Scholars International Journal of Chemistry and Material Sciences (SIJCMS) | Volume-3-Issue-09
Original Research Article
Nov. 5, 2020
Study of Fish Diversity in Various Conditions of Water Level in Batu Bumbun Reservate of Middle Mahakam Regency of Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Lariman, Sus Trimurti
Page Numbers : 128-137
DOI : 10.36348/sijcms.2020.v03i09.001
This study aims to determine the diversity of fish at various water levels in Batu Bumbun Reservat, as input material to formulate management activities that must be done to save the reserve. Research was carried out by survey method, in the dry season (April-June) and rainy season (November-December) 2016. Parameters measured, water quality (DO, pH, temperature, TSS, TDS, alkalinity and brightness), fish community structure diversity, uniformity, relative abundance, diversity and dominance), water levels, and sedimentation. The fish community data obtained were analyzed by the Shannon-Wiener index. The results showed that: (1) Changes in water level resulted in the Batu Bumbun Reservus ecosystem having experienced severe degradation, characterized by fluctuations in water level during two extreme seasons. When the rainy season occurs extreme floods, while the dry season, there is siltation to dry. (2) Community of fish caught in Batu Bumbun Reservus ecosystem of 29 species, consisting of 23 genus and 16 families. When the rainy season is dominantly caught fish community (white fish), with fish density 7.015.000 head / km2, while the dominant season is dominant caught is a community of swamp (black fish), with density of 2,334,000 fish / km2. Based on the analysis of fish community, the value of diversity index (H ') ranged from 1,188-0,825 means low-moderate species diversity, dominance index (C) around 0.0827-0.2147 means no dominant species and uniformity index (E) , 8295-0.6710 means that in a balanced state, there is no competition. It is concluded that the Batu Bumbun Reservus ecosystem has experienced severe degradation, with indicator of fish community change. It is recommended that the management must be done to save the Batu Bumbun Reservus ecosystem is, Dredging, Weed cleaning, Local Fish Restocking, illegal fishing Prevention, Increase of reservat security facility.
Original Research Article
Nov. 23, 2020
Ambient-Stable CaFeO4 Synthesis Process wet
Abdellatif EL Maghraoui, Abdelaziz Zerouale, Mustapha Ijjaali, Ahmed Harrach
Page Numbers : 138-142
DOI : 10.36348/sijcms.2020.v03i09.002
The aim of this work is to prepare the room-stable calcium ferrate CaFeO4 from Na2FeO4 chemically synthesized from ferric salts, in an alkali hydroxide medium and hypochlorite which is a particularly effective oxidizing agent in the synthesis, respecting the filtration, purification and drying processes required for the synthesis, because each change can lead to decomposition and decrease in purity. The calcium ferrate synthesis process consists in substituting the sodium ions of the VI ferrate obtained by Calcium by mixing them with a solution of calcium nitrate Ca(NO3)2, in order to study and optimize the essential parameters influencing the yield substitution as well as monitoring of its degradation over time, the reaction yield of which is of the order of 98.7% at a temperature of around [0 ° C - 40 ° C] and of pH = 11 for 30 minutes. The phase obtained was characterized by UV spectrophotometer by measuring the optical density at a wavelength of 507 nm and by the volumetric titration method.