Agricultural Insights for Development of Genetically Modified Foods, Horticultural Crops and Role of Nanotechnology
Mahnoor Aslam, Hafiz Muhammad Khubaib, Bilal Ahmed Awan, Arsalan Ali, Soha Fatima, Akasha Ashraf, Hafiza Zainab Ikhlaque, Hadia Bilal
Page Numbers : 158-162
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2022.v07i05.003
Agricultural productivity under stress conditions can be accomplished by modifying cellular metabolism and molecular transformations of genetically modified plans with the help of nano-material-mediated facilitations. Horticultural crops are the main source of nutritional compounds such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and organic acids. Osmotic stress combined with temperatures over 28°C caused a 30-45 percent blossom decline in several tomato varieties. Chili too is susceptible to drought stress, which can result in production losses of as much as 50 to 60 percent. Pigment and color retention are important determinants of vegetable and fruit quality and nutritional values. Genes involved in the enhancement of anthocyanin synthesis and accumulation during postharvest storage in red-fleshed kiwi. Targeted implementation of fruit-specific promoters with distinct up and low regulated epigenetic biomarkers might be useful in the expression of genes and reduces the side effects developed by constitutive promoters. Chitosan is one kind of these nanomaterials over-coated on post-harvested mangoes to secure its edible portion from rotting, increase its vitamin C contents, maintain its freshness, and increase shelf-life. The use of nanomaterials in the food industry reduces the cost of electricity applied in refrigeration for preservation purposes alongside maintaining the original vigor and vitality of the fruits like tomatoes.
Original Research Article
May 18, 2022
Evaluating the Appropriate Use of Piperacillin /Tazobactam in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a Major Tertiary Care Hospital
Husam Munawar, Abdulaziz Alolayan, Amnah Bashraheel, Ali Alqarni, Hind Bafagih, Marwan Alrasheed
Page Numbers : 247-251
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2022.v08i05.006
Background: Piperacillin/Tazobactam(Pip/Taz) is a broad-spectrum antibacterial covering aerobic, and anaerobic microorganisms. Pip/Taz plays a major role in treating sepsis, respiratory infection, and intraabdominal infection. Many studies showed inappropriate use of Pip/Taz might increase the risk of resistance. This study aimed to evaluate the appropriateness use of Pip/Taz prescribing in pediatric patients in Peidatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) at a major tertiary hospital. Method: A retrospective and observational study was conducted to evaluate the appropriateness use of Pip/Taz in PICU. The study included all neonates and pediatrics less than 14 years old in the PICU setting who had received at least dose of Pip/Taz during their admission for the period between Jan 2020 and Jan 2021. Assessment of antimicrobial appropriateness was evaluated according to Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines. Data were retrieved from the hospital’s Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) and exported to Excel spreadsheet. Results: Of 124 Pip/Taz prescriptions, 34% were inappropriate. The common indications for using Pip/Taz empirically were with sepsis and suspecting of pneumonia. The reasons for inappropriate use of Pip/Taz were due to continue using the drug based on clinical condition even the results of cultures had no growth of organisms 71%, then starting the drug without taking culture 14%, then the drug continued without justification despite culture resulted with no growth 10%, and finally continued without following sensitivity 5%. Conclusion: This study showed that there was inappropriate use of Pip/Taz at PICU. The inappropriate use was attributed to not following the lab results, culture sensitivity and not requesting microbiology culture.
Original Research Article
May 15, 2022
Estimation of Fertility Status of Coastal Soils for Agricultural Planning in Bangladesh
A study was conducted to know the fertility status of coastal soils of Bangladesh for agricultural planning. Thirty composite soil samples were collected from different locations of Kalapara upazila under Patuakhali coastal district in Bangladesh with Geographic Positioning System (GPS) positions. The soil samples were analyzed for physical properties (moisture, texture, bulk density, particle density and porosity) and chemical properties (pH, electrical conductivity, total nitrogen, organic carbon, exchangeable sodium, exchangeable potassium, available sulphur and available phosphorus). The range of moisture contents of collected soils was 24 to 29% and the textural class was silty clay. The bulk density ranged from 1.30 to 1.47 gcm-3. The particle density ranged from 2.31 to 2.49 gcm-3. The porosity of soil samples ranging from 40.96 to 46.06%. The pH ranged from 5.85 to 6.45. The EC value of collected soils ranged from 3.10 to 5.12 dSm-1. The total nitrogen and organic carbon content was low to medium. The exchangeable sodium and potassium content of soils ranged from 9.22 to 18.47 meq 100g-1 and 0.16 to 0.27 meq 100g-1, respectively. The available sulphur and phosphorus content of soils ranged from 17.21 to 33.21 mg kg-1 and 17.12 to 33.09 mg kg-1, respectively. The results revealed that the soils of the study area were slightly to moderately saline and thus the nutrients present in the soils were low to medium level. Hence, salinity problem of soils should be considered before agricultural planning in the study area.
May 9, 2022
Teachers Performance Appraisal and Development and Instructional Competence
Page Numbers : 259-266
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i05.001
The quality of teaching shapes the future of students and prepares them to be a responsible citizen. Therefore, all efforts to improve the quality of education are dependent on the instructional competence of teachers and their capacity to undertake the various important roles and functions. These endorses the need for teachers to embrace concrete mechanisms of enhancing their instructional competences to constantly innovate and adapt to dynamic student needs for their Competency-based mastery. In this regard interrelation of instructional competency with teachers’ performance appraisal and development is of interest because of its relevance and vitality in endorsing a pedagogical culture which resonates with education quality despite the teacher’s negative perception. However, there is a dearth of literature explaining whether the two major approaches to teacher evaluation namely value-added measures and standards-based evaluations affect their instructional competence providing a gap for the current review. From the review value-added measures and standards-based evaluations significantly affects instructional competence despite their various limitations. Value added measures can enhance the instructional competence of the teacher courtesy of the synergy amongst collaborative learning communities can assess the evidence of student learning based on the test scores for effective teaching.The headteachers within the policy frameworks should cooperate with the teachers in determination of standards which should be realistic, viable and reliable in addressing instructional competence. However, performance appraisal, might have catastrophic consequences if it is carried out without clear objectives.
May 5, 2022
Manager’s Emotional Intelligence and Team Effectiveness: A Theoretical Review
Victor Barinua, Chinenye Chika Chimere-Nwoji, Harry Opakiriba Ford
Page Numbers : 120-124
DOI : 10.36348/sjbms.2022.v07i05.001
The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between Managers Emotional Intelligence and Team Effectiveness. Team effectiveness are measured in two ways, cohesiveness and goal attainment while Managers Emotional Intelligence as has its dimensions as self-management, self-awareness and social-awareness. The methodology here is based on theoretical & conceptual literature review. It regards emotions and the conditions that might contribute to team effectiveness. Findings revealed that there is a strong and positive significant relationship between the study variables. The study then recommends that management should implement strategies that will encourage emotional intelligence and its dimension such as self-awareness, self-management, and social-awareness in order to achieve organizational goals.
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