ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 5, 2021
Prevalence of Utilization of Alternative Medicine among Dental Patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Kawkab M.A. AL-Turck, Amal AlShamrani, Atheer AlMojel, Shahad AlHarbi, Tala AlSulaim
Page no 329-335
Objectives: This study assessed the prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) use among dental patients in Riyadh. Methods: This cross-sectional study surveyed dental patients attending King Saud University Dental Hospital in Riyadh, KSA. The questionnaire included a consent form, questions on demographics, patients’ medical status, CAM types used for medical and/or dental conditions, patients’ assessment of their effects, and patients’ opinion on CAM as a choice of treatment. Use of CAM was compared by gender and by health status. Results: There were 373 respondents. More than one-third had tried CAM, with a significant difference between the genders (P < 0.001), whereas 43.1% reported use of CAM by their friends and relatives. Statistical significance was found in individuals reporting poor health status with the use of both herbs and wet-cupping (Hejama) (P < 0.05). Use of CAM for dental/oral conditions was reported by 31.2%, mainly for dental pain. Use of CAM for oral conditions by males approached statistical significance (P = 0.056). Most (83.8%) agreed with the suggestion of combining CAM with conventional medicine in hospital settings. Conclusions: Thus, more than one-third of patients attending a university dental clinic used CAM for various reasons and agreed with the suggestion of combining CAM with conventional medicine in hospital settings. It is essential to raise the public’s awareness of CAM.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 10, 2021
Assessment of the Efficacy of Customized Lingual Orthodontic System (Lingual Matrix) in Initial Leveling and Aligning
Dr. Praveena Shetty, Dr. Tony Pious, Dr. Akhter Husain, Dr. Suhani Sudhakar Shetty, Dr. Kripal Rai, Dr. Siddhartha R
Page no 336-343
Along with advantages in LO there existed many other disadvantages for LO. Variation in the morphology of the lingual surfaces especially on the maxillary anterior teeth is commonly seen. Wide range of labial-lingual thickness of the teeth and the smaller inter bracket distance in the anterior region requires numerous in-out bends which are difficult. Tissue irritation, speech difficulties, difficulty in oral hygiene has been also seen in many conditions. The problems traditionally associated with lingual orthodontics cannot be solved with conventional manufacturing processes; instead, complete individualization of all appliance components is needed. Lingual Matrix (LMX) is such a system that involves a fully digital process. As LMX is a new concept, this study was carried out to assess the efficacy of lingual matrix in initial leveling and aligning.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 13, 2021
Preoperative Versus Postoperative Effect of Dexamethasone on Postoperative Complications Following Mandibular Third Molar Surgery
OLUSOJI Jacob Olanrewaju, Fmcfd Adesina Oluwafemi Adewale, Obisesan Bola, Opaleye, Taofiq Olamide
Page no 344-349
Objectives: Dexamethasone is a steroid that has been widely used during third molar surgery to reduce acute complication associated with mandibular third molar surgery. This study compared the effect of preoperative versus postoperative oral dexamethasone on swelling, pain and trismus following impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 138 subjects with impacted mandibular third molar referred for surgical extraction at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital Ikeja were enrolled for the study and randomised into two groups. Group A subjects had 8mg of oral dexamethasone tablets one hour before surgical extraction while group B subjects had 8mg of oral dexamethasone tablets immediately after surgery. Pain, swelling and trismus were evaluated in both groups at days 2, 5 and 7. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS (IBM version 23). P-value was set at <0.05. Results: There were 61 males and 76 females with an age range of 21-57 years and an average age of 30.7 years and 29.6 years for groups A and B respectively. The results of the study indicated that there was no statistical difference in the reduction of pain, swelling, and trismus after mandibular third molar surgeries in both groups. Conclusion: Therefore, dexamethasone can be used either pre-operatively or postoperatively in minimising postoperative swelling, pain and trismus following mandibular third molar surgery provided there are no contraindications to its use.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 21, 2021
CAD/CAM Digital Dentistry
Dr. Saurabh B Lonkar, Dr. Urvashi Sukhija, Dr. Sanjeev Mittal, Dr. Vipul Agarkar, Dr. Himanshi Kalra
Page no 350-354
In the present world time is money, as of with prosthodontics also. CAD /CAM had made speed and accuracy to a extent that normally it is unimaginable In the last 20 years this technology has grown without Boundss. The introduction of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. In relation to the rapid progress being made in computer-assisted processing technology in various industries since the 1970s, research and development of dental CAD/CAM systems has been actively pursued worldwide since the 1980s, including in Japanese academies. Such as all-ceramic restorations, we describe the recent history of the development of dental CAD/CAM systems for the fabrication of crowns and FPDs, based on our 20 years of experience in this. We also summarize the current state of commercial dental CAD/CAM systems that have been developed around the world, with particular focus on the of ceramic crowns and FPDs . This article provides an overview of the development of various CAD/CAM systems. Operational components, methodologies, and restorative materials used with common CAD/CAM systems are discussed. Research data and clinical studies are presented to substantiate the clinical performance of these systems.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Aug. 23, 2021
An Up-to-date Systematic Review of the New Techniques and Treatment Methods in Restorative Dentistry
Doaa Makki Alharbi, Waad mosaad Almugren
Page no 355-371
Restorative oral treatments today truly encompass all the disciplines that dentistry has to offer in an incorporated inter-disciplinary method to accomplish optimal dental health, function and aesthetics for our patients. That's where our expertise and experience in all aspects of restorative dentistry along with the other disciplines assists us to achieve the best possible long-term outcomes for our patients. Naturally, dental implants, implant dentistry, periodontal treatment, aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics, endodontics, cosmetic dental treatments all play a crucial function in getting the very best outcomes for our patients. Restorative oral treatment may consist of a variety of treatments from tooth bleaching, braces, root treatments, fillings, crowns, bridges, veneers, plastic gum surgery, bone and gum restoring & grafting, and more! Dentistry has quickly developed throughout the last number of years, where innovative techniques have in fact altered the conventional treatment strategies as applications of brand-new oral products supply better outcomes, so the primary objective of this evaluation is to list and separate the New Techniques and Treatment Methods in Restorative Dentistry.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 25, 2021
The Relationship between Fixed Prosthodontics and Gingival Problems: A Systematic Review
Dr. Hind Majed E. Alotaibi, Dr. Laila Mohammad Alanazi, Dr. Waad Mohammed Alghamdi, Dr. Musab Majed E Alotaibi, Dr. Razan Salem Alzahrani, Dr. Rawan Nasser Almutairi, Dr. Ahmed Bin Sawad, Dr. Dalal Jumah Alturaif, Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Al Attas, Dr. Fatima Sultana
Page no 372-377
The specialization of dentistry dealing with the replacement of missing teeth is primarily considered as prosthodontics. Prosthodontics maybe divided into two types: fixed prosthodontics and removable prosthodontics. The fixed prosthodontics plays a crucial role in restoring the function and mastication of the teeth, restoring aesthetics of the face, maintaining integrity and health of the dental arch, and support temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Gingivitis, also known as the gum inflammation is a mild symptom reported after fixing of Fixed Denture Prostheses. Untreated gingivitis over the period of time with the development of bacteria can lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious gum disease that can damage the soft tissue and bone that can cause tooth loss. To search the online databases like MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and PubMed. All the articles in English language were selected to review. It was designed in accordance to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. About 10 articles were finalized manually by the investigators for full analysis based on their eligibility to the present topic of study. Various studies have accounted for the association between fixed prostheses and the gingival problem. The health of the gingiva can be determined by using the diagnostic tools like Plaque Index (PI) and Gingival Index (GI). While reviewing all the articles related to the gingival problems associated with the fixed prostheses, we found that there is lack of knowledge given to the patient related to maintaining the prostheses.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Aug. 25, 2021
Awareness and Attitude about Periodontal Treatments and Referrals among General Dentists in Taif, Saudi Arabia
Eman M. Albisher, M. N. Haq Sikder, Fouad H. Al-Thobaiti, Dr. Fatima Sultana
Page no 378-384
diabetes, smoking, nutritional deficiency and hormonal changes are also responsible. For the prevention and treatment of this disease, a proper knowledge on diagnosis and treatment plan, as well as, attitude about timely referral of the patient to a periodontist is important. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the perception about diagnosing and referring periodontal patients by general dentists in Taif to ensure proper treatment outcome. Materials and methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 100 general dentists practicing in Taif. Data collected from the questionnaire was analyzed using the computer software Statistical Package for Social Sciences, SPSS 16. Results: About 78% of the general dentists are aware of the signs and symptoms of the periodontal disease. Majority of the general dentists choose oral hygiene instructions, scaling and polishing as the preferred treatment method. 39% general dentists feel that the increased life span of the teeth is resulted from a good surgical periodontal therapy, and majority of general dentists (75%) have a positive attitude to refer the patients to a periodontist for surgical procedures as evident in our study. Conclusion: As, a certain number of general dentists are not motivated in referring patients to a periodontist, this result is suggestive of the indication of upgrading the referral criteria of the patients to the periodontist to be implemented by the general dentists.
CASE REPORT | Aug. 27, 2021
Suction Cup Induced Palatal Perforation: Havoc of Dental Quacks
Dr. Alka Gupta, Dr. Deshraj Jain, Dr. Unnati Gedam, Dr. Amit Varma
Page no 385-388
There’s an old saying, “A robber demands your money or your life, but a quack demands your money and your life!” Quackery is a community-wide public health problem that should be precise and clearly defined. Health professionals have a duty to take action when the public is being abused in an area due to unethical practices performed by a quack. The failure to take collective and co-ordinated actions against quackery sends an unprofessional message. Quackery should be penalized under the law. As with any other public health problem, an epidemiologic strategy is needed to develop information on casual agents and aspects that favor or discourage the proliferation of quackery. This case reports one such case caused due to the menace of a dental quack.