The Influence of Learning Models on Interest in Learning Economics in the Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Agus Eko Sujianto, Nurul Hidayah
Page Numbers : 506-514
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i11.005
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of online learning models on interest in learning economics in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic among students of the Postgraduate Islamic Economics Study Program at the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Tulungagung, Indonesia. The quantitative approach was chosen based on the questionnaire data collection method and research data in the form of quantified qualitative data. Indicators to explain the learning model are easy to communicate, work digitally, independent, effective and efficient. While the indicators of interest in learning economics are feelings of pleasure in learning economics, concentration of attention and thoughts on learning economics, willingness to learn economics, willingness to be active in learning economics and efforts to realize the desire to study economics.
Nov. 27, 2021
Triple Colonial and Neo-Colonial Challenges of Guinea - Conakry versus International Capitalist-Communist Stances of Continuous Hegemonic Manipulation 19th -20th Centuries
Dr. Njuafac Kenedy Fonju
Page Numbers : 478-505
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i11.004
This paper deals with triple challenges confronted by Guinea- Conakry versus the Western Capitalist and Eastern Communist Struggles in the context of colonial and neo-colonial interests in a strategic African country with full accessibilities in the Atlantic Ocean. The principle actors in such an exploitative operations includes the British, French, Americans and the Soviet Union. In fact, lucrative commercial activities conducted in this region of West Africa acted as one of the most important factor which attracted Whites immigrants into the country which later witnessed serious challenges in the hands of French diplomatic agents in the wake of African Nationalism and the desired for self-determination whose independence was declared by its famous political elite known as Sékou Touré in 1958 as the first President of the Republic of Guinea. This was not the end of Western manipulation and hiding operations in the peak of the Cold War conflicts with targeted interests which once more set the new leader into mixing Capitalist-Communist ideologies while gaining much international recognition as one of African despot until his death in 1984.The scrutiny of specialized sources and government documents online pertaining to those challenges enable us to use a historical analytical approach to come out with our findings. That the geo-strategic and geo-political position of the country and its natural resources kept both camps in the Cold War busy to make their presence felt by the 26 year pioneer President after the pre-mature departure of the French colonial agents with the famous “No” of Touré.
Nov. 24, 2021
The Inevitability and Relevancy of Sukuk in Developing Country: A Case of Bangladesh
Abdur Rahman, Asma Hakimah Abdul Halim, Ruzian Markom
Page Numbers : 468-477
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i11.003
The application of various Sukuk enhances infrastructural, financial, and economic development. Therefore, the usage and growth of Sukuk (A Shariah Compliant Islamic Bond) as a capital market instrument has shown impressive progress over the past few decades across Muslim as well as non-Muslim countries. Moreover, Sukuk based on profit sharing contract is much more beneficial than the interest-based bond, which dampens inequality, suppression, and speculation in the economy. However, the adoption of Sukuk depends much more on the country’s investor philosophy, infrastructural, and economic situation. Possibly, the capital market of Bangladesh with lack of Shariah-compliant instruments as well as majority investors from Islamic background is in severe need of Sukuk to overcome and satisfy the investment comfortability. Unfortunately, the system is not ready to accept such inception in terms of legal, regulatory, and human capital perspective. Therefore, this paper critically evaluates those challenges, prospects of Sukuk in Bangladesh and propose a Sukuk structure to be applied in Bangladesh considering its jurisdictions, investors, and economic circumstances.
Original Research Article
Nov. 24, 2021
Emerging Trends on Indigenous Knowledge of a Weaving Community in Sonepur District, Odisha
Bedaprakash Narayan Tanty
Page Numbers : 461-467
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i11.002
Handloom fabric forms part of our rich cultural heritage. Odisha is a beautiful state enriched with traditional garments that we drape over the body in various styles. The unique traditional products reflect the essence of traditional way of life. Odisha’s handloom includes towels, dhotis, Saris, dress materials and many others. The blending of knowledge takes place through innovations over a period of time as this informal knowledge system evolves, adapts and transforms dynamically with time with materials, process and skill. The study is conducted in Bhulia-dominated villages of Sonepur district of Western Odisha. Basically the study revolves around the various reasons which have impact on the traditional knowledge and skill of the weaving community. The handloom weavers use their indigenous knowledge in the entire weaving process which they have learnt from their parents. We have seen many changes in the weaving and allied handloom works today with the invention of various developed instruments and techniques. The entire tasks they do today are the accumulation of their experiences they have gained inside and outside of the community. Many handloom processes like dyeing, tying, winding, warping and street sizing process are doing with some modification. It helps the weavers to progress the handloom weaving and to increase their household economy.
Original Research Article
Nov. 12, 2021
Ageism in the Fashion Industry
Page Numbers : 457-460
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i11.001
Age related stereotypes have greatly influenced the availability of employment opportunities for older women as well as their representation in different fields of work. One such field of work is the fashion industry, where ageism has been rampant, as many women above the age of 40 have been neglected and feel unrepresented. In this paper, different dimensions of ageism and how they affect the employment as well as the representation of older women in the fashion industry have extensively been discussed and analyzed. It is estimated that about 2 billion people, including women, around the world are to be aged over 60 by the year 2050, and hence, it is necessary to put an end to age related discrimination, stereotypes and prejudices [i].
Original Research Article
Oct. 30, 2021
Management of Retirees’ Skills as Correlate of National Security and Development: A Case Study of Rivers State
Dr. Nzokurum Joy Chimajulam, Agala, Humphrey Obinna
Page Numbers : 449-456
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i10.008
The study examined management of retirees’ skills as correlate of national security and development: a case study of Rivers State. The study utilized simple random sampling method to select 170 retirees in Rivers State. The “Management of Retirees’ Skills Scale (MRSS) and National Security and Development Scale (NSDS) were used for collection of data for the study. The instrument items were designed and validated by the researcher. The reliability coefficients of Management of Retirees’ Skills Scale and National Security and Development Scale are 0.82 and 0.81 respectively. The findings of the study revealed that retirees’ entrepreneurial skills to a high extent contribute to national security and development in Rivers State by 67.8%. Retirees’ in-service training skills contribute to a high extent to national security and development in Rivers State by 65%. Also, the finding revealed that there is a very strong significant relationship between management of retirees’ skills and national security and development in Rivers State. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that institutions or employers should make a deliberate effort to invest in their employees through entrepreneurship programmes to equip the workers with relevant skill for post-retirement. By so doing, knowledge held by these retirees could be shared and leveraged in a number of key ways to help the local, state and federal government address the root cause of human security such as persistent poverty, unemployment, epidemics, lack of access to basic health care, environmental degradation, terrorism, lack of rule of law and justice.
Original Research Article
Oct. 16, 2021
Examination of The Institutional Capacity of Ministry of Land and Settlement, Ministry of Housing and Kisumu City Council Towards Low-Cost Housing Development in Kenya
Samuel Otieno Ondola
Page Numbers : 436-448
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i10.007
This study was to evaluate the Kenya Government housing policies and strategies for housing the urban poor in Kenya, and how the citizen has benefited from the scheme/plan. Objective of the article was to examine the institutional capacity of ministry of land and settlement, ministry of housing and Kisumu city council towards low-cost housing development. The research question was, how effective are the various Kenya Government Housing Policies and implementation strategies targeting the provisions of low-cost Housing to the urban poor in Kisumu City? The study adopted quantitative survey research design. Primary data was collected through structured interviews/interview guide, self-administered questionnaires (Delivery and collection questionnaires), observation and check list. Secondary data was collected from Kenya government national housing policies, national development plans, research publications, internet among others. Quantitative data was summarized, categorized, interpreted and analyzed using Tables and percentages. Simple random sampling was used in this study. The researchers’ target population of 218,766 and sample size of 384 was ideal for this method of sampling. Statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the data collected from the field. Correlation analysis was done on both dependent and independent variables with supply of electricity as the control group. Findings revealed that provision of low-cost housing is negatively correlated to provision of adequate road, electricity and water (coefficient = -0.9366059, P = 0.000, 95% C.I = -1.459989 –0.4132226). Recommendations for policy action included review of the current national housing policy and implementation strategies and further research on urban planning, land tenure system, infrastructure and services, housing finance mechanism, small scale construction activities, community participation, municipal budgetary base and experimental pilot projects.