Does Stability Imply Efficiency in the Banking System? [Killing Two Birds with a Stone]
David Iheke Okorie, Akweny Andrew, Dak-Adzaklo Cephas Simon-Peter, Geoffrey Bentum-Micah
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 537-556
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.1
Abstract: This paper examines the likelihood of efficiency given stability in a competitive market (banking system). Apparently, a financial crisis emanates from instability and inefficiency in the financial system(s) wherein the banking system is a key institution. Therefore, our concern geared towards maintaining both stability and efficiency in the banking system to avoid global financial crisis (contagion effect) using Bayesian Techniques. We deciphered a 1-1 mapping between the stability & efficiency indexes. We also discovered variant forms of relationships existing between stability and efficiency indexes (scores). Our findings identified levels of Stability that are highly predictive of certain levels of efficiency. Sequel to these findings we recommend contingent planning; which makes plans considering possible actions, consequences, and objectives towards achieving the desired levels of stability and efficiency in the system.
Nov. 20, 2017
Numbers Seven Relevance with, Six and Other Ranks
Safaa Nayyef Abdul Jabbar, Raid Salih Jawad, Najat Hamid Sibit
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 557-562
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.2
Abstract: The number seven mentioned in many religions, also it’s the lucky number for others. 7 is that the solely dimension, besides the acquainted three, within which a vector are often outlined. Seven is that the lowest number that can't be painted because the total of the squares of 3 integers. In the present article, we endeavors to shed light on the mathematical relationships, that shows the relationship between numbers 6, 7 and with the different ranks, consisting of the one digit or two digits and so on if we repeater to make it consist of six digits or its double- digit all of them are divisible by 7.
Nov. 25, 2017
The Dynamics of help Seeking Strategies used by Battered Women in Spousal Relationships in Nakuru West Sub-County of Kenya
Mary Wanjiku Wachira, Kibet Ngetich, Wokabi Mwangi
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 563-568
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.3
Abstract: The study examines the dynamics of help seeking strategies among battered women in spousal relationships in Nakuru West Sub County, Kenya. This research was motivated by the verity that even though wife battering has for long been recognized as not only a health hazard but also a grave violation of human rights, it continues to be prevalent in many families. Two theories; Battered Women Syndrome Theory and Survivor Theory guided the study. Snowball and purposive sampling methods were used to identify the sample size required. A qualitative research methodology employing an Interview Schedule, Focus Group Discussions and Key Informants Guides was employed as the tools of data collection and data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study found that (80.0%) of the battered women do not always seek help. This study recommends social solutions to wife battering because findings conclude that it is a social problem. The study also recommends that policies to curb battering be more stringent in order to deal with the menace thereby empowering women who are key pillars to family welfare and by extension stable society.
Nov. 25, 2017
Sources of Kenyan Bill of Rights (Art. 32-34) and Media advocacy for the Rights and Freedoms Guaranteed in the Constitution
Michael M Ndonye, Vivian Nyaata
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 569-575
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.4
Abstract: This paper is an analysis of articles 32 (freedom of conscience, religion, belief and opinion), articles 33 (freedom of expression) and article 34 (freedom of media) under Chapter 4 (Bill of Rights) of the Constitution of Kenya. The aim is to identify international human rights instruments from which these articles’ provisions were borrowed and domesticated. The questions to be answered are: (1) Which international human rights instruments contain provisions similar to articles 32, 33 and 34 of the Constitution of Kenya? (2) What are the exceptions when trying to claim the right to these freedoms? (3) What is the role of media in entrenching these freedoms and provisions? In addition (4), what are some cases in Kenya that relate to these provisions or their violations and how has media handled them? This being an analytical paper, the data collection was based on archival records (of media reports and investigative documentaries) where the main document is the constitution of Kenya. The Inter-pretivist approach is used to get sense and meaning of the selected articles of the constitution of Kenya. The paper demonstrates that the Kenyan constitution is a hybrid of various IHR instruments making it among the best law of the land, especially on the bill of rights. Like any other bill of rights provisions, the KBR has limitations that individuals and institutions need to understand in order to enjoy the provisions of the analyzed articles. It was also demonstrated that the media has the highest obligation, as a cultural institution to not only inform and educate the populace about the constitution but more on advocating for the adherence of the provisions by state organs and other institutions in the land as demonstrated by especially investigative reports of human rights violations in Kenya.
Nov. 28, 2017
The Relationship between Female Teachers’ Self-efficacy and their Aspiration for Leadership Positions in Public Primary Schools in Kericho County, Kenya
Soi Dorothy, Ochola John, Kiprop Catherine
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 576-584
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.5
Abstract: The study examines the relationship between female teachers’ self-efficacy and their aspiration for leadership positions in public primary schools in Kericho County, Kenya. Although more women today are joining the teaching profession, a gender gap in leadership in favour of men persists in primary schools in Kenya. Notably, women hold less than 20% of all leadership positions in primary schools in Kericho County. It is founded on the Theory of planned behaviour and the Model of Administrative Career Mobility, from which a conceptual framework was formulated. A mixed method design was utilized. A survey questionnaire and an interview schedule were used to collect data. The study population consisted of all 461 public primary schools in Kericho County. The study employed stratified and simple random sampling techniques to sample 327 female teacher respondents from the target population. Female senior teachers and deputy head teachers were purposively sampled from the sample of schools. This study employed the concurrent triangulation strategy to analyse and interpret data. Descriptive techniques, One-Way Analysis of Variance, the Pearson Product Moment correlation and regression analysis were used to analyse the quantitative data. The qualitative data obtained from the interviews were transcribed, organized into categories, sub categories and themes, and presented in prose form. The study established a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy of the female teacher and their leadership aspiration with a coefficient of 0.373 at p-value of 0.05, accounting for 14% of the variability in leadership aspiration. The study recommends the development of programs for enhancing the access of female teachers to leadership positions in primary schools in light of their high aspiration for leadership. The study also contributes to the body of literature on women in educational leadership in Kenya.
Nov. 28, 2017
Dietary Practices and Nutrition Status of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients Attending Nyeri County Referral Hospital, Kenya
Agnes Wangari MWENDIA, Dr. Peter CHEGE, Dr. Eunice NJOGU
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 585-594
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.6
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary practices and nutrition status of adult pulmonary TB patients attending Nyeri County Referral Hospital, Kenya. The study adopted a cross-sectional analytical design. A sample of 135 participants was calculated using the modified Fisher Formula. The study targeted adult pulmonary TB patients attending TB Clinic. A structured questionnaire and a focus group discussion guide were used to collect data. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. About 48.1% of the participants were underweight while 45.9% were normal and 3.7% were overweight. Chi-square tests showed significant relationships between gender (χ2 = 10.917, p=0.012), age (χ2 = 12.261, p=0.046) and income (χ2 15.584, = p=0.036) were significant to nutrition status among the socio-demographic characteristics. Pearson correlation analysis showed a weak relationship (r=0.173, p=0.045) between number of meals per day and nutrition status of TB patients. The study concluded that adult pulmonary TB patients attending Nyeri county referral hospital had poor dietary practices, which led to poor nutrition status. The study recommended that food assistance programs should be strengthened by the government in conjunction with non-governmental organizations to help in mitigating increased vulnerability to food insecurity among TB-affected households.
Nov. 28, 2017
User’s Satisfaction at State University Library in Jambi Province: Its Relation to Organizational Culture and Work Motivation
Mukhtar Latif, Hapzi Ali, Dewi Hasanah
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 595-602
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.7
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation among organizational culture, work motivation, and library satisfaction at State Universities in Jambi Province. The quantitave approach used in this study with survey method conducted at two university libraries in Jambi Province. Proportional sampling was used in which 206 from 2446 undergraduate students as library users fullfilled written questionnaire. Multiple regression continued with determinationanalysis were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that organizational culture and work motivation are significantly correlated with library user satisfaction either partially or simultaneously. To sum up, all hypotheses were accepted.This study implies that library satisfaction service can be achieved through creating organizational culture and work motivation. The better implementation in organizational cultureand work motivation can create higher library users’ satisfaction.
Nov. 30, 2017
Determination of Yield and Yield Components of Some Dry Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) Genotypes Grown in Central Anatolia Ecological Conditions
O. Sozen, U. Karadavut
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 603-609
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.8
Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to determine the adaptations, yield potentials of some dry bean genotypes and some agricultural characteristics to the Central Anatolian ecology. The research was carried out in three replications according to the randomized blocks design for two years in 2015 and 2016 in a farmer’s experiment area in the center of Mucur district of Kirsehir province. It was determined that there were significant statistical differences between the genotypes in terms of all examined yield parameters. When the agronomic characteristics of the genotypes were evaluated together, it was found that K.1084, A.40, A.130 and GK.314 genotypes had very low values of yield parameters and Goynuk 98, Sahin 90 and A.27 genotypes were found to be more suitable for adaptation to Kirsehir ecological conditions than other genotypes. It was suggested that these genotypes should be laid emphasis on in terms of region.
Nov. 30, 2017
Educational Challenges, Obstacles and Critical Incidents in Problem Base Learning (PBL) Tutorial Group
Ibrahim A Ali, Mazin. S. Abdalla, Ahmed T. Abdalla, Omnia T. Abdalla
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 610-612
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.9
Abstract: Since the dawn of the era of innovation, the need for novel methods in making life easier has been interminable. The learning process shows no exceptions to this rule. One would argue for the classic methods in handling the trade of information between the teacher and the students, which has been unilateral. The introduction of problem based learning (PBL) process to the system of education is facing many struggles. In this student-centered active learning process, the teacher is just a guide focal point of education systems. Literature search strategy included electronic database searches, internet searches, hand searching, ancestry searching and networking. Objectives: The objective of this review article is to study the challenges, obstacles and critical incident in PBL tutorial groups. Problem base learning model is counteracting by a lot of educational, financial and psychological challenges and barriers.
Nov. 30, 2017
Ibrahim A Ali, Mazin. S. Abdalla, Ahmed T. Abdalla, Omnia T. Abdalla
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 613-616
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.10
Abstract: Medical professionals around the world are facing new challenges day in and day out. With the ever-growing advances, the ever-expanding populations and ever complicating life issues, doctors are expected to in their best order and shape at every snap shut of time. This review highlights the principles of medical professionalism. Literature search strategy included electronic database searches, internet searches, hand searching, ancestry searching and networking. The new aspects of medical professionalism are providing a framework within which doctor duties towards the patients are being met with the enhancement with doctor qualities. So much accentuation nowadays is made on patient’s autonomy and confidentiality. In this review, these aspects of the professionalism are being discussed.
Nov. 30, 2017
The Influence of Industrial Fiber Waste Amount on Physico-mechanical Properties of Polyester Matrix Composite
Acikbas G, Gocmez H
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(11): 617-624
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.11.11
Abstract: Glass fibers find use in automotive, building, marine, wood and numerous other industries, reaching 5 million tons annual consumption, mainly comprising the reinforcing phase in polymers. The high amount of industrial demand have also caused an increasing research interest for their recovery, recycle and reuse as solid waste treatment and utilization for cost effective and environmentally friendly production processes. In this study, the effects of matrix/fibers ratio on the mechanical and physical properties of glass fiber reinforced composites were investigated. The properties of polyesters were compared with the reinforced polyester. The microstructure of the composites was characterized by SEM-SE technique. It was determined that with the increasing glass fibers content, the flexural and impact strength were reduced, while the flexural modulus and hardness were enhanced and the total porosity was increased.