ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 11, 2020
Effect of Exams Period on Prevalence of Myofascial Trigger Points in Neck in Secondary School Students
Dr. Syeda Mahanoor Zehra, Dr. Muhammad Saad Khan
Page no 1-16
To evaluate the effect of exams period on prevalence of myofascial trigger points in the neck in secondary school students. 120 secondary school students with the age of 12-18 years were palpated for MTrP in the upper trapezius, Sternocledoimastoid and levetor scapulae muscles with ordinal ranking (0= no finding,1=tight band, 2=latent MTrP,3= active MTrP). During the semester session and exam session. Pain intensity was measured on Numerical rating Scale scoring from 0 to 10. Participants showed higher prevalence of Myofascial Trigger Point in both Right and Left Upper Trapezius. Greater prevalence of MTrP in Right Sternocleidomastoid in comparison with Left Sternocleidomastoid. Levetor scapulae also showed greater prevalence on Right muscle than on the Left muscle. Students showed higher number of myofascial trigger point in the neck during exam session. It recommended that to minimize the formation of Myofascial Trigger point preventive measures should be taken in exam period.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 24, 2020
Is the Body Composition and FMS Scores Useful for Evaluation of Effort Capacity and Injury Risk In Soldiers?
Maculewicz Ewelina , Szarska Ewa, Rzepka Remigiusz, Lorenz Katarzyna, Szynkolewska Agnieszka, Krupa Paweł, Jerzy Bertrandt
Page no 17-22
The main goal of military physical training is balancing the need to improve and maintain a high fitness level whilst minimizing injury risk. Injury risk increase is dependent on inter alia movement quality. The study group was composed of 54 soldiers with an average age of 34,7 ± 6,33 who served in the Polish Army Land Forces. The purpose of this study was to determine if body composition data, Functional Movement Screen results as well as fitness test results confirm their practical application for evaluation of physical condition of soldiers and their predisposition to injury. Furthermore, based on gathered data, we attempted to verify if there was a correlation between body composition or Functional Movement Screen scores and physical efficiency. The average distance for the Yo-Yo test was 827,4 m. The average FMS score was 14,6±2,24. The FMS scores ranged from 10 to 19 points. Based on received FMS results, soldiers were divided into 3 groups. Group I (n-17) comprised of soldiers who received less than 14 points on a 21-point scale. Group II (n-26) comprised of soldiers who received between 14 and 16 points, and group III (n-11) included subjects who scored above 17 points. Based on the obtained results, we conclude that the body composition analyser will be more useful for a quick, initial assessment of exercise capacity than results of the Functional Movement Screen. Examination using the body composition analyser provides data correlating with the exertion capacity of subjects and is less time consuming.