Determining the Contribution of Abdul Karim Searching the History of Bara –Bhuiyans against Mughal Empire in Bengal
MD. Cholem Ullah
Page Numbers : 78-89
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.006
The age of Bara-Bhyuian (1576-1612) or reign of the twelve landlords of the East region of Bengal is a famous chapter in Bangladesh's history. According to the historical investigation of Abdul Karim, the article aims at exploring about forming of a series of military resistance and struggle of Bara-Bhyuian against Mughal imperial power those newly emerged from northern India and subsequently captured their jurisdiction all over the Indian subcontinent along with Bengal territory. Historically it was a fact that the Twelve Zamindars waged an armed struggle for many years to keep their homeland free from colonial imperialist power. Unfortunately, the glorious chapter of this Bara-Bhuiyans was not highlighted properly by the historians for a long time. Even their identity and subjugated areas were not explored and recognized since many centuries rather than the time been obscured and uncovered in Bengal by either native or alien scholars. On the contrary, historians didn’t concentrate the time accordingly what the period deserves from the scholars. So, Abdul Karim was the pioneer for the first time among historians who took the chapter as one of the vital focal place of Bengal history during Mughal expansion. Thus, the paper seeks to prove that what contribution marked by Abdul Karim about Bara-Bhuiyans in the sacrifices and struggles they waged to liberate their independent motherland that have inspired every freedom struggle so far.
Original Research Article
Feb. 13, 2021
Innovation Program of Indonesia Movement Aware of Population Administration
Muhammad Aldhietya Aswatra, Budi Suryadi, Siswanto
Page Numbers : 53-59
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.004
The uneven distribution of population in Indonesia resulted in many problems that must be experienced by the government and society in fulfilling the population administration data. The method used in this research is a qualitative method. Data collection techniques are carried out using participatory observations, interviews and documentation studies. Data analysis is done with descriptive techniques through three flows of activities that are one unity, namely: data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the innovation of Indonesia's movement-conscious administration program includes 16 innovations in communication, resources and bureaucratic structures in population data collection services with inhibitory factors consisting of uneven socialization, low public arrest in understanding the procedures of population requirements and limited aging resources and poor budget in the implementation of population data collection and supporting factors including responsive employees, good communication between employees, support of adequate facilities and infrastructure.
Feb. 11, 2021
Form in Beethoven’s Sonata for Violin and Piano, Op. 24
Page Numbers : 48-52
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.003
“Spring” Op. 24 by Beethoven is one of the most famous classical sonatas for violin and piano. It can also be seen as the mirror of the composer’s creative and philosophical personality. Among the 10 violin sonatas by Beethoven, the ‘’Kreutzer’’ and the “Spring” are played the most. This sonata is in F Major tonality. Beethoven composed it between 1800 and 1801, and dedicated to count Moritz von Fries. One of the most notable features is that it contains many dialogues between the two instruments. Most of Beethoven’s works are homo-thematic. Beethoven Sonatas are an essential part of the violin repertoire in that they challenge the players’ musical and technical abilities. According to Lewis Lockwood, in his first period works as in Sonata Op. 23, piano had the biggest role. But in Op. 24 Sonata this feature had changed and the Piano and Violin have equal roles. Both instruments have melodic and thematic parts and the balance between them has an influence on the beauty of this Sonata. Before the “Spring” Sonata, Beethoven always presented the main theme in the piano. One of the most visible differences in this Sonata is that the main theme is presented by the Violin. He composed also one more movement named ‘’Scherzo and Trio’’ and made a 4 movement Sonata. This Sonata could also be seen as a role model to Op. 30 No. 1 C Minor Violin Sonata and Op. 69 A Major Violoncello Sonata. According to the Beethoven biographer Wilhelm von Lenz, Beethoven’s creative periods can be divided into three: First period shows influences by Mozart and Haydn in musical form, harmony and tonal relationships. Middle period is most commonly referred as “escape” because he was searching for a way to escape from Haydn and Mozart’s styles. Op.24 Spring Sonata is between first and middle period of his works. Because of this, Spring Sonata has effects of new techniques but still has Mozart influences. According to Lewis Lockwood, Beethoven wanted to create extraordinary elements of beauty in this Sonata, so he used special techniques of his previous works as well as other composers [ ]. This sonata and some of his other works show Beethoven’s love to his country and to the beauty of nature. Many researchers have not found information about the name of this Sonata. Lewis Lockwood said that people started to use this name in 1860s. According to him this name “Spring” is the most suitable one to show elegant melodic structure.
Original Research Article
Feb. 9, 2021
Recent Trends of Frequent Defection of Members of Legislative Assemblies and Related Apex Court Verdicts: A Critical Study
Aishley Shrivastava, Sony Kulshrestha
Page Numbers : 43-47
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.002
The federal system of India has been guaranteed under the Indian Constitution to ensure independent functioning of state legislatures by their elected members, but unfortunately a frequent trend of defection have been witnessed. The anti-defection law was introduced to prevent such political defections by inserting tenth schedule in the Constitution of India in 1985. Still, several loopholes in law have permitted defections on several occasions and so many cases have been adjudicated by many High Courts and Supreme Court in this regard. Unfortunately, there are enough evidences of justice delivered in a flip-flop manner. Serious anomalies in decisions given by speakers and governors, in judgements delivered by respective High Courts and even the Supreme Court of India have failed to protect the aim and objective of Constitution of India as well as basic rights of citizens of India. In this article we have tried to critically address today’s scenario of political defections and role played by the judicial system.
Original Research Article
Feb. 5, 2021
Biblical Mentorship as Discipleship to Enhance Adventist Students’ Commitment to Faith: A Practical Model for Nurturing and Retention Strategies at the University of Arusha in Tanzania
Isacka Vitus Ndaruhekeye
Page Numbers : 60-77
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.005
Many Adventist students at the University of Arusha cease to participate in church programs like evangelism, nurturing one another, being interested in prayer meetings and other worship programs as soon as they join university studies. It is like in their previous levels of study they were not participating in these programs or they start to neglect them when they reach this level. The research that was done from 2017 to 2018 showed that six Adventist students were identified as being involved in sexual immorality and three in drug abuse, one in abortion while five students were found involving themselves in drinking alcohol. More than seventy percent of Adventist students were not participating in the church mission activities at the University of Arusha. Mentorship as a discipleship relationship between the mentor and mentee for the purpose of holistic growth seems to be more practical both in the Old and New Testament. This works as the means to minimize the problem. This article is dedicated to find out the biblical principles which were used in the Old Testament and in the New Testament to enhance the commitment of the Adventist students to faith in God. These principles will be useful in the plan of improving the Adventist students’ commitment to faith at the University of Arusha. In the Old Testament, mentorship was used as the method to heighten and nurturing the believers to be committed to what they believed while the New Testament used the discipleship techniques to fulfill the same goals.
Original Research Article
Feb. 4, 2021
A Study of the Relationship between Educational Environment of Madarsas and Their Students’ Satisfaction in Kanpur City
Dr. Sarfaraz Ahmad
Page Numbers : 37-42
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i02.001
India has been growing (Making future of the nation) in terms of the schools. Madarsas is also a type of school. If the environment of Madarsas is better and favourable for students, certainly the student of that school will also develop. Madarsas’ educational environment might have some important effect on students’ education and vocational success. The main objective of the present research is to know the relation of educational environment of Madarsas and their Students’ Satisfaction in Kanpur City. For this, 400 students are selected from Kanpur – Aided and Private Madarsas by random sampling method. The result found that the educational environment of Madarsas in Kanpur City has a meaningful relationship with the satisfaction of their students.
Jan. 30, 2021
A Unique Study of Corruption in Bangladesh
Md. Rezwanul Kabir, Mst. Taskin Ara Taznin Bithi, Tanzima Aktar Jyoti, Tabassum Rahman
Page Numbers : 18-25
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2021.v06i01.004
Corruption is a vast and complex matter. It means any kinds of dishonest, defiled or illegal behavior, especially of people in authority. It is a major problem in the third world countries but it has been the burning question in Bangladesh. The list of the countries having rampant corruption is headed by Bangladesh several years. Transparency international found it as the most corrupted country. Corruption may originate from want, the immorality of people, lack of transparency, unsolved problems, unfinished works, vicious politicos, weak administration and many after relevant things. All the sectors of the government and the administration are corrupted severely as well. Taking bribe, nepotism, malpractice of power are the natures of corruption. No department of either government or non-government like ministry, office, school, college, university, law court, police station, hospital, etc. is beyond the reach of corruption. Even the victims of accident and the dying patients are not left untouched by corruption. It has become customary in our country that nothing is done without the intervention of corruption. The influential high officials and their assistants in our country adopt such techniques and pretense to materialize their ill-motives that common people who are deprived of their legal rights. Corruption has a terrible effect on all the parts of society. It leads the country to anarchism. Law and order situation become deteriorated for corruption. The difference between the poor and rich widens day by day. All the development procedures of the government become useless for the cause of corruption. However, this is a humiliating condition for us a nation. It has spoilt our image in the home and abroad. Above all, foreign donors and the investors become reluctant observing the large scale of the practice of corruption. However, the time has changed. With the same parade of the present government, all the people should voice against corruption. Nepotism, favoritism, red-tapism, biased attitude etc. should be dealt with an iron hand. Only our honest approaches can reinforce the government to ensure the good governance. Inclusion corruption begets corruption. It should be prevented urgently in all spheres of our life. Otherwise, we will fail to build up a sound and potent generation. We should look forward to ensuring corruption-free society as well as corruption free country.