For every child, early moments matter. Children’s lives have been turned upside down by COVID19. For some children, with the right support and resources, the situation will be manageable, but for others the effects of the pandemic will cast a long shadow over their lives. The response to coronavirus already is exposing the fragile situation that many children and young people live in (UNICEF, 2020). Hundreds of thousands of children who rely on school, health and social systems and the support of the voluntary sector are being left unprotected as these systems are weakened. The risks to children’s health, wellbeing and future opportunities are serious and need immediate intervention. Hundreds of thousands of children will face hunger, violence, ill-health and lost opportunities that could follow them into adulthood. This review article aims to highlight the impact of COVID 19 on children.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 19, 2021
Effects of Nurse-Police Facilitated Rape Education on Rape Myths Acceptance, Rape Victim Empathy and Rape Risk Behaviors of Adolescents
Adesola A. Ogunfowokan, Mary O. Obiyan, Omowumi R. Salau
Page no 4-13
The study aimed at determining the effectiveness of rape prevention education facilitated by a police officer and/or a school nurse at reducing rape myths acceptance, improving rape victim empathy, and reducing rape risk behaviors among school adolescents. Quasi-experimental design with repeated measures was used and it was conducted among 228 adolescents in three public high schools in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The adolescents were grouped into: Control Group; Nurse Facilitated Group; and Nurse-Police Facilitated Group. Rape Discourse Education (RaDE) was conducted for the Nurse Facilitated Group and the Nurse-Police Facilitated Group and data collection was in four waves. Findings showed significant effect on rape myths acceptance (ηp2 = 0.12) more than on other outcome variables and the effect was observed up to a six-month follow-up. Implication for rape prevention education in the school setting is documented.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Jan. 19, 2021
Suicidal Behaviors in Teenagers – Building Connections from a Clinical Scenario
Rabia Salim Rashid, Sarmad Muhammad Soomar
Page no 14-16
Suicide is a growing issue of teen agers around the globe and also commonly seen in context of Pakistan. On regular basis we read in news or hear from people about huge number of suicides in many parts of Pakistan. The paper is written on the account of witnessing a young mental health client in psychiatry in patient services at a tertiary care hospital. The case was a huge learning for young healthcare professionals and novice nurses.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 29, 2021
Prevalence and Factors of Malnutrition among children under 5 years of age in Frash Town Islamabad
Farah Naeem, Syed Naeem Ather Abass, Sana Majeed
Page no 17-25
Aim and Objective: This study was conducted with the aim to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among children under 5 years of age in Frash Town Islamabad. Methodology: It was a cross sectional descriptive study. 400 children under 5 years were selected by using non probability convenient sampling. Analysis: Descriptive statistics was used to find the frequencies and percentages while inferential statistics was used to determine the association between nutritional status of under 5 children and different variables. Results: Out of 400 subjects, 21% had normal nutritional status 20% were at risk of malnutrition and 77% were found to be malnourished. Statistically significant relationship was found between nutritional status of under 5 children and socioeconomic status, parent’s education. Conclusion: Overall results showed that 77% of the children under 5 were malnourished. There is a need to plan composite interventions to elucidate the factors that place children at greater risk for malnutrition.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Jan. 29, 2021
Traditional Medicine Utilization Experience among Persons Living With Mental Disorders within a Nigerian Community
Gbe Douye, Adika Victor Obosinde, Izibeloko Omi Jack-Ide
Page no 26-36
Globally, a mental disorder is identified as one main disorder that impends human existence consequently with an increasingly burdensome problem, causing victims many years lived with disability. Though the experience of mental disorder is universal, and the interpretation of the experience, notions of causation, treatment, and preferred source of care, varying from one culture to another. This study examines experiences of traditional medicine utilization among persons living with mental disorders within the community with the lens of phenomenological research design. It involved 13 participants and with the use of a structured interview guide as an instrument for data collection. Data were audio-recorded and thematically analyzed using the four phases of phenomenological explication. Thirteen participants comprised two patients recovering from mental illness, two herbalists, one faith healer, and eight family caregivers to patients. Participants were within the ages of 20-above 50years of age. Eight males and five females participated in the study. Most of the participants had an O-level certificate, were mostly farmers, were Christians, and spoke the local Ukawani language. Results from the study were under three main themes, firstly on the pattern of utilization which revealed that persons living with mental disorders in Obiaruko Community, Delta State reported the use of traditional medicine. Secondly on commonly used traditional medicine which includes herbs, prayers, and spiritual healing/cleanings, and thirdly, on factors influencing use which indicates that decision to use was based on the belief on the perceived effectiveness of traditional medicine. The main cause of mental disorders identified by participants was spiritual, evil spirit, and ancestral involvement. It is recommended that Federal and State Government guidelines and legislature be made for improved and applied utilization of traditional medicine and nurses should actively participate in improving mental health services particularly at a community level.