This paper comments on Shakespearean expositions based on Bradley Shakespearean Tragedy lecture II. This paper also sheds light on Shakespearean conflict to investigate that how expositions and conflict are interlinked. Analysis reveals that Shakespeare’s dramatic structure from exposition to end affects the hero and heroine while engages the audience in predicting process. Analysis also indicates that Shakespearean expositions are deep rooted in the actions and speeches of the protagonists or villains, disturb the inner state of mind and give a high rise to the conflict finally result in downfall and death of the self and others.
Oct. 30, 2018
Implementing Activity Based Budgeting as a Tool for Management in Planning and Controlling Sales Promotion Girl (SPG) Costs (Case Study at PT. XYZ)
This research aims to find solutions to the efficiency and effectiveness of the cost of sales promotion girl (SPG) that works for the company XYZ. This is a descriptive exploratory research, the object of research is data relating to the sales promotion girl (SPG) budget. The sample of this research is the cost of sales promotion girl (SPG) in the DKI group area. The financing method used is time driven activity based costing (TDABC). The result after comparing labor costs with the number of outputs / products sold, the activity based budget (ABB) with the TDABC financing method helped the company inform the performance of the sales promotion girl (SPG) for each store that has a status under capacity or over capacity. Finally, the result showed a significant effect of implementation activity based budgeting (ABB) with the time-driven activity based costing (TDABC) method succeeded in allocating a reduction in sales promotion girl (SPG) by 27 people from a total of 86 sales promotion girl (SPG) people working in the DKI group area. This research suggests the company to follow up on sales promotion girl (SPG) who has under capacity status to reduce the amount of sales promotion girl (SPG) so that it does not become a burden for the company XYZ.
Oct. 30, 2018
Influence of Economic Factors on Female Students’ Career Choice in Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) Science Programmes in Technical Training Institutes in Siaya County, Kenya
Ohanya George Ochieng, Frederick Ngala, Henry K. Kiplangat
This study sought to establish the influence of economic factors on female students’ career choice in TVET science programmes in Siaya County, Kenya. The study was based on social Cognitive Theory. It adopted descriptive survey design. It is based on the conceptual framework whereby choice of careers in TVET by female students is assumed to depend on economic factors. Test- retest method was used to test reliability of the instruments. The research instruments were questionnaires. The sample size was 316 female students sampled using census method. Census, proportionate and simple random sampling techniques was used to sample respondents in different strata and TTIs. Tools in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 was used to analyze data. Frequencies, percentages and means were computed. Inferential statistics such as regression coefficients, T-statistics, F-statistics, correlation of coefficients shall were derived. Charts, graphs and tables were used to present the findings. Results indicated that there exists a negative and non-significant relationship between Economic Factors and Female Students’ Career Choice in Science TVET Programmes (r=-0.34; p>0.05). The significance of this study is that the findings could be used to come up with policies on how to increase the number of female students choosing careers in TVET. This could guarantee employment opportunities for women in the country which in turn could raise their standard of living.
Oct. 30, 2018
Influence of Student Councils’ Decision Making Roles on Curbing Frequency of Student Unrests in Public Boys Boarding Secondary Schools in Elgon Sub-County, Kenya
Leslie Kimame Simatwa, Betty Tikoko, Frederick BJA Ngala
The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of roles played by student councils on curbing the frequency of student unrests in Public Boys Boarding Secondary Schools in Elgon Sub-county, Kenya. The study was based on Social Systems Theory. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Stratified sampling technique was used to sample respondents from the categories of students and members of student councils. The target population for students was 750 while that of members of student councils was 78. The study used Likert type Students' Questionnaire and Questionnaire for Members of Student Councils as research instruments. Descriptive statistics namely, means, frequencies and percentages were computed. Inferential statistics derived from ANOVA were used to test hypotheses. The study revealed that there exists a negative, strong and statistically significant relationship between decision making roles played by student councils and the frequency of student unrest (r= -0.809**; p<0.01). Based on the findings of this research study, it can be concluded that if student councils participate in decision making roles played by student councils to school management on other students, frequency of student unrests will be curbed in Public Boys Boarding Secondary Schools in Elgon Sub-county. The study recommends that student councils be thoroughly prepared in their roles through seminars, workshops and regular meetings with the principals.
Oct. 30, 2018
Relationship between Provision of Evaluation Resources and Performance of Instructional Roles in Secondary Schools in Nandi East Sub-County, Kenya
Kosgei Kipruto Pius, Henry K. Kiplangat, Frederick Ngala
This study sought to address the problem of poor performance of teachers’ instructional roles as reflected in national KCSE exams. The study objective was to establish Relationship between Provision of evaluation Resources and teachers’ performance of instructional roles in secondary schools in Nandi East Sub-County, Kenya. The study adopted correlational research design. Data collection tool was teachers’ questionnaire. Reliability of the instrument was tested using test re-test method. It was validated by experts. The target population was secondary school teachers while the accessible population was the 192 teachers teaching in the 30 secondary schools in Nandi East Sub-County. The study used proportionate sampling to categorize respondents into female and male teachers, boarding and day schools. Proportionate sampling was used to apportion respondents from various schools. Simple random sampling technique was used to sample the actual respondents. The Sample size was 127 teachers in the 30 sampled schools determined by using Krejcie and Morgan table of Sample size determination. The study established that there was a positive and significant relationship between provision of evaluation resources and teachers’ performance of instructional roles in secondary schools in Nandi East Sub-County. It was further established that teachers were ineffective in setting, marking, and invigilation of examination and assessments, examination analysis, use of examination analysis software and in giving evaluation feedback to parents in in Nandi East Sub-County. This study recommends that Teachers Service Commission (TSC) of Kenya, the Kenya Secondary Schools Heads Association (KSSHA) and Ministry of Education urgently implement Teacher Professional Development programs. This will be to address Teachers ineffectiveness in setting, marking, and invigilation of examination and assessments in Nandi East Sub-County.