ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | June 13, 2021
Spirituality, Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Care Competence among Nurses during the Third Wave of Corona Virus in Faisalabad, Pakistan
Sayda Azra Parveen, Sana Sehar, Dimple Mustufa
Page no 141-147
Introduction: Spirituality and spiritual wellbeing provide important information about the health care needs, the ability of people to cope with spiritual stresses, and necessary interventions for adaptation and coping with the crises of health care. Health care workers, especially nurses, are subject to such crises. Despite the importance of spiritual care and spiritual wellbeing and nurses’ provision of care, there is limited research regarding this important aspect of care. Hence it is necessary to assess the spirituality, spiritual well-being and spiritual care competence among nurses during the third wave of Corona Virus in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in February to May 2021, on the nurses working in Covid units of Public hospital in Faisalabad. Inclusion criteria of the study was staff nurses with the having license, at least 1 year work experience in ICUs and the main exclusion criteria included passing the formal spiritual care training courses. A total of 170 nurses participated in the study. The main questionnaire based on the socio-demographic questionnaire comprises of the age, gender, qualification and work experience. The data is collected through the 3 questionnaires including spiritual care competence scale of competence by Van Leeuwen & Cusvellen (2004), spirituality and spiritual Care rating scale introduced by Mc Sherry and, Paloutzian and Ellison’s spiritual wellbeing questionnaire. Results: The mean score of the spirituality, spiritual wellbeing and spiritual care competence among nurses was low and falls between the disagree to neutral scores. Qualification, marital status and years of experience are significantly associated to years of experience whereas, qualification and marital status is not related to spirituality, spiritual wellbeing and spiritual care competence among nurses. Correlation between variables of spirituality, spiritual wellbeing and spiritual care competence among nurses. Spiritual care competence is significantly associated to spirituality, spiritual wellbeing among nurses in the 3rd wave of cornona virus in Pakistan. Conclusion: As nurses with high levels of spiritual wellbeing have a positive attitude toward spiritual care thereafter, to ensure high level of spirituality among nurses caring for corona patients, nurses must reflect on the post spiritual encounter and in training more focus should be on content related to the spirituality in the curriculum. Spiritual issues are the integral part in the quality of life therefore, compliance of this is necessary in the life-threatening diseases such as corona pandemic.
REVIEW ARTICLE | June 30, 2021
Essence of Subjective Nursing Diagnoses and Its Utilization
Page no 148-157
Aim of this study to introduce possible way approaching the essence of subjective nursing diagnoses according to Patient Conducting Based Nursing Care Model and its utilization in nursing practice that deal with adult, mentally not disturbed patients and significant persons, furthermore, to introduce its utility in nursing education and scientific research. Method and sample: In order to explore the main characteristics of nursing diagnoses, the method of concept and relevant qualitative literature analysis was used, based on known and accepted psychological theories and nursing diagnoses classifications. Results: The findings of the study show the needs for a new approach to interpreting people’s messages understanding the equivalent importance of somatic and subjective nursing diagnoses. Conclusion: The evaluation of core components behind theories and nursing classification, their significance draw attention on of patient conducting by putting the focus more on conflict prevention in patient – nurse interaction than on its management that may resulting patient satisfaction and job satisfaction as well. Recommendation: The results of researches performed at different fields of nursing and the new training programs for nurse students, mentors/tutors, practicing nurses, together can lead to improving of nursing culture and high-quality patient centered care.