Dental implants are popular treatment option for replacement of missing teeth. Teeth loss causes alveolar bone resorption. Implant placement may require sufficient bone volume. Therefore bone augmentation can be done prior to implant placement. For bone augmentation autograft, allografts, xenografts and synthetic materials can be used. After augmentation implants can be placed successfully. In this case report autogenous block graft is taken for augmentation. Rehabilitation of edentulous region is done by implant placement.
Impaction is defined by Kuftinec and Shapira as a condition with embedded teeth in socket so that its eruption is prevented and will be locked in that position by either bone or adjacent teeth. Unlike isolated impactions multiple impactions may be due to the underlying syndromes or disorders. In cases where confusion exists in differential diagnosis additional examinations might become necessary to exclude systemic and metabolic disorders.
REVIEW ARTICLE | March 8, 2020
Utilization of Dental Services in Saudi Arabia: A Review of the Associated Factors
Oral health services assessment is an ongoing global challenge for improvement of services, quality enhancement and preventing oral diseases. One strategy is to investigate the utilization and access to dental care, and exploring the underlying factors. In Saudi Arabia, only few published studies explored the utilization of dental care services. Hence, this review attempt focusing on the findings of utilization, including manner of use and the associated factors. Only certain possible causes have been studied, and there is limited evidence of the utilization of dental care in Saudi Arabia. Even larger, well-designed studies are needed in order to be a baseline evidence for potential evaluation of progress in dental services after adopting the necessary acts.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 13, 2020
Pattern of Presentation and Socioeconomic Distribution of Patients Presenting With Impacted Third Molar at Lagos State University Teaching Hospital Nigeria
Tooth impaction occurs when a tooth is prevented from erupting into the oral cavity which is their functional position within an expected time. The mandibular third molars are the most frequently impacted tooth in the oral cavity. Some studies have reported a higher frequency in females than males. A search through the literature shows that no study has been done to ascertain the socioeconomic status of patients presenting with third molar impaction in Nigeria. This study is therefore aimed at determining the pattern of presentation and socioeconomic distribution of patients presenting at the Lagos state University Teaching Hospital for extraction of impacted third molar. 337 patients with impacted third molar who had indication for extraction and had met the inclusion criteria were included in the study after obtaining a signed consent. The positions of impacted third molar teeth on the panoramic radiographs were documented. Associated disorders and every other indication for surgical extraction was documented. Patients were stratified into three socioeconomic classes using the modified version of questionnaire by chukwuonye et al and Balogun et al. Data were analyzed using a Pearson chi-square test, performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 20; SPSS, Inc, Chicago, IL). A total of 337 patients met the inclusion criteria within the two year study period. The sample consisted of 129(40.9%) male and 208(59.1%) female. The difference between male and female was statistically significant (P= 0.04). Most third molar extraction that was recorded in the third decade of life where 172 (51.0%) cases were recorded. The most prevalent type of impaction recorded was the mesio-angular position (49.9%). The most common pathology associated with impacted third molars was pericoronitis which was recorded in 135cases out of total of 337 patients. Majority of the patients who had third molar extraction belong to the middle socioeconomic class (42.7%) followed by patients in high socio-economic class (40.9%).Third molar impaction was commoner in females than males with mesio- angular impaction being the most common type. It was most commonly found in the third decade of life and pericoronitis was the most common associated pathology. Majority of the studied subjects belong to the middle socioeconomic class.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 14, 2020
Cancer Opinion Survey 2019: Cancer Care in Saudi Arabia
Fatima Sultana, Osama Ahmad Almassri, Abrar Abdulwahab Abdrabuh, Iuay Turayhib Aloraymah, Ibrahim Alhosain Bahshan, Sarah Muhammad Asim, Bushra Alrasheed Mohammad
According to the studies, Saudi Arabia has acquired the 26th position in the Health care sector in the WHO ranking. Cancer is one of the leading health diseases in Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries. In Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Human Genome Project (SHGP) was initiated to understand the genetic distribution of Cancer cells. The aim of this study is to survey the opinion of people living in Saudi Arabia about Cancer. The opinion of the general adult population of Saudi Arabia about cancer is determined using a pre-designed, validated questionnaire. About 18.1 million cases of cancer were registered globally and 9.6 million death rates due to cancer were reported in the year 2018.The total mean score of this study was that 75% of the population residing in Saudi Arabia knows what Cancer is. To increase the knowledge of the people about signs and symptoms of Cancer and the cause of the Cancer and the preventions that can be taken at many cancer control activities need to be performed in Saudi Arabia. After carrying out the survey, we would like to increase other people's knowledge about Cancer and then motivate them to participate in cancer preventive activities.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 18, 2020
Development of a Dental Nutrition Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors Scale for Low-income Women
Mahsa Babaei, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Prageet K. Sachdev
Objective: Develop a valid and reliable scale to assess the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors related to eating foods associated with the periodontal disease among low-income women in Texas. Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Methods: The study was conducted with 150 low-income women ages 18-50 years, residing in Central Texas. A 21-item Dental Nutrition Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors Scale was developed. Content validity was assessed by a panel of experts. Construct validity was determined via Exploratory Factor Analysis; internal consistency of the scale was measured by Cronbach’s alpha. Results: The internal consistency for the final scale was 0.802, and the test-retest reliability was 0.99. Factor analysis generated three factors: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors, with an explained variance of 42.38. Conclusions: These results confirmed the validity and reliability of the new dental scale. This instrument may aid in the assessment of attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors regarding eating foods associated with periodontal disease in low-income women.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 18, 2020
Attitude and Perception of Undergraduate Dental Students towards Endodontics as a Speciality
Dr. Albi Ngjelo, Dr. Keertana Rao, Dr. Swathi Mannepula, Dr. Charmiben Patel, Dr. Aditi Gadhvi, Dr. Divija Takkalapelly
Background: For choosing a specialty subject for post graduate studies, students’ attitude is of great importance for the education system. Aim & Objectives: In order to evaluate the perception and attitude of dental students toward learning, contributing in the treatment, choosing endodontics as a specialty for post-graduate studies. Materials and Methods: The present article is about a semi structured questionnaire study survey in which 10 multiple-choice questions was compiled and distributed among 403 undergCase Reportraduate dental clinical students. The main domains appraised in the questionnaire were preclinical as well as clinical training in the endodontics, their interest and opinion in endodontics as a post-graduate specialty. The statistical analysis was done by one sample chi-square test in order to see the association of subject response toward the endodontics as a specialty response to each question. Results: Response rate was 74.5% and the results showed that 72% of students preferred the preclinical training on extracted human teeth while 71% of the students believed that the intense preclinical training will help them to manage the patients confidently. Conclusion: The prime conclusion of the present study revealed that the majority of students find endodontics as an interesting subject to study and also they would opt for endodontics for post graduation.
CASE REPORT | March 18, 2020
Correction of Unintended Aftermath of Fixed Functional Appliance in Class II Division 1 Malocclusion – A Case Report
Dr. Yunus Amin, Dr. Terry Thomas Edathotty, Dr. Raja Sankeralingom, Dr. Ratna Parameswaran, Dr. Devaki Vijayalakshmi, Dr. K.S.Nagachandran
The knowledge of orthodontic appliances used for correction of skeletal and dental deformities is essential for the success of orthodontic treatment. The simplest problems during the treatment phase can lead to complicated situation and solving that requires proper and thorough knowledge of its working capacity and biomechanics. The following is a case which was treated with an Orthopedic appliance (FORSUS) which lead to an unforsaken situation and treating that to achieve ideal skeletal and dental stability.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 21, 2020
A Qualitative Study on Understanding of Endodontic Procedures among Undergraduate Students
Dr. Vaishnavi Potluri, Dr. Ravi Tejaswini Chunduri, Dr. Suprabath Potnuru, Dr. Asma Shaik, Dr. Aliza Kapoor, Dr. Swetha Alugubelli
Aim: The present study aimed to identify undergraduate student’s perceptions of endodontic treatment through a survey, which analyzed student proﬁles and their difﬁculties. Materials and methods: Fifty students who had experienced endodontic, laboratory or clinical procedures responded a survey based on their experiences, concerning their perceptions, experience and self conﬁdence levels. Results: About 50.9% of the undergraduates noted having some trouble when taking periapical radiographs. About 67% of the undergraduates had problems identifying root canals. Whereas in case of intracanal medication and irrigation doesn’t pose any significant difficulty. Conclusion: This survey study helped to discover various loop-holes in the education agenda which, if changed correctly, would be of great help to both the quality of undergraduate’s performance and the time dentistry schools spend trying to deal with these issues.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 21, 2020
Oral Health Related Quality of Life in Relation to Caries Experience
Background: Oral diseases are the most common chronic diseases having considerable impact on quality of life. Quality of life is the final goal in every child’s development. Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 12- 15 year old School going children of Moradabad City. Material and method: Study was conducted on 392, 12- 15 years old school going children in Moradabad city. The clinical examination was done by using WHO Oral Health Assessment Form for Children 2013. A child perception questionnaire by Jokovic et al was filled by the students and personal interview of parents was done to collect data regarding their oral health related quality of life. Result: Out of 392 subjects examined 207 (52.8%) were caries free whereas 185 (42.7%) subjects showed dental caries. Mean total DMFT was recorded as 1.14 ±1.70. Mean total CPQ score at was recorded as 26.87 ±16.12. Conclusion: Presence of dental caries was found to be associated with increased CPQ score presentation a positive impact on Quality of Life of children.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 27, 2020
Systematic Review Protocol on: Role of Arthroscopic Lysis and Lavage in Management of Internally Deranged Temporomandibular Joint
The aim of this systematic review is to determine the effectiveness of arthroscopic lysis and lavage as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for management of internal derangement of temporomandibular joint. Method: A systematic review will be conducted according to the guidance of Cochrane Collaboration and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Search strategy will be tailored according to Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome and Study design (PICOS) approach. Ovid Medline, CINAHL Complete, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane centre register for clinical trials and Pub-med data bases will be searched from1975 to 2020. Truncation, Boolean and Proximity operators will be applied as appropriate. Cochrane’s tool for risk of bias assessment will be used for randomised trials and for non-randomised studies, Newcastle Ottawa Scale will be used. Narrative synthesis will be conducted for all the included studies and if an adequate data were available, a meta-analysis will be conducted. Significance: The study will systematically assess the therapeutic potential of arthroscopic lysis and lavage and define its position in the ladder of management of internal derangement of temporomandibular joint in comparison to other lines of treatment. It will also investigate the diagnostic limit of temporomandibular joint arthroscopy in assessment of disc status and its ability to detect adhesions and perforations in comparison to magnetic resonance imaging.
CASE REPORT | March 30, 2020
Full Mouth Rehabilitation – Reestablishing Smile- A Case Report
Dr. Ponjayanthi V, Dr. Femin David, Dr. T. Sreelal, Dr. Aparna Mohan, Dr. T. C Giri, Dr. Allen Jim Hines
Full mouth rehabilitation always requires meticulous treatment planning and careful attention for procedures. All the efforts are directed towards reestablishing a state of functional efficiency in which, the teeth and their periodontal structures, the muscles of mastication and temporomandibular joint mechanisms are all functions together in synchronous harmony. This clinical report describes the oral rehabilitation of a patient with multiple missing and decayed teeth. The specific treatment objective being restoration of masticatory function, esthetic rehabilitation and improved self confidence.
CASE REPORT | March 30, 2020
Rehabilitation of Hemimaxillectomy Defect with Hollow Bulb Obturator – A Case Report
Dr. Femin David, Dr. Ponjayanthi V, Dr. T.Sreelal, Dr. T. C. Giri, Dr. Aparna Mohan, Dr. Allen Jim Hines
Goal of prosthodontics is rehabilitation of missing oral and extra oral structures with restoration of normal function of mastication, speech, swallowing, esthetics etc. Defects of orofacial region, whether congenital or acquired, affects the patient physically and psychologically leading to poor quality of life. Benign and malignant lesions in the oral region are common, which requires surgical corrections. Surgical intervention of such lesions results in defects, affecting the function and esthetics of an individual. This case report explains prosthodontic rehabilitation of maxillectomy defect caused due to surgical excision of Ameloblastoma with Hollow bulb obturator with Cast partial denture. By fabrication of this prosthesis it covers the anatomic defect which forms communication among the oral cavity, nasal cavity and maxillary sinus.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
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