Scholars International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice (SIJLCJ) | Volume-2-Issue-03
Original Research Article
March 30, 2019
Sexual Assault (Rape) in Bangladesh
Page Numbers : Sch Int J Law Crime Justice, 2019; 2(3): 29-33
DOI : 10.21276/sijlcj.2019.2.3.1
Rape violently asserts masculinity in a patriarchal society, which assigns women a subordinate position. The study focuses on nature and consequences of rape victimization, their sufferings under criminal justice system and adaptation problems in society. As descriptive study, content analysis and case studies basic methods were used. About 211 rape cases as secondary data and 23 rape cases as primary data were estimated in 2012. Most of victims were unmarried (age between 16-20) and more become victimized by acquaintance person where anger rape committed most (48.3% from newspapers and 100% from cases studies). Refuse of love was main factor for causing rape. Offender arrested rate was low (20.2%). running of trial process were less (44%). Medical test had completed for maximum cases (90.9%).suffering too much under criminal justice system was responsible for not reporting to police. Shame, fear, helplessness, frozen feelings were active as post traumatic situation. Free movement discards and degradation of quality of life arouse for adjustment problems after victimization. Findings were presented basis on objectives and explained by social structural, cultural, and institutional victimization theory. The study conducted for social awareness and for the improvement of criminal justice system towards rape victims.
Original Research Article
March 31, 2019
Cyber Criminology: Investigating the Characteristics of Internet Crimes and Criminals
Page Numbers : Sch Int J Law Crime Justice, 2019; 2(3): 34-39
DOI : 10.21276/sijlcj.2019.2.3.2
Currently, the Internet is considered as the largest medium and the most important tool for transferring and exchanging information. Besides the benefits and facilities of this "worldwide web", the possibility of crime occurrence has been doubled. Offenses which are now threatening citizens' safety, behavior and welfare, did not exist in the past at all. The present study investigates properties and factors which double the risk and damage of internet crimes. Findings revealed that on one hand internet crimes have unique characteristics such as global aspect, ease of perpetration, extent of damage, multiplicity of victims and crime detection-related issues and the like and on the other hand, internet criminals and victims differ from other criminals and victims in terms of age, gender, motivation and others.
March 31, 2019
Credit Aspects of Land Reform and Land Settlement Schemes in Nigeria
Chukwu Johnkennedy Obinna
Page Numbers : Sch Int J Law Crime Justice, 2019; 2(3): 40-45
DOI : 10.21276/sijlcj.2019.2.3.3
It is obvious that the life of man and that of the society revolve around land and its resources. This importance of land to man and the society influenced the state intrusion into property legislation in order to ensure adequate and efficient land management technique for the benefits of the greatest number of the members of the society. Furthermore, the nexus between land and economic prosperity of an individual and a nation informed the constitutional provisions respecting the inviolability of private property rights in various jurisdictions around the world. This work focuses on the credit aspects of land reform and land settlement schemes in Nigeria. The findings, manifestly, show that Land Use Act 1978 (Act) brought enormous reforms to the administration and management of land in Nigeria, including the aspects of land settlement schemes. Which has, remarkably, improved the economic value of land, and prescribed a much more better and equitable ways of alienating interest in land as expressed in the combined effect of Sections 21, 22, 23, 24, 26 and 34(7) of the Act. It also notes that Land settlement schemes are projects with positive impact on land, and not fettered by the provision of the Land Use Act 1978, as previously thought. Even the ones created by Deed or Wills before the Land Use Act as adumbrated in Section 26 of the Act, Therefore, we recommend that Governments at all levels should create land settlement schemes, so as to improve land, the fortunes and living conditions of the citizens, and, by extension, food security through the Farm settlements.