The problem of juvenile dealing with the law is one of the problems surfaced in the effort to protect and to fulfill juvenile's rights in Indonesia. Currently, the problem is handled with Law No. 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System (SPPA) which regulates the judicial process for juvenile in conflict with the law, including juvenile in conflict with the law, especially regarding their assistance in the court. The existing problems show that the SPPA Law does not reflect the value of justice on the legitimacy of legal acts of juvenile in conflict with the law. This study uses a socio-legal research approach with data sources, namely primary data obtained in the field and relevant literature as a secondary data. The data analysis used was a descriptive-analytical method. The results the author's research shows that the protection of the legitimacy of juvenile's legal acts in conflict with the law in the juvenile criminal justice system in Indonesia has not shown the value of justice optimally because not all juvenile who undergo a judicial process in child criminal cases receive assistance from their parents or biological parents them, it is not uncommon for many parents to feel embarrassed to accompany the criminal justice process for their juvenile. From this, efforts are needed to reconstruct the legality of legal acts of juvenile, namely reconstructing and adding new constructs of Article 1 point 18 with new constructions and adding one new construction as point 18a.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 3, 2020
Reconstruction of Policy for the Termination of Investigation by the Commission for Eradication of Corruption Based on the Pancasila's Value of Justice
The implementation of the termination of investigations by the Indonesia's Commission of the Eradication of Corruption (KPK) in Indonesia has not been able to provide justice due to the unclear regulatory factors in Law Number 19 of 2019 concerning the Amendment of the KPK Law. Based on this, the problem raised by the writer in this study is what are the obstacles that arise in in the process of investigation by the KPK in realizing the principles of fast, cheap, and simple Investigation and how to reconstruct the termination of an investigation by the KPK from the perspective of Law Number 19 of 2019. The research method used in this research is normative juridical using secondary legal materials and a qualitative analysis. The results showed that in its development, the investigation policy for suspects who died had changed since the second amendment to Law no. 30 of 2002. Several considerations behind the change in the policy of stopping KPK investigations are to provide protection for the rights of suspects. To deal with this, a reconstruction of the policy to stop investigations in the criminal justice system for corruption cases under the authority of the Corruption Eradication Commission requires reconstruction in Article 40 paragraph (1) of Law no. 30 of 2002, by adding to the provision that the KPK can stop investigating and prosecuting corruption cases where the investigation and prosecution are not completed within a maximum period of 2 (two) years or if there is not enough evidence, not a criminal act and for the sake of the law.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 19, 2020
Life Satisfaction in Correspondence with Self-Efficacy among Banking Sector Employees: A Study of Sitamarhi District, North Bihar
The present investigation was intended to ascertain the relationship between self-efficacy and life satisfaction among banking sector employees with particular reference to Sitamarhi district of North Bihar, India. The sample of the study consisted of 120 participants. The General Self-efficacy (GSE) scale was developed by Jerusalem and Schwarzer  and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), created by Ed Diener , was used for the data collection. Having collected the data from the Bank employees of Sitamarhi district of North, Bihar, India, individual’s score were obtained for giving statistical treatment. Pearson’s correlation was applied to study the relationship between self-efficacy and life satisfaction while simple linear regression was used to examine the role of self-efficacy on life satisfaction. Results indicated that self-efficacy has its major impact on life satisfaction, whereas; Life satisfaction can reflect experiences that has influenced a person in a positive way. These experiences have the ability to motivate people to pursue and reach their respective goals. It is observed during the present study that people generally avoid tasks where they perceive the self-efficacy is low, but undertake tasks where self-efficacy is high. When self-efficacy is significantly beyond actual ability, it leads towards an overestimation of the ability to complete tasks. Obtained results have been discussed in detail by giving appropriate reasons.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Nov. 28, 2020
Impact of Stress on Mental Health among Youth: A Study of Madhubani District, North Bihar, India
The present study was aimed at studying the impact of stress on mental health among youth with reference to Madhubani district of North Bihar, India. This study was conducted to assess the levels of mental health among youth and the relationship of the mental health with stress. Total sample of the study consisted of one hundred (N=100) youth comprising male (n=50) and female (n=50) which were randomly selected from different areas of locality of Madhubani town – a well – known town of North Bihar. It is generally expected that the most affected group in our own nation - India is youth especially in North Bihar region of Bihar State due to day today increasing unemployment. Thus, they have been found to spend most of the time with their friends and stay outside the home due to unemployment. They were bound to stay at home most of the time but no engagement with friends and with other social circles in the mean time. Hence, to achieve the target of the study, the intention of the present researchers was to study the levels of mental health in relation to stress of the particular group by using questionnaires schedules of Mental Health Scale developed by Jagdish and Srivastava (1983) and Perceived Stress Scale developed by Naik and Khan (2018) were used to collect the data from youths of Madhubani town. After collecting the information on the items of the schedules, the individual scores were obtained as per norms and procedures of the scales as given by authors and were given statistical treatment. Finally obtained results had shown that mental health and perceived stress variables are negatively correlated with each other among youth. Moreover, significant difference has been found on different dimensions of mental health and in total as well between the group of male and female youth belonging to Madhubani district. It is very interesting to note that male youth had scored higher degree on mental health schedule than female youth. Thus, the discrepancy of the obtained results has been discussed in detail by giving the probable reasons in the light of the activities prevailing now in Madhubani district of North Bihar, India.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Nov. 30, 2020
Mainstreaming the Culture of Peace into Nigerian Movies
Film is an aspect of media as media is also an integral part of the agents of socialization. There are facts to show that films of which the brand name Nollywood is part of, being the second largest movie industry in the world in terms of film output, has strong ties with determining behavioral attitudes of its audience. This in relation with peace implies that Nollywood films could influence peace or violence attitudes. Earlier works have adopted theories from the field of peace studies in addressing the impact of Nollywood films but this work adopts theories from the field of peace studies and film studies it also used these theories in answering the research questions. Consequently this research therefore assessed the extent to which Nollywood promotes the culture of peace or the culture of violence, determining the key themes in Nollywood films and also its impact on its audience and the society at large. The research adopted Social Learning theory, Structural Functionalism theory and Cultivation theory for the investigation. The documentary research design is also adopted for this research. Primary and secondary data is gotten from the films selected and also through focus group discussion. The researcher through purposive sampling selects 5 films (Last Flight to Abuja, October 1, Dry, ’76 and Alter Ego) that got nominated or won Best film of the year at the African Magic Viewer’s Choice Award (AMVCA) from 2014-2018 with a sample size of 3,381 films. The focus group discussion had a target of 50 participants but got 34 participants, a semi structured interview guide was created and content analysis was used to analyze data. From the study, the following finds were reached. Nollywood films promote the culture of peace with a total of 11.6%, Nollywood films also promote the culture of violence with a total of 25.2%. The following themes were derived from the research Cultural promotion, patriotism, education, gender based violence, Structural Violence, Justice, Nudity, Tribalism and Romance, Crime. The research has being able to establish that Nollywood influences the behavioral pattern of its audience and also affects and influences the society being a part in a whole, it has ethical responsibilities. It can therefore be concluded that Nollywood promotes the culture of Violence while discouraging the culture of peace. From the research it is also determined that Nollywood have key themes in which the audience and viewers can derive when they watch the films. Nollywood is a part in a whole and not a standalone entity in the society. Nollywood also influences the behavioral patterns of its viewers. The researcher recommends that Peace scholars be co-opted into the Nigerian film and video censor board so as to contribute positively in identifying violent films so as to reduce its spread admits film lovers in Nigeria. The researcher also recommends that filmmakers should understand that they have ethical responsibilities to their audience and so contents in the films must be well crafted so as not to pass the wrong message.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Nov. 26, 2020
Strategies for Teaching ESP Vocabulary in Nigerian Universities
Despite the status of English as dominant language in Nigeria, a lot is still required to enhance its effective teaching and learning. Being a second language in Nigeria, English is confronted with difficulties faced by students, teachers, and researchers of the language. This raises a need for professional based English teaching. It is on this note that this paper reviewed different strategies developed by different scholars in the teaching of ESP vocabulary under the framework of Communicative Approach to language teaching. The paper observed that the teaching ESP vocabulary in Nigerian context requires a combination of methodologies and concluded that lecturers of ESP should utilize methodologies that encourage interactive use of the target vocabulary. The paper recommended that individual lecturers should experiment with various strategies and choose any combinations they find most suitable for both their learners and the teaching circumstances.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
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