The purpose of this study was to explain the effect of “Competence and Transformational Leadership on motivation and its implications for teacher performance at SDN 01 and 02 Petukangan Utara. The research method used a quantitative approach, where the population in this study were 50 teachers of SDN 01 and 02 Petukangan Utara. Data collection techniques using interviews and questionnaires. The questionnaire survey instrument will be sent to teachers of SDN 01 and 02 Petukangan Utara. The data will be analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) with the Smart PLS 3.0 software program. This study wants to reveal that competence, transformational leadership, and motivation have a significant effect on employee performance, either partially or simultaneously. In addition to clarify the motivation as an intermediary variable of Competence and Transformational Leadership.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 5, 2020
Scientific Based Learning Activities with Assessment Presentation and Class Management Techniques
Learning for students was to master the material in the purpose of facing the learning evaluation, and it was requiring a maximum ability. In fact, there were students who were not able to master the material. This situation informed that there was a low learning activity. This problems could be solved by having a scientific learning activities based using assignment techniques and classroom management. Learning activities were shown through the involvement of students in physical and mental activities by completing assignments both inside and outside the classroom. And it was done using scientific principles in order to create a conducive atmosphere and optimal learning maintenance. The exploratory method was carried out during the learning process at elementary school teacher education study program of UMN Al-Washliyah. Before the learning activities begun, it was done earlier by controlling and coordinating the class preparation for presenting the results of the assignments. Learning activities were begun through the steps and process of observation, asking questions, collecting information by experimenting, processing information and communicating. The technique of presenting the results of the assignment was debate, which meant that all students should prepare themselves mentally about the material being discussed. When the presenter reviewed the material, the examiner can be directly asking or objecting to the review of the material presented by the presenter. Apart from that, the audience was allowed to ask some related questions.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Dec. 5, 2020
Elementary Analysis of Oshiro Tatsuhiro as a Representative Writer in Okinawa after World War II
In recent years, with the territorial dispute between China and Japan, the research on Okinawa's national subjectivity and cultural themes and its achievements have been increasing in China. However, research on post- World War II Okinawa literature is still not mature. The theses, which analyze Okinawa’s history, religion, folklore, culture, and even the potential consciousness of Okinawa, people since ancient times from the perspective of post- World War II Okinawa literature is especially rare. When we study the post- World War II Okinawa literature, it is important for us to ignore Oshiro Tatsuhiro (1925-2020), the first Okinawa writer, who won The Akutagawa Prize, the highest honor in Japanese pure literature. Oshiro Tatsuhiro's literature not only records the relationship between China and Ryukyu with a strong sense of history and humanistic sentiment, but also is praised because of his distinctive Okinawa character, and it also has its own place in the field of "Japanese literature." In a sense, we can also refer to the literature of Oshiro Tatsuhiro as a cross-nation and mixed literature.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 6, 2020
Effect of Physical Activity on Perceived Stress, Sleep Quality and Subjective Happiness during Middle Age
Physical activity has been considered as an effective strategy for both physiological and psychological benefits. Though its effects are well documented among adolescents and adults, but it has not been studied extensively in middle aged people. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to see the effect of physical activity on perceived stress, sleep quality and happiness among middle aged people. Total 455 participants (males=197, females=258) in the age range of 40-60 years were recruited for the present study. To assess the domains of physical activity, perceived stress, sleep quality and subjective happiness, Godin-Shephard Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (Godin, 1985), Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen et. al., 1983), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (Buysse, et al., 1989) and Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999) were used respectively. Obtained scores were subjected to two-way analysis of variance. Findings of the study revealed significant effect of physical activity on perceived stress (F= 3.34; p< 0.05) and sleep quality (F = 387.036; p< 0.01). But, physical activity did not produce significant effect on subjective happiness among male and female participants. The study indicates that physical activity plays a vital role in enhancing sleep quality and reducing perceived stress among middle-aged people. The significant implications have been discussed.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 20, 2020
Knowledge of Hypertension among Nurses at a Tertiary Medical College Hospital, Sylhet
This cross-sectional study was performed among 150 senior staff nurses of Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College during from September to December 2019 to assess the knowledge of nurses about hypertension. The maximum age of the respondents was 51 years and the minimum age was 25 years. The maximum respondents 77 (51.33%) were in 35-45 age group. The prevalence of hypertension among the relatives of senior staff nurses was about 33%. Of them 12% told that there was a history of hypertension among their mothers, 7.3% told the history of hypertension among their fathers, Sisters 3.3%, Brothers 2.7% and uncles. The mean age of the respondents was 37.39 ±5.24years. The educational qualification revealed that the majority had SSC (74.7%). and HSC, Degree and masters were 17.3%, 7.3% and .7% respectively. The professional qualifications of the respondents found that 131(87%) were Diploma in nursing and Diploma in midwifery, 10.7% were BSC nursing and only 2% were MPH holders. The majority 98.7%were responded hypertension was genetic, only 1.3% told hypertension was not genetic. The majority (81.3%) of the respondents told that it was a disease in blood vessel, 14.7% told it was a heart disease and only 3.3% told that it was a Brain disease. Knowledge on types of hypertension, 93.33% (n-150) told Primary &Secondary hypertension, only 6.66% told all three types of hypertension. 99.3% had knowledge about essential hypertension while only .7 had no knowledge about essential hypertension. Majority (49.33%) of the respondents told Genetic, smoking, Diabetes, Smoking, Kidney disease, overweight, High intake of fat containing diet, physical inactivity, anxieties, excess salt intake, Drug addiction were the causes of hypertension. 48.66% told Genetic, smoking, Diabetes were the causes of Secondary HTN, 23.33% anxieties, excess salt intake, Drug addiction. Problems of uncontrolled hypertension were showed that majority 93.3 % of the respondents told headache, neck pain, vertigo, nausea, restlessness, chest compression were the problems caused by uncontrolled hypertension. 98.0% told Genetic, smoking, Diabetes, anxieties, excess salt intake and overweight were the personal factors caused by HTN. Knowledge about the grade of hypertension was found that 95.33% told grade-1 and grade-2 hypertension and only 4.66% had known all three types of hypertension. Results showed that 99.3% (n=149) had told exercise, control body weight, change food habit, medication and stop smoking were the control measures of HTN. 65.3% told containing diet, control HTN. Related diseases avoid anxieties, increase intake of vegetables and fruits were the preventive measures of HTN. The insignificant association was found between age of the respondents and knowledge about preventive measures of hypertension. (p value> .05).
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Dec. 30, 2020
Rural Low Income Reproductive Age Women’s Health in Emohua Kingdom in Rivers State Nigeria and Growth in Agriculture
The work is a quantitative research. It examines how health status of rural low income reproductive age women in Emohua Kingdom in Rivers State Nigeria can result to growth in agriculture of the people and Rivers State at large. The respondents are 60 rural reproductive age women who are farmers from the area. Similarly, related literature was reviewed. Thereafter, data were collected. The collected data were analyzed using simple percentage and Chi-square. At the end of the analysis, it was revealed that malaria, typhoid, diarrhea is among the common health challenges and that these negatively affect their agriculture production level. Based on this, the work recommends repositioning of Primary Health Care which should include free medical care for rural farmers, the establishment of health-agriculture policy that can stimulate both sectors simultaneously among others.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
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