The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasizes the construction of an innovative country, and the country cannot be separated from the support of innovative talents. Colleges and universities undertake the important task of talent training, which puts forward new requirements to cultivate mass entrepreneurship and innovation talents to meet the needs of social development. The spirit of Beidahuang is that the masses of the people in Heilongjiang Reclamation area have cultivated and refined the spirit of " painstaking efforts of pioneering spirit, the innovative spirit of daring to open, the unity spirit of pay attention to the interest of the whole, the service spirit of selfless dedication" under the specific historical conditions and extremely difficult environment. Based on analyzing the internal relation between the spirit of Beidahuang and the cultivation of the agricultural and forestry talents with mass entrepreneurship and innovation, this paper explores excavating the spiritual and material resources of the Beidahuang through the three modes of practical teaching. Youths in New Age may strengthen the professional base, devote themselves consciously to the construction of modernization agriculture, put their own actions into the social practice of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Feb. 29, 2020
Student Views on the Teaching of the Course of “Principles of Economic Theory” in Secondary Education in Greece
This research was prompted by a reflection on the level of preparation and the way in which the course of Principles of Economic Theory is taught at the last grade of secondary education in Greece. Under the Greek system of access to tertiary education, this course determines, to a large extent, admission to university departments of economics. The research was conducted with students in a department of economics by investigating the degree of satisfaction from their high school preparation in relation to their decision to attend private supplementary teaching for the national admission exams to tertiary education. Additionally, there was an investigation into the choices of the educators as to the way in which the course in question was taught.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Feb. 12, 2020
Influence of Stakeholder Empowerment on Mobilization of Resources for Science Activities in Early Years’ Education Programmes in Kisumu West Sub-County, Kenya
Ouko Nancy Grace, Abuya Isaac Odhiambo, Odundo Paul Amolo
Stakeholder empowerment is critical to the successful implementation of educational programmes. Empowered stakeholders may get actively involved in the activities of the projects, may be more willing to support decisions that may support the goals and objectives and are more likely to provide creative and innovative solutions to programme implementation challenges. Moreover, stakeholders who feel empowered may be more inclined to support both short and long term strategies of the programme. The context of early years’ education programmes require more empowered stakeholders capable of making decisions on the resource needs of early years’ education programmes, but have the capacity to creatively innovate and provide long term strategic thinking and networking for mobilizing teaching and learning resources for the early years’ education programmes. The involvement and participation of empowered stakeholders is critically required in early years’ education programmes to address the challenges of teaching and learning resources for science activities in early years’ education programmes. While empirical studies suggest a relationship between stakeholder empowerment and mobilization of resources, few studies have examined the influence of stakeholder empowerment on implementation of science activities in early years’ education programmes in Kisumu East Sub-County, Kenya. The study adopted cross-sectional design. The target population for the study was 1227respondents, composed of County Executive committee members, County Chief Officers, Departmental directors, Project management committee members, Sub-County Administrators, Ward administrators, EYE coordinators and EYE instructors. Simple stratified random sampling was used. Using Krecjie and Morgan table of sample estimation, a sample size of 297 was found to be sufficient for the study. Descriptive and inferential data were analysed using SPSS computer package version 21. Descriptive statistics included frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations. Inferential statistics included correlation and regression analyses. Pearson correlation(r) and coefficients of determination (R2), were computed to assess the association between stakeholder empowerment and resources mobilization for science activities in early years’ education programme. There was significant positive association between stakeholder empowerment and resources mobilization for science activities in early years’ education programme (r=0.462 P<0.01). The study recommends that the county governments in Kenya should strengthen stakeholder empowerment strategies in their early years’ education programmes to ensure sustainable resources for early years’ science activities. It is also recommended that stakeholder empowerment strategies should be integrated in the design and implementation of the early years’ education programmes in devolved early years’ education programme in Kenya.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Feb. 16, 2020
Contribution of Visionary Leadership, Lecturer Performance, and Academic Culture to the Competitiveness of Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia
Prim Masrokan Mutohar, Jani, Hikmah Eva Trisnantari
This research aims to describe visionary leadership, lecturer performance, and academic culture in improving the competitiveness of Islamic tertiary institutions in Indonesia. Quality and highly competitive education is a problem faced by the majority of educational institutions in Indonesia. Leadership is thought to be able to create performance and academic culture in achieving the vision and mission of the institution and be able to meet the expectations of the community and education stakeholders. In order to achieve these objectives properly, a quantitative research approach with survey design was used. The questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability is used as a tool in exploring the data needed in research. This research was conducted in several Islamic Higher Educations in Indonesia, with a population of 35,705 students. The questionnaire was filled by 1135 students who were sampled in this study with random sampling techniques. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and path analysis. The results showed that visionary leadership, lecturer performance, academic culture, had a significant contribution to the competitiveness of Islamic Higher Education in East Java. This finding has the implication that the better visionary leadership in higher education, the better the performance of lecturers and academic culture and institutional competitiveness. The better the performance of lecturers, the better the academic culture and competitiveness of the institution. This finding shows that visionary leadership is the key to success in improving the quality and competitiveness of educational institutions in the global era.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Feb. 29, 2020
Impact of the Integrated Management System on the Employees’ Satisfaction Rate in the Technical Institutes
The Integrated Management System (IMS) could consider as one of the most important factors that eases the process of integrating many quality and safety management systems into one system to facilitate the implementation of the systems requirements. Jubail Technical Institute (JTI) obtained ISO 9001 certificate in 2015, followed by several certificates such as ISO 22000, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 10015 respectively. These certificates and others made it necessary for JTI to unify efforts and increase the effectiveness of meeting the requirements of these systems. The used tool for achieving these purposes was the MISWEB which is an internal website that organizes the integration of quality and safety management systems in IMS and provides many internal services. Throughout the MISWEB, JTI has been developed many electronic procedures, documents and forms to communicate them for the sake of increasing the use of forms, procedures. In this case study, the impact of IMS (ISO 9001, ISO 22000, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 10015) through MISWEB was measured. Specifically, the satisfaction rates of the faculty members, and the administrative staff on the procedures, forms and documents of IMS. Many tools and methods such as the tables, figures, and shape in addition to the Likert scale for the surveys were used to illustrate the impact of the IMS. A group of faculty members and the administrative staff have been surveyed over five years. The number of those samples from the two surveys were (152, 159, 125, 120, 82) for the years (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019) respectively. The analysis of data went through several steps such as the average scores and the range was from (3.87 to 4.45) out of 5. Moreover, the standard deviation of the data was measured and ranged between (0.67 and 1.08). The results of the Cronbach Alpha tests reached (0.89). The overall satisfaction rate of the faculty members and administrative staff on the procedures, forms and documents in the IMS at the MISWEB website were (86%). The satisfaction rate of the faculty members on the clarity of responsibilities in the procedures and clarity of procedures were (93%). While, the satisfaction rate of administrative staff on the clarity of procedures and forms, the extent of updating these forms, the suitability of these procedures and forms is equivalent to (80%). These results have led to improving the integrated management system. As well as enhance the work of MISWEB and pursue the satisfaction of faculty members and administrative staff to ensure high-quality services.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
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