ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 20, 2019
Coach Leadership in Football
Aida Shehu, Avdyl Kuriu, Edison Ikonomi
Page no 186-192
The coach of a football team with his leadership influences the performance of the team. Characteristic coach behaviors such as training and instruction, autocratic and democratic behavior, social support, positive feedback, influence the success of the team. The purpose of the study is to footballers investigate perceptions of the leadership style of football coaches under 15 and under 17, as well as coaches views of on their style of work, identifying differences. The subjects of the study are 104 football players. Study indicators indicate a high rating of footballers for behavior, coach training and instruction. Study indicators indicate a high rating of athletes for coach behavior, training and instruction. Democratic behavior is perceived as lower than instruction, while autocratic behavior is low, frequencies rarely dominate. Footballers feel social support, encouragement and positive feedback is high.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 25, 2019
Monitoring of Physical Activity of Soldiers of the Army of the Czech Republic during an Ordinary Week and During Continuous Field Training
Jan Zemánek, Miroslava Přidalová
Page no 193-198
Aim: This research is aimed at the comparison of the amount of weekly physical activity of professional soldiers of the Army of the Czech Republic (soldiers of the 7th mechanized brigade) during an ordinary week spent in the garrison and during a week of continuous field training. Methodology: The observed group was made up of 48 professional soldier volunteers in the age range of 30.12 ± 4.84 years. The measurement has been performed continuously during the time span of one week. Physical activity has been measured with the utilization of the ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers supplemented with the use of a weekly physical activity protocol. Results: Based on the results it is possible to infer that no difference has been found between the amount of weekly physical activity of the soldiers during a week spent in garrison and during a week of continuous field training in a military training area. The level of physical activity has been sufficient during both of the weeks. The average active energy expenditure has been 18.27 kcal higher during the week of continuous field training. The average active power has been 5.06 kcal/hour higher during the ordinary week spent in garrison. Conclusion: Based on the values of average daily step count during an ordinary week in the garrison and during a week of continuous field training the soldiers´ activity can be categorized as regular medium intensity movement without competitive sport activity (Máček et al., 2010) and meets the healthy recommended value of number of steps per day (Aoyagi & Shephard, 2009).