ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 19, 2022
Behavior of Pregnancy in Adolescence, Mantilla Health Area, 2019-2020
Adriel Martìnez Rodríguez, Ada de las Nieves Rodríguez Reyes, Elisa Maria Puentes Rizo, Pedro Rolando López Rodríguez, Ailé Cruz Arias
Page no 1-6
Introduction: Pregnancy in adolescence is a problem of alarming dimensions that demands comprehensive multisectoral care. The incidence of pregnancy in adolescents has grown and no previous studies on the entity were found. Objective: To describe the behavior of adolescent pregnancy in the Mantilla health area. Method: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study of a universe of 82 pregnant adolescents from the Mantilla health area from April 2019 to November 2020. A survey and test of perception of family functioning were applied, which were processed using Descriptive Statistics techniques. Results: 57.3% of the pregnant women were between 17 and 19 years old, 53.7% had not completed the pre-university or intermediate technical level and 75.6% did not wish to interrupt their pregnancy. Conclusions: Pregnancies in adolescence are unplanned and therefore unwanted; the vast majority of adolescents admit that they are incapable of facing pregnancy and what it means for their later life.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 24, 2022
Assessment of Microbiological Quality and Efficacy of Gbogbonise Epa Ijebu Herbal Remedy on Some Uropathogens
Enitan S. S, Uduchukwu O. E, Gotep J, Effiong E. J., Ileoma E. O, Mensah-Agyei G. O, Adetiloro E. O, Adekunbi O. A, Odigie J. O, Adetola A. O
Page no 7-18
Background: Gbogbonise Epa Ijebu is a commercially sold native concoction in South-West, Nigeria, with the potential of curing many ailments as claimed by the manufacturer and vendors. This study investigated the antimicrobial quality and efficacy of Gbogbonise Epa Ijebu. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 samples of the herbal remedy were purchased from local vendors in Ilishan-Remo Community of Ogun State, Nigeria and were assessed for their microbiological quality using standard microbiological methods. Also, the efficacy of the herbal remedy was tested against some selected uropathogens using the Punch-hole agar diffusion method. Data generated were analyzed using the Instant GraphPad software package and P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The outcome of the study shows that half (50%) of the herbal remedy samples examined were sterile, while the other half (50%) were contaminated with a microbial count of <10 CFU/mL. The microbial isolates recovered from the herbal remedy include: Staphylococcus aureus (8.3%), Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (75%) and Microsporium spp (16.7%). Assessment of the antimicrobial potential of the herbal remedy show that the test herbal remedy had strong inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus (17±0.6 mm), Escherichia coli (16.3±0.3 mm), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (16.3±0.3 mm), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15±0.6 mm) and Proteus mirabilis (14±0.8 mm), except Candida albican, at a concentration of 200 mg/mL. The combined herbal solution and standard drug gave higher zone diameter of inhibition: Klebsiella pneumoniae (25±0.6 mm), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (24±0.6 mm), Staphylococcus aureus (23.7±0.3 mm), Escherichia coli (23.3±0.3 mm) and Candida albican (15±0.6mm), except Proteus mirabilis. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal/Fungicidal Concentration (MBC/MFC) of the herbal remedy for all the test isolates (except Candida albican) was 100mg/mL and 200mg/mL, respectively. The result of the phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, saponins and tannins, while steroids and resins were absent. Conclusion: The outcome of this study further strengthens the claim of efficacy made by the manufacturer and vendors of the herbal remedy. However, more attention should be given to quality preparations, packaging and storage in view of the general safety of the consumers.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 29, 2022
Potential of Polyherbal Formulation in Burn Wound Model
Swati Mishra, R. K. Mishra, Sruti Ranjan Mishra, Himesh Soni
Page no 19-23
Polyherbal formula has been used everywhere in the global because of its medicinal and healing application. It has additionally referred to as polyherbal therapy or herb-herb combination. In an age of integrated healthcare where Ayush therapies are being accepted along side the fashionable medicine, we see that these are separate compartments in theory and practice. Wound healing begins at the time of injury and can last for a variety of times depending on the severity of the wound. The wound healing process can be divided into three stages: the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase, and finally the remodelling phase, which determines the strength and appearance of the healed tissues. In the present work an attempt had been made to evaluate wound healing potential of Polyherbal formulation contains Punica granatum and Coleus aromaticus extract in burn wound model.