In order to implement REDD+ for the benefit of forest populations, this article studies the potentialities of the management system of the Covimof community forest (Molombo, Okékat and Faékélé Village Community) located in the region of Central Cameroon, part of the Congo Basin. It relates the REDD+ implementation requirements as defined by the international format (reference scenario, non-additionality, leakage and non-permanence) and governance elements in terms of community forestry in order to identify management constraints for REDD+ implementation in a community forestry context. Based on the development of a socioeconomic, political and institutional framework capable of regulating the implementation of this mechanism, the barriers to REDD+ will be highlighted. Based on field surveys and interviews with stakeholders, the main problems of community forestry management have been elucidated. The results show that REDD+ will face a number of problems including benefit sharing, communication between stakeholders, and land tenure.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 7, 2020
ICTS and The New Players in The Digital Economy in The City of Yaounde (Cameroon): The Case of The Maintenance of Technological and Electronic Equipment
Like most African countries, Cameroon benefits from the advantages of the use of Information and Communication Technologies. Faced with the emergence of the digital economy that influences all of contemporary society, there is the emergence and high consumption of computer, technological and electronic equipment by urban and rural populations in Cameroon. In Yaounde, this situation is observed in the popularisation of the mobile phone, the creation of startups, multimedia centers and especially the use of computers of all kinds. This digital economy is at the origin of the emergence of new actors whose main role is the maintenance of this increasingly sophisticated technological equipment.In the city of Yaoundé, these actors work daily in centers or structures that ensure the maintenance of the said devices in case of breakdown or mishandling. This research analyses the socio-economic and spatial implications of handling these technological equipment in Yaoundé. It is based on ab survey of 203 Yaounde's technology and electronics repair workshops conducted between 2014 and 2017, as well as direct interviews with 192 customers who solicited and obtained the services of these micro-enterprises. Thus, the implantations of the micro-computer and technological maintenance companies in this city have considerable socio-economic and spatial consequences through the creation of jobs and incomes as well as the undeniable strategies of the actors both in the conquest of the market and the occupation of urban space and the territory of Yaounde.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 10, 2020
Socioeconomic Contexts and Teachers’ Evaluation Practices in Beninese Secondary Schools: Exploring Efl Teachers’ Perspectives
There are limited data available on how the socio-economic neighborhood of a secondary school affect teachers' beliefs about evaluation and how they influence both the teaching and learning processes in secondary schools. This this research is set out to explore such an issue through a qualitative study of a phenomenographic nature. 24 participants were selected from twelve secondary schools situated in both favorable (urban) and challenging (rural) contexts throughout the country. The findings show that the beliefs of teachers working in challenging contexts have elements of a more inclusive evaluation, more adapted to all students, while teachers from schools in more favorable settings are more demanding, seeking more excellence. Therefore, adaptation to the context is the rule since it is the context that is determining the type of evaluation.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 14, 2020
Distribution of Provincial and Regency/City Authorities in Management of Coastal Sea Areas
Khelda Ayunita, Achmad Ruslan, Abd Razak, Hamzah Halim
The purpose of this study was to the authority of the provincial government in the management of coastal sea areas, and the authority of regency/city governments in the management of coastal sea areas. This type of research is normative legal research, using a conceptual approach and a statute approach. The legal materials used in this study consist of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The legal material that has been described in accordance with the main problem is then distributed, explored and then given an argument so that the whole forms a logically interconnected whole about the disclosure of logical rationale and the ontological basis for the issuance of laws governing coastal marine areas. The results of this study indicate that the regulation of management of marine resources is still centralized so that there are many conflicts with the authority of the Regional Government. The promulgation of Law 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government whose authority to manage sea areas is the Provincial Region. This article has aborted Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 32 Year 2004 which states that Regions that have sea territories are given the authority to process resources in their sea territories. The impact of local governments is the difficulty to guarantee the welfare and/or prosperity of the people in this case the people in the sea area which lead to injustice in realizing the people's constitutional rights.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 14, 2020
Justice in Powering and Utilizing Land Rights against Foreign Investment
Land is one of the most important natural resources, including land surface (ie water, forests, etc.) and natural resources contained in the land (ie mineral, coal and energy mining materials, etc.). In international relations, Indonesia surrenders to foreign investors the mining business of strategic mining materials that cannot yet be undertaken on its own due to technological and capital reasons, not based on the issue of equitable use of natural resources, but based on fair and civilized human principles. Fair because it receives mining results in a balanced, civilized manner because natural resources can be used conditionally to foreign citizens. Conversely, it is immoral when the weak economy and technology are controlled by those who control technology and are rich. The Indonesian state needs to use force and power to force foreign investors to carry out their obligations, as a form of fulfilling the self-justice of their people, not on a moral basis that foreigners who are already rich are treated better than their own nation. For this reason, justice in the sense of control and utilization of land rights in the State of Indonesia against foreign investment is no longer a moral issue but a matter of power and law.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 17, 2020
Public Infrastructure Provision Model, Challenges and Implications on Development in the Wum Municipality
The model of public infrastructure provision in the domains of health, education and roads in the Wum Municipality is typical of Cameroonian society. It proves incommensurate with the growing knowledge endowment, technological advances and challenges in these domains. In this article, the authors examine the socio-economic challenges and impacts of the public infrastructure provision model. To achieve this objective, data were collected through direct observation, interviews and focus group discussions and complemented by documentary explorations, where related works in public institutions and online publications were consulted. A GPS Garmin model device was used to locate realised infrastructure and on-going projects. Photographs were taken using a smart phone, (Sony type) to enable the materialization of the observed phenomena. Google scholar was the principal research engine through which documents were obtained from the internet. The findings revealed a mixed scenario, precarious on one hand and promising in the other based on the indicators of progress and retrogression concomitantly observed. Using this model, results show that the provision of social facilities like schools, health centres benefited the population in terms of accessibility improvement. The same results revealed that this centralized state-led model of provision of livelihood facilities has created a societal problem – unsustainability of public infrastructure. This is noticed from the rapid degradation of recently executed projects. The phenomenon has further helped to accentuate poverty in the municipality. The paper concludes that project owners and contractors should put in place an efficient and autonomous control system to check the quality of material and technicians used in the process of public infrastructure provision.
Jonson’s The Alchemist is his magnum opus that aims an alchemical magnum opus of characters to expose the gullibility & follies of humankind. T.S Eliot commends by saying “The plot does not hold together, what holds the play together is its unity” alluding to Ben’s classical standards. The magisterium of Ben Jonson is The Alchemist. Being a filius artis, Ben exhibited his exemplary dramatic skills. Ben Jonson is one of the genuine satirists of English literature who follows the Rabelais and Moliere forms. He is noted for his strident criticism of human nature. This is one such play which follows three classical unities. According to Coleridge, “Upon my world, I think, The Oedipus Tyranus, The Alchemist and Tom Jones are the three most perfect plots ever planned.” (Coleridge) Ben Jonson excelled as arcana of professions, carved The Alchemist as a work of imaginative extravagance and moral logic. With his repertoire, Benjamin Jonson emulates a conman with his vast diction filled with the jargons of conmen and the gulls. Jonson tries to satirize the fallibility of his contemporary England. The city of London was the breeding-house of all vices. As a satirist, he obliged to tend those vices and purgate his corrupted city. The present paper tries to unfurl the metaphor in Ben Jonson’s play The Alchemist i.e. ‘alchemy’. Alchemy is the branch of chemistry which deals with the art of transforming baser metals into gold. It is a medieval fantasy which was to gain the Philosopher’s stone which is a Panacea and a key to immortality. Jonson alludes this art to life. Through this play, he himself becomes an Alchemist at the end.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | April 30, 2020
Strategy for Improving the Quality of Teaching Islamic Religious Education Program in Kopertais Region 1 Jakarta Interpretive Structural Model (ISM) Approach
Milana Abdillah Subarkah, Suhendar Sulaeman, Oneng N Bariyah
This research is a qualitative research with the aim of analyzing the strategy of improving the quality of lecturers of Islamic Religious Education study programs in Kopertais Region 1 DKI Jakarta with the Interpretive Structural Model (ISM) approach. Some of the elements that are the focus of this study include the main obstacles, program objectives, and related institutions. And the results of the study show: First, the main obstacle element. The thing that needs to be prioritized to be improved is the promotion of the functional description of the academic lecturers of Islamic Religious Education and research and community service activities. Second, the element of program objectives. Namely formulating a program of achievement for Islamic Religious Education lecturers who are professional, accomplished and certified. Third, the related institutional elements. From each institution which has authority to improve the quality of lecturers of Islamic Religious Education, they can work together.
Scholars Middle East Publishers
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.