Objective: To assess the in vitro antimicrobial activity of eight types of local honeys from Green Mountain province, Libya on different microorganisms. Methods: 100% of different types (Undiluted) of honey were studied in vitro using, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans, to determine the zone of inhibition against each type of microorganism. The antimicrobial activity of honey samples was compared with standard antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin, Amoxil/clavulunic acid, Tetracycline, Gentamycin, Ampicillin/cloxacillin, Erythromycin and Nitrofurantoin was determined by the disc diffusion method. Results: The diameter of zone inhibition of honey has various values tested ranged from 11-18.5 mm for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 0-12 mm for both Streptococcus pyogenes and Escherichia coli, while with no effect for Candida albicans. Conclusions: The eight types of Libyan honey have a various antibacterial activity in-vitro.
May 23, 2021
An Uncommon Case of Ovarian Torsion Hyper-Stimulated With Clomiphene Citrate
Intissar Benzina, Yassine Edahri, Sarah Talib, Aziz Slaoui, Soufiane Nader, Aziz Baydada, Aicha Kharbach
Page Numbers : 104-107
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i05.004
Background: Clomiphene citrate is an orally active nonsteroidal triphenylethylene derivative, commonly used for ovarian stimulation; it is an ovulation inductor, an important tool in various assisted reproduction treatments. The side effects are unusual however they are listed in the OHSS ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which is an exaggerated response to excess hormones that can lead to significant complications. Case presentation: This is a case is about a unilateral adnexal torsion secondary to clomiphene citrate’s stimulation, without associated pregnancy which was managed in our department of gynecology in the maternity of Rabat. Conclusion: The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is becoming more common as the number of women undergoing in vitro fertilization increases. A worsening of the symptoms of OHS can still normally be managed in outpatient form, but can also have serious complications resulting from are much less common and can involve risk to life.
Original Research Article
May 20, 2021
Facile and Eco-Friendly Method for Synthesis of Calcium Oxide (CaO) Nanoparticles and its Potential Application in Agriculture
N. Gandhi, Y. Shruthi, G. Sirisha, C.R. Anusha
Page Numbers : 89-103
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i05.003
The regular techniques used to incorporate organic and inorganic compounds are experiencing significant expense, not environmental friendly, low proficient and not progressively reasonable in huge scope activities. As of late, we need a productive and eco-friendly manufactured way to deal with blend some significant inorganic or organic compounds in nano scales. Green procedures have the minimization of hurtful synthetic compounds and instrumentations, ease, basic, no unsafe concoction ages and high proficiency. In nano-scale, the capability of the compounds altogether increments and the green synthesis methodologies in engineered science are better other options and effective over customary techniques. In the current investigation, we have synthesized calcium oxide (CaO) nanoparticles by utilizing the leaf extract of Ocimum tenuiflorum. Calcium oxide nanoparticles are discovered important in adsorption, antimicrobial activities, catalysis and absorption. The newly synthesized CaO nanoparticles (CaONP) have been described by various systematic techniques, for example, UV-Visible, DLS, XRD, SEM and EDX. The CaO nanoparticles are pertinent in the antimicrobial activity against gram positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) and gram negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) and huge zone of inhibition found over these microorganisms in the following order, S. aureus < B. subtilis < E. coli < P. aeruginosa. CaONP also test for agricultural application as macro nutrient. Plant growth was measured using growth analysis parameters i.e. % germination, relative growth rate (RGR), net assimilation rate (NAR), leaf area ratio (LAR), leaf weight ratio (LWR), specific leaf area (SLA), specific leaf weight (SLW), leaf area duration (LAD), the physiological response to particular mineral stress calculated by measuring % phytotoxicity, % inhibition, tolerance indices, seed vigor index. The biochemical response to particular CaNP stress calculated by measuring total carbohydrates, total protein, chlorophyll pigment concentrations and peroxidase enzyme activity.
Original Research Article
May 18, 2021
Folate Metabolizing Genes Polymorphism in Mentally Retarded people of North Coastal Andhra Pradesh
V. Lakshmi Kalpana, P. Sowjanya, H. Uma Bharathi, A. Anuradha, B. Papa Kusuma, P.V.V.G.Sairam
Page Numbers : 79-88
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i05.002
Background: Mental Retardation (MR) is a genetic disorder manifested in childhood and is significantly characterized by decreased intelligence and adaptive skills. It is also the most common developmental disorder with overall below average intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive behavior. MR in young children is often missed by clinicians. The condition is present in 2 to 3 percent of the population, either as an isolated finding or as part of a syndrome or broader disorder. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of folate metabolizing gene variants MTHFR(C677T) & (A1298C); MTR(A2756G); MTRR(A66G); MTHFD1(G1958A) and RFC(A80G) in mental retarded (MR) cases and controls in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh. Methods: A total of 200 samples (100 MR cases and 100 controls) were included in the present study and genotyping was accomplished by using PCR - RFLP technique. Data was analyzed by SPSS software. Results: The odds ratio p value of the variant MTHFR C677T genotype CC and CT were statistically insignificant whereas TT genotype was found to be statistically significant. The odds ratio p value of the variant (A1298C) of MTHFR, MTR (A2756G), MTRR (A66G), and RFC1 (A80G) genes were not statistically significant with MR cases. The odds ratio p value of the variant MTHFD1 (G1958A) genotype AG was found to be showing small risk compared to AA and GG genotypes. Conclusions: The present study concludes that the MTHFR 677 C>T and MTHFDI genes shows association with MR and MTHFR 1298 A>C, MTRR A66G , MTR A2756G and RFC 1A80G genes does not shows any association with MR.
Original Research Article
May 11, 2021
Size Frequency Distribution and Sexual Dimorphism of Tropical Freshwater Atya Scabra Leach, 1815 in The Bia River, South-East Region, Côte d’Ivoire
KADJO Vincent, YAO Koffi Sylvanus Aubert, ETCHIAN Assoi Olivier, YAPI Jean Noel, BLE Mélécony Célestin, OTCHOUMOU Atcho
Page Numbers : 74-78
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i05.001
The freshwater shrimp Atya scabra Leach, 1815 is traditionally captured in the Bia river, in the area of the South-Comoé, precisely in Biaka and Aboisso. The aim of this study was to investigate if sexual differences could affect external morphology in freshwater shrimp Atya scabra, to determine sexual dimorphism related to morphological differences during the maturation in this species. Thus, morphometric measurements in 360 specimens of A. Scabra were examined at each study site for sexual dimorphism from August 2014 to July 2015. In Aboisso, mean values recorded at lpp, Lantn and Lantl were 8.5 ± 7.8; 78.5 ± 84.1 and 47.5 ± 47.4 mm in males. The average values obtained were respectively 6.5 ± 4.9; 58.5 ± 46 and 25 ± 24 mm for lpp, Lantn and Lantl in females. In Biaka, Mean values in males were 7.5 ± 7.8; 71.5 ± 55.9 and 37.5 ± 31.8 mm. In females, mean values recorded were 6 ± 5.7; 60 ± 50.9 and 27.5 ± 21.9 mm. Concerning the sexual dimorphism index, the χ2 test showed that there is no significant difference (P > 0.05) between the SDI determined at the level of the width of cephalothorax and the 3rd pair of pereiopod (lpp) in the specimens of Atya scabra of Aboisso and those of Biaka. Analysis of the data shows two modal of distribution in males, females and in both sexes combined. When considering the sexes combined, the young recruits have an average size (Lt) of 83 ± 3.8 mm while the latter was 107.6 ± 12.1 mm in the oldest freshwater shrimps of the species A. scabra captured in Aboisso. But in Biaka, the young individuals had an average size (Lt) of 81.4 ± 4.3 mm. As for the oldest individuals, the value of the estimated average size is 107.0 ± 11.2 mm in the sexes combined. The present study was made in order to have data on the size frequency distribution and the sexual dimorphism index of this species.
Original Research Article
April 29, 2021
The Value of Life in Dayak Meratus Custom, Indonesian
Ahmad Herman, Iim Wasliman, Hanafiah, Yosal Iriantara, Budi Suryadi
Page Numbers : 63-73
DOI : 10.36348/sjls.2021.v06i04.002
Dayak indigenous communities have traditionally maintained and normalized the value of their ancestors, as a form of efforts to maintain these values, Dayak indigenous communities continue to perform rituals Balian in their interactive activities with nature. The research approach used is qualitative research with case study methods and research informants as a data source while data analysis techniques use stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation and verification of conclusions conducted continuously until saturated. The results showed that the value of Dayak indigenous communities in the hall Kiyu hereditary upholds their pattern of life and relationship with nature. The value of life includes rice farming where rice is sacred and must be treated according to its dignity from planting to put back into the barn. According to belief, rice is a celestial plant and has decreased its dignity because it is in the dark world (real world, earth) must be restored to its sacred form of presenting various ceremonies for him who is sustainable.
Original Research Article
April 25, 2021
Production and Profitability Study of White Jute Seed at Farmer’s Level in Different Areas of Bangladesh
The objective of this study was to investigate the cost and return structures of white jute seed cultivation in Bangladesh. This study was conducted in two locations in three consecutive years 2013-15). The sample included 120 farmers selected using a purposive sampling method, consisting of 60 from each district. Sample size was same for three years. Survey questionnaires were used as the main instrument for data collection. Descriptive statistics and cost and return analysis were used for data analysis. The results indicate that the cost of production (99175 tkha-1) and output (123502 tkha-1) was higher in Tangail than Manikganj. Lowest cost of production (80252 tkha-1) was recorded in 2013 in Manikganj and maximum (102470 tkha-1) in 2014 in Tangail. Average BCR of white jute seed production of two locations was 1.25. Cost of production varies year to year and place to place due to variation in land rent value, labour wages, land preparation cost etc. This result indicates that profitability of jute seed production is almost same in two zones and by product yield is also important in case of white jute seed production.