This study is interested in the question of learning scientific knowledge related mainly to environmental education in an informal education setting through a sample composed of visually impaired students (14 students), belonging to a Club of environmental education at the ATEEA headquarters, in the region of Sfax. Six stories and six knowledge / understanding tests on various environmental themes were administered during six sessions. Each session was spread over 3 moments, namely a pretest evaluating initial knowledge; recitation of the story (by the storytelling technique in the experimental group (N = 7) and by the reading technique in the control group (N = 7) and finally a post-test involving the same concepts mentioned in the preliminary test. Analysis of the mean scores between pre-tests and post-tests shows a significant improvement in correct answers for students in both groups. On the other hand, the students of the storytelling group showed a significantly higher performance than that of the students of the reading group at the level of the correct answers to the causal propositions. Thus, the storytelling methods made it possible to compensate for the loss of learning leading to the understanding of the different narrative texts recited in the experimental group. The study recommended using stories and the practice of storytelling in school and out-of-school context (clubs, sequences recorded on educational platforms, etc.) in order to remedy the learning loss for visually impaired students in a particular way and for other students in general.
Jan. 28, 2022
Dissecting the Epistemological Underpinnings of Lockean Thought: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding Perspective
Nde Paul Ade
Page Numbers : 30-36
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i01.005
This paper aims at uncovering and fragmenting the foundations of Locke’s theory of knowledge as addressed in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Systematically, it reveals the origin of knowledge, develops and evaluates the limits of human knowledge and the extent of understanding, as well as critically examines what is knowable with more emphasis on certain and probabilistic grounds. Certainty is attainable through two principal means, comprising the use of the human senses and adoption of abstract reasoning. The sources of human knowledge are significant in easing and enhancing our knowledge of God as it facilitates the justification of his existence, portraying orderliness in the world, and positing mankind as part of God’s creatures expected to implement moral lifestyles through the appeal to reasoning as a law of nature even when in a state of nature. The value of this principle is evident for self-preservation, including an essential moral obligation for the preservation of everybody. The ethical basis of the state of nature featuring both moral and natural laws, signals the natural moral nature of man as determined by a rational order designed by a rational and knowable God.
Jan. 28, 2022
Thematic and Contextual Reflection of Women in ‘Honour Unmasked’ by Nafisa Shah
Surryia Khanum, Dr. Muhammad Arfan Lodhi, Anila Hashim
Page Numbers : 24-29
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i01.004
The purpose of this research is to provide light on the trauma experienced by females in Pakistan, particularly in upper Sindh. This research shall show how women are murdered in the name of honor as a result of this investigation. Nafisa Shah, the author of this book, has worked as a journalist, researcher, and administrator. She is from upper Sindh, which explains why she went into depth about the genuine unpleasant truths of Karo kari (A detestable ritual). The author recounts the instances of women who were assassinated in the sake of honor. Additionally, she highlights the experiences of women who strive for their life, escape, and successfully survive. Karo kari is a colloquial term for honor killing. Karo kari, or honor killing, is a long-standing ritual in rural Pakistan, particularly in upper Sindh. Nafisa Shah is a writer who stumbled into politics. In Pakistan, honor killing is referred to as karo kari. This deed is performed in order to restore the family's honor. This is a widespread practice in Pakistan, particularly in upper Sindh. Activists on both the international and Pakistani levels are working to end this practice. A qualitative approach has been used to analyses the text of Nafisa shah in order to get the desired answers.
Original Research Article
Jan. 21, 2022
Enrolment Dynamics of Primary Schools in Eldoret West Sub County, Kenya
Morogo Shadrack Kipruto
Page Numbers : 7-11
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i01.002
This paper examines the dynamics surrounding enrolment interventions that have been put in place by key stakeholders in promotion of the 100% enrolment rates in primary schools. The study was guided by the following objective: to determine enrolment dynamics of primary schools in Eldoret West Sub County, Kenya. The study was based on the social demand approach, a model which when applied to education, refers to the aggregate/total demand for school places in a nation (Zimmer, 1985). The researcher adopted a survey research design which aimed at obtaining complete and accurate findings. The design was appropriate for the study since the researcher intended to critically examine enrolment dynamics in Eldoret West, Kenya. From the 177 primary schools in the sub county, a total of 53 schools were sampled. All the 53 Headteachers and all the 5 Quality Assurance Officers in the Education sub county office participated in the study. Data was collected by use of questionnaires, interviews and documents analysis. It was established that there was a significant growth in enrolment due to current government policies. The stakeholders should be mobilized to provide resources needed to expand primary school facilities to ensure equal access to education opportunities for all.
Original Research Article
Jan. 19, 2022
By-Products of Examination Malpractices on Senior High School Students in the Central Region of Ghana
Ben Adzrolo, Ruth Annan-Brew, Andrews Cobbinah, Kenneth Asamoah-Gyimah
Page Numbers : 1-6
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2022.v06i01.001
This paper explored students’ opinions on the effects of examination malpractices on Senior High School students in Assin Districts, Central Region. The study employed a descriptive survey design with the quantitative method. The participants were made up of students from the six public Senior High Schools in Assin Districts. Proportional stratified and simple random sampling procedures had been employed to select a sample of 302 student participants which comprised 164 male students and 138 female students. A questionnaire was employed to collect the data for the study. Means, standard deviations and independent t-test statistics were used to analyze the data gathered for the study. The findings revealed that the major effect of examination malpractice on students was academic corruption followed by ineffective study habits among Senior High School students. It was concluded that in schools where a conducive environment and teaching/learning materials are not provided for effective learning, students involve themselves in examination malpractice to raise the academic image of the school. It was recommended that the Ministry of Education should provide conducive teaching and learning environment to ensure effective academic work in schools to minimize examination malpractice. Also, heads of Senior High Schools should strengthen public education on the effects of examination malpractice to minimize the menace.
Original Research Article
Dec. 30, 2021
Effect of Peer-Assessment in Oral English Achievement of Senior Secondary School Students in Bayelsa State: Moderating Effect of Learning Style
Bokolo Faith, A. I. Joe
Page Numbers : 415-422
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2021.v05i12.007
This study investigated the effect of peer assessment in Oral English achievement of senior secondary school students in Bayelsa State and the moderating influence of learning style. The study used the quasi-experiment research design. The population for this study consisted 24,769 senior secondary school II students in Bayelsa state. The sample for this study consisted of 360 senior secondary school students in class 2 (SS2) of public secondary schools in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Two instruments were used for the study. They were the ‘Oral English Achievement Test (OEAT)’ and the VARK Questionnaire. “The Oral English Achievement Test (OEAT) contained 25 standardized multiple choice items and was marked over 100. On the other hand, the VARK scale was a multivariate instrument with four subsections that measured the student’s method of learning. It was composed of 32 items with 8 items in each sub-sections. Face and content validity of the instrument was determined by giving it to three experts in Measurement and Evaluation specialty in the Department of Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counselling in University of Port Harcourt. Reliability of the instrument was determined using KR20. After analysis, a reliability coefficient of 0.79 was realized indicating that the instrument was highly reliable. On the other hand, the reliability of VARK was established using Cronbach Alpha method of reliability with an index of 0.80. Mean, standard deviation, and, paired sample t-test and ANCOVA were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that there is a significant difference in achievement of students in peer-assessment group (p=0.001<0.05). Based on these finding, it was recommended among others that student should be encouraged by the classroom teacher to carry out peer-assessment from time to time since it has been seen that it improves the achievement of student especially in oral English.
Original Research Article
Dec. 30, 2021
The Influence of Parenting Patterns, Family Socio-Economic Status and Language Ability on Children's Social Development
Eva Indah Liana, Wahyu, Aslamiah
Page Numbers : 401-407
DOI : 10.36348/jaep.2021.v05i12.005
This study aims to describe parenting patterns, family socioeconomic status, language skills and social development of children and analyze the effect; (1) Parenting patterns for children's language skills; (2) Family socioeconomic status on children's language skills; (3) Parenting patterns on children's social development; (4) Family socio-economics on children's social development; (5) language skills on children's social development; (6) Parenting patterns through language skills on children's social development; (7) Family socio-economics through language skills on children's social development. Using this type of quantitative research with research samples totaling 155 children with an age range of 5-6 years. The results of the study show: (1) that people's parenting tends to use democratic parenting, Family socioeconomic status tends to be in the moderate category, children's language skills and social behavior are classified as starting to develop, there are influences: (2) parenting patterns on children's language skills are 0.223; (3) family socioeconomic status on children's language skills is 0.170; (3) parenting on children's social development is 0.188; (4) family socio-economics on children's social development by 0.199; (5) language skills on children's social development by 0.183; there is no direct influence: (6) parenting through language skills on children's social development; (7) socio-economic family through language skills on children's social development.