Health Sector Readiness and COVID-19 Containment in Rivers State, Nigeria
Owhor Merit Ijeoma, Elems Maduawuchi
Page Numbers : 332-338
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2022.v07i08.001
This paper examined health sector readiness and COVID-19 containment in Rivers State, Nigeria. The study concerned itself with the responses from the health sector, which determines its readiness to contain the COVID-19 pandemic as a health emergency. The study was guided by contingency theory. Contingency theory argues that there is no specific and best way of solving problems affecting society and therefore lays emphasis on solutions to problems. Data was collected from secondary sources using content analysis. The analysis indicated that the post-epidemic level of preparedness was poor due to decades of neglect arising from leadership ineptitude, underfunding, and inadequate training in the health sector. However, post-epidemic response and containment efforts, which have kept the fatality rate at 1.3%, demonstrate the importance of prioritization of needs under resource constraint. The drastic contingency measures of sit-at-home, lockdown, and border closure, together with emergency purchase, donor and stakeholder funding, and assistance in the provision of required medical facilities, were an apt product of resilience and courage under fire. The study recommends, among other things, increased budgetary allocation for overall health sector development in line with international best practices. This must be driven by a visionary and pragmatic leader.
Original Research Article
July 30, 2022
Boko Haram Insurgency: The Agony of the Families of the Missing Persons in Gwoza, Nigeria
Dr. Habibu H. Babajo, Dr. Mustapha Muhammad Jarimi
Page Numbers : 324-331
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2022.v07i07.006
The activities of the terror group named “Boko haram” whom earlier joined alliance with the Islamic State of west African Province (ISWAP), has endangered the lives of many Nigerians and by large, the lives of many Africans, hence the heinous crimes perpetuated by the proscribed group has negatively affected the peaceful coexistence of the people of Niger republic, Mali, Chad, Cameroun Central African republic, and of recent the people of Burkina Faso. This paper investigated the pitiful state and agony of the families that lost their members due to such terror activities in Gwoza, Borno state, which was once the headquarters of the boko haram insurgents. The researchers utilised qualitative method to arrive at their results, using face-to-face interview and focus group discussion (FGD). Participants were sampled through purposive sampling method. The results revealed that so many families has lost their bread winners which forced them to the street finding food and shelter, while others remain in the refugees camp. The paper posits that the federal government and other relevant agencies local and international should endeavour to create an avenue to find out the missing persons, and take care of the families wandering on the street.
Original Research Article
July 29, 2022
Dynamics of Maritime Trade along the Fako Coastal Belt of Cameroon: Ambiance, Challenges and Sustainable Combat Strategies
Maritime trade is dynamic and indispensable for economic growth and development around the World. This trade if not well monitored can become a threat to development considering the illicit and criminal transactions that surrounds the sector. In Cameroon, this informal trade has degraded customs income and promoted the infiltration of contraband goods into the country via local anchorage sites where custom services are weak. This trade has affected the State pricing policy of certain goods especially fuel. It is against this background that this study sets out to investigate, seaborne trade, and the illegal transactions that are common along the Fako coastal belt of Cameroon. Data for the study have been gathered from secondary and primary sources. Secondary data were gleaned from soft and hard copies of both published and unpublished documents, newspapers, and decrees relevant to maritime transport and trade. Primary data were sourced from field surveys where a simple random sampling technique was used to administer 278 copies of questionnaires to 10 localities along the Fako coastal belt of Cameroon using a convenient sample size. Supplementary primary data was gotten via interviews and observations in the three seaports along the coast. Results revealed that the Limbe, Tiko and Idenau ports though secondary, handles thousands of tonnes of cargo annually making Fako Division where they are located in Cameroon an eminent trading hub. Statistics from the Limbe Port Authority (PAL) indicated an increasing trend of export and imports annually in thousands of tonnes. The results shows that illicit seaborne trade is very common along this coastal belt with over 67 percent of the goods coming in from neighbouring Nigeria. The illicit product identified are petroleum products (46.2%), pharmaceutical products (30 %), food items (16.7%) and chemical fertilizers and others (5.3% and 3.8%) respectively. The results also revealed that in the year 2021 between January and August, over 18 cases of illicit goods were intercepted along this coastline with petroleum products destined to Limbe, Tiko and Idenau ports dominating. The reasons for the persistency of this illicit trade were corruption and the existence of a network of illegal organisation that transact the goods. This study recommends that custom and naval services be reinforced along this coastal belt to ascertain the type and originality of the products entering the country via the sea. Also, the State should investigate and dismantle illicit and organised illegal seaborne trade chains and charge officials at the maritime frontiers to be responsible and corruption free.
July 27, 2022
Language Variation Studies Across Continents: An Empirical Review
This study presents a systematic empirical review of the two language variation studies. This review presents a comparison between a recent African study and a study that serves as a leading light in sociolinguistics. Employing phonological variation studies as the methodology with the data purposively selected, this study discusses the variation studied by (Labov, 1966), (Cyril et al, 2014). The study reveals the results of studies conducted in similar ways but yields varying results. This is premised on the fact that while one was conducted in North America, the other was conducted in Africa.
Original Research Article
July 27, 2022
Analysis of Talents and Career Interests of New Students at the University of Lampung in 2021
Muhammad Nurwahidin, Moch Johan Pratama
Page Numbers : 299-304
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2022.v07i07.003
The aims of this study are (1) to analyze the talents of new students according to the characteristics of the job description in the creative profession, practitioner profession, academic profession, and entrepreneurial profession and (2) to analyze whether the new students match their talents and interests with their careers. What he wanted. This research was carried out simultaneously with the moment of orientation for new students at the University of Lampung in 2021. Descriptive quantitative research methods were used in this study. The subjects in this study were 5,065 new UNILA students in 2021. The survey method was used in this study. The data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative analysis using the SPSS version 22 application tool. The researcher found that (1) The majority of new students (43.3%) had talents that matched the characteristics of the job description in the creative work profession, 26% had talent as a profession. practitioners, 18.4% have talent as an academic profession, and 12.0% have talent as an entrepreneurial profession. (2) The majority of new students (71.8%) do not match their talents and interests with the career they want. Meanwhile, 28.2% of new students are in an ideal condition where the talents and interests of students are in line with the career they want.
July 15, 2022
Multinationals Paradox of Geopolitics in Light of the War in Ukraine
Silumpunisa Ndombele N'kezi
Page Numbers : 289-298
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2022.v07i07.002
The three decades following the fall of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR, were marked by the Russian policies of catching up with Western countries. First, at the beginning of the decade that followed this fall, the restructuring of the economy was left to market forces, next there was an implementation of the policy of modernization of certain industrial sectors and the development of new technologies from the following decade. These policies have allowed investments by Western multinationals to access the Russian market, which thus fits into the global just-in-time management approach because of the economic and geopolitical arguments it presents. The war between Ukraine and the Russian Federation produced the opposite effect. That of dismantling these same multinational companies in a short time. It is this paradox that multinational companies established in Russia must resolve in order to participate in the remodeling of socio-economic relations with the Russian Federation. The question is: How do they do it? What risks do they run to achieve this? This article has deciphered the mechanisms of remodeling of socio-economic relations against the background of the risks incurred by these multinational companies in the light of the war between the Russian Federation and the West by the agency of Ukraine.
Original Research Article
July 5, 2022
Tahfizh House as a Cadreization Institution for Memorizing the Qur'an
Tarmizi, Maryati, Lukman Hakim, Muhammad Bisyri
Page Numbers : 284-288
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2022.v07i07.001
The research was carried out at the Daarul Qur'an tahfizh house in Yogyakarta, which was established by the PPPA Daarul Qur'an, a partner, or an independent that recorded in the Rumah Tahfizh Center (RTC) of PPPA Daarul Quran. This research is a type of qualitative research. Along with this method, the researcher took 14 (fourteen) Tahfizh houses from a population of 42 (Forty-two) Tahfizh houses as a sample and using purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The establishment of the Tahfizh house in Yogyakarta became the pioneer of the Tahfizh house movement in Indonesia. From that time onwards, the establishment of many Tahfizh houses turns into a movement to form the memorizers of the Qur'an cadres. This research will contribute positively to the development of the tahfizh house database, it's curriculum,