Effect of Exercise and Obesity on Human Physiology
Irum Naureen, Aisha Saleem, Muhammad Naeem, Noor-e-Maryam Bilal, Ghulam Mujtaba Hassan, Muhammad Shafiq, Mudassar Hussain, Syed Roohullah
Page Numbers : 17-24
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2022.v08i01.003
Physical activity and exercise on a regular basis can help you stay healthy, energetic, and independent as you age. Exercise is essential in preventing health problems such as heart disease and stroke. Many studies have demonstrated the health benefits of regular exercise. This report examines the evidence regarding the health benefits of exercise across the board. Physical activity and exercise can help to lower stress and anxiety, enhance happy neurotransmitters, promote self-confidence, boost brain function, improve memory, and strengthen our muscles and bones. It also aids in the prevention and treatment of heart disease, obesity, blood sugar swings, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. It also aids in the prevention and treatment of heart disease, obesity, blood sugar swings, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Regular physical activity has been shown the useful in the primary and secondary prevention of a variety of chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis) as well as premature death.
Subject Category: Food and Agriculture
Jan. 20, 2022
Exploring Renewable Energy in Food Supply Chain and Sustainable Marine Fishery with Sustainable Development Goals: Some Methodological Considerations
Dr. Suyu Liu
Page Numbers : 10-16
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2022.v08i01.002
From the angle of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this research note explores renewable energy in food supply chain and sustainable marine fishery. With an initial theoretical analysis, it is observed that the share of renewable energy, as reflected by SDG Indicator 7.2.1, can contribute to the measurement of and data computation for SDG Indicators 12.3.1 and 14.7.1. This is because renewable energy becomes a significant component of on board cost for harvesting, processing, and preserving fishes by marine vessels/fleets. Also renewable energy can be used to estimate food waste because it functions as an estimation for municipal solid waste if data is not directly available. A number of scientific and practical implications are generated. For example, more interdisciplinary studies on the interactions across SDGs should be encouraged, and more in-depth empirical research are also expected in future. The connections between renewable energy, food supply chain, and sustainable marine fishery also call for more holistic policies for sustainable development, with adequate consideration of disparities in country contexts. Effective actions should be taken to further enhance the statistical capacities of countries and international organizations, which will be a foundation for applying more sophisticated techniques into the analysis of data in this field. The main objectives of this short research note are to provoke more scientific thoughts and provide policy-oriented recommendations. It leaves spaces for more empirical evidence-based future research including another study under the author’s plan.
Subject Category: Hydrobiology
Jan. 8, 2022
Preliminary Data on the Taxonomic Composition and the Spatio-Seasonal Variation of the Zooplanktonic Population of Fish Ponds in Kisangani, DR Congo
The overall objective of this study was to determine the taxonomic composition and spatial seasonal variation of the zooplankton population in fish ponds in Kisangani, DR Congo. The collection of zooplankton in fishponds was carried out using plankton nets in the Artisanal and Plateau boyoma districts for four months, two months per season. At the end of this study, 3 sub-classes, 13 families and 22 species were listed. The subclass Monogononta (Rotifers) was the best represented with 7 families and 14 species identified. On the other hand, the family Brachionidae was the richest with 6 species. The high specific richness of zooplankton according to site and season was recorded in the Artisanal district with 19 species and in the rainy season with 22 species. Thus, it should be noted that the fish ponds of Kisangani have a high specific diversity of zooplankton that can vary according to the sites and seasons. Certain species such as Tropocyclops prasinus prasinus, Moina macrocopa, Brachionus falcatus, Thermocyclops sp and Brachionus calyciflorus are more abundant than others present. However, the list of species presented is not exhaustive given the sampling period, which was only 4 months, and the collection effort, which was only carried out at two sites.
Subject Category: Physics
Dec. 13, 2021
Role of Different Technologies for Use of Nanoparticles, And Applications in Different Fields
Muhammad Raheel, Syeda Muskan Zahra Rizvi, Saud Rafiq, Ijaz Ahmad, Syed Zulqurnain Mustafa, Muhammad Daud Rafique, Muhammad Kashif, Kaleemullah
Page Numbers : 293-297
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i12.001
Nanotechnology as multidisciplinary branch helpful in designing of variety of semiconductor such as transistors, switches depending upon the nature of particular materials composed of nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction is also used for measuring the different properties of nanoparticles also used for characterization of nanosacle materials. Silver and gold nanoparticles formulations can be easily accessed through the different methods such as lithographic and vacuum deposition of metal, but expensive techniques. There are many other techniques for instrumental manufacturing leads to accurate determination of thickness, roughness, and density of nanoparticles. X-ray reflectometry determines layer thickness, roughness, and density while on the other hand; high-resolution diffraction can measure the lattices properties and dimensions of nanoparticles. LEDs, different types of diodes, solar cells synthesized based on nancapsules and quantum computing. Photovoltaic cells can be synthesized through nanotechnology by employing high quality materials due to thermal and mechanical properties. Nanotechnology in electronics in designing of electronics devices by increase the shelf life of memory chips.
Subject Category: Vitro Plant Biotechnology
Nov. 30, 2021
Influence of Light Emitting Diode on in vitro rooting of Moringa oleifera Lam. shoots
Justine Tshidibi Tshimbila, Hippolyte Nshimba Wa Malela, Benoit Dhed'a Djailo
Page Numbers : 289-292
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i11.002
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of light emitting diode (LED) on in vitro rooting of Moringa oleifera Lam shoots. To achieve this, the vitroplants were grown in MS mod 3B basal medium, supplemented with 20 g/l sucrose and without phytohormones, and subjected to white and red LED light for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, it was observed that there were significant differences between the LED lights used in terms of the number of roots and the weight of the callus obtained. The white LED gave vitroplants with many roots and reduced callus. Thus, the basic medium MS mod 3B, with 20 g.L-1 sucrose and without phytohormones, and the white LED could be used for a good rooting of M. oleifera in vitro plants.
Subject Category: Plant Breeding and Genetics
Nov. 4, 2021
New Insights in Plant Microbes Interaction, Different Immune Responses and Novel Approaches
Muhammad Adil, Muhammad Ehsan, Summiya Abbas, Muhammad Ahmad Arshad, Sadaqat Ali, Manahil Nawaz, Shazia, Aqsa Dastagir
Page Numbers : 284-288
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i11.001
Different types of microbes playing important role in soil fertility, increase the food production both agricultural and economical point of view. Plant activities such as phytoremediation efficiency in the form root symbiosis formation by assisting the removal the toxic metals for the formation of rhizosphere. Once the pathogen enters into the plants through different routes, different immune responses elicited as plants show a variety of immunological behavior as a result of microbial attack. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria most commonly beneficial for promoting the plant growth as a result of nutrients uptake by plant and readily available to the nodule formations. Many of the green algae also involved in making the beneficial relationship to the microbes. These are blue-green algae and a host of other beneficial microorganisms. Fungi also show the symbiotic association with different plants mostly in hyphae formation. For example, the chitin-derived lipo-chitooligosaccharides. Transferring the some characters from plants and microbes to the different organisms helpful to establish the relationship among various food chain animals.
Subject Category: Organic Chemistry
Oct. 30, 2021
Potential Role, Recent Advances in Chemical Technology for Synthesis of Chemical Compounds
Musrat Shaheen, Saba Nadeem, Mussa Ali Khan, Saima Shah, Muhammad Kashif Qamar, Muhammad Zahid, Nabeel Ahmad, Rubab Abid
Page Numbers : 279-283
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2021.v07i10.004
Acidity of α-aryl protons leads to organolithium substitution which actually effects the carbon linked covalently compounds, oxygen, hydrogen, Benz organic compounds and other carbon containing compounds which have carbides, cyanides and carbonates. Chemical solvents are necessary for initialization of chemical reaction in the industry when they react with one another. Organic chemicals are basically manufactured from coal and alcohol in the fermentation industry and they can also be originated from petroleum and natural gas source. Quinones are chemical compounds with aromatic rings and have two ketone substitutions. These compounds are highly reactive and ubiquitous in nature. Removal of hydrogen from hydrocarbon containing hydroxyl group produces an alcohol and it is represented by ROH simply it is called as methanol or methyl alcohol. Nitrogen containing heterocyclic compounds have major role in medicinal chemistry and they play a vital role in the formation of medicines. Silver fluoride reaction such as C-H fluorination reaction produces vicinal position for pyrinides and pyridines which is substitute for nitrogen containing heterocyclic compounds. Sulfinate esters are valuable products and have significant role in structure of medicinal chemistry.