ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 14, 2019
The Scientific Literacy Strategy in Efforts to Eliminate Student Misconceptions
Margaretha Yenitha, Supramono, Yula Miranda
Page no 342-349
Preliminary research shows the difficulties of students in understanding the concepts of photosynthesis and cellular respiration which is characterized by the low achievement of student learning outcomes in the academic field. This research is based on the desire of researchers to find out the factors that influence student’s learning difficulties, namely factors of misconception or low mastery of concepts by students. This study used a pre-experiment with a one group pre-test post-test design approach. The research instruments consisted of subtopic biology Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration modules, RPP, instruments for identifying student misconceptions, concept mastery test instruments, and science process skills test instruments (KPS). The study population was students of class XII of the SMA Negeri 2 Palangkaraya Science Department with the research sample being Class 12 IPA-8 which amounted to 41 students. The procedure of data collection is taken using 2 types of data, namely using multiple-choice questions (three-tier multiple tests) to identify misconceptions and questions in the form of descriptions for mastery of concepts and KPS. Analysis of pre-test and post-test data using the Certainty of Response Index (CRI) method. The results showed the level of student misconception before being given scientific literacy-based learning was quite high with a percentage of 68.29%. Another impact of the application of scientific literacy-based learning strategies to the achievement of student learning outcomes is increasing the ability to master student concepts and science process skills (KPS) in the subtopics of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 14, 2019
The Effectiveness of Science Module Smp / MTS to Train Critical Thinking Skills
Ahmad Misradi Surya, Muhammad Zaini, Supramono
Page no 350-356
This research aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of natural science module SMP/MTs to train critical thinking skills. The research subject of students grades VIII MTs Muhammadiyah 3 Al-Furqan Banjarmasin. The experiment was conducted in the academic year 2018/2019. Data on the effectiveness of the modules include the cognitive learning, critical thinking skills, attitude, character, social attitudes, and responses of students. Data were collected through questionnaires and observations and analyzed descriptively. The results showed module IPA developed relatively effective based on 1) the cognitive learning of students has exceeded the classical completeness, 2) critical thinking skills of students categorized as good, 3) the attitude of the character of the students are diligent and cautious good average, 4 ) social attitudes of students working together and express good average, and 5) the average response has been good.
Keywords: Module, critical thinking skills, effectiveness.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 26, 2019
The Role of School Administration in Implementation of ICT in Human Resources Administration in Public Secondary Schools
Katitia Melita David, Edward Tanui, Florence Oruta
Page no 364-371
The purpose of this study was to find out how school administrators implement ICT in human resource administration in public secondary schools in Kajiado County, Kenya. Descriptive survey design was therefore suitable for this study. The design was useful in describing the characteristics of a large population and made used large samples in making the results statistically significant. The target population for this study was the 61 public secondary schools’ principals, 1220 teachers, 610 students, 25 ICT teachers, 6 Sub-county Directors of Education in the 6 Sub-counties and 1 County Director of Education in Kajiado County. The study used 30% of the accessible population as sample size. The sample size for this study was therefore 18 principals, 366 teachers, 8 ICT teachers,183 students, 2 Sub- county Directors of Education and 1 County Director of Education. This study used questionnaires, Observation schedules and interview schedule as tools for data collection. The overall implication of the findings in this study was that use and implementation of ICT in all the departments of school administration of the public schools in Kajiado County was very low. The study concluded that most of the public secondary schools in Kajiado County had not embraced ICT in various areas of administration. Based on the findings, the study recommends that proper technology should be put in place by purchasing of the required ICT facilities in schools to enhance management of schools using the current technology.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 27, 2019
Presentation Technical of Students’ Task Learning Outcomes in Learning Activity
Sujarwo, Dara Fitrah Dwi, Rosmilan Pulungan
Page no 372-375
Student learning-centered is intended for mastery of material that demands maximum student abilities through cooperative task completion that is presented in front of classmates. The presentation is being held by a direct discussion of all students guided by groups of presenters and examiners. The research was carried out through a learning process, explorative way purposed of increasing student learning activities. The technique of presenting the assignment results is a debate, that begun by arranging seats in three (3) sections. Two parts face to face and one more part is formed of letter U seats. Learning activities occur when the presenter team presents a material discussion; the examiner team and/or the moderator directly respond and do the rebuttal to review the presenter's material. The audience is invited to give questions and comments to the presenter. The specificity of students’ assignments outcomes presentation is a concern of learning process involve the whole aspects of class either the presenter or the all students.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 30, 2019
The Effects of Station Rotation Model (SRM) and Lecture Method on Blended learning on Secondary School Students’ Performance on Reading Comprehension
B. A. Ogude, C. O. Chukweggu
Page no 376-383
The study investigated the effects of Station Rotation Model (SRM) in public secondary school students’ performance in reading comprehension in Delta State, using a quasi- experimental design of the pretest, protest and control type. A sample of 50 students were randomly selected using a purposive sampling technique on a population of 1480 students of SSS II in three schools in three Local Government Areas of Delta State. The instrument to elicit students’ Performance is Reading Comprehension Performance Test (RCPT) pretest and posttest with reliability coefficients of 0.78 and 0.84 respectively. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study while three hypotheses were stated and tested at 0.05 significance level. Data collected were analyzed using the descriptive statistics of mean and percentage to answer research questions while inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test hypotheses. Results show that at 0.05 significance level and df (2, 99) there is no significant difference between students mean performance taught Reading comprehension using the Station Rotation Model and those taught using the Lecture Method. There is no significant difference between the mean performance scores of the male and female students taught reading comprehension using the Station Rotation Model (SRM) form of blended learning strategy. However, descriptive analysis show that the mean difference performance scores of the female students is greater than those of their male counterparts (6.52 > 5.44).
Keywords: Station Rotation
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 21, 2019
The Portrait of Provision of Indonesian Elementary School Teachers in Malaysia
Rambat Nur Sasongko, Abang Ismail bin Abang Haji Julhi, Bambang Sahono
Page no 357-363
The existence of Indonesian Elementary Schools in Malaysia is difficult to detect. That is because there are many variations in the types of basic education, the status of parents in Malaysia as illegal workers, and the location of the organization in accordance with their workplace. All of the basic education units must all be prepared by the Indonesian government. This study aims to portray the provision of teachers who will be assigned to teach Indonesian primary schools in Malaysia. The research uses a case study method with a qualitative approach. The research subjects were the Indonesian teacher provider authority, consulate general, and the principal of the Indonesian primary school/ CLC in Malaysia. Data collection techniques with interviews, observation and focus group discussions. Data is processed inductively with flow analysis. The results showed that the provision of Indonesian primary school teachers in Malaysia had not met the needs in the field. Many problems in the field, among others: the provision of teachers has not been able to meet the number and quality of competencies, variations in basic education patterns, lack of guidance, limited learning space, and future unclear teacher career development. Suggestions to the authority of the teacher supply provider in order to be able to meet the teaching staff in accordance with the needs of the field and be able to overcome the shortage of teacher staff.