Microbiological and Physiological Studies of Sunflower Using Integrative Approach
Syed Abu Bakr Haider Bukhari, Syed Asad Raza Shah Naqvi, Asif Ali, Hafiza Maria Mahmood, Maria Rafiq, Zarmast Khan, Muhammad Shakil
Page Numbers : 77-81
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i04.002
Zinc as one of the heavy metals that influence of the growth of the plant. Its deficiency in plants leads to abnormal growth of roots cells that ultimately inhibited the RNA and proteins synthesis. Sunflower has gains much important in agricultural pint of view due to its morphological characteristics. High and low concentrations of the zinc have been evaluated on the different parameters of sunflower. Water in the concentrations of 25 ml were applied carefully to the each pots and crops were harvested for evaluation of microbiological and morphological parameters such as for number of leaves of sunflower hybrids, root dry weight of sunflower, shoot dry weight of sunflower, chlorophyll pigments, carotenoids. In relation to biochemical attributes chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b were reduced while a subsequent elevation was observed in carotenoid. Maximum reduction of growth, biochemical and physiological parameters was noted at 40mM concentration of zinc. Zinc toxicity involves in inhibition of cytoplasmic enzymes and damage to cell structures due to oxidative stress. It alters the catalytic function of enzymes which damage the cellular membranes and inhibit root growth. Zinc stress cause maximum effect on hybrid FH674 as compared to other hybrid FH687.
April 6, 2021
Lifestyle Diseases: The Link between Modern Lifestyle and Threat to Public Health
Wahied Khawar Balwan, Sachdeep Kour
Page Numbers : 179-184
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i04.003
Globalization and economic progress have been accompanied with an increase in the incidence of lifestyle diseases worldwide. Lifestyle Diseases are a major public health problem globally. According to World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 71% of all deaths globally were attributed to Lifestyle Diseases, a subset of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). A lifestyle disease is linked to the way a person lives. Lifestyle diseases are ailments that are primarily based on the day to day habits of people. Habits that detract people from activity and push them towards a sedentary routine can cause several health issues that lead to chronic non-communicable diseases with life threatening consequences. A primary intent of this article is to educate readers about the risk factors associated with Lifestyle diseases as well as to encourage them to follow a healthy lifestyle in order to reduce the chances of developing a Lifestyle related disease later in their lives.
Subject Category: Biology
April 5, 2021
Review on Biological Impact of Seed-Dispersal with an Integrative Approach by Animals on Plant Distributions, Biochemical Composition and Future Perspectives
Neha Kainat, Muhammad Umair Dildar, Muhammad Waqas Abbas, Haseeb Arshad, Muhammad Izhar, Talat Sabtain, Muhammad Waqar Akram
Page Numbers : 72-76
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i04.001
Most of the plants contain a variety of compounds that are principally active and work against the free radicals. Out of potentially active compounds in the medicinal plants, antioxidants are the most important of all the compounds. There are various flavonoids and antioxidants compounds that are actually possessing the chemical structure with the high stability. Seed biology is an intensive area of study, a reflection of the significance of seeds for several scientific areas. Animal mediated seed dispersal is important for sustaining biological diversity in forest ecosystems, particularly in the tropics. From an evolutionary perspective, the ability of plants to make seeds has conferred major selective advantages, accounting, in part, for the success of seed plants as the largest and most species rich group of land plants. It is important to remove the free radicals that are produced biochemically in the specific organ in order to keep as well as minimize the effects produced by the free radicals. The antioxidants possess certain properties that differentiated them to the other chemical compounds. Animals that are highly vagile are considered to be the most efficient at active dispersal. Highly vagile animals include many species of birds, bats, and large insects. Large aquatic animals are effective dispersers, and some terrestrial animals can disperse large distances on foot. Seed sensitivity to nitrate is affected by other environmental factors, such as light and after-ripening, and by genotypes. Biochemical eptides are the several types of the peptides that are found in the inner portion of the onions. These peptides are gamma-glutamyl-methionine, gamma-glutamyl-isoleucine, gamma-glutamyl-leucine and gamma-glutamyl-valine.
April 2, 2021
Exceptional Cause of Hemorrhagic Shock in Intensive Care by Arterial Blood Pressure Catheter Disconnection
A. Elmoqaddem, N. Mrani Alaoui, T. Cherrad, M. Hmidi, F. Choumi, K. Nadour
Page Numbers : 168-169
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i04.001
The occurrence of hemorrhage from an intra-arterial catheter remains exceptional despite the risk of disconnection described for the femoral site. The occurrence of a state of hemorrhagic shock on the arterial blood pressure line still remains accidental and may be responsible for high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of hemorrhagic shock that occurred in intensive care following an accidental disconnection in the blood pressure system.
Original Research Article
March 30, 2021
Study on the Assessment of Hepatotoxicity of Anti Hyperthyroid Drugs
Nimmy N John, Narmadha MP, Darath David, H. Doddayya
Page Numbers : 165-167
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i03.003
In India, hyperthyroidism accounts for 5 per 10,000. The seriousness of thyroid disorders should not be underestimated as thyroid storm, thyrotoxicosis and myxedema coma can lead to death in a significant number of cases. In this study, 50 female patients of above 18-year-old were included in the study (Pre- and Post-menopausal), whereas patients who have undergone radioactive ablation and thyroidectomy were excluded. Blood samples were collected and thyroid tests like TSH, T3, T4 were performed by the method of chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay. Complete Blood Count (CBC) is performed to check the values of Hb, RBC, WBC, Neutrophil, Basophil, Eosinophil, Platelet, Lymphocyte. Liver function tests like SGOT and SGPT were performed to find whether carbimazole induces any liver damage. Thyroid tests and CBC values were noted down at the time of diagnosis and during the course of treatment. Out of 50 hyperthyroidism patients, 2 patients (%) experienced Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis. According to a study done by Davies  Carbimazole shows rare adverse effects like neutropenia and agranulocytosis. In our study, 2 patients (6.8%) experienced neutropenia and agranulocytosis. They have symptoms like blisters in mouth and fever. When their CBC were done, it was found that their neutrophil count and WBC has reduced. When neutrophil count is reduced, body’s ability to fight off foreign body reduces and it ensures easy attack by micro-organism.
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