A Synergistic Approach of Injectable-Platelet Rich Fibrin and Bio Stimulation in the Treatment of Oral Lichen Planus
Dr. Archana Shankar, Dr. Sheela Kumar Gujjari, Dr. Jaishankar HP Dr. Minusha Grace S
Page Numbers : 109-111
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2021.v06i02.006
Oral Lichen planus is a mucocutaneous disease of autoimmune origin having a prevalence of 0.02 percent in India and affecting women more . It is a perplexing condition and poses dilemma to the dentist in providing the apt treatment to the patient. Though various treatment modalities are available steroids is the most commonly prescribed, Bio stimulation (Low Level Laser therapy) has been found to provide pain relief. Recently Platelet concentrates have been researched of which injectable form (i-PRF) has been found to be promising. The beneficial effects of bio stimulation and i-PRF have not yet been studied. So, an effort was made to combine both to achieve a successful, non-invasive technique has been reported in this case report. There was improvement in Oral manifestation and Quality of life of the Patient
Original Research Article
Feb. 24, 2021
Prevalence of Dental Caries in 11-14 Years Old School Children in Endemic Fluoride Areas of Haryana, India
Background: Dental caries remains public health problem worldwide. It may develop in an early stage of life as soon as teeth erupt. Dental caries exhibits diminishing trends in most of the developed countries, but still increasing trends seen in many developing countries. Aim: To assess the prevalence of dental caries in 11-14years old school children in endemic fluoride areas of Haryana, India. Materials and methods: This study was a part of a cross sectional descriptive study which was conducted among 2200 school children of 11-14 years old age in endemic fluoride areas of Haryana, India. After obtaining the data from central ground water board, Haryana, 3 districts were selected using cluster random sampling out of 14 endemic fluoride districts. Dental examination was carried out by a single trained investigator. Socio-demographic details of children were recorded and WHO basic oral health assessment criteria for children modified (2013) was used for assessment of dental caries. The data were entered in Microsoft Excel and analyzed using SPSS 18 package for relevant statistical comparison. Results: In the present study 997 (45.3%) were males and 54.7% were females. Caries prevalence was reported to be 19% among the study subjects. Mean DMFT was found to be (0.27±0.70). Conclusion: The present study revealed that the prevalence of dental caries and DMFT was low among children. The reason behind this may be due to high concentration of fluoride in drinking water in those areas.
Feb. 18, 2021
Band and Loop Space Maintainers in Children: A Case Series
Space maintainers are the most commonly used appliances to preserve the spaces in primary dentition created due to untimely loss of deciduous dentition. Maintaining the lost space is of utmost importance for the developing occlusion and guidance to the succedinuos tooth as well as maintaining function and integrity of the jaw bone. The band and loop space maintainer is one of the most widely used space maintainer, however depending on the individual cases and anatomy of the supporting structures the traditional band and loop space maintainers can be modified to meet the individual requirements. This article presents case reports of modified band and loop space maintainers.
Indian system of medicines like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani utilize large number of medicinal plants for the treatment of various illnesses of mankind. According to WHO 80% of world population depends upon traditional system of medicine. Cissus Quadrangularis is medicinal plant belonging to Family Vitaceae, is commonly known as Veldt Grape or Devil’s Backbone. Popularly known as Hadjod (Bone setter) in Hindi. From ancient times it has been used as curative agent in various diseases particularly for bone healing, digestive aid and cure of piles. Considering its therapeutic value this review has been done to compile information of various researches done on this plant with emphasis on its potential applications in Dentistry.
Original Research Article
Feb. 16, 2021
Working Length Determination Using Apex Locator and Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Presence of Three Irrigating Solutions in Primary Teeth: An in Vitro Comparative Study
The purpose of the present study was to determine the working length using electronic apex locator in various intracanal mediums and cone beam computed tomography scan and to compare the lengths with the actual length of the tooth. Methods: In an in vitro setting, a total of 45 primary molar roots were decoronated till the cemento enamel junction for standardization, working length was measured with the Apex DSP (Septodont, France) at the ‘apex’ in presence of three different irrigating solutions namely 0.9 % saline, 0.2 % chlorhexidine and 2.5 % sodium hypochlorite. The radiological working length was then calculated with cone beam computed tomography scans. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Independent‘t’ test was done to compare the working length between the groups. Results: Findings showed there was significant difference in working length determination using apex locator in presence of saline and chlorhexidine when compared to sodium hypochlorite. Also working length determination with cone beam computed tomography compared to actual length did not show any significant difference. Conclusion: Apex DSP can be considered to be accurate across a variety of irrigants commonly used in the pediatric endodontic practice. A CBCT scan can be used as a diagnostic tool for pulpal treatment when treating multiple carious lesions.
Feb. 3, 2021
Back to Basics-Conventional Versus Modern Prosthodontics: A Review
Dr. Suchita Sharma, Dr. Kapil Sharma
Page Numbers : 88-91
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2021.v06i02.001
Digitilization has brought about a paradigm shift in the perception and conceptualisation of dentistry, but the conventional concepts and methods deserve due consideration and preservance. After review and comparison of various conventional and digital procedures in prosthodontics it was inferred that conventional methods are almost at par with digital methods except in terms of time constraints and patient comfort.
Original Research Article
Jan. 27, 2021
Assessment of Dental Healthcare Services and Workforce in the Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia
Mosa A. Shubayr, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Page Numbers : 81-87
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2021.v06i01.017
This study focuses on the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), To date, there has not been any documented evidence about dental health care in the region. The study aimed to provide an overview of dental healthcare services in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Mainly secondary data were used in this study. Searches were conducted on MEDLINE, One Search Website, and Google Scholar. Most recent publicly available data were included that describe the current practice. The search was conducted between June 2020 and Jan 2021 for published documents including peer-reviewed manuscripts and published government documents on public oral health system in Jazan. We also obtained unpublished documents form the regional health directorate. There were 103 (59.2%) PHCs and 21 (12.1%) hospitals which had a dental component in Jazan region. Sabya City has the higher number of PHCs compared to other cities. Some cities do not have a dental service provided by PHCs, such as Al Harth and Atwal, which have four and five PHCs respectively but do not have dental clinics. The distribution of providers and services, the low number of dental hygienists and assistants, and the type of facility (PHCs or hospitals) are some of the issues in encountering dental service in the Jazan region. Further primary research focusing on different cities or geographical areas in the Jazan region is needed to validate these findings.