Mothering A Child with Mental Disability in Egyptian Culture: Perceptions of Stigma
Maha Elsinbawi, Nagwa A. Meguid
Page Numbers : 496-502
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i09.006
The purpose of the study was to explore and identify the experiences of mothers raising different mentally disabled child in the Egyptian society. Thirty mothers of children with mental disabilities have been selected and interviewed. They were diagnosed as Down syndrome (10 cases), Fragile-X (10 cases) and 10 with Autism. The interviewing process included two phases; introductory, and in-depth questions about mothers’ personal experiences in raising kids with special needs. The results of the interviews showed that 90% of these mothers were literate, 63% end up divorced and 66% leaved their jobs to take care of their special needs kid. Sadness, guilt, shame and isolation were some of the feelings of mothers who participated in this research, in addition to the overwhelm of being stigmatized by the society. Findings highlighted that provision of adequate education, health care and stigma were the main issues for mothers. The study reported that Egyptians do not have the culture of the psychiatrist. Despite considerable progress in recent years, Egypt is still marked by discriminatory attitudes which affect children with disabilities and their mothers. The study concluded that despite the autistic associations programs to increase public awareness about Autism, yet fragile-X still remains poorly understood for most of the Egyptians. We discovered that mothers of children with Fra X syndrome and autistics were less optimistic than those with Down syndrome mothers. Study suggested strategies to help ease the stigmatization included providing simple information about genetic diseases that non-medical individuals can easily grasp.
Sept. 24, 2020
Revolutionizing Cancer Therapy with Newer Treatment Modalities: A Review
Rana Noor, Dalvinder Singh, Subuhi Yasmeen
Page Numbers : 605-609
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2020.v06i09.003
Non communicable diseases like Cancer is a leading cause of death group worldwide. The reason for every sixth death in the world is cancer, making it the second leading cause of death. Curing cancer is certainly one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. In the last two decades, our knowledge of cancer and its treatment has greatly improved. This has revealed the huge variability that can be found between not only different types of cancer, but also between patients with the same type of cancer. It seems increasingly evident that there won’t be a single method to ‘cure’ rather, each patient will be treated accordingly to their specific needs. But for individualized medicine to become a reality, we need a range of therapies wide enough to cover the broad spectrum of cancer. It has been found that cancer in one person doesn’t always behave the same way in another person. Thanks to the innovative research that has fueled the newer treatment options available for cancer treatment that increases the individuals’ survival rate. New approaches to cultivate the immune system in the fight against cancer are getting us closer to a future where cancer becomes a curable disease. Targeted therapies, personalized vaccines, gene therapy, microbiome treatments and stem cell transplantation are some of the technologies that will change the way of cancer treatment.
Original Research Article
Sept. 19, 2020
High Schools and University Female Students Knowledge and Attitudes towards Medication Use during Exams in Taif City, Saudi Arabia
Badraddin M. Al-Hadiya, Majed M. AlRobaian, Kholoud M. Alzahrani, Arwa S. Altalhi, Nada A. Albradi, Afrah F. Alzahrani, Elham A. alsherbi
Page Numbers : 594-604
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2020.v06i09.002
Self-Medication is an important phenomenon worldwide. In addition to its advantages, it is associated with some risk when medicines are misused or abused. Students may not have the sufficient knowledge about medications that is why the resultant side effects can be very serious. The study mainly aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of high school and university female students (Taif City, KSA) towards the use of medicines during Exams. A self-administered as well as an electronic questionnaire was used to collect responses from the students in March 2017. Total of 363 students were randomly selected and from the university and four high schools and recruited in the study. Respondents recruited with face-to-face questionnaires were 241 (66.4%), compared to 122 (33.6%) included electronically. The statistical package for Social Science (SPSS) version 22 was used to analyze the study data. The study showed that about 48.5% of the female students agreed that exams affect their health status and food habits to a large extent and about 56% suffer from anxiety during exams. The most prominent health problem during exams was headache (44.3%) followed by stomach pain (27.8%) and respiratory problems (15.9%). Few students (15%) agreed that using medicines would improve their performance, while (31.4%) answered that side effects of medication negatively affected their academic performance. The most common drugs used by students during exams period were antihistamine (49%), followed by painkillers (8%), and antibiotics and medicines for chest illness (6.3%). There is a high prevalence of irresponsible self-medication among high school and university students, with observed side effects. There is a need to raise the students’ awareness about medicines at school, university and homes.
Original Research Article
Sept. 17, 2020
Challenges of the Automobile Industry and Performance Analysis of an Assembly Plant in Nigeria
Paul Tamaragaibi Elijah, Nnamdi Chukwuemeka Ezeife
Page Numbers : 337-342
DOI : 10.36348/sjet.2020.v05i09.003
This study looked at the challenges faced by the automobile industry in Nigeria. The study also carried out automotive assembly process performance analysis for improved productivity. The analysis was performed at an automobile plant in Nigeria. The overall number of material handling systems and kinds of material handling systems were determined. The number of automated, manual and semi-automated equipment’s used was also determined. The number of workers on the line were also determined. The labour productivity, hours per unit, organizational hour per unit, and TEEP were also determined. From the analysis, the average production volume of automobile assembly line is 256 units for every month and its average on time delivery is 80.6 %. Nine hours was the time period the workers spent every day. 163 personnel with various skill sets were involved in the plant. The size of the plant is about 550,000m2 and it housed offices, workstations, equipment’s and operators. The average hour per unit is 155 hours. The average organizational hour per unit is 148 hours i.e. it takes 148 hours to assemble the car. The total effective equipment performance is 61.89%. This result shows that the plant is still under-utilized. The study recommends that more workers should be employed and predictive maintenance practises should be used to avoid collapse of machines in the assembly plant.
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