Africanity and New Wave Popular Music Style in Nigeria: “Afro” Hip Hop Revisited1
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 75-82
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.1
Abstract: The concept of Africanity traverses many decades, being a socio-political ethos or cogitation perceived as manifest reaction against slavery and colonization. As a resistance mode, imbuement of the Africanity philosophy has shaped people of African descent in the Diaspora and many post-slavery generations all over the world in maintaining their African roots identity. This paper examines the concept of Africanity in the 21st Century Africa, using the Nigerian popular music scene as a paradigm. Against the backdrop of the present mainstream Hip hop music style referred to as ‘Afro hip hop’, the study will use music and video analytical procedures with the objective of identifying the various media through which hip hop artistes project their Africanity. It is quite evident that music artistes still strive to maintain their African identity despite subscribing to a Western originated music style. This is made manifest through language use, nomenclature, message, visual projection, and sonic arrangement among other parameters.
March 28, 2017
Effect of Motivation and Job Satisfaction on the Performance of Teachers in Mentari School Bintaro (MSB)
Adonia, Setyo Riyanto, Hapzi Ali
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 83-91
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.2
Abstract: This study sought to understand and explain the effect of Motivation and Job Satisfaction on the teachers of Mentari School Bintaro (MSB). Sampling method used was purposive sampling, using 97 teachers as samples out of a population of 129. The use of 97 samples was the researcher’s justification based on the fulfillment of respondent response requirements for the eligibility of questionnaire data to be processed further. Eligible questionnaire data shall have corresponding response for each statement proposed and it shall not be outlier. Data collection method used was in the form of questionnaires, using Likert scale. Validity and reliability testing included the Pearson product moment and statistic Cronbach’s Alpha tests. Analytical method used to answer the hypotheses was multiple linear regressions. The results of the study showed that motivation and job satisfaction simultaneously had significant and positive effect on performance. In partial, motivation had significant and positive effect on the performance of the teachers. Likewise, job satisfaction also had significant and positive effect on the teachers’ performance. The highest correlation was between the dimension of extrinsic motivation found in motivation variable and the dimension of learning evaluation in performance variable. Improving teacher’s motivation by involving them in the school’s decision making, coupled with the school’s management support is expected to improve the teachers’ productivity, thus enabling the school to achieve its goals.
March 29, 2017
Relapsed Bladder Cancer with Isolated Penıl Metastases in End-Stage Kıdney Faılure Patıent and Chemotheraphy Treatment
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 92-94
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.3
Abstract: Penile metastasis secondary to primary bladder cancer is a rare entity and represents a challenging problem. The common mode of spread to the penis is by retrograde venous route. In this case report, we presented a case of bladder cancer which was diagnosed 14 years ago, had entered remission after surgery and chemotheraphy and which had developed postrenal kidney failure and only penile metastasis was detected after recurrence.
March 29, 2017
Does Chinese FDI Really Contributes to Growth of West African Economic and Monetary Unions?
Diouf Modou, Liu Hai Yun
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 95-100
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.4
Abstract: Foreign direct investment (FDI) is frequently viewed as a fundamental component in any nation's given mission for economic development. There is slight uncertainty that the growth of Chinese trade and investment with developing and underdeveloped African states has furnished these countries with a supreme chance to rejuvenate their economies. This study reviewed driving factors of Chinese FDI to African economies utilizing a panel data from 1980- 2016. Results showed that factors showing the determinants of FDI inflows have positive influence on development of West African and Monetary Unions economies. In particular components like trade openness, macroeconomic condition, infrastructural improvement and market size have significantly positive and noteworthy impact on FDI inflows to African economies.
March 29, 2017
The Dynamics of Carbon dioxide [CO2] Emission on Nigerian Capacity Utilization
David Iheke Okorie, Victor Edem Sosoo
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 101-112
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.5
Abstract: On utilizing the available resources in Nigeria, carbon dioxide and other environmental substances are emitted into the atmosphere, which pollutes the Economy. Dynamically, this research work employs quarterly time series on the variable of interest, given the integration of the same order [I(1)] of the series, and co-integration via Bound-Testing Technique, this work utilizes the Auto-regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model and discovered that at present, Emission of Carbon Dioxide (CE) is statistically significant and positively related to the Average Manufacturing Capacity Utilization (AMCU) in the short and long run, denoting that the emission of Carbon Dioxide is in-line with Green Economics; which however will not jeopardize future production and consumption. On the other hand, Manufacturing Value Added (MVA) is inversely related with Average Manufacturing Capacity Utilization (AMCU), in the short and long-run. These findings agree with Zhen and Jing (2009), Anietie (2011) and DiNapoli (2007). The Researchers however suggest utilization of available capacities in adding value to goods and services and a more effective and tightened Carbon Emission Tax System (CETS) like Cap-and-Trade, Carbon Tax, Pigouvian Tax, etc. which will keep in check, the quantity of Emitted Carbon Dioxide in Nigeria and consequently, not affect the birds of the air and earth (Livestock), aquatic animals, and human beings. Hence creating a future better Nigeria with respect to production and Consumption.
March 29, 2017
Nominal Exchange Rates and Prices: Evidence from Taiwan
David Iheke Okorie, Dak-Adzaklo Cephas Simon-Peter, Manu Adasi Sylvester
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 113-121
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.6
Abstract: Economic theories postulate that the nature of relationship between the Nominal Exchange Rate and Prices (domestic and foreign) are linearly related. We investigate this using information from Taiwan and adopted data driven methods in establishing the true nature of the relationship that exists between the Nominal Exchange Rate and the Domestic Prices and we discovered a nonlinear relationship and a 0.25% foreign price pass-through effect on the Nominal Exchange Rate of Taiwan.
March 30, 2017
Gender Gap in the Heart of Wage Earning Differentials
David Iheke Okorie, Dak-Adzaklo Cephas Simon-Peter
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 122-128
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.7
Abstract: The notion of gender inequality has been a long lasting phenomenon and have been empirically investigated in so many economies by researchers like Blau & Kahn, Jones & Makepeace, etc. in the past. This work sets out to investigate the existence of gender discrimination in the heart of wage earnings. The dataset used is the Current Population Survey of the United State, the analysis showed that the likelihood of earning higher wages depends on the gender of the worker as male workers are likely to end more than their fellow female counterparts are in the same employment category. However, this likelihood depends on the Educational Qualifications of the workers (both male and female). Therefore, this works has empirical shown that there exists gender discrimination in the heart of wage earnings which is not independent of College Degree.
March 30, 2017
Photoperiod cycling and haematological evaluation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Gh. Nabi Lone, Qaisar Jahan Shammi, Shaukath Ali Mir, Salman Rauoof Chalkoo, Irshadul Hassan
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 129-133
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.8
Abstract: The present research work aimed at the effect of five photoperiod regimes on the health status of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) assessed through hematological components. The results revealed no significant (P<0.05) changes in haemoglobin and RBC count as compared to normal in all the treatment groups. However significant (P<0.05) changes were recorded in immune component of fishes subjected to light duration ranging from 24h to 12 hours. Differential blood count, neutrophil and monocyte count was reduced in LD24 to LD12, as compared to control. However, thrombocytes showed higher titres in stress condition of fishes, subjected to longer light durations.
March 30, 2017
The Nigerian Real sector and Unemployment Probabilities
David Iheke Okorie, Victor Edem Sosoo
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 134-148
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.9
Abstract: As observed in Nigeria presently, both the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and unemployment rates are increasing simultaneously. This occurrence however, invalidates the existence of Okun’s Law in Nigeria. In the same vein, Nigerians output could as well be more capital intensive to labour intensive. This research work sets out to finding the reason for the violation of Okun’s Law in Nigeria. Using Weighted Grouped Logit Distributed lag model (WGLDL) with quarterly series from 1991 to 2012. Present quarter and last-two quarter unemployment rates are negatively related with the present quarter Real Gross Domestic Product of Nigeria. The immediate past quarter unemployment rate is positively related with the present quarter Real Gross Domestic Product by approximately 16 units rise in RGDP for a unit rise in the immediate past quarter unemployment rate. This is a result of behavioural habits of employees; when people are retrenched from their jobs last quarter, the efficiency, effectiveness, and output/productivity of the remaining workers increase indefinitely as the means to retain their jobs in the midst of the fear and job insecurity that have enveloped them. This they do on the axiom that the less or least effective and efficient workers were retrenched last quarter. Consequently, a positive relationship. Empirically, the probabilities that the national output will fall for every raise per quarter unemployment rates diminishes and tends to zero. Simply put, the failure that unemployment will result to reductions in the national output is almost certain (tends to one). In the same light, change in probability also tends to zero as unemployment rates in Nigeria increases. This therefore suggests, holding every other thing constant, increase in unemployment rates in Nigeria will probably not affect or reduce our National output.
March 30, 2017
Analysis of the Company Image and Service Quality through Customer Satisfaction to Customer Loyalty (A Field Research in PT. Nusantara Water Centre)
Meidiarta Bhinawan, Hapzi Ali
Page Numbers : Sch. Bull.; 2017, 3(3): 149-158
DOI : 10.21276/sb.2017.3.3.10
Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the influence of company image and service quality on customer loyalty through customer satisfaction in the environment laboratory PT. Nusantara Water Centre Jakarta. Data research conducted on selected customers during the period from April 2016 to November 2016. The study design is descriptive, where the method of sampling is done by purposive sampling (sample representative of the population). From the number of customers per month around 400 customers, the number of respondents that were sampled set by 161 respondents Method of quantitative analysis using confirmatory factor analysis by using SEM tools Lisrel software version 8.71. The results showed the company image has a positive significant effect on customer satisfaction, service quality has a significant positive effect on customer satisfaction, company image has a significant positive effect on customer loyalty, and service quality has a significant positive effect on customer loyalty and satisfaction significant positive effect on customer loyalty. Quality of care is the most dominant variable toward service loyalty.