ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 14, 2022
“Nursing Students’ Perspective on Advantages, Challenges and Recommendations for Virtual Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study”
Dr. Uma Rani Adhikari
Page no 39-46
Background: During Covid-19 pandemic, educational institutions in India have started online learning. The present study explores the advantages, challenges and recommendations for improving virtual learning from nursing students of a nursing institute in Kolkata. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted from May 2020 to June 2020. Purposive sampling was done. Four students from each category like B.Sc. Nursing, Post Basic B.Sc. Nursing & M.Sc Nursing students were included until data saturation achieved. Individual interview was done through telephonic interview. In-depth interview was conducted using semi-structured interview schedule. Data were transcribed and thematically analyzed using MAXQDA software version 2020. Results: Qualitative data analysis leads to extraction of 31 codes and the highest frequency of code was related to loss of internet connectivity. The advantages of virtual learning were flexibility, student centered learning, regularity and challenges involved inadequacy, financial burden & health problem etc. The recommendations were proper assessment, monitoring, training & adequate teaching etc. Conclusion: Virtual learning has many advantages and limitations too. If we take proper steps to resolve the challenges then it is a very good teaching method mainly during pandemic situation.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 17, 2022
Knowledge and Attitude Related to Cervical Cancer Prevention and Screening among Female Students in the College of Nursing, Kuwait
Nabil Ahmed Badawy, Mona A Al Shammari, Marziyeh S Hosseini, Seham M Mustafa
Page no 47-57
Objectives: To assess knowledge and attitude related to cervical cancer prevention, and screening among female students in the college of nursing in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey in which 250 female students were recruited to answer the questionnaire. Results: Mean age of the students was 20.91 ±4.28 years. Ninety percent (n = 227) of them have heard of cervical cancer, but only 25.72 % (n = 65) recognized infection with the human papilloma virus as a risk factor. Only 23.33% (n=58) of the students studied are aware of the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination. Seventy-nine percent (n=198) of the students studied were aware of the Papanicolaou cervix smear (Pap smear), and 42% of them gave a positive response when asked about the test's necessity. When students with a history of marriage were compared to those without a history of marriage, they demonstrated a statistically significant increase in their intention to undergo cytological examination (61.5 % vs 38.5 %, p=0.036). Comparing students in years 3 and 4 of a bachelor's program to those in years 1 and 2 revealed that student in years 3 and 4 were more knowledgeable about the relationship between HPV infection and cancer cervix (23.7% Vs 16 %, p=0.003). Conclusion: Nursing students have a limited understanding of cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, and Pap smear screening as an early detection practice. Cervical cancer prevention and screening issues must be immediately integrated into nurses' existing teaching and training curricula.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 20, 2022
Job Satisfaction and Patient Safety Attitudes among Nurses of Faisalabad, Pakistan
Nazish Fakhar, Sana Sehar, Dimple Mustufa
Page no 58-63
Background: The purpose of the study was to assess the association between job satisfaction and patient safety attitudes among nurses of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in February to May 2021, on the nurses working in two Public hospitals in Faisalabad. A total of 300 nurses participated in the study. The main questionnaire based on the socio-demographic questionnaire comprises of the age, gender, qualification and work experience. Other than this, two questionaire were opted to collect data. One was on job satisfaction questionnaire was developed by Nicholas in 2007 the scale has the 6 dimensions including Coworkers, work demands, work content, work load, work skills and rewards. The other was patient safety attitude questionnaire comprised on six subscales, and additional items on demographic information (Kristensen, Sabroe, Bartels, Mainz & Christensen, 2015). Results: Majority of the nurses were having fatigue impairs while performing emergency situations. Very less participants shares that they were satisfies with the supervision offered to them during provision of the care. The mean score was towards poor conditions. The mean score of the components was less then 3.8 which is towards the dissatisfaction. There was a relationship between educational status and years of experience. Among the lower educational levels the nurses were more satisfied with the job and display more patient safety attitude. Additionally, nurses with more years of experience has less patient safety attitude than other groups of the participants. There was a strong positive relationship between the job satisfaction and patient safety attitudes among the nurses. Conclusions: There was a strong positive relationship between the job satisfaction and patient safety attitudes among the nurses. Hence, senior clinical nursing personals can significantly improve the patient safety implementation of nurses hence, it is suggested that they should take active part in the implementation of the patient safety protocols. Poor team work was the biggest issue in the low levels of job satisfaction. It is necessary to take steps in reducing the absenteeism and uplifting the image of nurses in the team work.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 22, 2022
Exploring the Barriers and Challenges Saudi Arabian Nursing Students Encounter during their Internship Program: A Qualitative Study
Ayman Ateq Alamri, Dr. Sami Alhamidi
Page no 64-70
Negative experiences on an internship can adversely affect the attitude and confidence of nursing students. This highlights the need to explore the experiences of nursing students as they progress through their training. The present study examines the challenges and problems faced by nursing students during their internship program at a hospital in Medina, Saudi Arabia. The study employed a qualitative exploratory study design by recruiting eight nursing students. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted to gather data. Moreover, the data were thematically analyzed. The major challenges and problems experienced by the nursing students were lack of support, distrust, improper behavior, and absence of a preceptorship program. There is a negative impact of these issues on nursing practice in clinical settings. The study concludes that positive outcomes are likely to be achieved by improving the internship program.