This article examines the 2012 television documentary A Bite of China that not only became an instant hit domestically but also gained an international audience, which made it inside mainland Chinese academia an oft-cited success example of China’s global media expansion effort. Analysis reveals the extent to which the show obscures or even erases some most essential elements that make up the People’s Republic of China, especially in the mapping up of the country that excludes those provinces the most closely related to the revolutionary era leading up to the establishment of the PRC. Instead, the documentary offers a “cultural China” in which the non-PRC parts of “Greater China” take precedence. The show reflects the ideology of modernization in the neoliberal vein that propelled the very enterprise of Reform and Opening-up whose premise was the negation of radical communist and socialist revolution, which culminated in the second half of the Hu Jintao administration. The past of revolution dies hard, however, and resurfaces in the show in a discreet way, presaging its comeback in a near future.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 11, 2020
Gender Preoccupations and Self-Discovery in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood (1979) and The New Tribe (2000)
When African countries gained independence, most African political leaders turned their back to their populations, and African male witers changed their topicality to political disillusionment. African female writers, included Buchi Emecheta, could no longer identify themselves with men’s writngs and started denouncing the hard linving conditions of women, hence The Joys of Motherhood (1979). After gender preoccupations, Emecheta publishes The New Tribe (2000) to address self-discovery. This article displays how Buchi Emecheta has shifted from “gender preoccupations” by castigating the irresponsible and incompetent fathers of family who do not take care of their wives and children to “universality”.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 21, 2020
Gender and Human Rights: An Evaluation of Women’s Right in Islam
In the international system today, the issue of human rights networks have become very sophisticated, dense and multifaceted. Scholars and many authors in the realms of human rights have therefore taken special care to highlight divergent perspectives and encourage debate across global cleavages of all kinds. The issue of women’s rights in Islam has generated series of controversy, great misunderstanding, and distortion partly due to lack of understanding and the misbehaviour of some Muslims which has been taken to represent the teaching of Islam. This paper therefore aims to provide a better understanding and awareness of women’s right in Islam and portray that the religion of Islam grants enormous rights to women just like other key human rights organisations. The paper also unravels the misnomer and incongruity on the perspective that Islamic law subjugates or undermines women’s rights.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 11, 2020
Prospects and Challenges of Inclusion of Children with Disabilities into Regular School Setting in Nigeria
Inclusion is a programme that caters for the education of individuals with disabilities in a regular school setting. This paper takes a cursory look at concepts of inclusive education, inclusive education policy in Nigeria, learning theories of inclusion such as Social Learning Theory by Bandura, Observation Learning Theory by Piaget and Vygotsky and Guided Learning Theory by Vygotsky are critically examined. Inclusion has academic and social benefits for all students, whether with or without disabilities, such as increased communication and social interaction opportunities, age-appropriate models of behaviour skills, active participation in the school community, individualized education goals, as well as access to rich core curriculum. The challenges of inclusive education are in the areas of funding, inadequate personnel, facilities and materials; lack of communication among administrators, teachers, specialists, staff, parents and students inhibits the success of inclusive programme. Counselling the public for attitudinal change would accommodate the students with special needs in our society, but; would also make them to be accepted as people of worth. It is recommended to all school system to initiate seminars, workshops and conferences for parents of students with special needs; so that awareness could be brought about on needs of families. The curriculum should be modified to accommodate learners with special needs different learning style so as to achieve the needed change.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 11, 2020
Study on Li Ziqi’s Videos from the Perspective of Cross-Cultural Communication
The paper discusses one of the most popular YouTube video bloggers (vlogger) Li Ziqi, and illustrates her popularity from the perspective of cross-cultural communication. It employs a framework for studying her cultural production on YouTube that focuses on its key components: cultural consciousness, harmony, and shared values between the modern China and the west. It demonstrates that filial piety, creativity, commitment, diligence and courage are still values in China, as well as the world. In addition, it explores the work of Fei Xiaotong and its implications for Li Ziqi’s videos on YouTube, as well as Lao Tzu and Sun Tzu.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 14, 2020
Teachers’ Knowledge and Opinions toward Integrating Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Mainstream Primary School in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Amal I. Khalil, Azzah Salman, Rawan Helabi, Meead Khalid
Background: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication, behavior, and social interaction. Autism’s estimated prevalence among children was about a 15% percent increase in incidence .Positive teacher attitudes are a vital indicator of the successful education of autistic children. The current study aimed to assess the knowledge and opinions of elementary school teachers toward integrating autistic children in their regular classrooms. Methodology: a descriptive cross-sectional correlational survey research design was used to include 79 elementary school teachers recruited conveniently from two schools located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Two reliable and valid tools were used including autism knowledge and opinion scale in addition to behavioral strategies used by the teachers when they are handling autistic children. Findings: The mean age of respondents were 29.2 years, 86.1% having a bachelor's degree, and only 41.8% having training and experience with ASD. Most respondents 82, 3% had poor knowledge, compared with only 2.5% had good knowledge. Only 40.5% had positive opinions about ASD integration. Additionally, there is no significant association between the demographic background of the respondents, their knowledge and opinions except for their teaching experiences at P≥0.05. Conclusion: The present study concluded and highlighted the inadequate knowledge level of ASD and unfavorable opinions of teachers toward integrating autistic children due to lack of training and attending workshops to improve their qualifications. Therefore, more efforts are required to further enhance the understanding of autism among all teachers who handling those students who are urgently needed.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 18, 2020
Hinduism: Sanatana Dharma or Brahmanical Religion
Dr. Satendra Kumar Mishra, Dr. Satyarth Prakash Tripathi
Religious debates today are challenging the very peace and fraternity of society just because the people who actually practice religion are often misguided by those who actually don’t practice any religion. I mean the political parties and politicians. The politics round the globe has hijacked and reinterpreted the basic concepts of religion. The religion was actually established to unite the society and to guide the people to follow a particular series of morals and ideals. Today people have misunderstood Hinduism with ‘Brahmanical religion’. Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma prescribes to live a simple dignified life for the service of humanity and nature. It has no definite set of rules. In the later Vedic age, the Varna system became more complex. The Brahmans created many complex set of rituals to be followed to be called a Hindu. They prescribed to follow different ways to get rid of sin and gain virtue. The Sanatana Dharma or Hinduism gradually was dominated by Brahmanical religion. It’s time to look back to the roots of Hinduism and follow Sanatana dharma. If not, then at least a retrospection must be done to know the difference between Sanatana Dharma and Brahmanical religion.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 21, 2020
Individual Security as an Indicator of Relationship Security among Indian Couples in an Intimate Relationship
Healthy adult attachment is significant for relationship continuity and satisfaction. While security has been studied as a concept in literature, limited research exists on the experience of it in the context of relationships in India. The purpose of the research was to understand and conceptualize the experience of security in the process of tool development. A qualitative approach from a phenomenological paradigm was used to obtain rich experiences, understand it in depth and maintain the uniqueness of the data. In two separate studies, 29 participants between the ages of 18 and 32, married and those in pre-marital relationships participated either in a focus group discussion or an individual interview to share their experiences. The present paper explores how one emergent theme pertaining to individual security influences significantly relationship security. Analysis revealed how past experiences, family upbringing can influence sense of being ‘valued’ in the relationship and the factors they seek for in a partner to feel secure. In a rapidly westernizing culture, this information could help understand the complexities of relationships in modern India, aid in building better psychoeducational and counselling services in addition to theory building on the concept of relationship security.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 26, 2020
Second Language Acquisition and Learning in Senegal, the Case of the English Language: Methods and Techniques for Developing the Speaking Skills through Communicative Activities in the Sixth Form
Language learning often takes a long process and can be also done in different settings or environments: in family or at school, etc. The learning of a second language consists in finding some other forms that help being able to communicate fluently. It is a matter of knowing how to restructure all the sounds (of a given language) that permit to form and distinguish words, how to combine these words so as to make meaningful sentences and how to find a new organization of the meaning by the words and the grammar. After that, the learner starts trying to speak fluently in oral or writing. The teaching of speaking at school contributes, with the help of the teacher (through the different interactional and communicative given tasks), to the building of confident of the learner to speak orally. This article tries to put up these aspects relating to the acquisition and learning English as second language for the Senegalese learners in general, particularly the ones in the sixth form and proposes a reflection on the methods and techniques, most appropriate, for the implementation of the communicative skill. Thus, after the presentation and analysis of the different data collected through questionnaires, we will cross analysis the different results in order to draw practical conclusions. Then, we will focus on results and implications, on the basis of the aftermath of our study; we will propose recommendations to each stakeholder.
This article analyzes the progress made on the political participation of women in Mexico, which, under equal conditions to that of men, is a fundamental aspect for living in a real democracy, understanding it as a system that guarantees human rights and as a method through which positions of power are covered, recognizing, as an essential principle, equality between men and women. The political participation of women opens the scene for social problems to be approached from a different perspective and thus find solutions. From gender quotas in the Mexican electoral system, raised since the 1990s, to the reform of the Constitution where gender parity is guaranteed in 2014, coupled with the struggle of organizations and the commitment of institutions, served as basis for, in 2018, as a result of the elections, Mexico occupies the fourth position worldwide in terms of the number of women in the Chamber of Deputies, and third position with respect to the Senate. A cross-sectional documentary investigation was carried out to find out the historical development from the first efforts to the current situation.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 30, 2020
Influence of Teacher Professional Knowledge and Application on Pupils Academic Performance in Public Primary Schools in Suna East Sub-County Migori County, Kenya
Onyango David Diang’a, Dr. Yambo, J. M. O., Dr. Kennedy N. Getange
Poor academic performance of most public primary schools in Suna East Sub-County is a serious challenge in Migori County. Out of five zones in the sub-county, there was low learning outcome in the assessment score with a mean standard score of 250 out of 500 marks for the last five years. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of teacher professional knowledge and application on academic performance. The study used a survey design and both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and analysis. This study was based on two theories; the goal setting theory by Edward Locke and Expectant theory by Vroom. The study had a population of 65 head teachers, 65 deputy head teachers and 500 assistant teachers in public primary schools in Suna-East Sub-County Migori County. Krejcie and Morgan table was used to obtain a sample size of 56 Head teachers, 56 deputy heads, and 217 assistant teachers. The study also used both questionnaires and interview schedules to collect data. Validity of the research instruments was determined through open discussion with the supervisors of Kisii University. Reliability of the research instruments was established through test re- test method using questionnaires and interview schedules results. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version 21 to generate descriptive statistics in a correct and informative way. This study would be significant in the field of education in enhancing quality education by the educators. The finding revealed that most of the teachers 163(83.9%) indicated that they think that professional knowledge is essential in enhancing teaching outcomes, only 33(16.1%) who did not consent. Professional knowledge is viewed as key in evaluating teachers teaching outcomes. It includes all professional record kept by the teachers to enhance learning and academic outcome. The study recommended maintenance of professional records at all times. It concluded that a teacher should ensure there is effective syllabus coverage by attending all lessons as per the school timetable. The researcher paid keen attention to research ethical issues and got the informed consent of the respondents and guarded against plagiarism and ensured confidentiality.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
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