Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology (SJEAT)
Saudi J. Eng. Technol.
Prof. Ahmed Farouk Abdel Gawad
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology” ISSN 2415-6264 (Online), ISSN 2415-6272 (Print) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review, Short Communications, and Case Studies within the whole field of Engineering and Technology.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Saudi Journal of Engineering and Technology” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of Engineering and Technology Like Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Software Engineering, Civil Engineering, Construction Engineering, Structural Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electromechanical Engineering, Telecommunication Engineering, Communication Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Food Engineering, Biological and Bio System Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Geological Engineering, Bio mechanical & Biomedical Engineering, Environment Engineering, Polution Engineering, Manufacturing Technology, Nanotechnology, Nuclear Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Ocean Engineering, Oil & Petroleum Engineering , Biotechnology, Food Engineering, Material Science, Earth Science, Engineering Chemistry, Engineering Mathematics, Engineering Physics and others.
Prof. Dr. Ahmed Farouk Abdel Gawad
Professor of Computational Fluid Mechanics, Mechanical Power Engineering Dept., Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig Univ., Zagazig 44519, Egypt
Dr. S.R. Boselin Prabhu
Department of ECE, VSB College of Engineering Technical Campus, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.
Bushra Mohamed Elamin Elnaim
Assistant Professor, Head Dept. of Computer Science and Information, College of Science & Human Studies in Sulail, Prince Sattam Ibn Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Magdy Shayboub Ali Mahmoud
Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Faculty of Computers &Informatics, Suez Canal University, Ismailia,Egypt
Dr. Rabiul Ahasan
Professor, Department of Industrial Engineeringm, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Garlapati Vijay Kumar
Dept. of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat post, Solan Dt, HP, India
Dr. Manickachezian. R
Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, N.G.M College, Coimbatore), Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India
Mehsin Jabel Atteya
Department of Mathematics, College of Education, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Iraq.
Dr Adamu M
Department of Construction and Surveying, School of Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
Dr. Zied DRISS
Associate Professor at National School of Engineers of Sfax(ENIS), University of Sfax (US), B.P. 1173, Road Soukra, Sfax, Tunisia.
Rajamahanti Surya Kiran
HOD, Department Of Mechanical Engineering, SVP Engineering College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
Mohd Hafiz Jali
Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Durian Tunggal,Melaka, Malaysia
Rana Khudhair Abbas Ahmed
Alrafidain University College Computer Techniques Engineering Department, Baghdad, Iraq
S. M. Asif Hossain
Dept. of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology(KUET), Bangladesh
Sr. lecturer in Electronics engineering, D.E & F.O Engineering Dept, Birla T.T.I. Pilani, Rajasthan
Asst. Professor, CBS College of Engineering and Management, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Petroleum Engineering College, China University of Petroleum, China
Dr. Balkeshwar Singh
Professor, Department of Mechanical Design & Manufacturing Engineering, School of Mechanical, Chemical & Materials Engineering, Adama Science & Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia
Dr. Asit Kumar Parida
Post Doctoral Fellow, Mechanical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi,
Doctor of Physics, Nanotechnology Research Alliance, University of larestan, Iran
Bells University of Technology, KM 9, Idiroko road, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
Visiting Scientist, SQC & OR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Kolkata 700 108 (West Bengal), India
Mr. Avijit Mallik
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Bangladesh
Dr. Davood GHADERI
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. Erzurum, Ataturk University, Turkey
Dr. D. Vijayan
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Mahavidyalaya University, Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu , India
Dr. Christo Ananth
Department of ECE, Francis Xavier Engineering College, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India
Prof. Dr. Mouayad A. Sahib
Media Technology Engineering (MTE), University of Information Technology and Communications (UOITC), Baghdad, Iraq
AR & VR Based Child Education in Context of Bangladesh
Md. Salah Uddin, Mahmudur Rahman, Md. Nahid Hasan, Dr. Shaikh Muhammad Allayear, Mizanur Rahman, Md. Samaun Hasan, Shah Muhammad Sadiur Rahman
Page Numbers : 514-521
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.005
Now day’s children are more likely to use smartphones. They would like to use smartphones more than a textbook. They use smartphones for playing various games and watch the cartoon as well as funny videos and movies also. The addiction to using smartphones through children is increasing day by day. Maximum parents now want to teach their children via smartphones. In that case, they try to find various learning apps and games. From that sense, we decide to make a child learning apps by using Augmented Reality & Virtual Reality. AR & VR is the most powerful way of interaction nowadays. On AR apps we design an alphabets book for the children according to our survey report and we make an android app using unity 3D. When a child opens the apps, then the phone camera will open. And if the child holds the camera in any picture of the book, then the smartphone will tell the name of the alphabet and also tell a word with that particular word and will show a 3D visual model of the object on the mobile display. And on the VR apps, we design some 3d environments according to our survey. Inside the environment, there will some alphabets in some fixed placed according to sequence and the child has to collect them by walking inside the environment. When he/she pick any alphabet than the apps will tell the name of the alphabet.
Original Research Article
Dec. 30, 2019
Design and Construction of an Authorized Car Parking Alert System
Peter Otchere, Wisdom Opare
Page Numbers : 522-534
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.006
In this modern world, with continuous rise of vehicle ownership and usage, parking space has become a big challenge in companies, institutions and major cities as a whole. Research is on-going in this area to help solve this ubiquitous problem by the use of smart parking systems. Currently, extensive use of wireless technology applications to help solve the parking issue shows that digital data dissemination is the way to go. Infra-red (IR) technology which is a Wireless Sensor technology has attracted increased attention over the years due to its enormous application potential in diverse fields and also its potential of been an efficient and cost-effective alternative solution. This paper proposes an Authorized car parking alert system which provides advanced features like remote parking monitoring and parking reservation mechanism. The authorised car parking alert system is a typical internet of things (IoT) application that is developed using IR technology to provide services to users and parking owners of a smart institution and city. The paper describes the overall system design to implementation in the view point of sensor networks. Consideration is made of a smart parking infrastructure where sensors are laid down on the parking spots to detect car presence and IR readers are embedded into parking slot to identify cars and help in the arrangement of the parking area. Devices are endowed with wireless communication capabilities for reporting to the ground where the situation recognition is performed and also prevent unauthorized cars from entering or parking at any unassigned area.
Original Research Article
Dec. 28, 2019
Direct Liquefaction Characteristics of Spirulina, Spartina alterniflora and Soy Protein in the Ethanol-Water Co-solvent System for Bio-oil Production
Osman Hifni, Bo Zhang, Zhixia He, Huan Feng, Guisheng Xu
Page Numbers : 502-513
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.004
In the scope of this research, the direct liquefaction (DL) of microalgae (Spirulina, Spartina alterniflora) and soy protein was performed in a co-solvent system consisted of water and ethanol (EWCS). We investigated the effect of reaction time, reaction temperature, an alkaline catalyst (Na2CO3), and the Ethanol-Water Co-Solvent system on the liquefaction yields and bio-oil properties. The outcome of the experiments elucidated a bio-oil yield of 49.4 %, 50.2 % and 42.7 % for Spirulina, Spartina alterniflora and Soy protein respectively in which it is much higher than the HTL runs with pure water indicating the positive effect of co-solvent on the liquefaction, and for catalytic runs the bio-oil yields were 53.7%, 50.2%, and 31.6% respectively. When compared to non-catalytic DL, Na2CO3 relatively increased the bio-oil yield of the algae samples and decreased it for the Soy protein samples. The GC-MS and FT-IR analyses displayed that there are some differences in the chemical composition and the content of compounds among the bio-oils, where the significant components were esters, ketones, amides, acids, and nitrogen-containing heterocycles. Apart from its influence on the product yield, the usage of Na2CO3 showed no significant impact on the properties of the bio-oil.
Original Research Article
Dec. 25, 2019
Single Model Assembly Line Balancing Using Enhanced Genetic Algorithm
Shady Magdy Anwar, Ahmed Mahmoud Ali, Mohamed Ahmed Awad
Page Numbers : 494-501
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.003
Assembly line balancing (ALB) is used in many industries to minimize the number of stations, improve the efficiency and work load balance among stations. Enhanced Genetic Algorithm (EGA) is proposed using precedence preservative crossover and scramble mutation techniques, aiming to minimize two objectives; number of stations as a primary objective and smoothing index as a secondary objective. Benchmark problems were selected from the literature, used to test the efficacy of the algorithm and to compare the results with the well-known algorithm SALOME. The results showed high efficacy while handling two objectives. It outperformed SALOME in work load balance and efficiency. On the other, EGA outperformed the Genetic Algorithm (GA) developed by  in minimizing the number of stations.
Original Research Article
Dec. 23, 2019
How to Make Zawiya Neighborhoods Green (Debate of Walkability)
Huda A. Elbasha, Mehmet Emre Aysu
Page Numbers : 486-493
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.002
The paper discusses walkability in low-income areas of the small Libyan cities, specifically in the city of Zawiya, which borders the capital, Tripoli. The purpose of this study is to explore executive methods of how to implement the walkability of the city, as an element of urban design that is concerned with city design. The city began preparing a comprehensive development strategy after years of neglect and civil war. The sustainable ways approach is encouraged in the areas of environmental, social and economic development. The municipality pursues the development of the city center and its urban areas such as streets, squares and parks. It also aims to link streets, reduce cars, and promote pedestrians to strengthen social ties and promote culture. The researcher aims to help the municipality and draw up a plan to develop the streets and transform them into more vital places. The study is based on the spatial data analysis approach through the analysis of traditional geographic data.
Original Research Article
Dec. 16, 2019
Effectiveness of Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio toward 5G Technology
Devasis Pradhan, Priyanka K C
Page Numbers : 473-485
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i12.001
Cognitive radio is an intelligent network which addresses the availability of radio spectrum in order to enable dynamic spectrum access. This paper is based on engineering model for electromagnetic spectrum, which deals with current scarcity-based regulatory model. It is an intelligent platform through which static frequency allocations can done to dynamic, intelligent, and instantaneous frequency negotiations and assignment. Various detection models were discussed to make the radio spectrum abundance model possible, and a brief discussion on the architecture of mobile network. It was identified as a promising solution to the limit less need of spectrum and the main idea behind is for dynamic access of unused spectrum for communication. Its play a vital role for dynamic utilization of idle spectrum without affecting the rights of primary users, so that the services can be available for different or for other services. In this unused spectrum can be share in order to achieve a prominent goal for avoiding the cost of usage of spectrum. It also helps in improving the utilization of spectrum resources. In order to meet the critical requirements of the fifth generation (5G) mobile network, especially the Wider-Coverage, Massive-Capacity, Massive-Connectivity, and Low-Latency four application scenarios, the spectrum range used in 5G will be further expanded into the full spectrum era, possibly from 3 GHz to 300 GHz.
Original Research Article
Nov. 28, 2019
Reconnaissance Geochemical Exploration in Kaiama, North Central, Nigeria
Alepa VC, Bale RB, Alimi SA, Bonde DS
Page Numbers : 457-472
DOI : 10.36348/sjeat.2019.v04i11.003
Reconnaissance exploration for ore mineralization in Kaiama and environ have been carried out using integrated geological mapping and geochemical survey of soils, stream sediments and exposure of pegmatite/quartz veins. This was done in order to define the ore forming elements distribution and recognising type and area of possible mineralization in Kaiama and environ.. Eighteen samples were collected and analyzed for major and trace elements by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE) methods. Petrological description of thin sections of rocks was also carried out under the petrological microscope.The rocks underlying Kaiama consist of amphibolites, mica schists and granites along with fracture controlled mostly sheared mineralised pegmatite and quartz veins The fractured filled veins mainly trend NW-SE, NNE-SSW and E-W, N-S as to compare closely to the general trend of structures resulting from Pan-African orogeny. The mineralisation notably includes columbite-tantalite, rutile, cassiterites, ilmenites, wolframites, gold and gem stones. Geochemically, the trace elements concentrations shows significant anomalous concentrations of Sn, S, Ti, W, Au, Cu, Ti and Nb in the soil and stream sediments and Sn, W, and Nb in the veins. In addition, Zn, Cr, Co, Ni, Cd, Sb, Mo, V, As, Pb, Rb occurs in less significant anomalous concentrations in all the geologic media. The anomalous magnitude however decreases from soil to stream sediments and least in the veins. Further exploration work should be concentrated on soils and stream sediments towards delineating the possible ore deposit in the area of Kaiama and environs.