ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 4, 2023
Sex-Ratio and Average Age of Deceased Persons in the Town of Kananga, Commune of Ndesha
Shamashanga Mingashanga, Kadiata Bukasa Augustin, Mangbala Ekibe Didier, Mukandu Basua Babintu Leika
Page no 1-5
Introduction: This study aimed to determine the sex ratio and the average age of deceased persons in the town of Kananga, commune of Ndesha. Method: This is a cross- sectional descriptive type study, we used the documentary analysis method to collect the data and had a sample of 269 deaths notified to the Civil Registry between 2018 and 2020. Results: The crude mortality rate (CBR) in the commune of Ndesha is estimated at 0.044% or 4.4 deaths per 10,000 inhabitants between 2018 and 2020. This rate has decreased very slightly over time, from 3.5 per 10,000 in 2018 to 4.8 per ten thousand in 2020. The age group 0-14 is the most affected, with 108 cases or 34.2%; those from Demba (with 30.9%) and Dibaya (with 26.4% of cases) are the most represented. The male gender represents 64.3% of cases against 35.7% of female subjects; the sex ratio is 1.8 men who die for every 1 woman. The average age of the deceased subjects is 38.7 years, with a standard deviation of 27.8: it is therefore dispersed between 10.9 and 66.5 years. Conclusion: The inhabitants of the commune of Ndesha do not register their deaths with the civil status service of the commune. For this, we recommend to the municipal authorities to impose on the population the death certificate when a family member is dead to allow the country to have a mortality statistics.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 7, 2023
Neonatal Femoral Fracture: 5 Years of Experience
Md. Saif Ullah, Kazi Md Noor-ul Ferdous, Muhammad Rashedul Alam, Proshanto Kumar Biswas, Md. Moniruzzaman
Page no 6-9
Background: In the absence of any postnatal trauma, birth fractures are those that are identified within the first week of life. Infant birth-related injuries are generally infrequent and are caused by trauma during delivery, especially when the infant is particularly large or presented breech. Methods: This investigation was a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out at Bangladesh Shishu Hospital & Institute, Dhaka, in the department of Burn & Reconstructive Surgery. The study was carried out between June 2015 and July 2020. The study used a 21 neonates as sample basis. Result: In this retrospective study, the gestational age of 1 patient was 35 Weeks and followed by two were 36 weeks, 4 were 37 weeks, 6 were 38 weeks, 5 were 39 weeks, and 3 were 40 weeks. 11(52%) were female and 10(48%) were male. Majority 13(62%) patients fracture were right site and 8(38%) were left. 13 newborns, or 61.9% of them, were weighted ≥2500 g. Nine infants (42.9%) were delivered vaginally, while 12 (57.1%) underwent Caesarean sections. When the fetus was presented, it was cephalic in seven cases (33.3%) and breech in fourteen (66.7%). Depending on the fracture's location and angulation, the appropriate treatment option was chosen. Femoral shaft fractures were treated in a toe-groin cast, 5(23.8%), while subtrochanteric fractures were treated by strapping 16(76.2%) of the thigh to the abdomen. Conclusion: Even though femoral fractures now are uncommon, but after birth they should be watched for, especially in challenging caesarean sections.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 17, 2023
Quality of Life: Concept Analysis
Ibrahim Aqtam, Ahmad Ayed, Kefah Zaben
Page no 10-15
Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a concept commonly used within healthcare but lacks consensus. A concept that has been commonly associated with adherence, morbidity, and health outcomes. Objectives: The aim of this paper is to clarify the concept of QOL and identify the conceptualizations behind it and to provide some insights to QOL research. Design: Concept analysis according to Walker and Avant, consist of eight steps: select concept, determine purpose, identify uses, determine defining attributes, identify model case, identify additional cases, identify antecedents and consequences, and define empirical referents. Results: The fact that quality of life is subjective, and the most crucial lesson advanced practice nurses should learn from this investigation. However, in the absence of subjective evaluations of quality of life, objective evaluations can be done by people who were close to the patient and may understand what they would have appreciated. Though many of the characteristics of quality of life are measured, it is crucial to keep in mind that each person's priorities ultimately define what is important to them. When deciding on care goals and treatment plans, these must be made in collaboration with the patient so that the patient can determine what he/she values and what would improve his/her quality of life. Conclusion: The practitioner needs to put aside his/her personal opinions on what would improve the quality of life and instead listen to the patient’s wishes and goals. Quality of life is ultimately what an individual says it is, and when that is heard and respected, the highest and most individualized quality of care can be provided.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Jan. 19, 2023
Obesity and its Effects on Health
Mrs. H. S. Manasa, Mr. R. K. Mahadevaswamy
Page no 16-17
The prevalence of obesity has nearly tripled since 1975. Around 1.9 billion individuals and children who were 18 years old and older were overweight in 2016. Approximately 650 million people were obese. 39% of adults over the age of 18 were overweight or obese in 2016, with 13% of them being obese. Overweight and obesity cause more fatalities than underweight in the majority of the world's population. There were 38 million children under five who were overweight or obese in 2019. In 2016, there were more than 340 million overweight or obese kids and teenagers between the ages of 5 and 19. Obesity may have been avoided. There are currently around 135 million obese people living in India. The body mass index was once used to quantify obesity (BMI). By 2020, there will be 158 million obese kids worldwide. By 2025, there will be 206 million, and by 2030, there will be 254 million. With 27,481,141 or 27 million obese youngsters, India will actually have the second-highest number after China, well above the 17 million in the United States.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Jan. 19, 2023
Rehabilitation- Is a Vital Component of Universal Health Coverage
Mr. R. K. Mahadevaswamy, Mrs. Manjula K. V
Page no 18-20
Rehabilitation is important, as are other facets of universal health coverage such efficient illness prevention, treatment, and palliative care. A person who has undergone rehabilitation can participate in school, job, recreation, and important life responsibilities including caring for family members. Rehabilitation enables a child, adult, or senior to be as independent as possible in daily activities. A health issue that could be treated by rehabilitation affects an estimated 2.4 billion individuals worldwide. The need for rehabilitation services is anticipated to increase globally as a result of changes in population health and features. People are living longer but with more chronic illness and incapacity, for instance. Rehabilitation needs are now mostly unmet. More than half of the population does not obtain the necessary rehabilitation services in several low- and middle-income nations. Rehabilitation and other healthcare programs have been severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 28, 2023
An Exploration of Father’s Influence on Feeding Practices and Nutritional Status of Pre-School Children in Kebbi State
Yau, S. L, Yusuf Abdulrahman Bashir, Sahabi M, A., Bashir, I. I.
Page no 21-27
Background: Malnutrition among preschool children is still a serious public health problem in Nigeria and other developing countries. The critical role fathers play in providing support in improving infant, young child and maternal nutrition cannot be overemphasized. Therefore, the current study seeks to explore the level of male involvement in infant and young child nutrition and its association with nutritional status. Methodology: A cross sectional study among 190 households, 5 focus group discussions, and 5 key informant interviews were conducted in Birnin Kebbi metropolis of Kebbi State in Nigeria. Anthropometric measurement, biochemical and physical evaluation were used to assess nutritional status of preschool children of the respondents. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews conducted and summarized into themes. Results: The study revealed that higher percentage of the males provided money to buy food for the children (93.6%), and only 9.8% have ever accompanied mothers to young child clinics. Conclusion: In this study, most males were involved in buying food for their children, and providing money for transport to young child clinics was associated with normal nutritional status of children less than 5 years in the study area.