Response of Some New Wheat Varieties (Triticum aestivum L.) To Salinity in Iraqi Kurdistan Region
Mohammad Amin Ali, Rezhin Ghareb Nwry, Sara Ibrahim Abdulrahman
Page Numbers : 36-39
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i02.004
Wheat is the most widely grown crop in the world and provides 20% of the daily protein and calories for 4.5 billion people. It is the second most important food crop in the developing world after rice. Charmo, Maroof and Alla are a new promising rust-resistant wheat varieties were have been tested for their salinity tolerance through seed water uptake, (germination percentage and germination mean), as well as growth of radical and plumule. The varsities was tested for their salt tolerance level by using salt solutions concentration levels with a control, 0.01, ,0.03.0,05, 0.07, and 0.09 molL -1, which are answer to 0.0, 0.58,1.75,9.2 ,4.01 and 5.26 gL -1,that symbolized as C0,C1,C2,C3,C4and C5. The results showed significant effects of varsities on water uptake, germination percentage germination mean time, wet and dry radical, but not significant effect on radical number and length as well as plumule length and wet dry plumule. What is concerning the effects of salt levels on germination parameters and growth of varieties, we noted significant effect of salt on germination mean, germination percentage, radical and plumule length as well as on wet radical weight. And the interaction between varsities and salt levels, the result has shown significant effect of interaction between varsities and salt levels on dry radical. Salt levels from C3 have indicted to have significant effect on germination on wet radical but not significant effect on water uptake, dry radical, as well as on wet and dry plumule. The results of the effect of varieties on germination and growth parameters showed that charmo and maroof are better than Alla. The study showed that Charmo and Maroof are toleration C2 respect but Alla dose not that is why it cannot be recommended to be used in soil with EC 0.80–2.50 which answers to C2 that is equivalent to 456–1425 mgL-1 but Charmo and Maroof have more tolerance at this level respectively.
Original Research Article
Feb. 13, 2021
The effect of NaCl on germination parameters of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Mohammad Amin Ali
Page Numbers : 33-35
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i02.003
Wheat as an important staple food crop that is facing serious threat by increasing the phenomenon of salinity in the vast area worldwide. Due to climate change, more arable lands are going to be depended on irrigation which causes raising of salinity in the soil where then affect negatively on seed germination and growth of plants. Araz, is one of the used wheat cultivar in Iraq and Kurdistan where it was tested for its salt tolerance level by using salt solutions 0.01, 0.02 and 0.05 mol L-1, which answer to 0.58, 1,17 and 2,92g -1, and comparing these solutions as TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) to Electrical Conductivity (Soil Extract) EC(dS/m) for salt tolerance classification. The results showed significant effects of salt level 0,01 molL-1 on germination parameters except for seed water uptake. By increasing salt levels to 0.02mol and 0.05molL-1 the effects are negatively increased. What is concerning the effect of salt levels on growth parameters, the obtained results indicated that generally and without exception negatively effects of salt levels on growth parameters but. There were no difference effects between salt levels 0.01mol/L and 0.02molL-1on fresh weight of radicle, while increasing salt levels to 0.02 molL-1 up to0.05 molL-1the effects on growth were more severe. Salt level 0.05 molL-1 which is equivalent to TDS range 2,000-5,000 mgL-1 and it is answer to 3,0 -7,5 EC (dS/m , seen as not tolerance for cultivation wheat cultivar Araz.
Original Research Article
Feb. 10, 2021
“Study of Clinical Profile and Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST Elevation Myocardial Infraction”
A. K. Al-Miraj, Md. Arifur Reza Sikder, Mohammad Ata Ullah, Md. Arif Uddin Khan, Mohammad Mominul Haque, Shohel Mahmud Khan, Kawsur Ahmed, Md. Enamul Hoque, Md. Magfur Rahman, Md. Abdul Baset, Md. Anwarul Haque
Page Numbers : 28-32
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i02.002
Background: Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is the preferred method of revascularization in Acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Aim: Our aim was to study the clinical profile and outcomes of patients who underwent PCI for STEMI at tertiary cardiac centre of Bangladesh. Methods: It is a retrospective, single centre study, performed at Bangabandu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. All patients who underwent PCI for STEMI from November 2017 to July 2019 were enrolled in this study. All the data were collected from hospital registry and cath lab records. Results: The Study showed that out of 232 patients who presented with STEMI, 74.5% were male with average age of 57.39 years. The mean time of presentation after onset of symptom/s was 17.5 hours. About 66% patients presented in less than 12 hours of symptoms onset, 21% presented at 12-24 hours of symptoms onset and 13% patients presented late. Primary PCI was done in 87% of patients. Almost all patients (98.2%) underwent coronary artery stenting with drug eluting stents. Multivessel PCI during index procedure was done in 7 patients. TIMI III flow following PCI was achieved in 97% cases. Average LVEF at discharge was 44.73%. There were 8 deaths, all after Primary PCI. In-hospital mortality rates for patients presenting with and without cardiogenic shock were 38.46% and 1.59% respectively. The overall mortality rate was 3.98%. Conclusion: This study has reemphasized that PCI is effective in the management of STEMI cases in Bangladesh with improving mortality rates and decreasing complications. Minimizing the delayed presentation after the onset of symptoms should be one of the prime focuses for effective management of STEMI.
Original Research Article
Feb. 5, 2021
Comparative Study of the Antibacterial Potential of Phragmanthera Capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae) Extracts, a Parasitic Plant Collected From Three Host Trees
Ladoh-Yemeda Christelle Flora, Ngoule Charles Christian, Ngene Jean Pierre, Ndjip Rosette Christelle, Nyegue Maximillienne Ascension, Tomedi Eyango Minette, Ndongo Din
Page Numbers : 19-27
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i02.001
The work aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Phragmanthera capitata (Loranthaceae) extracts harvested from 03 host plants (Psidium guajava, Cirus sinensis and Theobroma cacao) traditionally used in the treatment of a wide spectrum of diseases. The phytochemical screening of the extracts was determined using standard reference methods. The antibacterial activity of the extracts was evaluated by disk diffusion and liquid microdilution methods on 07 bacterial isolates. Qualitative phytochemical analysis indicated the presence of flavonoids, tannins, sterols, phenols and polyphenols in all extracts of P. capitata. The evaluation of the antibacterial activity showed that the extracts from the stems and haustoria of P. capitata collected from the three host plants are more active than the leaves for all the strains tested. This study shows that P. capitata despite its pernicious character could be a source of useful compounds for the fight against bacterial diseases.
Original Research Article
Jan. 29, 2021
An Initiative for Developing Low Cost Hydroponic System
Sabrina Naz, A. H. M. Rezaul Haq, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Masuma Khatun
Page Numbers : 9-13
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i01.003
The paper deals to minimize the water crisis of a drought prone area in Bangladesh. In this research an alternative and low-cost effective cultivation method has been developed. In the technique a composition of traditional agricultural fertilizers (Agronaris, DAP, MP, Dolochun, Gypsum, Magnesium Sulfate and Iron Sulfate), cow urine and pond water has been used as nutrient medium. For medium of cultivation recyclable bottles, foams, bamboo, coco coir, semidried Eichhornia leaves were used. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.); Pepper (Capsicum); Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) were used as experimental plant. Plant survival rate of tomato showed highest value of 92.86% respectively followed by lettuce with 78.57% and pepper with 42.86% in value after 2 months of observation. Growth rate and hairy root formation were found to be higher in tomato than lettuce and pepper. Pepper showed less response in these three parameters where maturation rate of pepper is better than Tomato as pepper needs 39.33±0.49 days to ripen the fruits but tomato took 47.5±0.39 days in fruit ripening. Though tomato takes more time to be mature than pepper, the growth of the both plants are as same.
Jan. 28, 2021
A Review on Wheat Management, Strategies, Current Problems and Future Perspectives
Muhammad Awais Arshad, Nelofar Ansari, Muhammad Umar, Fatima Arshad, Muhammad Adil, Noman Dilbar, Jaam Rehmatullah, Muhammad Sheeraz Javed, Rana Nadeem Abbas
Page Numbers : 14-18
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i01.004
Wheat, also known as Triticum Aestivum that is the predominant ingredient in the human diet. Weed indirectly affects the production of wheat, harboring the crop by challenging the crop for large pests, management of water intervention, reduction of grain input and efficiency, and rising processing costs. The faster growth in a thick, enclosed canopy is facilitated by a canopy, the general mechanism for improving cereal crop competition over weed species. Crop geometry is an old discipline in agriculture. It is referring to the plant's spatial arrangement and specifies the layout of the population of crops. Without concurrent grain yield loss, non-uniform geometry, such as seedling tossing, is aimed at minimizing labor intensity. Chemical and hand weeding has also been used in wheat as a weed control method. Herbicide incorporation and hand weeding greatly reduced the dry weight of weeds relative to dry weight in untreated parcels. Crop tailoring is typically calculated in three ways as a function of competition: tillering output rate, final tillering number, and tillering economy. Additional studies will help to explain the essence of the relationships of characteristics and skills in locations and seasons.
Original Research Article
Jan. 8, 2021
Congenital Malformation among Children with Cerebral Palsy, And Gender Differences in El- ALBYDA Hospital in LIBYA
Kawakeb. A. Saad, Mabsutah. O. Saeid
Page Numbers : 1-4
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i01.001
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a major neurodevelopmental disorder, presently estimated to affect approximately 1 in 500 children. As a clinical diagnosis, the etiology of the syndrome varies and is often unknown. The objective of this study is to determine the pattern and the contributing factors of CP among Libyans children. This was a descriptive hospital-based study conducted over a period of six years in ALBYDA Central Hospital – LIBYA. One hundred and eight patients of CP were enrolled, of whom 70 (65%) were males and 38 (35%) were females. Spastic quadriplegic CP was the most common type and epilepsy was the most problem associated with CP. Birth asphyxia, prematurity neonatal meningitis, kernicterus and brain malformation were the main contributing factors.