REVIEW ARTICLE | April 7, 2020
Teaching Reform and Exploration of the Course of Plant Nutrition Diagnosis and Fertilization in Colleges and Universities
Zhang Mingcong, Jin Xijun, Wang Mengxue, Zhang Yuxian, Zhan Yingce
Page no 144-146
Plant Nutrition Diagnosis and Fertilization is the basic course of agricultural resources and environment major in colleges and universities, In recent years, from the aspects of optimizing the syllabus, constructing the teaching material system, designing the teaching content and reforming the teaching method, the teaching team has put forward some suggestions and implementation methods of the curriculum reform based on the needs of the development of modern agriculture in China, which aims to continuously innovate and improve the teaching quality in practice, and lays the foundation for the cultivation of innovative talents serving modern agriculture.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 22, 2020
Influence of Integrated Teaching Strategies on Quality of Student Outcomes in A Clinical Nutrition Course in Undergraduate Level at Nutrition Department Faculty of Public Health; University of Benghazi
Faiza Nouh, Salima Elfagi, Mariam Omar
Page no 167-170
Teaching of health sciences courses is one of the most significant steps to develop the higher education sector. Integrated versus traditional teaching has been the area of discussion in many publications. In this paper, the authors will try to assess the influence of integrated teaching strategies on student outcomes in a clinical nutrition course in undergraduate level at Nutrition Department Faculty of Public Health; University of Benghazi. The exams results assessment showed that, exam scores for the blended teaching approach were statistically significantly higher than for the traditional teaching approach for both mid-year assessments and final exams.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 9, 2020
Examining Primary School Students’perspectives on the Learning of English as a Foreign Language in Beninese Private Primary Schools
Page no 147-154
This article aims to identify the beliefs about the teaching and learning of English as a foreign language of primary school students of a private school in the Littoral region in Benin Republic. Using the focus group technique, eighty-four students are interviewed following the Inventory of Beliefs on the English Language as the basis for the questions. The data from the four focus groups are interpreted with the semantic content analysis technique that allowed for the creation of categories of emerging themes related Englishing language learning, expectations and relevance of the language, and the motivation and anxiety it generates for the participants. The results show the different types of beliefs of the students, those that are closely related to the previous learning experiences that the participants have lived. CE1 and CE2 participants show a more positive vision of the role and usefulness of English in today's society, while CM1 and CM2 students are clearly more critical of the English classes they have had and their negative experiences in language learning.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 11, 2020
Original Research Article Psycho-Social Dimensions of Stigmatisation of Albinos in Rivers State and the Challenges of Learning among Students with Albinism (Swa)
Dr. Njoku JU, Amadi, Cajetan N
Page no 155-159
This study x-rayed the psychosocial dimensions of stigmatisation of albinos in Rivers state, with its implicit learning problems among students with albinism. It adopted the descriptive survey design and the instrument for collection of data is named “Dimensions of Stigmatisation Scale (DSS)”. The population for the study consists of all albinos in Rivers State who are registered with the Albino Foundation of the state. Accidental sampling technique was then employed in selecting a sample of 392 respondents. Data were analyzed using mean (x) and standard deviation (SD) for the research questions, while hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. From the results, it was discovered among others that there is a significant difference in the social dimension to the stigmatisation of albinos based on gender. Recommendations were made based on the findings, among which is that society should be thoroughly sensitised on the true causes of albinism since superstition is a major cause of stigmatisation.
REVIEW ARTICLE | April 18, 2020
Phenomenal Consciousness: A Critical Analysis of Knowledge Argument, Inverted Spectrum Argument and Conceivability Argument
Manas Kumar Sahu
Page no 160-166
The objective of this paper is to defend the non-reductive thesis of phenomenal consciousness. This paper will give an overview of the arguments for the non-reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness and justify why the reductionist approach is implausible in the context of explaining phenomenal subjective experience. The debate between reductionist and non-reductionist on the project of Demystifying and Mystifying phenomenal consciousness is driven by two fundamental assumptions-1) Reductive-Naturalistic Objectivism, 2) Phenomenal Realism. There are several arguments for the irreducibility of phenomenal consciousness; this paper will focus on the inverted spectrum argument, knowledge argument, and the conceivability argument.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 30, 2020
Investigation on Contributions of Cooperative Unions towards Improvement of Peasant Welfare in Magu and Kwimba District Mwanza Region from 1920s to 2000s
Page no 171-186
This study aimed at investigating the contributions of cooperative unions towards improvement of peasants’ welfare in Magu and Kwimba districts Mwanza region from 1920s – 2000s. The study has two specific objectives: to identify the benefits of cooperative unions in Mwanza region in Kwimba and Magu district; to identify the challenges of cooperative unions to peasants; in Kwimba and Magu districts. The data for this study were collected from 51 respondents who included 40 peasants, 6 village cooperative union leaders, 2 cotton ginnery managers 1 Regional administrative officer and 2 Nyanza Cooperative Union leaders. Methodology of this study drew on qualitative approach based on different methods of data collection such as interview, questionnaire, focus group discussion and documentary review. The study revealed that, cooperative unions in Mwanza region benefited greatly the peasants including struggling and finally attainment of independence in Tanganyika in collaboration with elite class, provision of education to peasants and supplying of agricultural inputs to peasants. However cooperative unions in Mwanza region from 1920s to 2000s are facing various challenges which include privatization policy under globalization which has left peasants frustrated without a special organization to chain their problems. Currently, Private companies have dominated the peasant market for their agricultural produce without granting them subside. The study recommended that, the government should grant peasants with subsidies and prepare an enabling environment for peasants to acquire inputs on reasonable credit. Nyanza cooperative union and other cooperative unions in Tanzania should be re- established and introduce farm class for peasants. Further studies should be conducted to reveal the contribution of private companies towards improving peasant’s welfare in today’s world of globalization.