Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (SJHSS)
Saudi J. Humanities Soc. Sci.
Dr. Anis Ahmad
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences” ISSN 2415-6248 (Online), ISSN 2415-6256 (Print) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review, Short Communications, Essays and Case Studies within the whole field of Humanities and Social Sciences their related and applied fields.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of Humanities and Social Sciences Like Anthropology, History, Geography, Archeology, Business Administration, Communication, Criminology, Economics, Education, Humanities, Laws, Government, policies, Linguistics, International Relations, Political Science, Geography, History, Law, Peace Studies, Psychology, Health, Economy, Trade, Arts, History, Literature, Religion, Marriage, Family Life, Philosophy, Neuroscience, Sociology, Demography, Library Science, Journalism, Environmental Studies, Development Studies, Information Science, Media Studies, Market Research, Languages, Acrobatics, Geospatial Information Science, Comedy, Dance, Magic, Music, Opera, Film, Juggling, Marching Arts, Brass Bands, Theatre, Visual Arts, Drawing, Painting, Studies, Multicultural, Gender, Minority Studies, Women studies, Social Work , and Social Welfare.
Dr. Anis Ahmad
Associate Professor & Former Council Member-IAAP, University Department of Psychology, L.N. Mithila University, Darbhanga-846004. India.
Professor Gabriela Topa
National University of Distance Education (UNED), Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, UNED, Madrid, Spain
Dr. Savita Srivastava
Associate Prof., Dept. of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Education, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, UP, India
Dr. Nilüfer İMİR
Assistant Professor, Akdeniz University, Education Faculty, Department Of Biology, Konyaaltı/Antalya, Turkey
Dr. N. Ramu
Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, Annamalai University, AnnmalaiNadar-608002, Tamil Nadu, India
Lecturer , Department of Human Resource Management, Midlands State University, Box 9055 Gweru, Zimbabwe
Dr. Ravi Kant
Associate Professor, School of Education, Central University of South Bihar, Gaya- 823001 , Bihar, India.
Prof. Rohini Chandrica Widyalankara
Department of Education and Languages, CINEC Higher Educational Institution, Malabe, Sri Lanka
Michael Mule Ndonye
Department of Mass Communication, Kabarak University, Kenya
Dr. Chanchal Kumar
Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Janki Devi Memorial College, University of Delhi, India
Manager Knowledge Management & Editor, BRAC Research and Evaluation Division, Mohakhali , Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Dr. Hasinus Sultan
Associate Professor & Former Head, Dept. of English, Haji Anfar Ali College, Doboka, Assam, India
Dr Bahman Gorjian
Associate Professor, Department of Teaching Foreign Languages, Islamic Azad University-Abadan Branch, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Associate Professor in the Faculty of Arts and Education at the Zimbabwe Open University, Zimbabwe
Dr. P. Pachaiyappan
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, GRT College of Education, Tiruttani-631209. Tamilnadu, India
Dr Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, War Studies University, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Samuel Okoronkwo Chukwu-Okoronkwo
Theatre Arts Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
School of Education, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmin Street Changchun, Jilin, China
Prof. Nada Poropat Jeletic
Department of Interdisciplinary, Italian and Cultural Studies, Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Croatia
Dr. Pooja Paswan
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
Senior Research & Training Officer, Uttara University, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Omar Taleb Ahmed Rimawi (Halabi)
Associate Professor of Psychology, Al-Quds Universit, Abu Dis, Palestine
Evaluation of the Relationship between Organizational Justice and Job Satisfaction among Employees of Five Selected Manufacturing Firms in South East, Nigeria
Ede Titus Eguji, Mbah Paulinus Chigozie
Page Numbers : 279-288
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i08.001
This study is an evaluation of the relationship between organizational justice and job satisfaction among employees of five selected manufacturing firms in south east, Nigeria. The population for the study was five thousand, and eleven employees (5,011). The study sample size was eight hundred and ninety-five (895) respondents. Questionnaire which was validated by experts was the instrument used for data collection. Some of the major findings is that there is a positive relationship between promotion and employee commitment in the five selected manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria (r =.875; p = .000>0.05, n=895); there is a positive relationship between regular payment of salary and employees Productivity in the five selected manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria (r =.745; p = .000>0.05, n=895). The study concluded that there is a positive relationship between promotion and employee commitment, regular payment of salary and employee productivity in selected bakeries in South-East, Nigeria. Given the nature of the industry work environment, ensuring justice or fairness in bakery industries may be an incentive system. Consequent upon the findings, some recommendations were made; Job promotion is an important element that influences employee commitment. It is recommended that manufacturing organizations should emphasize more on job promotion to enhance higher employee commitment that will engender high productivity. It is also recommended that the salary and remuneration packages of the industry should be competitive with other sectors which makes them recruit and source qualified and skilled employees.
Original Research Article
July 30, 2020
Differences in Big Five Personality Traits: A Cross Cultural Study of Kashmir & North East Adolescents
Shazia Bashir, Dr. Ravindra Kumar
Page Numbers : 375-378
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i07.004
Adolescence can be a time of both disorientation and discovery. The transitional period can raise questions of independence and identity; as adolescents cultivate their sense of self, they may face difficult choices about academics, friendship, sexuality, gender identity, drugs, and alcohol. Many contemporary personality psychologists believe that there are five basic dimensions of personality such as extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness and neuroticism. The main objectives of the present study are to find out the differences in Big Five Personality Traits (extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness and neuroticism.) among Kashmiri and North East Adolescents. The five null hypotheses were formulated to test the sample. A sample of 60 adolescents was taken of the students of two cultures as Kashmiri and North East from Mewar University, Chittorgarh (Rajasthan). The Purposive Sampling Technique has been used as per the nature of subjects included in research. The Big Five Personality Inventory designed by Dr. Arun Kumar Singh and Dr. Ashok Kumar from Patna University (Bihar) which is published by National Psychological Corporation, Agra was used to collect the data on five dimensions. The mean, standard deviation and “t” test were used to analyse the collected data. In conclusion, it can be said that there is significant difference between North East Adolescents and Kashmiri Adolescents in relation to Big Five Personality Traits. The results of the present study indicate that there is no significant difference between North East Adolescents and Kashmiri Adolescents in relation to the dimension of Extraversion. There is significant difference among North East Adolescents and Kashmiri Adolescents in relation to Openness, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness and Neuroticism.
Original Research Article
July 18, 2020
Access to and use of Information on Credit Facilities by Farmers in Kiambu County
Wambui Phyllis Wagacha, Cephas Odini
Page Numbers : 366-374
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i07.003
Research in Kiambu County shows a variety of farmers’ information needs. Among subsistence farmers who produce a mix of food and cash crops, land size is 2-2.9 acres. Large-scale farmers grow more cash crops. Most farmers keep dairy cattle for milk and manure. This paper focuses information needs on credit, the key emerging issues. Using a descriptive research design we gathered qualitative and quantitative data on how farmers accessed credit information they needed; sources; and usage. We took a random sample of 150 farmers, 18 to 55 years, selected from 897 farmers, covering 28 cooperatives. A descriptive research design was applied. Stratified Random Sampling technique was used, with face-to-face interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. Face-to-face interviews and semi-structured questionnaires were used. Specifically, we itemized a) farmers’ information needs and search on the sub-clusters–loans availability from providers, interest rates charged, availability of low interest rates, supplementary services offered by credit providers, and availability of government funds; b) information sources from the cluster: Cooperatives, Banks, Government Offices, Churches, NGOs, No information access, Salesmen, and Other people; and c) usage of the information and challenges thereof. The study reveals access to information on loan availability by providers, interest rates charged, and lowest interest rates were the most sought-after sets (in that order). Government funds information is the least sought. Top providers are Cooperatives, Banks and Government, in that order. On usage, loans from the cooperatives and banks finance projects such as construction of boreholes, increasing dairy animals or planting additional crops. Credit from cooperatives is flexible. It may feature loans in kind, e.g., animal feeds.
July 16, 2020
A Comparative Analysis of Female Images in Vanity Fair and Jane Eyre
Lei Guo, Qianru Du
Page Numbers : 363-365
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i07.002
Jane Eyre and Vanity Fair are two classic books in which the female images of Jane and Rebecca have attracted many readers. There are some similarities and differences in the female images as written in these stories. This paper will analyze the two female images in the two books. The goal of this article is to analyze the impact that environment and society have exercised on characters, and further advocate correct values toward friendship, marriage and family.
Original Research Article
July 15, 2020
Silent Pain of Caregivers: A Qualitative Study
Dr. Jaya Bharti, Prof. Pallavi Bhatnagar
Page Numbers : 353-362
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i07.001
Background: Both theoretical and empirical evidences on chronic illness suggest negative consequences of caregiving on the psychological wellbeing and Quality of Life (QOL) of the caregivers. However, the fact remain that there is a paucity of empirical researches on the quality of life of caregivers of people with chronic mental illness. Purpose: The purpose of the present research is to assess the Emotional Quality of Life among caregivers of person with chronic mental illness across gender. Setting: Psychiatric Hospitals and clinics Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Participants: The sample comprised of 100 primary caregivers of person (50 were male caregivers and 50 were Female caregivers) with diagnosed chronic mental illness of Schizophrenia, Anxiety Disorder, Personality disorder, Depression and Bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). Those willing to participate in the study were interviewed to assess their Emotional quality of life. Results: The female caregivers painfully construe caregiving as sadness and also attribute caregiving to be the source of their sadness in life. Somewhere there is a fatalist attitude adding greater pain in their life and they cope with pain and sadness largely by crying. On the other hand, male caregivers have reported painful and conflictual relationship with the patient as the perceived meaning of sadness and pain both. However, they cope up with the same by moving away and sharing with people. Globally the self-image of the caregivers is negative more specifically after the caregiving. The narratives of the caregiver are subsumed in a model. Conclusions: The findings of the study serve as the roadmap for furthering researches into emotional wellbeing of the caregivers of the person with chronic mental illness. Largely the attention is more towards creating intervention for the patients suffering from mental illness. Such studies would serve as the base for creating and improved emotional Quality of life for the caregivers.
Original Research Article
June 30, 2020
Influence of Teacher Professional Knowledge and Application on Pupils Academic Performance in Public Primary Schools in Suna East Sub-County Migori County, Kenya
Onyango David Diang’a, Dr. Yambo, J. M. O., Dr. Kennedy N. Getange
Page Numbers : 344-352
DOI : 10.36348/sjhss.2020.v05i06.011
Poor academic performance of most public primary schools in Suna East Sub-County is a serious challenge in Migori County. Out of five zones in the sub-county, there was low learning outcome in the assessment score with a mean standard score of 250 out of 500 marks for the last five years. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of teacher professional knowledge and application on academic performance. The study used a survey design and both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and analysis. This study was based on two theories; the goal setting theory by Edward Locke and Expectant theory by Vroom. The study had a population of 65 head teachers, 65 deputy head teachers and 500 assistant teachers in public primary schools in Suna-East Sub-County Migori County. Krejcie and Morgan table was used to obtain a sample size of 56 Head teachers, 56 deputy heads, and 217 assistant teachers. The study also used both questionnaires and interview schedules to collect data. Validity of the research instruments was determined through open discussion with the supervisors of Kisii University. Reliability of the research instruments was established through test re- test method using questionnaires and interview schedules results. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version 21 to generate descriptive statistics in a correct and informative way. This study would be significant in the field of education in enhancing quality education by the educators. The finding revealed that most of the teachers 163(83.9%) indicated that they think that professional knowledge is essential in enhancing teaching outcomes, only 33(16.1%) who did not consent. Professional knowledge is viewed as key in evaluating teachers teaching outcomes. It includes all professional record kept by the teachers to enhance learning and academic outcome. The study recommended maintenance of professional records at all times. It concluded that a teacher should ensure there is effective syllabus coverage by attending all lessons as per the school timetable. The researcher paid keen attention to research ethical issues and got the informed consent of the respondents and guarded against plagiarism and ensured confidentiality.
This article analyzes the progress made on the political participation of women in Mexico, which, under equal conditions to that of men, is a fundamental aspect for living in a real democracy, understanding it as a system that guarantees human rights and as a method through which positions of power are covered, recognizing, as an essential principle, equality between men and women. The political participation of women opens the scene for social problems to be approached from a different perspective and thus find solutions. From gender quotas in the Mexican electoral system, raised since the 1990s, to the reform of the Constitution where gender parity is guaranteed in 2014, coupled with the struggle of organizations and the commitment of institutions, served as basis for, in 2018, as a result of the elections, Mexico occupies the fourth position worldwide in terms of the number of women in the Chamber of Deputies, and third position with respect to the Senate. A cross-sectional documentary investigation was carried out to find out the historical development from the first efforts to the current situation.