ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 26, 2021
Constraints to Effective Utilization of Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) in Technical Colleges in Rivers State, Nigeria
Nwauzi, Kelechi Kirian, Divine O. Chiorlu
Page no 37-44
The study focused at the Constraints to effective Utilization of Information, Communication and Technology (CICT) in Technical Colleges in Rivers State. There are two purpose, research questions and hypotheses that guided the study. The study actually was carried out in Rivers State using a survey research design. The targeted population of the study was 1000 respondents which comprise 200 technical college teachers and 800 technical college students in Rivers State. A cluster sampling technique was used to divide the technical colleges into two clusters; the researcher further used random sampling technique to sample 50 technical college teachers and 200 students making the total sample of 250 respondents. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the study titled ‘Constraints to effective Utilization of ICT Facilities in Technical College Questionnaire (CEUICTFTCQ), and instrument was face validated by three experts, Cronbach Alpha was used for reliability coefficient to determine the internal consistency of the instruments to give a value of 0.81. Findings of the study revealed that ICT skills are required in Technical Colleges in Rivers State. It was recommended that (1) since ICT facilities are available for usage, skills should be acquired with as to make use of the facilities provided, (2) Teachers and students of Technical colleges should be competent in the use of the facilities fully as to enhance their teaching- learning situation.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 28, 2021
Influence of Funding Activities on Completion of Selected County Funded Construction Projects in Kitale Town, Trans Nzoia County, Kenya
Muchiri Tabitha Mukami, Mrs. Grace Were, Dr. Patrick Simiyu
Page no 45-52
Completion of county funded construction projects in Kitale town, Trans Nzoia County records dissatisfying views on the schedule performance of most of the projects. The study investigated how funding activities influence completion of county funded construction projects in Kitale town, Trans Nzoia County. This study is grounded on Goal-setting theory. The study adopted a descriptive survey research. The target population for this study comprised of 508; County Administrators and Project managers who are responsible for Bus Park, stadium and hospital construction and Beneficiaries of the projects and the sample size were 223 respondents. The study used a semi structured self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the managers in the housing and urban development. The study also used an interview guide to obtain responses from representatives in the Ministry of Land and Planning. The collected data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative data analysis methods. Quantitative method involved descriptive and inferential analysis. Descriptive analysis such as frequencies, percentages were used to present quantitative data in form of tables. Data from questionnaire were coded and logged in the computer using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS V 20.0). Content analysis were used for the qualitative data and then presented in prose. Quantitative data was analyzed using simple linear regression model to establish the relationship between the variables. The study findings based on funding activities objective showed that 87.36% (mean=4.37, Std. Dev=0.899) of the respondents accepted funding for the construction projects are delayed because most of the county budgetary allocated money are delayed from the national government, poor management of resources by the managers in charge, prioritizing salaries paid to workers and failing to give similar weight to the construction of projects and also, some contractors may lack enough money to facilitate the completion of the projects. Inferentially, funding activities attributed to (β=.227 p<0.036) on completion of county projects thus a unit increase in funding activities improved completion of the county funded construction projects by 22.7%. The study concluded that poor funding schemes delayed completion of construction projects. Project may be delayed or be unsuccessfully completed; when flow of funds to a project is not steady then there were on and off activities on site, resulting into contract delay. The study recommends to the members of the county assembly to pass proposed bills that are viable and fruitful to the development of the county. Project completion time should be checked to ensure efficiency.