Endoscopic and Scannographic Comparison in Epidermoid Carcinomas of the Larynx
Sefrioui Taha Ismail, Ait Taleb Hajar, Amraoui Oussama, Nitassi Sophia, Bencheikh Razika, Oujilal Abdelilah, Benbouzid Mohamed Anas, Essakalli Leila
Page Numbers : 283-285
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i06.011
Surgery of the larynx not only allows reshaping the tumor but also to preserve maximally the laryngeal function. This is why the imaging gives an exact definition of the extent as well as the volume of the tumor. This is a retrospective study involving 58 patients performed at the ENT-head and neck surgery specialties hospital of CHU Rabat from January 2019 to December 2019.All patients with epidermoid carcinoma received cervical CT with axial and coronal slices and endoscopic (direct laryngoscopy) assessment. The realization of a computed tomography is used nowadays in common practice to review the loco regional extension of laryngeal cancers. It is an integral part of the staging with a crucial role in the mostly conservative therapeutic decision and monitoring [1, 2]. The exam should be performed remotely from biopsies, especially for small tumors. Indeed, the post-biopsy inflammatory reaction could falsely increase the tumor description. The decision of a suitable therapeutic attitude for each case of laryngeal cancer depends indeed on the sensitivity of endoscopic and scannographic examinations.
June 23, 2021
Microbes: Role in Industries, Medical Field and Impact on Health
Arslan Abbas, Muhammad Irfan, Sanaullah Khan, Arif Hassan, Sarfraz Khan, Rasab Javed, Sharafat Ali
Page Numbers : 278-282
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i06.010
Microbes have ecological interactions with almost all life forms. Likewise, humans invariably engage in host-microbial interactions that could induce short-term or long-term effects. They are used in pharmaceutical industries for the synthesis of chemical compounds. Nowadays, chemical industries using the bacteria to synthesis the industrial products like. Some important features of bacteria in food industries remain unclear. This review highlighted the role of bacteria in industries for synthesis of compounds in medical as well as industrial point of view but some of the bacterial species have great impact on the human health thus causing serious diseases in human. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is used to produce cheese, yoghurt, kefir and kimchi. Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) is used in traditional manufacturing of vinegar. Bacteria are used to create multiple antibiotics such as streptomycin from the bacteria streptococcus. Another important role in pharmaceuticals is the use of microbes for the medically important studies, such as bacteriorhodopsin. Escherichia coli is used for commercial preparation of riboflavin and vitamin K.E. coli is also used to produce D-amino acids such as D-p-hydroxyphenylglycine, an important intermediate for synthesis of the antibiotic amoxicillin.
June 21, 2021
Bomb Thrown Incident in an Agricultural Land. Perplexed Act of the Perpetrators: A Real Crime Scene Report
Prof. T. Nataraja Moorthy, A. Manivannan, M. Muhammad Naeim
Page Numbers : 424-427
DOI : 10.36348/sijlcj.2021.v04i06.012
Currently, forensic crime scene investigators face challenges because of the diplomatic acts of the offenders. The actors are very cautious in leaving their evidence during crime operations and depositing their statements during interrogations. Researchers have shown that the investigators need to have the basic knowledge in science, engineering, and medicine fitted for legal or public argumentation. The major impediment to an investigation is the loss or removal of a piece/pieces of evidence from the crime scene. The reason is that human traffic at a crime scene is likely for items to move, misplace, or steal. Only a knowledgeable investigator can handle such critical situations efficiently and conclude the presentation in the legal system. The present case report is an example of such scenario wherein four persons were admitted to a government hospital with explosion injuries, investigated in Tamilnadu, India. They had alleged that when they were walking in an agricultural agricultural land, four persons (as named by the injured) had thrown bombs on them hidden behind a haystack. A case was registered u/s attempted murder and explosives act, and the named four persons from the village were brought to the police station for further investigation. Immediately many villagers have assembled near the police station and demanded the release of these four persons from the police custody since they were innocents and not at all committed the offense. The District Superintendent of Police directed the forensic crime scene investigator (CSI), the corresponding author (hereafter as TN), to assist the police investigation. Accordingly, the CSI immediately rushed first to the hospital with the Superintendent of Police and observed the injured and inquired them and the medical doctor who treated them and recorded their statements. TN then visited the alleged bomb blasting area and no possibility of explosion observed in the said site and finally opined that the allegation of bo
Original Research Article
June 20, 2021
Comparison of the Effectiveness of 4% Articaine Hydrochloride and 2% Lignocaine Hydrochloride in Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Surgery- A Prospective, Parallel Arm, Randomized Controlled Trial
Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of 4% articaine hydrochloride and 2% lignocaine hydrochloride in impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: Sixty subjects randomly received either the 4% articaine injection (Group 1) or 2% lignocaine injection (Group 2) with 1: 200000 adrenaline via a pterygomandibular nerve block. The onset of the action of anesthesia, pulpal anaesthesia and its quality during the surgery, duration of anesthesia, duration of the surgery, the total volume of the anesthetic solution, hemodynamic statistics and pain levels were recorded. Results: The mean onset of anesthesia was significantly shorter in Group 1 (4.243 minutes) as compared to Group 2 (4.398 minutes). Onset of pulpal anesthesia was significantly shorter, with values as 4.287 ± 0.335 mins (Group 1) and 5.215 ± 0.3157 mins (Group 2). The duration of anesthetic effect in Group 1 was 3 hours (14.60 ± 9.76 mins), significantly higher than lignocaine -2 hours 43.33 mins (163.33 +-11.97 minutes). The duration of the procedure was marginally higher in Group 1- 41.67 ± 20.14mins; Group 2- 39.30 ±18.54mins. There was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between qualities of anesthesia with pain scores lower in Group 1 as compared to Group 2. Articaine was found to have better cardiovascular stability than lignocaine. Conclusion: 4% articaine hydrochloride with 1:200000 adrenaline is more effective than 2% lignocaine hydrochloride with 1:200000 adrenalines in impacted mandibular third molar surgery in terms of onset, quality of anesthesia and hemodynamic parameters.
Original Research Article
June 18, 2021
Oral Symptoms and Oral Health Related Quality of Life in Patients with Grinspan’s Syndrome: A Questionnaire Based Cross-Sectional Study
Dr. Ranjitkumar Patil, Dr. Akhilanand Chaurasia, Saman Ishrat, Rini Tiwari
Page Numbers : 137-142
DOI : 10.36348/sjm.2021.v06i06.005
Introduction: Grinspan syndrome is a triad of erosive form of oral lichen planus (OLP), diabetes mellitus (DM) and arterial hypertension. The objective of present study is to evaluate the oral health and oral symptoms in patients with Grinspan’s syndrome and also an emphasis on evaluating the level of awareness about oral health in patients of this disease complex. Methods: The study subjects with Grinspan’s syndrome are included in the study while the rest were excluded along with those who are on medications for other conditions. A self-administered structured questionnaire is used as the survey instrument. After collecting all the responses from patients, it is analyzed statistically using IBM SPSS® Software (21.v). Results: The most common oral symptom found in Grinspan’s syndrome is Glossodynia (92.1%). The high arched palate (35.6%) and temporomandibular joint disorders (35.6%) are least associated with this syndrome. Glossodynia was most prevalent (91.4% and 93% respectively) and their association with gender was highly significant (p value<.001) however the association of all other oral symptoms with gender was statistically non significant (P>.001). Among the different age groups, the presentation of oral symptoms was highly variable but the association between oral symptoms and age group was statistically highly significant (P<.001). Conclusions: Glossodynia is the most common oral symptom found in Grinspan’s syndrome whereas high arched palate and temporomandibular joint disorders (35.6%) are the least associated with this syndrome, in our study. The presentation of oral symptoms depends on and varies according to the age group of patients.
June 17, 2021
Poultry Farming: Prospects and Impediments in India
Dr. Arpita Mitra, Dr. Deblina Majumder, Ms. Maneesha Mishra, Dr. Snigdha Sarkar
Page Numbers : 193-198
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i06.004
India is a land of agriculture wherein most of the people depend on agriculture as the source of economy. The predominance of agriculture and livestock rising as a source of income is both a boon and a bane. While it calls for the richness of India’s flora and fauna it also calls for vulnerability in hours of natural calamities. A country with huge prospects in agrarian sector the present study is a humble endeavour to explore the prospects and impediments to poultry farming in India.
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