ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 30, 2019
Identification of Blood Serum Facial Markers and Their Crystallographic Features in Liver Pathologies
M.T. Botirov, Yu.D.Khaitova
Page no 331-334
In this work, the facies of blood serum were studied in patients with liver pathologies and pathological markers were identified, and information on their crystallographic features was given. To solve the set tasks, wedge dehydration methods, computer morphometry, biochemical, microscopic and statistical research methods were used. The work studied the correlation between the features of the change from the norm, the magnitude of informative biochemical blood parameters of patients with established diagnoses of liver pathology, as well as the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the morphotexture of the solid phase facies of their blood.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 15, 2019
Prevalence and Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) Fact
Ibrahim D. A. Sakal, Rwida A. Emberesh, Alaqilh A. Alhamoudi, Sameya T. Habhab, Mohamed A. Waddan
Page no 283-286
There are differences in the distributions of AB and Rh(D) blood groups amongst different populations. The present investigation was undertaken with the aim to study ABO blood group frequency amongst a blood donors in Sabratha city - Libya. The data for ABO blood group were collected from register of Central Blood Bank, Sabratha-Libya during a period of six months (January to June 2019). A total of 5356 donor were included in the study. The frequency of blood group O (43.19%) was found to be the highest, followed by blood group A (34%), B (18.13%) and AB (4.68%). The results also indicated that (83.53%) of donors were Rh positive and (16.47%) were Rh negative. The study may give preliminary idea about blood group frequency distribution among the population of Sabratha.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 20, 2019
Poverty Alleviation through Aquaculture: An Inquiry into Some Selected Areas of Rural Bangladesh
Md. Anwar Hossain Mondal, Md. Mehedi Hasan Sikdar, A.B.M. Mahbub Morshed Khan, Md. Jahangir Alam
Page no 287-297
An investigation was made to assessing the contribution of aquaculture on poverty alleviation in rural Bangladesh. A total of one hundred five (105) farmers comprising of seventy five (75) from fish farming households and thirty (30) from non-fish farming households were selected as sample. The farmers were selected using stratified random sampling techniques. The data were collected from the study areas through questionnaires survey, focus group discussion (FGD) and cross-check interviews. Results of the study indicated that current fish production increased on an average 4300 Kg/ha/year as compared to before records (1252 Kg/ha/year ).Aquaculture contributed 29.67 percent on total annual income after participation in aquaculture. Estimated Benefit-Cost-Ration (BCR) was 3.10. A pronounced changing state on the quality and quantity of livelihoods capitals such as human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital and financial capital were observed comparing with the before situation. Fish consumption pattern analysis result showed that in before fish consumption quantity was on an average 33.66 gram/capita/day and that quantity rose to on an average of 63 gram /capita/day after participation in aquaculture. The estimated Head Count Poverty rate was found to be 16 percent in fish farming households as compared to 26 percent of the non-fish farming household which indicated that non-fish farming households were likely more poor than fish farming households. Regarding aquaculture production, income generation, livelihood assets acquisition and food fish security it was concluded from the present study that aquaculture surely have had a significant contribution to poverty alleviation in the rural Bangladesh.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 27, 2019
Growth, Fruits Yield and Fruits Physicochemical Properties of Capsicum annum L. as Affected by Compost and Vivianite Powder at Dang Locality in Adamawa Cameroon
Tchuenteu Tatchum Lucien, Maimouna Abba, Simeu Ngalle Yolande Christelle, Megueni Clautilde
Page no 318-325
Capsicum annum L. (sweet pepper) is a vegetable which belongs to Solanaceae family. In order to increase sustainable sweet pepper production, study was conducted on effect of natural fertilizers on its productivity under Sudano-Guinean climate of Adamawa Cameroon. Randomized complete block design with 07 treatments and 03 replications was used. Treatments that applied per plant were: compost (CBV); 20 g of vivianite (V20); 30 g of vivianite (V30); CBV and V20 mixture (CBV + V20); CBV and V30 mixture (CBV + V30); chemical fertilizer (T+) and unfertilized plants (T-). Stage of plants development; growth and yield as well as fruits physicochemical characteristics were evaluated. Results showed that flowering and fruiting of treated plants by natural fertilizers (compost and vivianite) were early compared to T- and T+ plants. Fruits yield from mixture of 1 kg of compost + 20 g of vivianite was significantly (p˂0.05) higher than that from the other treatments and is 1.46 fold higher than that from T+ plants. Overall, fruits from treated plants by natural fertilizers are richer in vitamin C and mineral elements than those from T- and T+ plants. Fruits vitamin C content from amended compost plants is 1.60 fold higher than that from T+ plants. These results suggest that the quality of natural fertilizer is important not only for improving sweet pepper growth and fruits yield, but also for improving nutritional value of fruits. 1 kg of compost + 20 g of vivianite mixture is recommended to sweet pepper grower of Adamawa Cameroon.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 27, 2019
Molecular Identification of Gut Microflora of the Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii Fed with Probiotic Bacterium Bacillus licheniformis Supplemented Diet
A. Sudha, P. Saravana Bhavan, R. Udayasurian, T. Manjula, R. Kalpana, M. Karthik
Page no 303-317
Probiotics offer a wide range of health benefits to the host. The present paper deals with 16S r-RNA sequence analysis of gut microbial diversity of M. rosenbergii fed with B. licheniformis (MTCC 429; NCBI-GenBank accession number, MK158065 supplemented diet (CFU, 935x10-6). The >10 kb genomic DNA yield ˷1500 pb PCR amplified products against specific 16S r-RNA primers. The aligned sequences of the gut of control prawns showed 1337 bp, 768 bp, 1334 bp, 1419 bp, 1315 bp, 1313 bp, 1466 bp and 1289 bp 16S r-RNA for Pseudomonas sp., Klebsiella oxytoca, Escherichia coli, Bacillus coagulans, Streptococcus thermophilus, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter koseri and Acinetobacter sp., respectively. The gut of experimental prawns showed 1350 bp, 1495 bp, 1464 bp, 1307 bp, 1446 bp, and 1347 bp 16S r-RNA for Bacillus sp., Bacillus licheniformis, Lactobacillus plantarum, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus iniae and Citrobacter sp., respectively. The biochemical tests confirmed that the pathogenic bacteria, like Pseudomonas sp., Klebsiella sp., Staphylococcus sp., and Acinetobacter sp., have competitively been excluded from the gut of experimental prawns due to colony establishment of B. licheniformis and produced good growth . The BLAST of these sequences showed almost 100% similarities with the same species retrieved from the NCBI database. The MAS showed 460 identical amino acids residues, 79 similar amino acids residues and 308 variable amino acids sites for control prawns, and 879 identical amino acids residues, 85 similar amino acids residues and 396 variable amino acids sites for experiment prawns. These sequences have less number of AT biases and more number of GC biases. Overall, the nucleotide divergence and the phylogenetic information calculated were clearly discriminated these bacterial species. Therefore, 16S r-RNA sequencing provides accurate identification of bacterial species.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 30, 2019
Characterization of Selected Plants Leaves with Particular Emphasizes on Epidermis
A Raza, Iqra, U. Ghani, N. Azhar, I. Hussain, M. U. Khan, S. Bano, A. Rubab, S. N. Sajid, S. A. H. Bukhari, Z. Haider, M. Mubeen , S. A. Sajid, J. Ali , N. Aish, A. Wahab
Page no 326-330
The leaves of most plants contain two highly differentiated cell types in the epidermis guard cells, which constitute stomata, and trichomes. These cells, the spacing of which is the primary focus are usually separated from each other by pavement cells. Our understanding of the response of angiosperm stomata to environmental parameters remains imprecise because we know little about the mechanisms of stomata control modules. This research was carried out in the old Botanical Garden of the Agriculture University, Faisalabad from January 2019 to June 2019 to examine morphological studies of selected dicots plants leaves with biological active compounds for treatment of cancer using the compound light microscope also to predict algometric relationships between morphologically stomata traits in relation to gaseous exchange in leaf and required allocation of epidermal area to stomata. Epidermal cells varied from round, square to hexagonal with distinctive anticlinal cell wall and sunken stomata distributed on adaxial and abaxial were observed. Stomata are present in the upper and lower surface of the leaves helpful as adaptation for plants during photosynthesis process and stress condition to maintain the water usage.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 25, 2019
Determination of Heavy Metals in Cosmetics Used in Bangalore Metropolitan City
K. L. Prakash and Manjushree
Page no 298-302
The paper highlights the metallic contents of cosmetic product includes whitening cream and lipstick of different brand and colour and they are commonly used products in Bangalore city. Sample were analysed to determine the heavy metals like Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe) and Nickel (Ni) using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (F-AAS). The heavy metals like Cu, Fe and Ni were detected in all the samples with varying concentration except iron, iron was below detectable level in lipstick samples. The concentrations (ppm) of Iron (Fe) ranged between BDL and 4.4881ppm in both lipstick samples and whitening creams samples. The concentration of Copper (Cu) ranged from 0.5392ppm to 0.5054ppm in lipstick samples and 0.5704ppm to 0.495ppm in whitening creams. The concentration of Nickel (Ni) ranged from 28.2911ppm to 26.713ppm in lipstick samples and 31.383ppm to 27.670ppm in whitening cream. The partial elimination of heavy metals from cosmetic products after manufacturing can be possible. However, the quality of the products can be improved by consideration of raw materials and heavy metal levels. The excessive use of cosmetics should be discouraged by public awareness. Therefore, efforts are necessary to make aware of the users and the general public especially pregnant women and children about the harmful consequences of cosmetics use. It is suggested to regular monitoring of heavy metals and
chemicals used in cosmetics as pose health risk among the users.