ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Feb. 3, 2021
Conditioning and Coordination a Necessity in Appropriation of Learning Program Artistic Gymnastics with Students
Natasha Dako, Valbona Puma, Adriatik Meta, Edison Ikonomi
Page no 10-14
The purpose of this study is to recognize, evaluate, compare and develop the level of conditioning-coordinating preparation of students, in the context of realizing the learning process of program elements in practical lessons. This study was attended by 27 students. Participants were selected randomly (of 10 groups having the 2nd Bachelor course two were separated) and were included in this study at their desire. The student group taken in this study would be trained for 8 weeks, according to a defined physical fitness “supplement” program during this period, with the twice-weekly focus on developing plyometric jump and strength exercises for the major muscle groups. , as well as other speed-force coordinate exercises with varying tempo and direction, accompanied by flexion, muscle extension and articulation mobility exercises (stretching). All students included in this study were measured before and after the 8-week training period on the tests: vertical jump, long jump, 20m running, 5x10m running, flexibility, and anthropometric parameters related to these tests. At the end of the training period, the students included in this study had a significant improvement (p <0.05), in the vertical jump with the help of the arms with the hands at the waist by (3.6 ± 0.05cm or 7.4%) and in the vertical jump with the help of the arms (4.8 ± 0.07cm or 8.89%), in the long jump (9.3 ± 1.66 cm or 3.72%), in 20m running (-0.32 ± 0.15sec or 9.6%), in 5x10m running with a change of direction (-0.28 ± 0.35sec or 2.13%), in flexion of front trunk (2.22 ± 2.39cm or 18.7%) as well as back-to-back rotation of the shoulder (6.63 ± 3.39cm or 7.75%).These tests were associated with anthropometric parameters such as, age (22.7 years), weight (75.2 ± 7.5 kg), height (1.82 ± 0.07cm), BMI (22.4 ± 1.39), fitness index (Esslinger) at first assisted measurement of the arms with a second measurement difference of 1.33 ± 0.78 or 1.29% and without the help of arms with a second measurement difference of (1.38 ± 1.02 or 1.56%), which had less significant improvements. The results of this study showed that the effects of the plyometric and strength-velocity training methods, coupled with the methods of developing passive-active flexibility, increased with significant indicators especially on the conditioning-coordination performance skills of the students taken in this study.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Feb. 3, 2021
Effects of Isolated and Combined Effects of Aerobic Dancing and Resistance Training on Body Composition of Type-2 Diabetic Patients
Dr. Maniazhagu Dharuman
Page no 15-18
The objective of the present experimental research was to find the isolated (individual) and combined training effect of aerobic dancing and resistance training on the component of body composition. For this purpose, sixty type-2 diabetic patients from in and around Karaikudi town, Sivaganga District were chosen as subjects. Their age was 40 to 45 years. The chosen patients were divided into four groups, each group consisting of 15 patients. The group-1alloted for aerobic dancing, group-2 allotted for resistance training and group -3 allotted for combined training of aerobic training and resistance training and group-4 served as a control group. The body composition was chosen as a dependent variable and it was measured by BMI observation. It was tested to the patients before and after the 12 weeks of the training intervention. The data of body composition was statistically analyzed with the tool of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), to find the significant differences among the groups. To find out the significant differences between the groups, the Scheff’s Post Hoc Test was used. The result of the study showed the 12 weeks of isolated (individual) and combined training of aerobic dancing and resistance training have produced significant positive alteration on body composition.