Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and TLC Analysis of Argemone mexicana
Rohit Singh, Neelesh Chaubey, Rajeev Kumar Mishra
Page Numbers : 19-25
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i02.002
Medicinal plants play a vital role to preserve human health. The genus Argemone consists of herbs, that are widespread in all over India and represents highly valuable plant species having therapeutic and nutraceutical importance. Genetic variation is essential for long term survival of species and it is a critical feature in conservation. Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae) also known as Ghamoya. Traditionally the plants used the world for the treatment of several ailments including tumors, warts, skin diseases, inflammations, rheumatism, jaundice, leprosy, microbial infections, and malaria. It is an exotic weed indigenous to South America. In the present study an attempt has been made to assess the preliminary phytochemical screening and TLC profile of various leaves extract of A.mexicana.
Original Research Article
Feb. 19, 2021
Clinical Evaluation of Mizaj (Temperament) in Patients of Hypothyroidism
Shiekh Zahoor Ahmad, Arsheed Iqbal, Haider Ali Quraishi, Afroza Jan, Naquib ul Islam, Shamim Ahmad Rather
Page Numbers : 15-18
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i02.001
Unani system of medicine is based on the theory of Mizaj and Akhlat which is considered as the basics of Unani therapeutics. Mizaj is defined as the admixture of four humours (Akhlat), the quantity and quality of which determines the particular Mizaj of an individual. Every individual has its own unique Mizaj (temperament), hence reacts to various internal and external stimuli viz.air, water, diet, drug, climate, emotions, body reactions etc. differently according to temperament. Hence, Mizaj plays an important role in diagnosis and treatment of any disease. Since, Hypothyroidism is considered as one of the most common endocrine disorders in which patient has somnolence, fatigue, cold intolerance, constipation, loss of libido, gain in weight etc. According to the classical texts of Unani Medicine, it is the concentration, quality and quantity of humours which forms the base and cause of health and disease in an individual. As per Unani doctrine, Mar’d (Disease) is caused either due to Su’ Mizaj (abnormal temperament), Su’tarkib( abnormal composition/structure) or Taffaruk Ittesal (discontinuity).This study was conducted at Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, University of Kashmir ,Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir to evaluate the Mizaj (Temperament) of patients of Hypothyroidism. Out of 60 patients enrolled for the study, 52 (86.6%) were Balghami, 03 (5%) were Damwi, 05 (8.3%) were Safravi and none was of Sawdawi Mizaj. Thus, it was evident that Hypothyroidism is more common in Balghami Mizaj patients.
Original Research Article
Jan. 30, 2021
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hepatitis B infection in Pishin District, Pakistan
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is life-threatening in developing countries associated with high morbidity and mortality rate. The current study designed to figure out the prevalence, socio-demographic variable and associated risk factors of HBV in the local population of Pishin District, Pakistan. Under the well-sterilized condition, blood samples of 1457 individuals were collected weekly from Civil Hospital Pishin, during May 2019 to February 2020 for the screening of HBV infection. Patients were categorized into 2 age groups i. e. 1-30 years, 31-60 years. The HBsAg was detected by a commercially available ELISA kit. The overall prevalence of HBV was 38.36%. The incidence was higher in female (22.30%) than in male patients (16.06%). The socio-demographic finding showed that the prevalence was higher in patients with age group 31-60 years (20.93%), in married (30.19%), unvaccinated (19,56%) individuals and with poor economic status (20.93%). Furthermore, blood transfusion (23.03%), surgery (19.86%) and dental procedures (12.70%) were the major risk factors associated with the high prevalence of HBV infection in Pishin. In conclusion, the Pishin District was highly prevalent with HBV infection. This study may serve as a guideline for the local health care providers to optimize the health facilities. By conducting the public health awareness program, it is possible to reduce the prevalence of HBV by minimizing the associated risk factors.
Original Research Article
Jan. 14, 2021
Prevention and Management of COVID-19 with Unani Medicine –A Review
M. U. Z. N. Farzana, Arshiya Sultana
Page Numbers : 1-10
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i01.001
The world is observing a very strange time fighting an invisible enemy; the novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is a declared global pandemic now. Initially it was observed in the Wuhan province of China, now fastly spreading around the world. The disease has spread globally with more than 8 million confirmed cases and 439,487 deaths as of June 17th, 2020. Human Coronavirus (HCoV) infection causes respiratory diseases with mild to severe outcomes. In the last 15 years, we have witnessed the emergence of two zoonotic, highly pathogenic HCoVs: Severe Acute Rspiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea and in case of serious illness develop difficulty in breathing. Research is underway to develop effective vaccines and medicines for the disease. But up to now no any effective management had not been declared. In such conditions, we present the measures described in Unani system of medicine for health protection during epidemics. Unani medicine is a traditional system of medicine developed during the middle ages, which employs natural drugs of herbal, animal and mineral origin for treatment. Traditional systems of medicine are being explored for providing preventive, supportive and rehabilitative care to patients in epidemic/pandemic but no direct evidence is available, some uncontrolled studies on traditional medicines suggest that they may have a direct efficacy on the virus. Unani Physicians emphasized in their classical Unani books under the chapter of influenza about pandemic (Nazla Wabai/ Nazla Haar) and epidemic diseases. The objective of this paper is to discuss in detail the Unani concept, management, treatment of epidemics in general and possible management of current Pandemics of COVID-19, its analysis in the light of ancient books in present scenario.
Original Research Article
Nov. 19, 2020
Effectiveness of Ginger Water with Honey on Weight Loss among Obese Women
Reshmi V, Priyanka G
Page Numbers : 181-184
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i10.002
Obesity is a global epidemic .it has been linked to many chronic disease such as cancer, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction. A body mass index (BMI) is calculated using the person’s weight in pounds and height in inches using the BMI formula. Classification for overweight is a BMI range from 25-29.9 and greater 30 is considered obese. According to the BMI system, currently a worldwide estimation of 937 millions overweight adults and 396 million obese adults. Aims: The present study aim to reduce the weight used in ginger water with honey. The research design for study as the quasi experimental which is used to a study to assess the effectiveness of ginger water with honey on weight loss among obese women at community area (mappedu village). Result and discussion: The study shows that weight loss as shows statistically non significant at demographic variables and shows that age ,types of family, education socioeconomic status, religion, occupation the pretest mean score of weight loss score was 75.71 with standard deviation 2.06 and the post test means score of weight loss was 70.03 with standard deviation 2.32. This clearly infers that ginger water with honey administered to obese women resulted in a significant reduction in the level of weight loss among obese women.
Original Research Article
Nov. 14, 2020
Evaluation of the wound healing potential of an ointement formulated with Chromoleana odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob. (Asteraceae)
Ngene Jean Pierre, Ladoh-Yemeda Christelle Flora, Ngoule Charles Christian, Yingyang Jacques, Ekorong Dang Estelle, Etamè-Loé Gisèle
Page Numbers : 177-180
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i10.001
Chromoleana odorata is an invasive plant traditionally used for the treatment of many diseases in Cameroon in both humans and animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the healing potential of a watery ointment extract from the C. odorata leaves on a model of excision wound in Wistar strain rat. Phytochemical screening was evaluated using standard procedures. A 5% ointment (CO-5%) aqeuous extract with simple excipients (Vaseline and water) was formulated and evaluated for wound healing testing. Chemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids and anthraquinones in the extract. The application of the ointment alone to the wounds caused a complete healing in rats on the 16th day. Under similar conditions, the reference ointment allowed complete healing after 21 days. These results confirm the therapeutic efficacy of this plant in traditional wound care.
Oct. 30, 2020
Role of Indian herbs against COVID-19: A Review
Himesh Soni, Sarvesh Sharma, Jitender K Malik
Page Numbers : 169-176
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i09.001
An eruption of pneumonia in December, 2019 in Wuhan, China, has now been gritty to be caused by a novel corona virus. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona-virus (SARS-CoV) named is allotted for this novel threads. The disease has spread more than 185 countries and regions, with more than 2.05 million confirmed cases and more than 1, 34,354 deaths as of April 16, 2020. The pandemic is enduring to spread inspite of worldwide efforts. The SS-RNA virus from the enveloped corona virus family caused SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome) which is life threatening viral infection. Ayurveda has "effort towards enhancing the immunity against host of infections. The world has been relying on the Ayurvedic system of medicine from past era. As the field of alternative medicine expands enormous fame in the wake of COVID-19, the antique practice of Ayurveda with India as its land of origin can put on the role of calm yet prevailing armed forces in the fight against the corona virus. The present review spotlight on the various Ayurvedic principle with reference to the herbs as well herbo-mineral aliments which boost our immunity and taken as nutraceutical to prevent against SARS.