ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | July 3, 2021
Role of Private Sector in G.C.C. Education
Dr. Kameswari Peddada, Mrs. Wafaa Jasem Alhuthaifi
Page no 170-175
Gulf Cooperation Council [GCC] countries are basically commodity-based economies. Despite a remarkable socio-economic progress when compared to their pre-oil past, they are now facing problems arising from a predominant dependence on oil, lack of skill-diversity among nationals, over-dependence on expatriates, growing need for public services with increasing population, and insufficient innovation. Despite rising literacy rates realigning their workforce to the job-markets has remained elusive. A diversified, knowledge-based economic model is a solution to the problems and it basically depends on universal, equitable and quality education for the nationals. An extensive review of available literature has been undertaken to study the current problems and to come up with appropriate solutions. The governments alone, despite their oil-wealth, were found unequal to the task of catering to the growing educational needs. Private sector involvement, including privatization and public-private partnership, was found to provide more finances, reduce the state fiscal burden, and enhance efficiency, productivity, innovation, accountability and transparency in education delivery, besides offering better quality in higher education. A holistic long-term plan would be needed to achieve the objectives, while overcoming some of the constraints of the private sector. That is the focus of present study for a suitable educational policy in the context of GCC countries. Such studies may, in the future, also be extended to include the Middle East and North African [MENA] countries.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | July 3, 2021
Educational Administration amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Prospects for Secondary Education in Nigeria
Uzokife Georgina Chinelo, Ezinwa Amuche Uju
Page no 176-182
The study investigated the challenged encountered by school administrators amidst the Covid-19 pandemic and suggested measures for mitigating its impact in secondary schools in Nigeria. Two research questions were posed to guide the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The entire population of 258 principals was studied without sampling as the size was manageable. A researcher-developed questionnaire 4-point rating scale containing 23 items in two clusters which was validated by three experts from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University was used to collect data for the study. Reliability of the instrument was determined through pilot test and data collected were analyzed using Cronbach alpha which yielded reliability coefficients of 0.85 and 0.77 for the two clusters respectively with an overall co-efficient value of 0.81. Mean was used to answer the research questions and standard deviation used to determine the closeness or homogeneity of the respondents’ ratings while t-test was used in testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that failure to maintain social distancing, lack of capacity building of staff, desperation and anxiety on the part of parents and community members, failure to maintain good sanitation practices like regular hand washing among students, and vague orders from school inspectors among others were some of the challenges faced by secondary school administrators during the Covid-19 pandemic. Findings also showed that in order to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 school administrators need to participate in capacity building programmes on Covid-19, project hygiene and health practices in their schools as well as adopt blended learning and technology in teaching students. The location of principals did not influence their opinions. Based on these findings the researchers recommended among others that school administrators should ensure that they attend in-service programmes that will educate them properly on Covid-19 and measures that would help forestall its impact in their schools.
REVIEW ARTICLE | July 16, 2021
From Real to Virtual-Technology Assisted Instruction in Preclinical Dental Education
Dr. Gauri Lele, Dr. Mandira Sikdar
Page no 183-192
Training dental students is a complex process as it requires the acquisition of fine motor skills, and hand-foot and eye coordination to perform clinical work, in addition to the attainment of knowledge. Awareness of limitations of conventional simulators that have been used for pre-clinical training for this purpose, has paved way for digital dentistry as the new pedagogical paradigm that offers multiple advantages over conventional dental teaching methods (Zafar et al., 2020). Digital innovations including virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are becoming more prevalent in dentistry (Dutã et al., 2011 in Zafar et al., 2020). This paper reviews some of the recent methods such as computer assisted simulators, virtual patients, virtual teeth, use of MultiUser Virtual environment, etc., and highlights the benefits of using these for the preclinical training in dental education. The need for the new age facilitators to adopt to and employ the newer technology based methods of instruction has also been emphasized.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | July 19, 2021
Principal Leadership and Teacher Work Motivation Synergize with Kindergarten Teacher Performance in Banjarmasin City
Sakerani, Suhaimi, Erny Wahdini, Amberansyah
Page no 193-204
The purpose of this study was to determine: (1) teacher's perception of principal's leadership, teacher work motivation and performance, (2) direct relationship of principal's leadership and work motivation with kindergarten teacher performance in Banjarmasin City. This research is an explanatory descriptive study with a quantitative approach, which attempts to analyze the relationship between the variables studied based on their correlation coefficients. Explanatory model research design. To achieve this goal, a sample of 398 people from 926 kindergarten teachers in Banjarmasin was studied. The data collection technique used an instrument in the form of a questionnaire. The data analysis methods used were descriptive and inferential statistics. The description of the data uses an absolute reference rating with a scale of one to five based on a Likert scale. This study uses Path analysis. The results showed that: (1) the principal's leadership and teacher performance were described in the moderate category, (2) the work motivation of the teachers was partially in the moderate category, (3) there was a significant direct relationship between the principal's leadership and performance, the principal's leadership and work motivation, and teacher work motivation with teacher performance. The results of this study are recommended to: (1) for Kindergarten Principals the results of this study can be used as information, evaluation materials and to create a kindergarten teacher development program that is oriented towards increasing work motivation so that those currently in the medium category become high categories, Department of Education, the results of this study are expected to be taken into consideration in fostering and developing teacher careers
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | July 24, 2021
Pedagogical Challenges and Opportunities during COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives from the Prospective Teachers and Teacher Educators
Rajkumar Nanaware, Neha Sharma, Rajkumar Nanaware
Page no 205-215
The present quantitative survey study comprising primary source of data conducted in southern state of India during the first wave and first quarter of COVID-19 pandemic to investigate the Teacher Educators’ and Prospective Teachers’ presuppositions, beliefs, and emotions on the sudden switch on to the online mode of teaching. During the precautionary lockdown, everything came to a halt and the education sector was not an exception and could not be separated. It looked initially the teachers themselves appeared apprehensive about the platforms and techniques of online teaching. It was the biggest challenge for the teachers to convince themselves first and get on to the job. The sole idea was not only to compare the two different ways of teaching (online and face to face) but also to investigate the lessons learnt by Teacher Educators and Teacher Trainees in this regard and its implications to higher education pedagogy along with the administrative and tech-savvy skills.An Opinionnaire comprising two sets each for prospective teachers and teacher educators were designed and data collected through online from 144 Prospective Teachers and Teacher Educators based on emotions, their motives for participation in the academic vis-a-vis curricular programs and the support system provided by the Management in Teaching-Learning Processes.The analysis indicated that the virtual mode successfully helped all teacher educators and prospective teachers to improve upon and transform online teaching into interactive TLP and expected learning outcome-based teaching through various online platforms during COVID-19 pandemic.
REVIEW ARTICLE | July 29, 2021
Practical Teaching Strategies of Implementing Moral Education in British & American Culture Teaching
Yang Liu, Dali Niu
Page no 216-220
Fostering students’ integrity and promoting their integrated development are the fundamental task of education, which could be completed with the method of implementing moral education. Having the functions of both humanistic education and all-rounded education, the English major curriculum should with no exception undertake the above-mentioned task. This paper illustrates how to implement moral education in the teaching of British & American culture and puts forward measures from three aspects of integrating moral education into teaching objectives, teaching contents and a teacher’s speeches and behaviors, so as to maximize the cultivation of all-rounded talents in the course of British & American culture.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | July 30, 2021
Exploring the Usage and Advantages of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) in Education Sector: Milieu from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Owaliur Rahman Akanda, Rahul Chandra Shaha, Ankhi Rani
Page no 221-230
Of late, world are getting change with the help of technology. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) is such a technology which have swifter the changes as well as become familiar in every possible sector. Henceforth, WLANs are rapidly used in the education sector for its’ numerous advantages. Plenty of budget and planning are distributed for upholding digital skills amongst the students by using WLANs in the education especially higher education. But it is yet unidentified to the higher education authorities either WLANs effects’ good or bad on students. Present study has explored the usage and advantages of using WLANs in education sector from the context of the University of Dhaka. The study followed by convergent parallel mixed method (Creswell, 2012) using semi-structured interview schedule for the faculty member and administrative personnel, semi- structured questionnaire and FGD for the students. The data was analysed using both simple statistics e.g. percentage, average etc. and thematic analysis. Result of the study revealed that most of (in 18% cases) students use WLAN in campus for their entertainment. On the other hand, this study also discovered that students of Dhaka University get three major advantages e.g. (i) a platform for education, (ii) self-development and (iii) ‘By-product’ advantages in using on campus WLAN. Finally, some recommendations are provided on the basis of the findings.