Evaluation of Anti-Asthmatic Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Argemone mexicana Stems
Rohit Singh, Neelesh Chaubey, Rajeev Kumar Mishra
Page Numbers : 39-44
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i01.007
Objective: To determine the anti-asthmatic activity of Argemone mexicana ethanolic extract and its chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions. Methods: Present study was designed to evaluate the anti-asthmatic activity of Argemone mexicana stems using various experimental in vivo and in vitro animal models. Ethanolic extract of Argemone mexicana and its chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions were evaluated for its anti-asthmatic activity by in vitro models (isolated guinea pig ileum preparation and isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation) in vivo models (Histamine and acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs and milk induced eosinophilia in mice models). Results: Ethanolic extract of Argemone mexicana significantly antagonized the effect of histamine induced contraction on isolated guinea pig ileum preparation. Ethanolic extract of Argemone mexicana, and its ethyl acetate fraction at the concentration of 10mg significantly inhibited the contraction of isolated guinea pig ileum and trachea chain preparation produced by histamine. Ethanolic extracts of Argemone mexicana at dose of 150, 250, and 350mg/kg body weight significantly extended the latent period of convulsion as compared to standard (Ketotifen fumarate) upon histamine and acetylcholine exposure in a dose dependent manner. Conclusion: Ethanolic extract of Argemone mexicana stems have shown significant anti-asthmatic activity.
Original Research Article
Jan. 14, 2021
Knowledge and Awareness of Prosthetic Restoration of Endodontically Treated Teeth among the Dental Doctors of Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Buthina Hamza Alaki, Dr. Othman Ibrahim Aqeeli, Dr. Omar Sulaiman Laghabi, Dr. Fatima Sultana
Page Numbers : 39-43
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2021.v06i01.007
Introduction: After the elimination of endodontic infection the teeth becomes fragile, brittle and can easily fracture when compared to the natural teeth. The removed teeth and the dental pulp need to be replaced after the endodontic therapy to prevent inconvenience to the patient in chewing, biting and speaking. Aim: The main aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental doctors of Jazan about the prosthetic restorations of endodontically treated teeth. Methodology: A pre-designed questionnaire was circulated online using Google form to measure the knowledge and awareness of the dental doctors about the prosthetic restorations of the endodontically treated teeth. The results of the survey of elucidating the awareness of dental doctors in Jazan was recorded. The result of this survey was analysed using the SPSS software. Results: The above data analysis of this survey to evaluate and access the knowledge and awareness of the dental doctors of Jazan, in Saudi Arabia showed good results. Most of the dental doctors participating in this survey from Jazan are highly experienced and have excellent comprehension about the prosthetic restorations after the endodontic treatment.
Original Research Article
Jan. 13, 2021
Determinant of Stock Return and Its Implications on Market Value (Study on Construction and Building Issuer Year 2015-2019)
Pungky Soleha Millenianingsih, Bambang Mulyana
Page Numbers : 1-9
DOI : 10.36348/sjbms.2021.v06i01.001
The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze the behavior of stock returns and the market value of the company in the construction and building sub-sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the year 2015-2019. The population in this research was 18 companies; using purposive sampling method obtained 8 companies as analysis units. The data analysis technique used is multiple linear regressions with the help of the SPSS v.26 application. The results of this study indicate that NWC has a negative significant effect on stock returns, DER has a negative significant effect on stock returns, ROA has a negative insignificant effect on stock returns, TATO has a positive insignificant effect on stock returns, and stock returns has an negative significant effect on PER.
Jan. 11, 2021
A Review on Natural Antioxidants in Foods and New Insights on Animal Body Compounds, Role, Production and Future Perspectives
Hafiza Memoona Asif, Umair Ishfaq, Saadia Sohail, Muhammad Izhar, Hamza Rafeeq, Muhammad Awais Hayder, Talat Sabtain, Abid Hussain
Page Numbers : 20-25
DOI : 10.36348/sjmps.2021.v07i01.004
Carbohydrates are present in the form of starch and sugars in our food. The three major antioxidant vitamins are beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Beta carotene, like all carotenoids, is an antioxidant also a scavenger of singlet oxygen. The main cause of vitamin C loss from food is leaching, which transfers vitamin C to the cooking water, which is decanted and not consumed. Vitamin E is found naturally in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. The blood of the animals also contains the various clotting factors that significantly involved in the processes or events related the blood cancer or diseases. The major type of the protein in the system of vertebrate in the blood is the fibrinogen. The blood of the human also contains the various clotting factors that significantly involved in the processes or events related the blood cancer or diseases. The thrombolytic activity of the food extracts remains unclear and not completely studied yet. Different factors are involved in clotting of the blood. Different compounds in foods promoted the clotting of the blood by activating the calcium. This review helpful for the investigation of the novel compounds in many plants that are used to treat the large number of diseases as well as to understand the nature of compounds that reduce the production of the free radicals in the particular cells.
Original Research Article
Jan. 9, 2021
“PEEK” – ING into the Future! A Literature Review on Use of PEEK polymer in Prosthodontics
Neda Essa M. Al Omar, Khalil Ibrahim A. Idris, Halah Athman A. Alaqi, Ahmed Yahya A. Juraybi, Saurabh Jain
Page Numbers : 38-42
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2021.v06i01.006
Advances in material science and technologies has helped dentist in proving the best possible treatment options to the patients. Due to its superior Physical and mechanical properties, Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been tried in various aspects of dentistry. The use of PEEK in prosthodontics ranges from crowns, removable partial dentures, fixed partial denture and maxillofacial prosthesis and implant superstructures. The aim of this study is to review and evaluate the use of PEEK polymer in the field of Prosthodontics. The indexed English literature published was systematically searched for studies on PEEK and its use in prosthodontics. Full text of all the articles were studied to select final articles for this review. Suitable mechanical properties and biocompatibility is making PEEK a favorable material for use in prosthodontics. Further long-term In vivo studies are required, for this material to replace other conventional materials, used in prosthodontics.
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