ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Sept. 2, 2022
Study on the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Rural Community in Aligarh
Uzma Eram, Zakia Sultan
Page no 159-163
Research into individuals’ risk perception is essential to understanding their behaviour, and adoption of individual-level preventive measures (e.g. wearing masks, washing hands etc) in case of pandemic. Various perceptions and practices have been associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, we assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding COVID-19 among rural population in Jawan in Aligarh. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Data was collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data collection took place from August - October,2021.We conducted a door to door survey and interviewed 300 persons, aged ≥18 years, who gave consent for the study .The questionnaire was developed using the risk communication and community engagement tool, which was modified according to local settings. Majority of the study population thought Covid 19 to be a disease while few thought it to be a biological weapon used by China or to be due to radiation caused by 5 G network testing. Majority of the study population washed their hands with soap and water and avoided crowded places. Majority of the respondents perceived fever, cough and sore throat as the main symptom, followed by breathlessness and running nose .Very less respondent’s perceived loss of taste and loss of smell. Majority of the population adopted some homemade remedies as a precautionary measure in the form of tea or Kaadha. Most of them had knowledge about mode of spread through cough and sneeze but no one know about the spread of disease through asymptomatic patient. Health care workers also need to use strategies for identifying and communicating with at-risk populations (specifically the elderly) through field visits. They also need to prioritize research in areas of elderly COVID-19 perceptions, particularly around barriers and facilitators to adherence to preventive measures.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Sept. 2, 2022
Prevalence of Psychosocial Problems among Female Employees (A Study in Aligarh)
Dr. Pawan Kumar Patric, Uzma Eram, Dr. Najam Khalique, Dr. Anees Ahmad
Page no 164-169
Occupational mental health not only creates an impact on the professional life and performance given by an employee but it is also responsible for affecting the quality of personal life lead by the employees.Depression and anxiety are the most common psychosocial crisis that the female employees undergo while trying to give their best performance both at home and at the workplace. Recent studies have proved that married woman with young children show more anxiety and depression. This study aimed at analyzing the impact of the Psychosocial problems faced by female employees. In this regard, the objective of this study was set to assess the prevalence of psychosocial problems among female employees. A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to June 2020. Stratified random sampling was done in female employees in Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. A pre-tested semi-structured proforma was used. The study was being done on 378 participants. All the data were entered and analysed in SPSS-20.0 To find out the association between certain variables Chi-square/Fisher Test was used. Among the study participants, 26.7% of working female employees falls below 25th percentile of psychological well-being. This indicates that majority (73.3%) of the female employees have higher psychological well-being. 24.6% of working female employees falls below 25th percentile of Social Well-being. This indicates that majority (75.4%) of the female employees have higher SWB. Only 40% of the doctors scored above 25th percentile of Social Well-being which is the least in terms of the percentage among all the occupational categories of the working women. Among the nursing officer, more than three-fourth (n=166; 78.7%) scored above 25th percentile on PWB scores whereas, 21.3% (n=45) of nursing officer scored below 25th percentile. The Psychological Well-Being is significantly associated to the occupation of the women. The Social Well-Being is significantly associated with Occupation of the women.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Sept. 29, 2022
Oestrogenic Activity of the Methanolic Extract of the Stem Bark of Cylicodiscus gabunensis Harms (Fabaceae)
Ngoule Christian, Ngene Jean Pierre, Ladoh-Yemeda Christelle Flora, Essome Henri, Ngongodi Bagnak Anne Syntyche, Etame-Loe Gisèle, Mpondo Mpondo Emmanuel
Page no 170-174
The aim of this study is to evaluate the estrogenic effects of the methanolic extract of the stem bark of Cylicodiscus gabunensis in the female rat. The evaluation focused on the effect of the extract on the oestrous cycle, the evolution of the fresh weight of the uterus and ovaries, the total cholesterol level, and the total protein and oestradiol levels. The doses of extract administered to the female rats were 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg for 28 days. Administration of C. gabunensis extract at 400 mg/kg induced an increase in total protein levels. The administration of the extract at doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg gives the same results as the negative control which is distilled water. No significant variation of the C. gabunensis extract on the other parameters studied was observed compared to the negative control. This study shows that C. gabunensis would have anti-estrogenic effects, additional work should be carried out in order to validate the use of this extract in the treatment of female infertility.