Effect of Covid 19 Pandemic on Family Stabilty in Ong’ata Rongai, Kajiado County, Kenya
Stephen Ng’ang’a Njoroge, Suzzana Nyambura Nungi
Page Numbers : 224-232
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i10.001
The purpose of this study was to find out how Covid 19 pandemic has affected family stability. Many Kenyans working from home and others being laid off from work has resulted to untold social economic challenges resulting to domestic violence where majorities of the casualties are women. Specific objectives of this study were: to find out how Covid 19 has contributed domestic violence in the family, to determine how it has affected social-economic in the family and finally to assess how emotional and psychological brought by Covid 19 affect family stability. The Study was conducted at Ong’ata Rongai, a cosmopolitan Sub County in Kajiado County. The target population of the study was 300 persons from Ongata Rongai. Both qualitative and quantitative research design were adopted in this Study. Sampling was through simple random. Questionnaire method was used in data collection. Two well-trained Research Assistants on the methodology to be used were engaged. They explained very well to the respondents on the purpose of the Study. A total of 90 persons of the target population were selected using Gal and Berge formula. Ethical considerations were highly observed as no participant was forced to take part in the study. Both descriptive inferential statistics were used in this study.The data collected was coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 25.0. Tables and Figures were used to present the results. The Null Hypothesis was rejected. The results confirmed that 91% reported that use of physical force caused separation in families, 86% indicated that families involved in domestic violence are psychologically and emotionally affected and 91% indicated refusal to contribute financially to the family. Hence, there was statistical significant association between physical, psychological, emotional, and economic effects of domestic violence that influence family stability brought about by Covid 19 pandemic The Study concluded that there is need for the Government to work together with other private entities to ensure that sound policies and appropriate approaches to curb domestic violence are developed and implemented. This will ensure that domestic violence will have no place in our current society making Kenyan families stable and to benefit by living in harmony in anticipation of a more peaceful future. The beneficiary of this study will be the people of Ongata Rongai and any other places which might be going through similar problems.
Subject Category: Business Management
Oct. 16, 2020
The Impact of Political Connections on the Firm Efficiency: Evidence from the Conceptual Framework
Page Numbers : 208-211
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i09.001
Every organization needs support to run their business. In this study, try to explore that political connections are externally benefited for the firm value. It is a way through a corporation can assess benefits from external resources. Politically connected corporations are mostly recognized due to get a donation. These donations are beneficial in the condition of financial calamity. According to resources dependency theory, to enhance the performance there is need external sources. In this way, it is a resilient channel to boost performance. They can face the gravest threats with their influence. Political cronyism is known as a potential source of external income. Under these settlements, there is a massive compelling reason that proves these are vigorously sourced in the economy deteriorate. In this study political donation is our core tool to magnificent performance. This study is trying to elaborate that due to political connections have influenced on the firm performance due to efficiency.
Subject Category: Education
Oct. 16, 2020
Mirage as the Reflections of the Differences across the Boundaries: Some Observations for Insight
Dr. Avdhesh S. Jha
Page Numbers : 219-223
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i09.002
This article is the result of the study was conducted to verify the competency framework for teachers (CFFT), 2004. The observation and the learnings during the experiments proved to be a motivation that resulted into this article. Across the borders, maybe there are differences in the language, structure, looks and ways of doing and speaking but the fact remains that more than the differences are the similarities across the borders. The differences are the mirage as seen from a far distance but the facts are something different. This paper based on the experiential learning is an effort to clarify the commonness across the borders, for the basic instincts and the needs of the humans remain the same.
Subject Category: Engineering
Aug. 30, 2020
Construction Safety Audit and Analysis – A Conceptual Approach on Needy Implementation for the Metropolitan City-Chennai, India
A. Anandraj, S. Vijayabaskaran
Page Numbers : 189-197
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i08.001
Construction safety audit is a prescribed course of action for assessing accident prospective and safety performance in the prerequisite of new construction schemes, the development and rehabilitation of existing structures and in maintenance of building structures. The main objective of this study is the identification of accident prone areas on the project site from First Investigation Report (FIR), to study the effect on development of statistical connection between accident rates and various factors that causing accidents. The scope of the study is to reduce accidents on construction site and its surroundings, reducing severity of accidents so as the necessity for costly remedial work is reduced. The aspect of safety is taken on low priority basis throughout the execution of construction projects in India. The area selected for the study is Chennai, a metropolitan and capital of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and one of the 28 states of India. The accident analysis is prepared from five years statistics. Various types of labours and staffs are interviewed accordingly in order to get the clear depiction of site accidents with the personal measure which is the ultimate goal of this research paper.
Subject Category: Crops Sciences
Aug. 30, 2020
Effect of Soil Properties on Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi (AMF) Activity and Assessment of Some Methods of Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Inoculation in Lubumbashi Region (DR. Congo)
In the Lubumbashi plain, the dominant soils are acidic Ferralsol that contain small amount of available phosphorus and nitrogen. The organic matter content is also limited. This study evaluated the effect of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on root colonization in Phaseolus beans growth performance and yield. Three soils with a pH 5.8; 6.2 and 6.5 respectively were included. We also studied the effect of increasing doses of P2O5 in beans by providing 25kg of P2O5/ha, 50kg P2O5 ha-1 in combination with AMF inoculation. The results show a high frequency of colonization at a pH of 5.8 (69%); a plant height of 56 to 58 cm with 10 leaves and 6 pods per plant for a yield of 2095kg ha-1. However, above pH 6.2, root colonization is low (31 to 61%) and plant height ranges from 27 to 39 cm with 4 to 6 pods for a yield between 631 and 1479 kg ha-1. The effect on plant response of 25kg P2O5 ha-1 in combination with AMF inoculation was statistically significant for all measured parameters. Finally, this study compared the efficacy of inoculum produced on three different way on colonisation efficiency of beans. Inoculum produced by using Plantago lanceolata as host species contained more spores and resulted in better-colonized roots compared to inoculum coming from Sorghum vulgare or clay inoculum.
Subject Category: Sport Science
July 30, 2020
Sustainable Sport Tourism Destination in Banyuwangi
Panji Sekar Pambudi, Prof. Dr. Nurhasan, Dr. Nining Widyah Kusnanik
Page Numbers : 182-188
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i07.002
This research has an aim to examine the role of Sport Tourism through the program of Banyuwangi festival (B-Fest) and the impact of local content and deciding sustainable strategy of Sport Tourism Development. This research uses descriptive associative research method with qualitative and quantitative approach. Data Collection method done by observation, direct interview, questionnaire and collect the data from related instance. The result of this analysis shows that (1) Banyuwangi Festival Program (B-fest) successfully increase the number of visitor in Kawah Ijen and Pulau Merah within total contribution of 75,9% (2) the effect of sport tourism toward the change of local community in Kawah Ijen, on economic aspect contribute 100%. On social aspect contribute 11,6%. Environmental aspect, edelweiss flower no longer to be seen, Javan lutung and deer are rarely to be seen. Social Aspect contribute 2,6% toward people prosperity, 0,2% toward local satisfaction, 12,7% toward people participation. (3) Development strategy on sustainable sport tourism using the model of Sport tourism Participation and oriented to tourism characteristic.
Subject Category: Business Management
July 30, 2020
The Influence of Government Transparency, Implementation of the Government Accounting Standards and Internal Control System on Quality of Financial Statement (A Survey Conducted in the Village Administration Bandung Regency, Indonesia)
Imam Surya Prayogo, Erna Setiany
Page Numbers : 174-181
DOI : 10.36348/sb.2020.v06i07.001
This research to examine The Influence of Government Transparency, Implementation of the government accounting standards and Internal Control System on Quality of financial statements. Population in this research is all villages in the government of Kabupaten Bandung government environment. The number of sample the respondent on this is as many as 73 of village staff and using a technique the withdrawal of sample by means of clusters of random sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire which used interval scale. Distribution and collection of questionnaires was carried out in November 2019 and the number of questionnaires returned was 70 questionnaires or 96%. The results of testing showed transparency the government did not influenced the quality of the financial statements in the village administration Bandung regency, while the implementation of the government accounting standards and internal control system influenced the quality of the financial statements in the village administration Bandung regency.