RESEARCH REPORT | Sept. 11, 2021
Advances in Transgenic Technology for Crop Cultivation and Stomatal Regulation as Potent Role in Agriculture
Muhammad Ehsan Haider, Muhstaq Hussain, Sikandar Ali, Muhammad Riaz, Nasir Hussain, Muhammad Saleem, Shoaib Shafique, Saifullah
Page no 86-90
Gossypium hirsutum L. is most essential cash crop which provide fiber to fabric industries globally. Cotton is the world leading crop, is plenteous and produced economically, manufacturing products of cotton relatively cheap. The threads can be prepared in to a wide-ranging fabrics variety like light-weight laces and voiles to heavy-weight sailcloth’s and heavy piled velveteen’s, appropriate for large diversity of wearing apparel, furnishings and much industrial consumption. Fabrics from cotton can be tremendously long-lasting and resilient to scratch. Reduction of water loss through leaves is a crucial phenomenon in cotton plants under drought stress. ABA is one of the most important stress hormones and participates in various crucial physiological processes during the plant life cycle, including stress responses, development and reproduction. Exogenous application of osmo protectants and various plant growth regulators have been found effectively to enhance drought tolerance in cotton. To increase the tolerance in cotton against drought stress, transcription factors are excellent candidates for the plant scientists. Cotton is an important cash crop worldwide. Although it is classified as one of the most salt-tolerant major crops and considered a pioneer crop in reclamation of saline soils, its growth and development as well as yield and fiber quality are negatively affected by excessive salts in the soil.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE | Sept. 27, 2021
“A Correlative Study of C3 in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome”
Mr. Indra Prasad Adhikari, Dr. Shreya Nigoskar, Dr. Satya Prakash, Deepak Neupane, Dr. Raj Kumar
Page no 91-96
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic disorder with an impact on the reproductive, metabolic, and cardiovascular health disease of women. It affects approximately 5%-10% of women in the reproductive age groups. The disorder can be morphological polycystic ovaries or predominantly biochemical hyperandrogenism, a clinical hallmark of PCOS, which can cause inhibition of follicular development, micro cysts in the ovaries, anovulation, and menstrual changes. Aims and Objective: A Correlative Study of C3 in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Materials and Methods: This was hospital based cross-sectional study carried out among PCOS was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Index Medical College Hospital, and Indore. This study was conducted from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019. A total of 260 subjects with age group between 15 to 45 years were divided into two group; cases (130) and controls (130). Results: Among a total of 260 cases, based on clinical and different biochemical parameters, 130 were diagnosis with PCOS and 130 were healthy women. The mean ±SD of various parameters among PCOS cases were; body mass index (BMI) 32.97±8.466, total cholesterol (TC) 188.42±31.126, triglyceride (TG) 134.43±50.01, high density lipoprotein (HDL) 36.29±9.55 TC/HDL ratio, 5.54±1.865 serum C3, 160.66±29.155 versus BMI 22.87±2.470, TC 155.42±26.333, TG 110.00±42.19, HDL 41.22±10.912, TC/HDL ratio 4.08±1.39, serum C3 127.48±35.60in healthy control. Conclusion: In this study, the role of inflammation and different biochemical markers were studied among PCOS cases. It was found that a majority of the PCOS patients were obese having insulin resistance. The levels of C3 as a marker of chronic low grade inflammation were higher in newly diagnosed PCOS as compared to the controls. The C3 values correlated well with various physiological and biochemical parameter.