ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 28, 2019
A Report on Multiple Births in Hanuman Langur (Semnopithecus Entellus) in and Around Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Page no 355-359
The present study covers multiple on Hanuman langurs, Semnopithecus entellus, and species living around Jodhpur, India. The current statement delivers report multiple births during 2018-2019. Four cases of multiple births (three twins and one triplet birth) were observed during study in species at Jodhpur. The adult female with twins/triplet birth expended more time in foraging and resting. The research suggested that adult females with multiple deliveries can successfully survive in a study environment.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Nov. 11, 2019
Impact of Climate Change on Honey Bee Population and Diseases with Special Reference to Fiji Islands
Sachchida Nand Rai, Kalivoa Ravuiwasa
Page no 335-339
Honey bees are crucial in maintaining the biodiversity by pollinating number of plant species whose fertilization requires an obligatory pollinator. The European honey bee, Apis mellifera used by the bee keepers in Fiji is found as most economically valuable pollinator and has shown great adaptive potential against the variation in climate. The species is found almost on every agricultural crop worldwide and in highly diverse climates. In context to climate change, the variability in life history of Apis mellifera regards to temperature and the environment shows that the species possesses genetic variability; this could give rise to the selection of development cycles suited to new climatic conditions. Taking the above into consideration, it is to be examined the potential impact of climate change on honey bee behaviour, its physiology and distribution, as well as on the evolution of the honey bee’s interaction with diseases.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 26, 2019
Effect of Salicylic Acid Sprays on the Performance of Fenugreek Grown with Graded Levels of Salinity
Firoz Mohammad, Mir Abdul Wajid, Mansoor Ahmad Bhat
Page no 346-354
An experiment was carried out in a net-house, Aligarh Muslim University Department of Botany. The six different treatments that were used in this study includes control, Salicylic acid, NaCl (50 mM), SA + 50 mM NaCl, 100 mM NaCl and SA + 100 mM NaCl. The resultant plants from salt-treated seeds of the present investigation indicated that seeds recorded lower values for all the growth attributing parameters. It was deep-rooted that 50 mM and 100 mM salt concentrations harm the growth, biochemical and yield parameters of fenugreek. Salt stress reduces plant height, fresh weight, dry weight, chlorophyll content, Nitrate reductase activity, number of pods and seed yield in fenugreek. The foliar application of Salicylic acid alleviates the negative effect of salinity. This effect was more pronounced in 50 mM salt stress than 100 mM.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 8, 2019
Assessing the Feasibility of Growing Some Imported Plants for Combating Desertification Using Matk and Rbcl Markers
Faten Dhawi, Sumayah I. Alsanie
Page no 340-345
In the current study, we tested the feasibility of using three species of imported plants to combat desertification in Saudi Arabia. Delonix regia, Jacaranda mimosifolia, and Simmondsia chinensis were chosen for the evaluation because they have previously been reported to have marked drought and heat tolerance characteristics. To examine the feasibility of using these non-native plants for the mitigation of desertification, we aimed to determine the evolutionary relationships between the imported and local plants. DNA extracted from the non-native plants was compared with that of 45 local taxa. Two genes, Maturase K (matK) and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase large subunit (rbcL), were sequenced and aligned for all species of imported and local plants analyzed in this study. The two molecular markers are known to be evolutionary conserved. A molecular phylogenetic tree was generated using the local and imported plants, and it showed similarity between Delonix regia and Cassia senna, indicating that they belong to the same family (Leguminosae). Similarly, Jacaranda mimosifolia (a member of Bignoniaceae) was found to be closely related to the local plants Plantago ovata and P. arenaria. Simmondsia chinensis was determined to be distantly related to many taxa of flora found in Saudi Arabia. The results of molecular analysis and the physiological features of Delonix regia and Jacaranda mimosifolia indicate that both species are closely related to Saudi Arabia flora, more so than Simmondsia chinensis.