ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 15, 2021
Assessment of Perceived Stress among Nurses of Tertiary Care Hospital during COVID Pandemic – A Cross-Sectional Study
Anwar UL Huda, Mohammad Yasir, Swaid Raza Saulat, Mohammad waleed Alshaqha
Page no 45-47
Background: Nurses are the frontline healthcare workers and during the current pandemic COVID-19, they are at increased risk. Considering their work patterns and the pressure of the work, they experience stress. There is very little data available regarding the incidence of stress among nurses during this pandemic. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was done at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to examine the presence of stress among nurses working in a tertiary care hospital. We calculated the sample size as 57. We used the Perceived stress scale (PSS) in our study. We gave the questionnaire comprising PSS questions to nurses from different wards. We calculated the mean, standard deviation, frequency count, and percentages for the perceived stress. Results: The mean PSS-10 score was 20.8 (SD: 4.61) with a range between 11 and 29. Two (3.3 %) nurses had low stress and 52 (86.7 %) nurses had moderate stress while 6 (10 %) nurses had high stress. Conclusion: The majority of nurses in our study experienced a moderate level of stress during this COVID-19 pandemic.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | March 18, 2021
A Systematic Review of Family Caregivers of Persons with Serious Mental Illnesses in Non-Western Countries
Samirh Said Alqhtani, Charlotte Barry, Beth King
Page no 48-71
Family caregivers of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) play an essential role in managing patient conditions. The shift towards community care for patients has resulted in transferring patient care to family members, resulting in significant challenges. Studies have documented the experiences of family caregivers in Western countries. However, a clear overview of family caregiver experiences of persons with SMI in non-Western countries is warranted. The purpose of this study was to integrate and summarize the current literature about family caregiver experiences in non-Western countries. Five databases were searched using relevant keywords for studies published in English from 2015 to 2020. The studies included in the review were qualitative and quantitative designs, representing several non-Western countries. This systematic review included 25 articles and data synthesized based on similarities and different findings. The findings of this systematic review will provide more knowledge on the experiences of family caregivers of persons with SMI in non-Western countries, including burden, coping, psychological well-being, and stigma. This review found that additional research is necessary to understand the family caregiver experience and how healthcare teams can support caregivers. Further, the findings may help to inform health care policymakers to tailor strategies that support family caregivers.
REVIEW ARTICLE | March 18, 2021
Obstacles Faced by Nurses Working in Corona Isolation Ward and Their Coping Strategies: A Way Forward to Fight against the Pandemic
Shumaila Sadiq Jiwani
Page no 72-74
Corona Virus has become a huge cause of burnout and frustration among common public in general and among healthcare staff in particular. In some situations healthcare workers are not even able to express their fears, thoughts and experiences. Level of anxiety, depression and physical stress is increasing in health care staff, especially in nurses because of multiple factors. This review article will highlight challenges faced by nurses and other health care staff while caring for patients in COVID-19 isolation wards. Furthermore, through this paper readers will be able to find out some coping strategies to fight with commonly occurring issues during COVID-19 pandemic. Past studies will be presented as literature review to ensure the authenticity and enrichment of content.
SHORT COMMUNICATION | March 18, 2021
Dilemma, Uncertainties and Fear: Nursing Faculty & Students Clinical Exposure and Training in a COVID -19 Situations
Glenn Ford D. Valdez
Page no 75-76
REVIEW ARTICLE | March 26, 2021
Are Nurses in Oppression? An Approach to Explore the Evidences
Betsy Chakraborty, Anindita Mandal, Suresh K Sharma
Page no 77-83
It is well known that nurses are the largest manpower in healthcare delivery system of any country. Though, they spend sleepless nights in caring and curing the sick one but continuously striving for professional honour and dignity what they actually deserve. Instead of getting recognition, respect and reward, this profession face exploitation, struggle for existence, discrimination, humiliation from their own persons and even from medical colleagues. There is a negative portrayal of this professional image as feminine, menial, subservient roles with low intellect, taken for granted and assistance of physician only. The term “Oppression” has been described for nurses who represent powerlessness, submissiveness and domination. Nurse leaders often talks about qualities of self-esteem, assertiveness, accountability, control over practice, self-advocacy and autonomy but in contrary nurses in below hierarchy reported higher levels of dominancy, lack of initiative and fear of retaliation. Negative consequences of oppression resultant decreased workforce performance, dissatisfaction, self-hatred behaviour, submissive aggressive syndrome, horizontal and lateral violence, workplace bullying and poor retention of nurses in the same workplace. Therefore, this article is aimed to pinpoint & bring insight on those major challenges faced by nurses due to oppression and propose remedial strategies to reshape and uplift this profession as a prestigious one.
CASE STUDY | March 28, 2021
Patient Centered Medical Homes: Are They the Right Choice?
Yasir S Alsalamah
Page no 84-85
Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMH) is a patient-centric healthcare model that puts the patient’s satisfaction and overall well-being in the first place. It establishes a strong connection between the patient, nursing staff, and provider with the Primary Care Physician (PCP) leading the task force. This is important as it helps carry out a wholesome diagnosis considering all abnormal bodily activities, rather than treating only a few symptoms that arise time by time. Coordination between the patient and the physician, alongside all correlated healthcare personnel, can significantly reduce costs in the long run while also preserving better fitness and mental health. The three most prominent purposes the PCMH model serves are: a. Improving the quality of healthcare services. b. Forming strong patient relationships. c. Reducing costs by expanding delivery and access options (American Academy of Actuaries, 2014) .
High quality, collaborative and patient-centered care is essential in the modern healthcare industry. The Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) Program is a CMS initiative that rewards acute-care hospitals with incentive payments for the quality of care they provide to people. It is expected for the on-deck years that VBC will be practical and effective and help provide the organizational incentive necessary to recognize a need for change in the way healthcare business is currently conducted. There are several healthcare settings, but not all provide patient-centric care facilities. The value-based care model invests many of its resources on the nursing staff, thereby creating a home-like ambiance for the patients. Nurses remain in direct communication with the patients at all times and monitor their health trends thoroughly. This develops a relationship of trust between the nursing staff and the patient. When nurses are welcoming and polite, the patients begin to feel that they are being cared for, which helps them recover faster.
REVIEW ARTICLE | March 30, 2021
Health Risk & Precautions for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in Global Pandemic COVID-19
Mr. Stephen John, Dr. Praveen S Pateel
Page no 88-90
Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a chronic, life taking and helpless condition that arouses due to compromised functioning of a person’s immune system. According to National Health Policy-2015 growth of HIV/AIDS should have been controlled by the year 2007 but we have failed drastically in achieving it. Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) has added to the burden of it. In an attempt to prevent and control COVID-19 the whole of globe stopped functioning and even the health care services related to people living with HIV/AIDS came to a stalemate. Its an attempt through this article to summarise the risk and precaution to be taken by people living with HIV/AIDS during pandemic.