Plagiarism Enforcement in Indonesia can be said to have not been quite effective because the plagiarism level is still quite high. In 2013 alone it was found that there were at least 808 cases of plagiarism in Indonesia. This needs to be studied more deeply, as was done by the authors in this article. With the subject matter of why this can happen, and whether the arrangement in Indonesia itself is quite effective. The results of the study show that the problem that is a weakness of the Plagiarism enforcement system in Indonesia is that it does not regulate Cryptomnesia-related Plagiarism that occurs when forgotten memories are returned unnoticed by the person concerned, who believes that memory is a new and first thing so that ideas arise without consciously imitating the work of others and as in line with Regulation of the Minister of Education Number 17 of 2010 that in implementing scientific autonomy and academic freedom, students / lecturers / researchers / education personnel are obliged to uphold honesty and academic ethics, especially the prohibition of plagiarism in producing scientific work, so that creativity in the academic field can grow and developing. Therefore, the copyright arrangement in Indonesia should be reconstructed without categorizing Crytomnesia as plagiarism.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 5, 2020
Kisumu County Secondary School Students’ Preferences to Content Published In the Pulse Magazine in Retrospect to Negative Behaviour
Globally the print media has made strides in publishing content that is appealing to readers. The Kenyan mainstream newspapers have established colourful and sensational pullouts to attract youthful readers. Among the most popular free pullout entertainment magazines is the ‘Pulse’ which is accessed by the youth in secondary schools and its content may be having a behavioural impact on them. The objective of the study was to establish the preference secondary school students have to content published in the Pulse on negative behaviour that is likely to motivate students to engage in practices that contribute to cases of early pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and drug abuse. The study was guided by the Media Dependency Theory by Ball-Rokeach and DeFluer , showing audience dependency on media information. The study adopted a cross-sectional design targeting a population of 24,539 students. A sample size of 393 was drawn from the population of 24,539 students using Yamane , sample size formula. The study thereafter administered questionnaires to the 392 students. The study established that 356 respondents out of the 393 found content in the Pulse magazine appealing at a frequency rate of 90%. This was of concern due to the likelihood that the youth would engage in risky behaviour if given a chance leading to outcomes detrimental to their health and academic performance. The study will assist education policy makers, the media, and academicians in establishing ethical policies during the development of print media content.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 5, 2020
The Relationship between Some Components of Prisoner’s Psychological Well-Being and Duration in Prison in Hosssana Correctional Center
This study was design to address the relationship between duration in prison and some components of psychological well-being (i.e. self-awareness, stress and stress coping) among prisoners in Hosanna town correctional center. To meet this objective, the researcher drew 70 out of 2000 populations who were pursuing their life in 2012 E.C was selected as the sample participants of the study by using systematic random sampling technique by making use of random numbers. The reason why the researcher uses this technique is, in order to give equal chance to the targeted population and to avoid research bias. A point Likert type scale questionnaire was used to address the relationship between duration in prison and some components of psychological well-being. The basic research questions of this paper was first, what are the relationship between the year of stay in prison and the levels of self-awareness, stress and stress coping among prisoners second, is there a gender difference on self- awareness, stress and stress coping among prisoners third, are there relationship between prisoner's psychological well-being and their age. The data were analyzed through percentage, correlation; T-test and ANOVA. The result reveled that there is no significant relationship between some components of psychological well-being (i.e. self- awareness, stress and stress coping) and age among prisoners. The study also revealed that there is significant difference between male and female prisoners on the components of psychological well-beings (i.e. self-awareness, stress and stress coping). As well as it shows significance relationship between duration of stay in prison and the components of psychological well-being (i.e. self-awareness, stress and stress coping) among the prisoners of Hosanna town. The study suggested that it is advisable to create favorable conditions for the prisoner to develop a sense of good interaction when he/she is in the prison or/and after return to the society and they should be done by practicing different physical exercise going in concordance with flexible plane of schedules. Finally, the correctional center should develop sense of belongings and coordination among offender to minimize stress and conflict in the correctional center.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 8, 2020
Management of Pond Entrepreneurship: Case Study at Al-Mukhlisin Orphanage Islamic Boarding School Foundation
The existence of pesantren in responding to the development time to be able to give birth to reliable santri empowerment through the power of the brain (thinking), heart (faith), and hands (skills) is the main asset to form a santri personality capable of balancing to the development of time. Various skill activities in the form of trainings or workshops (daurah) which further deepen knowledge and work skills are the effort to broaden the knowledge of santri in the field of entrepreneurship, which constitutes one of the concrete breakthroughs to prepare santri as an individual in the community. This research is directed to answer, investigate, and analyze the management of the pond entrepreneurship at the Orphanage Foundation/Pondok Pesantren Al Mukhlisin Ciseeng, Bogor. The results show that the fish pond entrepreneurship was carried out through extra-curricular activities the Orphanage Foundation/Pondok Pesantren Al Mukhlisin Ciseeng, Bogor.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 8, 2020
Perceived Occupational Stress and Its Dimensions as Predictors of Organizational Change: A Psychological Study of Doctors Working in DMCH, North Bihar, India during COVID – 19 Outbreaks
Change is inevitable. If any change occurs during any event whether it’s natural or man – made causes stress unless the change is accompanied by some benefits. In the present periods of COVID – 19 outbreaks various changes have been brought into the organizations in particular and among the people in general as per the norms of World Health Organization (WHO). Hence, the present piece of research endeavor is an effort to find out the predictors of organizational change with particular reference to doctors working in Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital (DMCH). For the present study total sample only sixty (N=60) doctors were selected randomly from Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital (DMCH) by contacting on mobile, WhatsApp and Google mail. Total Subjects’ age ranged between 28 to 52 years. Data were collected through questionnaire schedules. After collecting the data on the items of the schedules, individual scores were obtained for giving statistical treatment using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) through computer to find out the predictors influencing organizational change during COVID –19 outbreaks. Having analyzed the data only three dimensions of occupational stress, viz., ‘role overload’, ‘responsibility for persons’, and ‘strenuous working conditions’ have been found as the predictors of organizational change, although, doctors group, undertaken for the present study, working in DMCH have been found to have positive reactions towards change. Finally, obtained results have been discussed in detail by highlighting the exigency of situations prevailing throughout the nations of the world.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 8, 2020
Employees’ Work Motivation during COVID–19 Outbreaks: A Comparative Study of Missionary and Govt. Schools
Recent developments and researches have proved that old or traditional management models as typical hierarchical organizational structure, autocracy, tight control, close supervision, etc are not effective and would not fit the current organizational conditions especially to school organizations. Many Indian government schools find themselves unable to compete in retaining talent globally when compared to missionary school employees working in India due to their high level of work motivation. Therefore, the present study was aimed at studying the employees’ work motivation during COVID – 19 pandemic among teaching and non – teaching employees working in Government and Missionary Schools with particular reference to North Bihar. To measure the differences between Government and Missionaries Schools employees in terms of their levels of work motivation during COVID–19 outbreaks, total sample consisted of one hundred sixty (N=180) which were randomly selected from different Government and Missionaries Schools located at North Bihar, viz., Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur. These are well – known towns of North Bihar. The break up of the total sample comprises Government school teachers (n=45) and Govt. school Non – teacher (n=45) and similarly Missionary School teachers (n=45) and Missionary School Non – teacher (n=45). Total respondents’ age were ranged between 30 to 58 years of age. Having collected the information on the problem through questionnaire schedule, the data were tabulated as per norms of the schedule for giving statistical treatment. Obtained results indicated significant differences in terms of teaching employees’ work motivation between the group of Government School and Missionary school. It is important to mention here that the levels of work motivation among Government school teaching employees have been found little high as compared to missionary school teaching employees but had not shown significant difference during COVID–19 outbreaks. Finally discrepancy of obtained results has been discussed in detail by highlighting the probable reasons.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 8, 2020
Perceived Morality among Undergraduate Students Belonging to Forward and Backward Caste: A Study of Mithila Region of North Bihar
A dynamic reviewer of conservative morality has generally been viewed that moral judgments express individual desires or accepted habits. It is indeed that complete human beings participate fully in the life of society and express all of their nature. Some impulses must be checked in the interests of society and others in the interest of individual development, but it is a person's relatively unrestricted natural growth and self-realization that makes for the good life and harmonious society. Thus, the present research endeavor was aimed at studying morality among undergraduate students belonging to forward and backward classes with special reference to Mithila region of North Bihar. In this study one hundred sixty (N=160) undergraduates were selected randomly from different constituent colleges of L. N. Mithila University, India. Data were collected through questionnaire schedule. Having collected the data, individual scores were obtained as per norms of the test for giving statistical treatment. Obtained results revealed the clear cut picture regarding the significance of difference in terms of their perceived morality between the group of forward and backward undergraduates studying in different colleges of L. N. Mithila University as their t – value had been found significant statistically at .01 level of confidence. Moreover, no significant difference between the group of male and female undergraduates has been found within the group of forward and backward classes especially in Mithila region, although forward group of male and female undergraduates had shown higher degree of perceived morality as compared to backward class group. The present trends of results have been discussed in detail by highlighting the probable reasons prevailing in Mithila region.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 11, 2020
The Seasons in the Music Lesson - A Resourceful Topic for the Acquisition of Musical Means of Expression and the Development of Students' Creative Thinking
The educational set for the music lesson in Bulgarian school contain a printed edition of the textbook with the basic information intended for acquisition; a teacher's book which contains additional information on each topic that will be taught and a suggested plan for each lesson; a student's book with supplementary questions and tasks, suitable for both classroom work and homework; a set of CDs with the music for listening and the songs for singing; an electronic textbook, combining the content of the printed edition of the textbook, all musical works for listening and songs for performing, offered with soloists included, and - in a separate file - only the instrumental accompaniment suitable for performing simbeck, as well as many additional questions tasks, project ideas, a variety of illustrative material - videos, additional musical works, diagrams, tables, photos, poems. The availability of the electronic textbook from any device with internet makes it especially up to date in the conditions of distance learning imposed by the pandemic. In the present study, the tasks dedicated to the topic of the seasons from the printed and electronic textbooks of Prosveta publishing house [1-3] are subjected to theoretical analysis. The results of a pedagogical experiment confirmed those of the theoretical analysis, proving significantly higher success rate, higher potential for unconventional thinking and increased interest in music lessons in students of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade of general education school after the experimental education.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Oct. 16, 2020
Shaking a Spear at Ignorance: Shakespeare was the Tudor Princes Francis Bacon and Edward de Vere
This paper is the first to link both Tudor princes, changeling children and illegitimate sons of Queen Elizabeth I, Edward de Vere and Francis Bacon, to the Shakespeare plays. The author is also the first to discover a dramatic likeness in the countenance featured in the portraits of Edward de Vere and Shakespeare, which he shares in this paper. In addition, he found a dramatic likeness in the handwriting of four pages of original manuscript material from The Book of Thomas More and that of Francis Bacon, the editor and co-author of the Shakespeare works. In addition, this paper shares the discovery that there are four different spellings of the name William Shakespeare appearing on the title pages of the complete works, which suggests that there is a total of four different hands at work in the authoring of the plays. In addition, the 1623 Folio lists the authors name in all block capitals suggesting that the brand name is being used in the case of the collected works because a team is involved and not just a single author.
REVIEW ARTICLE | Oct. 21, 2020
The Future of Pakistan Tourism Industry: A Review Paper
Sundas Shabbir, Hamza Mughal, Maryam Iftikar, Malik Muhmmad Khan, Ayesha Anwar, Fazeel Akhter, Ammna Zubir
The Pakistan Tourism and Development Corporation (PTDC) recently added a revised website. The Pakistan Tourism and Development Corporation (PTDC) recently added a revised website. This aims to enhance Pakistan’s tourism assets from north to south and recognize the country’s capabilities. There is a huge population in Pakistan and the middle class are willing to fly, but it is not easy to travel to foreign destinations. Pakistan's population is approximately 212 million. With a growth rate of up to 2.1 percent, about 38 percent of the population is estimated to account for the growth of the middle class. These social, cultural, historical and natural assets should be recognised to be the real goods the government intends to sell. No further action, let alone the deprivation of the crime of providing this legacy to future generations of Pakistanis, would be taken if they are lost.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 21, 2020
Reconstruction of Land Regulation of Yogyakarta's Sultanate Land Based on Justice Value
Sukarno, Gunarto, Agus Pandoman, Ratih Mega Puspa Sari
The concept of land tenure in Indonesia is basically controlled by the state and then granted to its citizens as stipulated in the Main Agrarian Law (UUPA), but in Yogyakarta, there is a land which is specifically controlled by the sultan, thus there are two different concepts that conflict with one another which often creates legal problems related to the status of the land, these problems are then studied further by the author into research with the following problems and that is what are the weaknesses of the implementation of the current Sultanate land rights registration regulations in Yogyakarta and how is the reconstruction of the Sultanate land registration regulations based on justice values. This study uses a socio-legal research approach with data sources, namely primary data obtained in the field and relevant literature as secondary data. The data analysis used was a descriptive-analytical method. The result of the author's research shows that the weakness of land registration of the Sultanate Land in Yogyakarta is that its regulation has collided with several other regulations issued both at the central and regional levels. To overcome this, it is necessary to Reconstruct the land registration of the Sultanate for legal protection based on the value of justice is to strengthen the position of the Sultanate which is royal in nature with the government to protect the rights of local communities who control and occupy the land and buildings of the Sultanate in the Yogyakarta Special Region to increase economic growth and the welfare of the local community based on human values and justice, and legal reconstruction of Article 1 paragraph (4) of Law no. 13 of 2012 concerning the Privileges of Yogyakarta which in its implementation still respects and strengthens property rights owned by the Sultanate of the Special Region of Yogyakarta.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Oct. 29, 2020
Perceived Stress among Health Care Providers in Long Term Care Facilities
The study was conducted to analyze the effect of self-care intervention on perceived stress of health care providers of elderly with Dementia during the COVID19 pandemic. The objective is find out the outcome of the Self-care intervention on perceived stress of health care providers in long term care facilities. 50 Health care providers of elderly with Dementia are chosen based on purposive sampling. Male and female formal health care providers aged about 20-35yrs who can comprehend Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam and English with an experience of at least 1 month. On an average the perceived stress was higher in the participants prior to the intervention. The study has shown the inevitable benefits of self-care program in modifying aspects of training for the health care workers by identifying perceived stress in maintaining a greater personnel strength and their health promotion. It is concluded that Self-care program aids in subsiding the levels of perceived stress even in situations demanding high levels of occupational dedication in health care workers.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.