Frontal Abscess Caused by a Rare Pathogen: Streptococcus constellatus
Brahim El Jebbouri, Brahim El Mostarchid, Miloudi Gazzaz
Page Numbers : 333-335
DOI : 10.36348/sjpm.2022.v07i08.001
Streptococcus constellatus is a microorganism that lives commensally in the oropharyngeal region, urogenital region, and intestinal tract. However, it can cause infection in patients with certain predisposing factors. We present a rare case of a right-sided frontal abscess caused by Streptococcus constellatus in a 47-year-old male with well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus patient who was injured by shrapnel pieces in the head and who was malnourished. The patient was successfully treated by surgical evacuation and antibiotherapy. Very few cases of brain abscesses caused by S. Constellatus have been reported in the literature. Only four cases in an immunocompetent patient have been reported to date.
Original Research Article
July 29, 2022
Dynamics of Maritime Trade along the Fako Coastal Belt of Cameroon: Ambiance, Challenges and Sustainable Combat Strategies
Maritime trade is dynamic and indispensable for economic growth and development around the World. This trade if not well monitored can become a threat to development considering the illicit and criminal transactions that surrounds the sector. In Cameroon, this informal trade has degraded customs income and promoted the infiltration of contraband goods into the country via local anchorage sites where custom services are weak. This trade has affected the State pricing policy of certain goods especially fuel. It is against this background that this study sets out to investigate, seaborne trade, and the illegal transactions that are common along the Fako coastal belt of Cameroon. Data for the study have been gathered from secondary and primary sources. Secondary data were gleaned from soft and hard copies of both published and unpublished documents, newspapers, and decrees relevant to maritime transport and trade. Primary data were sourced from field surveys where a simple random sampling technique was used to administer 278 copies of questionnaires to 10 localities along the Fako coastal belt of Cameroon using a convenient sample size. Supplementary primary data was gotten via interviews and observations in the three seaports along the coast. Results revealed that the Limbe, Tiko and Idenau ports though secondary, handles thousands of tonnes of cargo annually making Fako Division where they are located in Cameroon an eminent trading hub. Statistics from the Limbe Port Authority (PAL) indicated an increasing trend of export and imports annually in thousands of tonnes. The results shows that illicit seaborne trade is very common along this coastal belt with over 67 percent of the goods coming in from neighbouring Nigeria. The illicit product identified are petroleum products (46.2%), pharmaceutical products (30 %), food items (16.7%) and chemical fertilizers and others (5.3% and 3.8%) respectively. The results also revealed that in the year 2021 between January and .....
Original Research Article
July 25, 2022
Evaluation of Awareness of Scope of Physical Therapy Field amongst Intermediate Pass Students
Dr. Mohabbat Ali, Mubashira Manzoor, Dr. Mehwish Fatima, Syed Muhammad Saad Iqbal, Rafia Maqbool, Muhammad Ahsen Masood
Page Numbers : 400-409
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i07.007
Physical therapy is one of the healthcare professions concerned with human function and movement. According to Higher Education Commission "Physical Therapy is an essential segment of modern health care system. This study was conducted to identify the knowledge of physiotherapy as a profession and the level of awareness amongst intermediate pass students. A cross-sectional study with 348 college students were selected by using convenience sampling technique and a self-designed questionnaire was circulated to them for data collection and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, conducted by SPSS. Results show that knew 50% about the sub-specialties, 70% & 60% have knowledge of treatment modalities and their uses in physiotherapy practice. This study concluded that high school students are having good awareness about physiotherapy as a profession. Further education to the schools is needed to enrich the knowledge about the physiotherapy profession to the school students.
Original Research Article
July 19, 2022
Ethical Issues on Electronic Health Records: Perception from the Medical Record Staff at King Khalid General Hospital, Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia
Humoud Turki Almutairi, Ahmed Helail Aldhafeeri, Mohammed Wafi Alharbi, Obaid Dobaib Alsahli, Saud Dhaar Almutairi, Masad Saad Almutairi, Mshary Benian Alenzi, Abdulrahman Tharwi Alshammari
Page Numbers : 280-288
DOI : 10.36348/sjpm.2022.v07i07.006
Introduction: In realizing the promise of electronic health records, the needs to address the potential ethical issues are of paramount importance. Objectives: This research aims to determine the perception regarding the ethical issues in using the electronic health record among the medical staff of King Khalid General Hospital, Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia. Method: This research is quantitative-cross sectional approach. There are 43 medical record staffs who served as the participants. In determining the number of participants, the researcher used simple random sampling. A self-administered tool was used to collect the data. Ethical approval was obtained before data gathering. This research employed frequency and percentage for the demographic profile and weighted mean. In order to determine the differences, exist on the perception of the participants based on the tested variables, t-test was used for gender. Meanwhile, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine the differences in the department, level of education, and age. Results: The perception of the medical record staff about the ethical issues in the use of electronic health record is positive (x=3.68). Meanwhile, there is no significant difference on the department (Sig: 0.419; p-val. 0.5), age (Sig: 0.574; p-val. 0.5), level of education (Sig: 0.979; p-val. 0.5), and gender (Sig: 0.156; p-val. 0.5). Conclusion: The medical record staff in King Khalid General Hospital, Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia, have a positive perception regarding the ethical issues on electronic health records. As such, it can be used to improve more the practices in safeguarding the records. Moreover, this positive perception can address future ethical issues that may arise. Further, there are no significant differences in the department where these participants are deployed, the age, level of education, and gender.
Original Research Article
July 15, 2022
A Study to Assess the Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Oncology Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr. Finciya C. Pappu, Dr. Helna Shaji, Dr. Steffi Bennis, Dr. Soumya Mary Alex, Dr. C. S. Madhu
Page Numbers : 343-354
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2022.v08i07.005
Background: The cytotoxic chemotherapy is the mainstay treatment of cancer and it is usually complicated with infections. Appropriate antibiotics and other supportive medications must be started immediately as bacterial infections may progress with the absence of granulocytes. Improved outcomes can be seen with empirical administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics and they remain as the standard of care. Patients with intermediate-risk for Febrile Nuetropenia (FN) (10%-20%) need to be evaluated for additional patient risk factors, after assessment, patients who present with at least one of the risk factors for FN is recommended for treatment with a G-CSF. Methodology: Our study was a retrospective cohort single centered observational study carried out randomly in 104 patients in the oncology department of Lourdes hospital, Cochin Data of the patients were collected from Mediware system, medical records and Statistical software SPSS were used for analysis of the data. Results: In our study febrile neutropenia was managed using antimicrobials, of which antibiotics and antifungals prescribed were 12.09% and 1.97% respectively and with granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (G-CSFs) (6.15%). Principally used empirical monotherapy was meropenem sulbactum / meropenem (n = 48) which was followed by piperacillin tazobactum (n=18) and cefoperazone sulbactum (n=15) This study had a leading prescription of Cyclophosphamide containing chemotherapy regimens which led to neutropenia. Breast cancer patients accounts the majority of febrile neutropenic episodes despite of receiving GCSF prophylaxis. The most common type of cancer patients who are suffering from neutropenia were breast cancer. The compliance with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines were analyzed in that we can see 84.6% patients had partial compliance and 14.4% patients had full compliance. Conclusion: A total of 66 patients received both antibiotics and G-CSF treatment however 13 patients and 2
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