“Saudi Journal of Nursing and Health Care” ISSN 2616-6168 (Online) & ISSN 2616-7921 (Print) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports and Case Series, Essays within the whole field of Nursing, Health Care their related and applied fields.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Saudi Journal of Nursing and Health Care” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of Nursing and Health Care such as- Acute / Critical Care, Adult Nursing, Advanced Practice Nursing, Advances in health care, Clinical Nursing, Cognitive Informatics, Collaboration with physicians, Community Health Nursing, Confidentiality and Data Security, Critical and emergency care, Critical Care Management, Critical Care Nursing, Current information on clinical topics, Diagnostics and prescribing, Emergency Nursing, Ethical issues in Health care, Family Health Care, Family Nursing, Future of health care, Gastroenterology Nursing, Geriatric Nursing, Gerontological nursing, Health Care Delivery, Health Care Research, Home health nursing Community and Home care, Information Technology in Nursing, Innovations in Patient Care, Involvement with patients adherence to treatment regimen, Learning disability nursing, Management and organizational issues, Maternity and Women health Nursing, Medical Surgical Nursing, Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Midwifery nursing, Multi-Professional Practice, Neonatal nurse, Nephro- Urology Nursing, Neurosciences Nursing, Nurse Practitioner Updates, Nursing and Health Care, Nursing Education, Nursing Ethics, Nursing of people in acute care and long term care, Nursing Standards, Nursing Theories, Obstetric Nursing, Orthopedic Nursing, Paediatric psychology, Palliative and geriatrics nursing, Patient Care, Patient education and counseling, Pediatric nursing, Primary Care, Psychiatric and mental health, Public Health Nursing, Quaternary Care, Secondary Care, Veterinary Nursing, etc.
Dr. Hasan Kamal Al-Omran
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, College of Nursing P.O Box 1982, Dammam 31441 , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Dr. Eman R. Ahmad
Ass. Prof. OBGYN Nursing Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University- College of Nursing Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Shereen Ahmed Ahmed Qalawa
Associate Professor of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Qassim University, KSA & Assistant professor in Medical- Surgical Nursing , Port-said University, Egypt
Dr. Hanan Elzeblawy Hassan
Maternal & Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
Dr. Jyoti Srivastava
Assistant Professor College of Nursing Banaras Hindu University Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh India
Mr. Chris Thomas
Assistant Professor Psychiatry Nursing, Saroj Lalji Mehrotra Global Nursing College, Talhati, Aburoad- 307510, Rajasthan, India
Dr. Salman Hamdan Alsaqri
Assistant Professor Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing University of Hail, Hail City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Assoc. Professor Choithram College of Nursing & Choithram Hospital & Research Centre, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Level of Professionalism among Nurses Working in Azad Kashmir
Shahnaz Amir, Dr. Mansoor Ghani, Nazia Ahmad Buksh, Tanzeel-u-Rehman, Asma Gul
Page Numbers : 181-187
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i06.004
Objective: To assess the level of professionalism among nurses working in Azad Kashmir also to identify nurses’ perceived strategies to enhance professionalism among nurses. Study Design: A descriptive cross sectional study. Place and Duration: Twelve months, from April 2017, five tertiary care hospitals of Azad Kashmir. Methods: The study included nurses who had been providing care in five tertiary care hospitals of Azad Kashmir since 3 years. (N=150). Data was collecting by using a self-structured questionnaire. Results: Research findings revealed that by using arbitrary scale 50(33.3%) out of 150 participants got more than 60% score on Likert scale; they had high level of professionalism. While 15 (10%) respondent got more than 80% score which denote exemplary level of professionalism. Likewise, 24(16%) nurses obtained 40% and less than 40% score which expresses low level of professionalism; moreover 61(40.6%) nurses demonstrated average professional level. Conclusion: Findings of the present study display that generally professionalism among nurses is at average level. Although level of professionalism in areas of Ethical practice and Responsibility and Accountability is relatively high. Some areas showed very low level of professionalism among nurses. These are Research Participation and Utilization, Autonomy. This study advocate for less stressful and less oppressed working environment coupled with opportunity to engaging in continue education for enhancing professionalism.
Original Research Article
June 16, 2020
Family and Social Support System in Reducing Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality among Neonates Born To Adolescent Mothers
Anne Wawire Kabimba, Emmah Matheka, Sabina N. M. Wakasiaka
Page Numbers : 175-180
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i06.003
Background: The social society in Africa and most continents, perceives any girl who gives birth before marriage as a wrong doer. Such a girl is deemed to have negated the traditions. Poor and non-communication between adolescents and their parents or guardians has been implicated in most instances. The scenario is the same in the County of study according to information from the respondents and as alluded to by the County Director of health services. The parents and guardians in the County have been called upon to exercise responsibility over their daughters, encourage them to resume school instead of forcefully marrying them off or rejecting them on the bases of pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to give evidence-based health education in relation to family and social support systems in reducing neonatal morbidity and mortality among neonates born to adolescent mothers in the County Referral hospital. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the role of family and social support in reducing neonatal morbidity and mortality among neonates born to adolescent mothers. Methods: Setting; the study was carried out at a County referral hospital using a randomized control trial design. The participants were expectant adolescent mothers aged 19 years and below attending the antenatal clinic at the hospital. A sample size of 528 respondents (264 cases and 264 controls) was calculated using Pagano formula and realized using simple randomization. Inclusion criteria: adolescent mother ≤ 19 years, gestation period of 26-34 weeks and resident of the study County for sufficient time follow up. Students, non- Kenyans and mothers with existing co-morbidities were excluded for fear of loss to follow up. Results: Negligence and lack of support, 81% (pv 0.000), lack of community emphasis on neonatal care 77% (pv0.001), lack of value for neonatal health, 78% (pv 0.000), lack of knowledge 60% (pv0.003) and poor socioeconomic status, stigma and rejection 89% (pv0.000) were some of the significant study findings. Conclusion: The poor family and social support played a major role in persistently high neonatal morbidity and mortality in the County.
Original Research Article
June 14, 2020
Relationship between Knowledge, Attitude, and Burden among Alzheimer's Family Care Givers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Amal I Khalil, Najlaa Aladwani, Samar Aljehani
Page Numbers : 167-174
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i06.002
Background: According to Alzheimer's disease association. The prevalence of Alzheimer's patients will increase to reach 68% worldwide by 2050. More specifically according to Saudi Alzheimer's Association, the number of Alzheimer's patients was reported to be 130 thousand in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study looked at assessing the knowledge, attitudes, and level of burden among family care givers having Alzheimer patients. Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional correlational survey design was used to include 150 family care givers from Geriatric Society Association located in Almontazahat District, Jeddah, K.S.A. Three validated tools were used to assess the knowledge, attitudes and burden related to Alzheimer’s disease namely: Alzheimer’s disease Knowledge Scale, The Dementia Attitudes Scale, and Burden Scale for Family Caregivers. Findings: The majority (88.6 %) of the respondents were female, their mean age was (29.2 ± 12.5), and 55.6% had Bachelor level of education. Nearly three Quarter (72.5 %) of the respondents have moderate level (16-24 out of 30) of total knowledge of Alzheimer’s scale. Surprisingly, 78.5% of the respondents had a negative attitude, and 81.9% felt burden towards their Alzheimer's patients. Unexpectedly, a negative correlation was reported between participant's knowledge and their attitude at p ≥ 0.5 while, a positive correlation was conveyed between respondents’ knowledge and family burden scale at p ≥ 0.5. Conclusion and implications: It’s concluded that, the level of knowledge among study participants’ was moderate while their attitude was negative and felt burden toward having Alzheimer's patients. Therefore, it's recommended to conduct psychosocial interventions to improve family caregiver attitudes and reduce their burden toward their beloved Alzheimer’ patients. Comprehensive management of the Alzheimer patients includes building a partnership between health professionals and family caregivers, referral to Alzheimer's Associations, and psychosocial interventions where indicated.
Original Research Article
June 6, 2020
Knowledge, Practice and Attitudes of Preventive Measures against Coronavirus Infection among Pregnant Women in Egypt
Hanan Morsy Salim Metwally, Mervat Mostafa Abd El Monem Desoky
Page Numbers : 156-166
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i06.001
Background: Unprecedented measures have been adopted to control the rapid spread of the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic in Egypt. Pregnant women adherence to control measures is affected by their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19. Aim: Aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, practice and attitudes of preventive measures against COVID-19 infection among pregnant women. Subjects& methods: Research design: Across sectional design was used. Setting: The study was carried out in two Maternal and Child Health Centers (Alnahal Medical Centre and Sheba MCH) that are affiliated to the Ministry of Health and Population in Zagazig City, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt, between the period from January 2020 to April 2020. Subjects: All eligible pregnant women who attended for antenatal care during the study period by using simple random sampling. Tools of data collection: A structured interviewing questionnaire that consists of five parts, part one, socio-demographic and obstetric data, part two sources of information on preventive measure against COVID-19 infection, part three, knowledge towards COVID-19 infection and its prevention measures, part four practice of preventive measures of COVID-19 infection and part five attitudes towards COVID-19 infection. Results: The findings of this research showed that more than half of women (57.6%) had satisfactory level of total knowledge about the preventive measure of COVID-19 infection. However, the majority of women (87.6%) had unsatisfactory level of total practice of preventive measures of COVID-19. Educational level and multiparty were factors significantly associated with poor practice of the preventive measures against coronavirus -19 infection among pregnant women. Conclusion: The study showed that most of the participants had adequate knowledge of preventive measures against COVID-19 infection but the practice of these preventive measures were poor among the participants. Recommendations: Provide continuous health educational program on practice of using preventive measures against COVID-19 infection especially among pregnant women.
Original Research Article
May 30, 2020
Stigmatization of People Living with HIV in Medan: A Qualitative Study
Eva Kartika Hasibuan, Novita Aryani, Jek Amidos Pardede, Galvani Volta Simanjuntak
Page Numbers : 151-155
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i05.001
HIV-related stigma is a psychological challenge in People Living With HIV (PLWH). They have different personal experiences related to the stigma. This study aims to explore personal experiences of PLWH related to HIV stigma. This study is a qualitative study with phenomenological design which was conducted to PLWH in Medan City in the period of Mei 2019. The data were collected through in depth interview and analyzed by performing trial version of Nvivo. Ethical test and inform consent were granted prior to data collection. There were 4 participants in the study and 75% of the respondents were male and 75% of which held higher education degree. It was obtained that the average length of being HIV positive was 2.3 years. Thematic analyses reveable three common stigma received by PLWH: (1) interpersonal stigma (feeling of being stigmatized, Rejected and considered as a disgusting creature), (2) stigma at health facilities (Discriminating look, Verbal abuse, and Delayed service due to their HIV positive status), and (3) self stigma (Avoidance in using the same things with the participants, Delayed service due to their HIV positive status). Findings provide important insights related to design of interventions to reduce stigmatization of PLWH.
Original Research Article
April 30, 2020
Assessment of Cultural Competence Level among Academic Nursing Educators and associated Factors, Jeddah- Saudi Arabia
Ebtsam Aly Abou Hashish, Hadeel Abdul Rahman AlJohani, Ranin Ahmed Bahawi
Page Numbers : 140-150
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i04.005
Background: Nurse educators have the potential to create a substantial effect on nursing students concerning cultural competence process. With this background, investigating the nurse educators’ level of cultural competence can enhance how educators provide classroom and clinical instruction. Purpose: The main aim of this study was to assess the cultural competence level among academic nursing educators. Further to identify the associated factors to the overall cultural competence score of nurse educators. Methods: A descriptive correlational research design was conducted at College of Nursing, Jeddah- Saudi Arabia. All academic nurse educators were included in the study (N=45). Cultural Diversity Questionnaire for Nurse Educators-Revised [CDQNE-R] was proved reliable to measure study variables. Findings: The result of this study shows that the majority of academic nursing educators had a moderate level of overall cultural competence. They are committed to transcultural teaching behaviours as a motivator and predictor toward pursuing cultural competency. Nurse educators with more work experience, fluent of other language and integrating culture in their courses, were more culturally competent. Nationality doesn’t affect culture competence. Discussion: Culture competency is an essential and basic skill for all nurse educators regardless of their nationalities and background. Cultural competence develops through practice and self-development and working experience which could have a positive influence on the cultural competence level of nurse educators. Conclusion: Professional cultural programs for Faculty need to be mandated and inclusive of the major constructs of cultural competence specifically culture encounter in clinical skills and interactions with individuals from culturally diverse backgrounds.
Original Research Article
April 30, 2020
Effect of Exercises Guidelines Brochure on Daily Living Activities and Disease Symptoms for Patients with Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease
Ghona Abd El-Nasser Ali, Attyiat Hassan Hussein
Page Numbers : 132-139
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i04.004
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease with symptoms that affect many aspects of daily life. Aim: This study aimed to assess the effect of exercise guidelines brochure on daily living activities and disease symptoms for patients′ with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. Research Design: Pre-posttest research design. Sample: Sixty adult patients from both sex their age range between (40-65) years. Setting: The study was conducted in neurology department and its outpatient clinic at Sohag University Hospital. Tools: Two tools were used: first tool interview questionnaire sheet, second tool Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). Results: The present study revealed that there were statistically significant differences between pre and post application of exercises guidelines regarding activities of daily living, and disease symptoms. Conclusion: Exercises guidelines were effective in improving daily living activities and disease symptoms for patients with Parkinson’s disease. Recommendation: Exercise program for Parkinson’s disease patients should be available in the neurology department and outpatient clinic at Sohag University Hospital.