Virtual Reality Complementary Therapy and Breast Cancer Recovery: A Brief Update
Dr. A. M. Tacon
Page Numbers : 137-139
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i07.001
This update reviewed the effects of VR complementary therapy in breast cancer patients regarding physical symptoms such as the common triad of pain, lymphedema and upper limb impairment following treatment. The results revealed weak but consistently positive, significant effect in physical symptoms. Findings, however, were limited by poor methodological quality, small sample sizes and low statistical power in studies. Future recommendations include better designed studies with large sample sizes and acceptable power to investigate the effects of VR interventions in women with breast cancer, during and after cancer treatment.
July 20, 2022
An Insight into Mode of Action of Hinguleshwara Rasa
Dr. Priyanka Pahwa, Dr. S. P. Abhiram, Dr. Oorvi Kulkarni, Dr. Amrit Malik, Dr. Chinky Goyal
Page Numbers : 134-136
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i06.004
Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana has evolved as a separate branch of Ayurveda, where different formulations prepared using different dravyas can be used for curing different diseases. This is called as Formulation Development. These formulations are prepared on the basis of Disease, Dose, and mainly Rasa Panchaka. While formulating different medicines, Acharyas have framed the dravyas in such a way that the end product will be having the same properties of the drug and its action which it is intended to perform. One such formulation is Hinguleshwara rasa quoted in Rasa tarangini, Vishopavishadivignyaneeya. The medicine is prepared in such a way that, half ratti i.e., 62.5mg dose is enough for curing Vataja Jwara and Ama Vata. The aim of this present article is to focus on its probable mode of action in reference to Jwara, which can be assessed on the basis of Rasa Panchaka of the drugs individually.
July 20, 2022
Modern Sophisticated Instrumental Techniques Used in the Characterization of Bhasma
Punam Kumari, Dr. Yadevendra Yadav, Dr. Khem Chand Sharma
Page Numbers : 122-133
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i06.003
A nano-metallic drug called Bhasma is created from metal and minerals. It has long been regarded in Ayurveda as a trustworthy and quick-acting dose type. The following procedures—Shodhana, Bhavana, Mardana, and Marana—are used to prepare Bhasma. These processes assist in breaking down particles into their smallest components, get rid of undesirable traits, and give the substance new properties that make them more palatable to the body's tissues and organs. In the classic, various Bhasma Parikshas, such as Varitaratwa, Unnama, Rekha purnatwa, Nirutha, and Apunarbhava, are mentioned. However, these tests are insufficient to determine the safety and efficacy of Bhasma. For the examination of Bhasma, various contemporary factors are used to ensure its acceptance on a global scale like physical evaluation, chemical analysis, and instrumental analysis. Bhasma efficiency is reliant on its homogenous chemical composition, nanocrystalline structure, and biological activity. These highly sophisticated analytical tools, including XRD, SEM, TEM, NTA, ICP-MS, XRF, AAS, and FTIR, are required for the detection of crystal size, particle size, shape, surface area, dispersion state, and morphological features, in addition to chemical and physical properties like reactivity, optical behaviour, magnetism, zeta potential, and others. To understand the toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of Bhasma, all of these methods are employed. As a result, the current paper's main focus is on characterizing Bhasma using modern sophisticated instrumental techniques.
Original Research Article
July 5, 2022
Which Plant can be used as a Medicinal Plant? The Decision-Finding Process of Minangkabau Healers
Alexander Stark, Yohan Kurniawan
Page Numbers : 114-121
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i06.002
Many ethnomedical researchers describe medicinal plants and the way they are used. In this research, the authors look at how a traditional healer can find a proper medical treatment. The decision-finding is influenced by the ideas of the local cultures regarding the treatment. In qualitative research, various healers were observed and interviewed. It was discovered that different elements influenced the decision-finding process like reference materials, experience and intuition. Furthermore, there are certain peculiar ways how to categorize a plant and decide whether the treatment needs a combination of plants or can be used without other medicinal plants. The healers are embedded in their environment. Therefore, certain concepts and cognitive patterns are essential for both the culture and the traditional medicine.
July 5, 2022
Anaesthetic Considerations for Laminectomy and Spinal Decompression in a Patient with Cervical Myelopathy: A Case Report
Fagbohun, O, Towobola, O, Akintimeyin, O
Page Numbers : 109-113
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i06.001
The principal focus of the anaesthetist during surgical intervention in a patient with cervical myelopathy is to prevent further deterioration of the neurological system while delivering anaesthetic care. Successful surgical outcome of these patients requires a detailed preoperative review, careful and knowledge based peri-operative anaesthesia care plan and a robust collaboration between the anaesthetic and neuro-surgical teams. We report the case of a 76year old male medical doctor who presented with progressively worsening symptoms of cervical myelopathy and subsequently had laminectomy and decompression under general anaesthesia relaxant technique. We aim to highlight the place of detailed anaesthetic care plan in the successful management of this patient who was assessed as high risk for both a difficult airway and peri-operative anaesthetic complications associated with anaesthesia for cervical laminectomy and decompression.
Original Research Article
June 30, 2022
Immunomodulatory Effect of Various Herbs Used in Murchana (Refining) of Ghrita Kalpana (An Ayurvedic Oleaginous Medicament)
Shivani Koul, Dr. Chinky Goyal, Dr. Khem Chand Sharma
Page Numbers : 95-108
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i05.002
Introduction: Ayurvedic dosage forms hold a unique place in pharmaceutics and therapeutics. Sneha Kalpana is a group of products of medicated taila and ghee. Murchana is the first step towards any Sneha paka process. It is a special pharmaceutical procedure before subjecting the drugs to Sneha Paka. For the Preliminary treatment of ghrita (Refining of ghrita) six herbal drugs are added to it. These herbal drugs are: Haritki (Terminalia chebula), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Mustaka (Cyperus rotundus), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Matulunga (Citrus medica). Main aim of Sneha Murchana is to remove - Durgandha (Bad odor), Amadhosha (Unrefined ghee), Ugrata (Sharpness). Ghrita (Cow’s ghee) is a potent ingredient capable of promoting memory, intellect, power of digestion, semen levels and Ojas (ojas is an essence present in every dhatu (tissue) and is responsible for the strength, vitality and immunity of the body.) Various studies have proved immunostimulant activity of Cow’s ghee. It can be a possibility that this preliminary refining Murchana process of ghrita might increase the immunostimulant potential of ghee. This review article focusses on the immunomodulatory potential of the herbs added during Murchana process. Material and Method: Literature related to six Murchana herbs have been referred from various ayurvedic texts, modern medical books, research papers and journals. Phytoconstituents of Murchana dravyas and anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effect of Murchana dravyas have been compiled from various sources. Result and Discussion: Various studies have proven anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, immunomodulatory effect of these six Murchana herbs. Hence it can be concluded that along with other benefits refining ‘Murchana’ process of ghrita might increase the immunostimulant potential of ghee.
June 7, 2022
A Review on Hartala (Orpiment) in Classical Ancient Text of Rasa Shastra
Garima Rawat, Yadevendra Yadav, Khem Chand Sharma
Page Numbers : 85-94
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2022.v05i05.001
Bhasma’s are one of the exceptional preparations therapeutically used in Ayurveda and have been used as effective drugs for centuries without any noticeable hazardous effects. Minerals, metals and poisonous herbs are used in Ayurvedic medicine after several processing. Hartala (orpiment) Bhasma (incinerated powder of Arsenic) is one such preparation containing Arsenic as a main ingredient. In present study, critical review of Ayurvedic literature regarding Hartala is described in detail. Several classical texts of Rasa Shastra are reviewed in an attempt to provide the detailed description about Hartala like its Praptisthan (Occurrence), Prayaya (Synonyms), Vargikaran (Classification), Karma (Pharmacological properties), Ashuddha Hartala Dosha, its prativisha (antidote), Shodhana (Purification), Marana (Incineration), Matra (Therapeutic dose), Chikitisiya Prayog (Therapeutic indications), Satvapatana (Extraction), artificial methods of Hartala preparation. It is used only in purified and detoxified condition for the therapeutic purposes as internal as well as external medicine.