A Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the newly developed respiratory disease that is caused by a novel coronavirus which was first testified in Wuhan, China in December 2019. (Hussain et al., 2020) The common clinical manifestations of this highly infectious disease, fever, dry cough, tiredness and less common symptoms are aches, pain, sore throat, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, headache, loss of taste or smell, a rash on skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes. The most Serious symptoms which can put the patient in life threatening condition are difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, chest pain or pressure, loss of speech or movement (WHO, 2020) The health care workers' adherence to the recommended measures taken to prevent trans mission are inevitable to minimize the increasing number of COVID-19 cases. This can be achieved by enhancing knowledge, positive attitudes, and infection control practices of the frontline workers (Ejeh et al., 2020). Objective: The objective of the present study was to access the knowledge, attitude, and practices of healthcare professionals on covid-19 and risk assessment to prevent the epidemic spread at tertiary care hospitals Lahore. Methodology: A cross sectional study design was selected. Information was collected about demographic characteristics and knowledge, attitude and practice. SPSS were used for data collection. Results: A sample of 200 healthcare workers was collected from four different tertiary care hospitals. A descriptive statistic was applied on data. In descriptive analysis frequency tables and graph were used to represent research findings of total sampled population majority respondents were females (98.5%) between the age of 20-25 years (39%). Most of the respondents were unmarried (62%), (94%) staff nurses. Conclusion: This study concluded that Health care professionals are the frontline workers dealing with the covid-19. In this study nurses had a good knowledge, positive attitude and practice regarding covid -19. In contrast, training programs can improve the understanding of risk and prevention strategies regarding covid 19.
Original Research Article
July 24, 2021
Digital Panoramic Radiographs- A Tool for Evaluating Position of Mental Foramen in North Indian Population
Berjina Farooq Naqshi, Shazia Bashir Shah, Sangeeta Gupta, Adil Bashir
Page Numbers : 104-106
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i07.004
Background: Termination of the mandibular canal is called the mental foramen. During surgical procedures and during anaesthesia in the mandibular region, identification of the correct position of mental foramen is important to prevent any trauma to vessels and nerve. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 100 digital panoramic radiographs. These radiographs were collected from the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Srinagar. The position of mental foramen was recorded by Anshumen et al., Results: It was observed that in 42% right and 41%left sides of individuals mental foramen was in line with second premolar. Between first and second premolars, 26% right and 31% left sides. Between second premolar and first molar 20% right and 17% left sides. Mental foramen in line with mesio buccal root of first molar 8% right and 6% left sides.4% right and 5% left sides in line with first premolar and none was seen anterior to first premolar. Conclusion: The knowledge of the position of the mental foramen is very important for surgeries. Careful identification of mental foramen can help in giving successful anaesthesia to the patient.
Original Research Article
July 15, 2021
Metal Toxicity in Radish Plant with Carotenoids, Chlorophylls Study Under Stress Condition's
Muhammad Ehsan Haider, Muhammad Ihsan, Muhammad Riaz, Muhammad Saleem, Gul E Zahra, Lyeba Shoaib, Nafeesa Shehzadi, Asad Shehzaib
Page Numbers : 101-103
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i07.003
Radish is consumed and cultivated globally and is reflected as a part of human-diet, although this root vegetable is not common in many populations. Different varieties of radish have the different soil and climate requirements for better growth and yield but the most beneficial and important agro-technique is nutrition for better performance. For better quality and optimal radish production, fertilization by organic, inorganic and bio-fertilizers are very important constituents. Other pharmaceutical uses of radish include treatment of chronic diarrhea, neuralgic-headache and sleeplessness. Toxicity of Ni in radish plant is confirmed by inhibition of growth, chlorosis, necrosis and wilting. This report based study conducted to investigate the biological, physiological effects of heavy metals on the radish. In this study it was noticed that nickle sulphate act as suppressor on growth of the plant and it also decreased the content of carotenoids and chlorophyll contents such as Chlorophyll-a, b. Statistical analysis was achieved after collection of data by using appropriate computer software such as ANOVA.
July 6, 2021
Successful Ayurvedic Management of Alcoholic Liver Disease: A Case Report
Sushanta Kumar Sahoo, Dr. Abhaya Kumar Prajapati, Dr. Jayanti Sahoo, Dr. Santosh Kumar Ranjan
Page Numbers : 96-100
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i07.002
Alcohol is the major cause of liver disease. Liver is an important and largest gland of the human body, it detoxifies various metabolites, synthesize various proteins and produces various biochemicals necessary for digestion. Alcoholic liver disease could be due to long term alcohol consumption, including fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and chronic hepatitis with liver fibrosis or cirrhosis. Fatty liver is present in more than 90% of daily as well as binge drinkers. Although fatty liver will develop in any individual who consumes a large quantity of alcoholic beverages over a long period of time but this process is transient and reversible if timely care is taken. The prognosis of severe alcoholic liver disease is very poor, the mortality of patients with alcoholic hepatitis concurrent with cirrhosis is nearly 60% at 4 years. The conventional treatment mainly includes steroid therapy in alcoholic hepatitis, fluid tapping for ascites and in end stage cirrhosis of liver with last choice of liver transplantation. However, Ayurveda has options to liver transplantations. According to Ayurveda it can be correlated with Yakridalyodara. The treatment protocol mentioned in Ayurveda is mainly Nityavirechana (Medicated purgation) for this disease along with various oral medications. Here is a case report of a diagnosed case of Alcoholic liver disease, presented with main symptoms: nausea, vomiting, swelling in bilateral foot, weakness in the body, reduced appetite, gradually weight reduction and semisolid stool with frequency of 6-7 times/ day. Patient had history of Reduced appetite and frequent vomiting. Treatment was done on the basis of Ayurvedic principles and after 2 months of treatment, there was found significant recovery of the patient subjectively as well as objectively. After 7 months of treatment patient got complete improvement, and free from any complications and follow-up of patient is still going on regularly.
Original Research Article
July 6, 2021
Cross Sectional Study on Knowledge and Perceptions about Voluntary Blood Donation among First Year Medical Students
Dr. Arifuddin MK, Dr. Shashiraj HK, Dr. Kavitha BS
Page Numbers : 93-95
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i07.001
Background: Blood transfusion is one of the commonest and important procedures done in patient care to treat variety of disorders like accidental trauma, pre operative blood transfusion and various other hematological diseases. In India the annual requirement of blood is close to 8 million units of which only 30% is being procured from voluntary donors. Healthy young adults are more proactive and motivated to voluntarily donate blood. Medical students can form one of the important cohort of voluntary blood donors to the hospitals to which they are attached. Objectives: To assess the background knowledge and perceptions of the first year medical students about voluntary blood donation. Methodology: A self structured questionnaire was prepared consisting of questions which were used to assess the knowledge and perceptions of first year medical students regarding voluntary blood donation. The responses were analyzed using Microsoft excel and Epi Info 7. Results: All the 130 students (100%) revealed that they had heard about blood donation and entire study group knew their blood group types. 65 (50%) reported that they knew about the average amount of blood donated by the donor and 71(54.61%) cited that they had prior knowledge about the criteria for selecting a voluntary blood donor. 95.38% opined that they were willing donate blood if and when the need arises. Conclusion: First year medical students had good background knowledge about blood donation and majority of the study group were willing to voluntarily donate blood and render their service to the society.
Original Research Article
June 30, 2021
A Comperative Study of Serum Creatinine, Serum Uric Acid and Blood Urea in Normal Pregnant and Pregnancy Induced Hypertensive Subject
Dr. Harsida Gosai, Dr. Urmila Pateliya
Page Numbers : 90-92
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i06.006
Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension also known as Preeclampsia clinically is one of the commonly seen complication in pregnant women. It contributes to the cause of maternal and peri natal morbidity and mortality. According to some study, serum creatinine, Blood urea, serum uric acid level increases during pregnancy induced hypertension. Preeclampsia is associated with renal function impairment. The objective of this study is to compare serum creatinine, Blood Urea and Serum Uric acid in preeclampsia with normal pregnancy. Materials and methods: The study was performed on 86 pregnant women. Out of which 50 women were pregnancy induced hypertensive and 36 were normal pregnant women. Result : The result showed significantly high blood pressure (SBP-160.0±18.8 VS 112.64±8.19, DBP 110.68±9.55 VS 76.8±4.14)and Blood urea ( 16.56 ±1.72 mg% VS 22.25±1.28 mg%), serum creatinine ( 0.72 ±0.19 mg% VS 1.09±0.34 mg%), serum uric acid level ( 4.63±0.19 mg% VS 7.04±0.4 mg% )in pregnancy induced hypertensive women compares to normal pregnant women. In the present study, in pre-eclampsia, there is elevation of serum uric acid and serum creatinine elevated values are statistically significant. Conclusion: There is a renal derangement of parameters in preeclampsia so it may be advised to renal function test to confirm involvement of renal dysfunctions. Measurement of renal function Test could be used as a biochemical indicator in pregnancy induced hypertensive women.
Original Research Article
June 14, 2021
Effect of Body Mass Index on Peak Oxygen Consumption (VO2max) in Young Healthy Males
Dr. Vivek P, Dr. Arifuddin MK, Dr. Nagalakshmi, Dr. Basavaraju
Page Numbers : 86-89
DOI : 10.36348/sijap.2021.v04i06.005
Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is not only objective measure of habitual physical activity, but also a useful diagnostic and prognostic health indicator for patients in clinical settings. CRF is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease mortality. Low CRF in young adults has emerged as an important factor for developing cardiovascular comorbidities later in middle age. Aims: To determine the peak oxygen consumption (VO2max) by Queen’s college step test in young male subjects. To study the relation between body mass index and VO2max. Methods: One hundred young healthy male subjects in the age group of 18 to 25 years were included in this study group. Body mass index (BMI) was measured using standard calibrated instruments. VO2max was assessed by following the protocol of Queen’s College Step Test (QCT). Results: Data was statistically analysed by using Pearson’s correlation. There was a significant negative correlation between Body mass index and VO2max (ml/kg/min) (r= -0.418, p<0.01). Conclusion: The results suggest excessive amount of body fat exerts an unfavourable burden on cardiac function and oxygen uptake by working muscles. In our study BMI has significant negative correlation with VO2max and can be used in clinical settings to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness as it is a rapid and inexpensive method.