Aim and objective: To evaluate the presence, width and the initial part of mandibular incisive canal (MIC) and its relationship with the mental foramen (MF) in 60 CBCT scans for pre-surgical implant planning. Material and methods: In this retrospective analysis, random samples of 60 mandibular CBCT scans were taken to examine the dimension of MIC and its relationship to MF. Result: The location and measurements of the MIC in a contiguous system is measured by 60 CBCT scans. MIC was identified in 71.67 percent of cases with a mean diameter of 2.56mm, i.e. 45% started before MF and 26% began extremely close to foramen. Conclusion: The results from this analysis indicates that the pre-surgical preparation of the MIC in CBCT should be performed in order to ensure a minimally invasive and optimum location of the implant.
Sept. 3, 2020
Fibrous Dysplasia: Case Report & Review
Dr. Bilal Afzal Amir, Dr. Jennie Clarence, Dr. Anam Raza, Dr. Pooja Agroya, Dr. Archana Agroya, Dr. Heena Tiwari
Page Numbers : 452-455
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.007
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-neoplastic developmental hamartomatous disease of the bone, characterised by a blend of fibrous and osseous elements in the region. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. With an incidence of 1:4000-1:10,000 it seems to be a rare disease. It represents approximately 2.5% of all bone lesions and about 7% of all benign bone tumors. The objective of this paper is to present an unusual case of Fibrous Dysplasia. A patient with chief complaint of pain and swelling in right side of the mandible was examined. OPG showed poorly defined mixed density pattern. Ultrasound of thyroid revealed enlarged nodes. CBCT revealed hypodense area. CT also showed features of osteomyelitis. Bone scan suggested fibrous dysplasia, which was confirmed by biopsy. Patient also had deficiency of Vitamin D.
Sept. 3, 2020
Surgical Guides in Implants: A Review
Dr. Shilpa Sunil Khanna, Dr. Balaji Sugriv Munde, Dr. Priyadarshani Madhukar Baisane, Dr. Syed Shujaulla, Dr. Syeda T Tabasum, Dr. Mohammed Shammas
Page Numbers : 425-430
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.001
Replacement of missing teeth with dental implants is has greater curve In recent days.as the importance of the treatment increases the researches among this procedure also increased.in this way so may new methods also invented to improve the treatment success. Placement of dental implants with the help of the dental implants is a successful criteria in present days.so the main aim of this review articles is to describe the various implant surgical stents and to describe the considerations to use the implant surgical guides
Sept. 3, 2020
Invisalign: Boom in New Era of Orthodontia: A Review
Dr. Faisal Mohiuddin Ansari, Dr. Kanish Aggarwal, Dr. Rajwinder Singh Brar, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Nivedita Gautam, Dr. Alen Pius
Page Numbers : 431-433
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.002
Adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment are increasingly motivated by esthetic con¬siderations. The majority of this patients reject wearing labial fixed appliances and are looking instead to more esthetic treatment options, including lingual orthodontics and invisalign appliances. Since Align Technology introduced the invisalign appliance in 1999 in an extensive public campaign, the appliance has gained tremendous attention from adult patients and dental professionals. The transparency of the Invisalign appli¬ance enhances its esthetic appeal for those adult patients who are averse to wearing conventional labial fixed orthodontic appliances. Although guidelines about the types of malocclusions that this technique can treat exist, few clinical studies have assessed the effectiveness of the appliance. A few recent studies have outlined some of the limitations associated with this technique that clinicians should recognize early before choosing treatment options.
Sept. 3, 2020
The Challenging Perception of Pediatric Dental Practice Post COVID the New Normal
Dr. Ummey Salma, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Anil Managutti, Dr. Mahendra Azad, Dr. Preetham Ravuri, Dr. Sirisha Kommuri, Dr. Heena Tiwari
Page Numbers : 434-437
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.003
The disaster of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome COVID-19 caused by coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) has led to a global pandemic and one of the most significant challenges to the healthcare professions. The number of confirmed COVID-19 cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Coming to Dental practices, these are the crucial points for cross-infection, hence maximum care must be taken to minimise the risk of infection to, from, or between dental care professionals and patients. Covid-19 may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists. Since Covid-19 cases have also been reported among children, pediatric dentists are at risk of Covid-19 infection. At the same time pediatric dentist has a major task to deal with their routine dental treatment procedures in this covid pandemic,starting with patient management till the treatment ends.
Sept. 3, 2020
Molar Incisor Hypomineralization- A Systematic Review
Dr. Ummey Salma, , Dr. Mohammed Nishan, Dr. Anil Managutti, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Heena Tiwari, Dr. Pritee Rajkumar Pandey
Page Numbers : 438-442
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.004
Literature search reveals that molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a routinely encountered dental abnormality noticed around the globe in the recent past. This dental abnormality is often associated with complications that would invariably affect the quality of life of the individual in addition to posing a great treatment challenge to the operator. It is a common finding that the affected teeth are usually more prone to caries and enamel breakdown in the post-eruptive phase. Hence, it is considered that this condition could be accountable for a substantial amount of childhood caries since this condition has high prevalence. Recognition of the individuals at threat and early diagnosis can lead to the initiation of more effective and conservative treatment. This paper is intended to focus on the various aspects pertaining to molar-incisor hypomineralisation.
Sept. 3, 2020
Injectable Gels in Endodontics: A Review
Dr. Surabhi Soumya, Dr. Abhay Sugriv Munde, Dr. Izaz shaik, Dr. Akriti Mahajan, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Heena Tiwari
Page Numbers : 443-446
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.005
The field of endodontics and the success of endodontic procedures both heavily rely on effective chemo-mechanical debridement and disinfection of the contaminated root canal system. While the mechanical debridement involves removal of tissue/debris and enlargement of the canal with endodontic instrumentation (files), the chemical debridement relies heavily on irrigants and intra-canal medicaments. Current endodontic irrigation and intra-canal medications (such as 5.25% sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide) used in endodontics do not provide adequate and complete bacterial eradication during endodontic treatment. It has been suggested that both sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide are irritating and cytotoxic to dental and periodontal tissues if these materials reach beyond the confines of pulp canal space. A new material and method for disinfection is desirable.
Sept. 9, 2020
COVID-19 Pandemic & Oral Health Care – An Overview of Current Updates
Dr. Sudeep C. Bhagvandas, Dr. Jubin Hassan Kalathingal, Dr. Waseem Ansar, Dr. Thariq Vengoor Kalathil, Dr. Nikhil Chandran, Dr. Nithin Pratap
Page Numbers : 456-462
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.008
The latest threat to global health is the ongoing outbreak of the respiratory disease that was recently given the name Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 was recognized in December 2019, caused by a novel coronavirus which is structurally related to the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). As in two preceding instances of emergence of coronavirus disease in the past 18 years - SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), the COVID-19 outbreak has posed critical challenges for the public health, research, and medical communities. The goal of an infection control program is to provide a safe working environment for dental health care personnel and their patients. It is crucial for all dental practitioners to be up to date on current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other important guidelines, equipments, and techniques for proper infection control. Continuous evaluation of infection control practices is important, this ensures the patients and enables the dental healthcare providers confidence that oral health care can be delivered and received in a safe and effective manner.
Original Research Article
Sept. 17, 2020
Erudition and Cognizance about Protocol during COVID-19 Pandemic among Dental Students of Saudi Arabia
Mohammed S Alsahhar, Amani Salem Alkhybari, Malek Ahmed Mohammedsaleh, Sultan Mohammed Aljumah, Naif Saud Alosaimi, Amjad Talal Aljumaydi, Khalid Meshari Almutairi, Fatima Sultana
Page Numbers : 463-471
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.009
As reported by WHO on 18th July, there are a total of 13,876,441 and 593,087 confirmed deaths due to covid-19. About 216 countries or areas are affected with Covid-19 disease. The most probable origin of COVID-19 virus being Chinese horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus Sinicus) and pangolins as the intermediate host. The outbreak of the COVID-19 viral disease is considered to be Health Emergency and has spread to different parts of the world. There is a high risk of cross-infection to occur between the dentist and the patient due to the setting of the dental clinic. During the dental procedures a large number of droplets and aerosols that are released in the environment can contaminate the clinic even during the incubation period or in case with asymptomatic patients and hence the standard cleaning techniques wont work and requires special sanitization. According to the MOH guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia, strict guidelines and protocol need to be followed for the prevention of infection and as control measures for the spread of the COVID-19 virus. As per the report of WHO on 18th July, there are a total of 13,876,441 and 593,087 confirmed deaths due to covid-19. The statistics on 4th August showed a total of 281,000 confirmed covid-19 cases in Saudi Arabia, with 244,000 people recovered from the disease and 2984 deaths in total and remaining under treatment. The survey of this study showed results that more than 90% of the dental students have good knowledge about COVID-19 pandemic and dentistry. The dental students are well aware of the protocol to be followed during the dental practices. Very few surveys are done all across the world on the present topic as this is only half a year since emergence of the COVID-19 virus.
Sept. 19, 2020
Impressions in Dental Implants: A Review
Dr. Yogesh Santoba Nagargoje, Dr. Garima Sharma, Dr. Siddharth Narula, Dr. Girish Kumar, Dr. Deepak Mahla, Dr. Namrata Mahajan
Page Numbers : 476-480
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.011
Replacement of missing tooth with dental implants is the alternative success treatment in present days. There are many options and varieties of materials present for implant treatment .For the success of the dental implants impression making is also an important factor. Errors in impression making impression making mainly leads to improper placement of the prosthesis and leads to implant failure so selection technique of impression for that particular clinical situation is always important for dental implant success. The main aim of this review article is how to select an impression technique for particular clinical situation.
Sept. 19, 2020
Role of Placentrex in Dentistry and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: A Review
Dr. Mohammed Nishan
Page Numbers : 481-484
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.012
In 21st century while we still can’t perform miracles in healing to maintain health, one Elixir is coming into the limelight is Placenta Extract which will aid magic in the era of wound healing. In other words, the Placenta act as various internal organs for the embryo, that’s why it has a various medicinal effects, studies have shown magical effects of wound healing by use placentrex. A troublesome and usually unavoidable consequence of Head and Neck chemo radiation is oral mucositis which decreases patients’ compliance and negatively influences the outcome of therapy by increasing overall treatment time. Currently, no single effective recommended treatment exists for this problem and a variety of supportive care measures have been practiced with limited benefits. While many study evaluated the therapeutic benefit of Placentrex in the management of oral mucositis seen in oral cancer patients undergoing treatment with concurrent chemoradiation. Even local injection of placentrex proved to be safe, cheap and effective in oral submucous fibrosis without any significant side effects and contra indication. The effect is long lasting. So can be given in early stages of OSMF with significant results. This review focuses on the use and benefits of placentrex in dentistry.
Original Research Article
Sept. 19, 2020
A Survey of Usage Parameters of Nickel-Titanium Rotary Files Among Dentists Working Within Private Clinics in the City of Khartoum, Sudan
Mehad Abdallah Osman Ahmed, Elhadi Mohieldin Awooda
Page Numbers : 485-488
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.013
The introduction and development of nickel-titanium rotary instruments are undoubtedly improving the quality of Endodontics treatment. The study aimed to assess, dentist knowledge and practice of using NiTi Rotary instrumentation for the root canal treatment. Also to assess their level of success and failure when using rotary files according to the year of experience and their ability to manage procedural errors in comparison to hand instrumentations. A descriptive cross-sectional study among 167 (Endodontists and general practitioners) working in private clinics within Khartoum City, Sudan. A self-administered questionnaire including questions about the uses of NiTi, failures during treatment, and how they managed to overcome. Comparison between variables by Chi-squire test with the level of significance set at a P-value of ≤0.05. The result showed that NiTi rotary files for root canal preparation were used by 72%, with a failure rate of RCTs among 63%, and the majority 80% managed to overcome procedural errors. Crown down as a preparation technique was used by 99.2%. The most commonly used rotary system files were pro taper (83.3%). The rate of file breakage is directly related to their repeated use, before discarding them and those who managed to treat failure were those with more years of experience and endodontists rather than the general practitioners. In conclusion, the majority of dentists working within private clinics in Khartoum city, use NiTi rotary system for RCT, and years of experience was the major factor in managing the RCT failures.
Original Research Article
Sept. 30, 2020
Elucidating Saudi Societal Awareness about the Veneer
Dr. Hussain Alsayed, Ahmad Rajab Alnajres, Abdulilah Habib Solimanie, Khalid Sami Almuammar, Homood Mohammed Alsayegh, Fatima Sultana
Page Numbers : 492-497
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.015
Veneer is broadly used in the aesthetic dentistry to create a beautiful smile by covering the surface of the teeth. Veneer can be customized and is made of ceramic or composite. Veneer is not a good choice for people with unhealthy teeth. The main aim of this study is to elucidate the societal awareness about Veneer in Saudi Arabia. A total of 817 people residing in Saudi Arabia participated in this study. The Elucidation of Societal Awareness about Veneer among the adult Saudi Population was done using a questionnaire. This questionnaire included 20 questions related to both demographic data and awareness about Veneer. The Saudi population depend on the social media and the information that is available online for all the information related to veneer. A moderate percentage (53.1%) of the participants have knowledge about Veneer, its advantages and disadvantages over other aesthetic dentistry, its care and ways to enhance its lifetime.
Original Research Article
Sept. 24, 2020
Evaluation of Different Non Rigid Fixation Techniques in Dentoalveolar Fracture: A Comparative Study
Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari, Dr. Aliza Rizvi, Dr. Sumaiyya Patel, Dr. Shruthi Sukumar, Dr. Geetanjali Singh, Dr. Heena Tiwari
Page Numbers : 489-491
DOI : 10.36348/sjodr.2020.v05i09.014
Introduction: Dentalalveolar fractures are commonly encountered in emergency settings and dental clinics. In adult patients they can occur due to different reasons and may be accompanied by various other facial injuries. Early stabilization and fixation are necessary for treatment if such injuries. Objective: To compare the efficiency of different non rigid fixation techniques in the treatment of dentoalveolar fractures. Materials & Methods: This comparative study was carried out on 87 patients belonging to young, middle, and old age groups. The causes of these fractures were also noted. One of eight different non rigid fixation modalities namely Direct Interdental wiring, Indirect Eyelet Interdental wiring, Indirect IVY Loop Interdental wiring, Continuous Multiple Loop Wiring, Erich’s Arch Bars, Cap Splints, Gunning Splints and Pin Fixation were used for treatment in each case and complications occurring after three weeks in each treatment group were observed and compared among the groups. Results: 87 adults took part in our study. 49% of all the fractures were due to Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) and 25% were due to assault. 37 were treated with Erich’s Arch Bars, 14 with Direct Interdental wiring, 11 with Indirect Eyelet Interdental wiring, 10 with Indirect IVY Loop Interdental wiring, 6 with Continuous Multiple Loop Wiring, 4 with Cap Splints, 3 with Pin Fixation and 2 with Gunning Splints. All treatment methods had high success rates (normal union), which ranged from 70- 100%. Conclusion: Non rigid fixation techniques are viable methods of treatment in dentoalveolar fractures.