reasonably good nutritional knowledge and dietary habits, this highlighted by mean percentage scores of 69.42% and 66.26%, respectively. Assessment of athletes’ socioeconomic standards indicated that 80% lived on GHS1000 or less, per month. There were statistically significant relationships between sex and dietary habits, p=0.001; between sex and nutritional knowledge, p<0.001; between sporting disciplines and dietary habits, p=0.005; and between sporting disciplines and nutritional knowledge, p=0.021. Tests also revealed a statistically significant relationship between socioeconomic (SE) standard and nutritional knowledge, p=0.016. There was no significant relationship between athletes’ level of nutritional knowledge and their dietary habits, p=0.620. Neither did the study establish any relationship between SE standard and dietary habits, p=0.292. This suggests a need for more in-depth exploration of the relationship between the socioeconomic (SE) standards, nutritional knowledge, and dietary habits of athletes.
Original Research Article
April 30, 2022
Research on Construction of Professional Strength Development Exercises for Women Athletes Rowing National Youth Team at Da Nang National Sports Training Center
Dr. Nguyen Xuan Hung, Master Tran Van Điep
Page Numbers : 73-76
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i04.003
The use of traditional research methods has evaluated the Professional strength of woman female rowing boat racing young nation team at National Sports Training Center Da Nang as a basis for selection, Appropriate exercise to develop endurance for a female athlete rowing boat racing young nation team at National Sports Training Center Da Nang, olong with a science-based program that is tailored to the actual conditions of the boat racing training program at the National Sports Training Center Da Nang.
April 16, 2022
How Does School Physical Education Stimulate Students' Interest in Sports?
Page Numbers : 68-72
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i04.002
The teaching of physical education teaching is different from other disciplines, sports teaching is not simply to make the students master a few sports action, but to put the knowledge and skills learned in the course become amateur exercise ability, exercise consciously to do outside, so almost all physical education teachers need to undertake to the student interest in sport, but the present school education, Many students are never interested in physical education. This paper adopts the method of literature and logical reasoning to explore this phenomenon, and holds that the reasons for this phenomenon are as follows: 1. Negative life and entertainment, 2. Students under pressure to meet the examination standards, 3. Monotonous teaching content and form. In order to solve these problems and improve the interest in physical education, we need to carry out reasonable teaching design, adopt a variety of teaching means and methods, and pay attention to the classroom and students themselves.
Original Research Article
April 11, 2022
Health and Skill Related Physical Fitness in Adolescents with Motor Difficulties Compared to their Peers without Motor Difficulties
Stavroula Samara, Konstantinos Tsanaktsidis, Ermioni S. Katartzi, Maria G. Kontou, Thomas Kourtessis, Georgios Tzetzis
Page Numbers : 58-67
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i04.001
Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by motor difficulties that affect individuals’ activities of daily living, and pose an increased risk to their health, and psychosocial development. The purpose of the study was to compare abdominal, and hip-flexors muscle strength, and endurance, flexibility of the lower back, and hamstrings muscles, Body Mass Index (BMI) and lower body explosive power between adolescents with motor difficulties and their peers without motor difficulties in a physical education setting. The initial sample consisted of 250 adolescents, 12-15 years old, who were assessed using Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2-Motor Test (MABC-2). Twenty-three adolescents who felt below the 15th percentile, according to the Battery’s Norm, formed the motor difficulties (MD) group. Twenty-three age- and sex-matched peers with MABC-2 scores equal to, or above the 16th percentile were selected randomly, forming the non-motor-difficulties (NMD) group. Adolescents in both groups were measured, individually, in the “sit-up test”, the “sit & reach test”, the “standing long jump test” and the “vertical jump test”. Body mass index (BMI) was also calculated. Independent of gender, the presence of motor difficulties was linked to significantly lower levels of the above examined variables, except BMI. Independent of the occurrence of motor difficulties, boys outperformed girls in all the above variables, except flexibility. Conclusively, results of the current study support previous findings regarding the detrimental effect of motor learning difficulties on adolescents’ physical fitness. Therefore, improving physical fitness should be one of the main goals of any physical education intervention program and future research should focus on this issue.
Original Research Article
March 22, 2022
Evaluated the Quality of Physical Education Program – A Case Study for Male Students Participating in Basketball Course
Tuan, Tran Minh
Page Numbers : 52-57
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i03.003
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of a new basketball program for healthy male students at Saigon University when compared with the current basketball election classes in the physical education program. 64 healthy male students were chosen and randomly divided into two groups (experimental and control groups). All participants have experienced the 15-week training in basketball court at Saigon University every Wednesday morning. The results of the study indicated that a new basketball program had a positive improvement on speed, agility, power of leg, and maximum aerobic speed, except the core strength. Therefore, a new basketball program could facilitate greater enhancements, gave more benefits than the current program, created a healthy environment in studying physical education, and suited the enhancing training needs of male students at Saigon University. Future studies should be clarified the impact of that program for female students, for other types of sports, in line with the classification of participants, i.e., less exercise, long-term training, and high level in training of students.
Original Research Article
March 18, 2022
Differences in Vertical Performance Caused by Drop Jumping on Surfaces with Different Stiffness
It is well established that muscle activation regulates leg stiffness to optimize stretch shortening cycle (SSC) performance. There is a significant interaction between the surface properties, muscle activation and leg stiffness. The aim of this study was to examine the potentiating adjustments after drop jumps (DJs) executed on two surfaces with different elasticity. Twenty-two adults randomly performed 3 protocols: Protocols with three pre-conditioning DJs performed on a springboard (PSB), Protocol (PG) with three pre-conditioning DJs performed on a stiff ground surface and Protocol without any type of pre-conditioning (C). Vertical jump performance was evaluated at four time points: before (COND0), immediately after pre-conditioning (COND10), and after 1 (COND60) and 2 min (COND120) of rest. Dynamics, kinematics and electromyographic parameters of the ankle were evaluated. ANOVA with repeated measures revealed statistically significant increase in Hpeak, Ppeak and Kleg was observed (p<0.05), over split-intervals and rest periods for Protocol (PSB) while no differences were recorded in jump kinematics. Both protocols (PSB and PG) significantly decreased CI during the pre-activation and eccentric phase, whereas the CI was increased during the concentric phase. The positive effect observed in jump performance could not be attributed to co-activity of the ankle joint, indicating that jumping on an elastic surface, may be beneficial in cases where increased leg stiffness is a determining factor for final performance.
Original Research Article
March 16, 2022
Effects of Circuit Training and Circuit Weight Training on Muscular Strength Endurance
Dr. G. R. Vadivel, Dr. D. Maniazhagu
Page Numbers : 38-42
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2022.v05i03.001
The Purpose of the present study was to find out the effects of circuit training and circuit weight training on Muscular strength endurance. To achieve this purpose, thirty men kabaddi players from Alagappa University College of physical education, karaikudi, were randomly selected as subjects. The age of the subjects ranged between 21 to 28 years. The selected subjects were divided into three groups of ten subjects each. The experimental group – 1(n=10 CT) underwent circuit training, the experimental group – 2 (n = 10 CWT) underwent circuit weight training and control group-3 (n= 10, CG) did not participate in any special training programme apart from their regular activities. The data was collected at prior to and after the training programme of nine weeks. Muscular strength endurance was chosen as a criterion variable. The analysis of co variance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data. The results of the study showed that the Muscular strength endurance was significantly improved due to the circuit and circuit weight training.