Effectiveness Acalypha indica on the Management of Cough
Paheerathan V, M.N.M.Nazlam, R.Piratheepkumar
Page Numbers : 61-66
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i05.001
This is a quasi-experimental study to determine the internal administration of Acalypha indica leaves powder in management of cough. Cough is a natural reflex expulsive defense mechanism of the body, for clearing excess secretions or mucous or inhaled irritants or toxins or foreign substance in the respiratory tract it is the commonest symptom of respiratory diseases. Productive cough means a sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that effectively removes sputum from the respiratory tract and helps clear the airways, permitting air to reach the alveoli. The treatment of coughs is one area where the use of certain herbal remedies remains common today. In the Siddha system Acalypha indica herb is considered to be effective medicine for cough. This is an annual herb belongs to Family Euphorbiaceae. The researcher administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Fifty (50) clinically diagnosed productive cough patients were randomly selected at District Siddha Ayurveda Hospital, Kopalapura and symptoms were evaluated based on scoring system. Evaluation visit were made baseline on 7th, 14th, 21st , 40th day interval, after final assessment were observed after one week for getting information about recurrence of disease. The effect of treatment was evaluated on basis of changes of degree of symptoms after treatment.Statically highly significant improvement (p<0.000) in reduce of bouts of cough, sputum expulsion, throat irritation and nasal discharge.
Original Research Article
April 30, 2021
Pharmacognostical Exploration of Saccharum officinarum
Dr. Pooja Semwal, Dr. Ranjana Jai Singh, Amit Kumar, Jitender K Malik
Page Numbers : 53-60
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i04.003
The selection proper raw materials in the production of herbal formulation standardization plays essential role. Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is the most exclusively cultivated and India is the second largest producer country next to Brazil. It has been used as a sweetening agent for past era and also chiefly in the form of refined sugar. The present study was focused on preliminary pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigations for determining and establishing the identity, purity and quality of the plants. This will provide with an appropriate guidance for future exploration. The plant was subjected to determination of various physicochemical parameters including ash values (total ash, water soluble ash) and extractive values (alcohol soluble extractive, water soluble extractive). The powdered crude drug was extracted successively with various solvents with increasing polarity and further the extracts were subjected to phytochemical screening for the identification of various phytoconstituents. More over the fingerprint profile of Saccharum officinarum was established using thin layer chromatography (TLC) methods. The results of the TLC profiling of the extract confirm about the presence of various phytochemicals.
Original Research Article
April 22, 2021
Applied Ethnobotany: People, Medicinal Plants Use and Conservation Practices in Benishangul Gumuz Regional State of Ethiopia: The future cursed natural resource in the Region
Dereje Mosissa, Hailu Atinafu
Page Numbers : 36-52
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i04.002
An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the communities in Wombera District, Benishangual Gumuz Regional State, and Western Ethiopia was carried out from 0ctober, 2019 to October, 2020. The purpose of the study was to document information of medicinal plants and indigenous knowledge on use and conservation of medicinal plants by the communities of Wombera District. A purposive sampling was designed and employed for selection of the study areas (6 sampling sites) and 200 informants (52 males and 18 females) aged between 18-85 years were randomly selected from 6 kebeles. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured questionnaires, interview and, group discussion s. A total of 91 medicinal plants were documented from the study area. Of these 60 were human, 7 veterinary and 24 both human and veterinary medicines. Data were analyzed quantitativelly. The highest number of medicinal plants was collected from wild habitat (64 %), while 33% was collected from home garden, 3% occurred both in wild habitat and home garden. The most plant parts used in treatment of human disease were leaves (34.6%) followed by roots (20.9%). The most frequently mentioned mode of administration was oral (54%) followed by dermal (27.5%) and the least was found to be application through eyes and ears (3%) each. The most common form of medicine preparation was crushing, pounding and homogenizing in water (43.07%) followed by boiling and Fumigating (16%), squeezing(15.45%), chewing(10.7) and the leasts were burning and cooking (5%) each. Deforestation for agriculture, over exploitation, firewood collection, and overgrazing were the main threats of medicinal plants in the study area. The biggest problem of traditional medicinal remedies is the accurate dosage, which sometimes may even kill. Moreover lack of awareness of cultivation in home garden resulted as threats of medicinal patient.
Original Research Article
April 7, 2021
The Ameliorating Effect of Chloroform and Aqueous Ethanol Extracts from Pleurotus tuber reguim (Fr.) Sing. (Pleurotaceae) sclerotia on Triton-X Induced Hyperlipidemia in Wistar Rats
Ezea BO, Afieroho OE, Suleiman M, Aprioku JS, Abo KA
Page Numbers : 30-35
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i04.001
This report validates the anti-hyperlipidemic property of Pleurotus tuber reguim an edible mushroom widely used for weight loss among other ailments, using Triton X-100 induced hyperlipidemic rats. The lipophilic chloroform (CHE) and hydrophilic 70 % aqueous ethanol (AQE) extracts were obtained by successive cold maceration in increasing order of solvent polarity. Anti-hyperlipidemic activities of the extracts at 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight, was evaluated using Triton X-100 induced hyperlipidemic rats. Artovastatin was used as the standard drug. Compared to the hyperlipidemic untreated control group, there was a significant (p<0.05) dose dependent reduction in the plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and increase in the high density lipoprotein (HDL) after 7 days treatment with the extracts. The trend in the ameliorative activities of the extracts and atovastatin were in the following rank order: atovastatin (43.5%)>CHE-200mg/kgbw (41.4%)>CHE-100mg/kgbw(38.4%>AQE-200 mg/kgbw (35.9%)>AQE-100 mg/kgbw (27.6%) for TC; atovastatin (73.5%)>CHE-200mg/kgbw (68.0%)>CHE-100mg/kgbw(64.5%>AQE-200 mg/kgbw (62.3%)>AQE-100 mg/kgbw (62.2%) for TG; CHE-200mg/kgbw (114.4 %)> AQE-200mg/kgbw(87.3%) >atovastatin (68.7%)>CHE-100mg/kgbw (38.5%)>AQE-100mg/kgbw(8.8%) for HDL; atovastatin (73.5%)>CHE-200mg/kgbw (68.0%)>CHE-100mg/kgbw(64.5%>AQE-200 mg/kgbw (62.3%)>AQE-100 mg/kgbw (62.2%) for VLDL; and CHE-200mg/kgbw (78.5%) > atovastatin (66.8%)>AQE-200mg/kgbw (63.5%)>AQE-100mg/kgbw(26.8%) for LDL. Triterpenoids (phytosteroids), fatty acids, and cardenolides are present in the CHE while, amino acids, saponins and carbohydrate were present in the AQE as metabolites with alkaloids and anthraquinones were absent. P tuber reguim possesses anti-hyperlipidemic effects which could be due to the phyto-constituents present thus justifying its traditional use for weight loss.
March 28, 2021
Online Courses on COVID 19 Outbreak for Health Workers by World Health Organization- A Review
Dr. Sandeep Kale, Dr. Govind Khati, Dr. Pornima Kale, Dr. Santosh Girbide, Dr. Milind Kamble
Page Numbers : 26-29
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i03.001
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a agency which works for international public health. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide. The WHO has prio role in several public health achievements, most notably the eradication of smallpox, the near-eradication of polio, and the development of an Ebola vaccine. The WHO generated an Incident Management Support Team on 1 January 2020, one day after Chinese health authorities identified the organization of a cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown etiology. Many countries are affected because of COVID-19 breakthrough and fighting with available resources. WHO has aligned branch OpenWHO which is interactive, web-based, knowledge-transfer platform offering online courses to improve the response to health emergencies. OpenWHO has created online courses to educate healthcares. So they more than thirty courses to learn and understand COVID 19 all aspects. These courses are online and we have to invest some time to learn via many videos and presentations. We can complete courses from minimum 1 hour to 10 hours depend on which course we choose. They provides us certificate after completion of 85% course.
Original Research Article
Feb. 26, 2021
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and TLC Analysis of Argemone mexicana
Rohit Singh, Neelesh Chaubey, Rajeev Kumar Mishra
Page Numbers : 19-25
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i02.002
Medicinal plants play a vital role to preserve human health. The genus Argemone consists of herbs, that are widespread in all over India and represents highly valuable plant species having therapeutic and nutraceutical importance. Genetic variation is essential for long term survival of species and it is a critical feature in conservation. Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae) also known as Ghamoya. Traditionally the plants used the world for the treatment of several ailments including tumors, warts, skin diseases, inflammations, rheumatism, jaundice, leprosy, microbial infections, and malaria. It is an exotic weed indigenous to South America. In the present study an attempt has been made to assess the preliminary phytochemical screening and TLC profile of various leaves extract of A.mexicana.
Original Research Article
Feb. 19, 2021
Clinical Evaluation of Mizaj (Temperament) in Patients of Hypothyroidism
Shiekh Zahoor Ahmad, Arsheed Iqbal, Haider Ali Quraishi, Afroza Jan, Naquib ul Islam, Shamim Ahmad Rather
Page Numbers : 15-18
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2021.v04i02.001
Unani system of medicine is based on the theory of Mizaj and Akhlat which is considered as the basics of Unani therapeutics. Mizaj is defined as the admixture of four humours (Akhlat), the quantity and quality of which determines the particular Mizaj of an individual. Every individual has its own unique Mizaj (temperament), hence reacts to various internal and external stimuli viz.air, water, diet, drug, climate, emotions, body reactions etc. differently according to temperament. Hence, Mizaj plays an important role in diagnosis and treatment of any disease. Since, Hypothyroidism is considered as one of the most common endocrine disorders in which patient has somnolence, fatigue, cold intolerance, constipation, loss of libido, gain in weight etc. According to the classical texts of Unani Medicine, it is the concentration, quality and quantity of humours which forms the base and cause of health and disease in an individual. As per Unani doctrine, Mar’d (Disease) is caused either due to Su’ Mizaj (abnormal temperament), Su’tarkib( abnormal composition/structure) or Taffaruk Ittesal (discontinuity).This study was conducted at Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, University of Kashmir ,Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir to evaluate the Mizaj (Temperament) of patients of Hypothyroidism. Out of 60 patients enrolled for the study, 52 (86.6%) were Balghami, 03 (5%) were Damwi, 05 (8.3%) were Safravi and none was of Sawdawi Mizaj. Thus, it was evident that Hypothyroidism is more common in Balghami Mizaj patients.