“Saudi Journal of Civil Engineering” ISSN 2523-2231 (Online) & ISSN 2523-2651 (Print) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review, Short Communications, Essays and Case Studies within the whole field of civil engineering and its related and applied fields.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Saudi Journal of Civil Engineering” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of civil engineering like Structural Engineering, Construction Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Surveying, Water Resource Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Coastal Engineering, Tunnel Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Material Engineering etc.
Dr. Rabiul Ahasan
Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Prof. Shrikant M. Harle
Dept of Civil Engg & Member, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Development Centre (IEDC), Prof Ram Meghe College of Engg & Management, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Miskolc, Miskolc, Hungary
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Dr. Soumitra Hazra
Senior Researcher Frontier Institute for Biomolecular Engineering Research(FIBER), Konan University, Japan
Md. Samdani Azad
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University, Thailand
Assistant Professor, Engineering & Technology Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur (Raj.) India
Dr Adamu M
Department of Construction and Surveying, School of Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University UK, G4 OBA
Prof. Hamid Yaghoubi
The Director Iran Maglev Technology (IMT), Tehran, Iran
Dr. Zied DRISS
Associate Professor at National School of Engineers of Sfax(ENIS), University of Sfax (US), B.P. 1173, Road Soukra, 3038, Sfax, Tunisia
Assistant Professor Department of Civil Engineering Graphic Era University, Dehradun-248002, Uttarakhand, India
Dr. Praveen Kumar Sharma
Associate Professor Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University, Punjab-144411 India
Dr. Naveen BP
Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering Amity School of Engineering & Technology, Amity University Gurgaon, Panchgaon, Manesar Haryana-122413
Effectiveness of Different Techniques on the Seismic Retrofitting of Existing RC Framed Buildings in Saudi Arabia
Ayed Eid Alluqmani
Page Numbers : 113-118
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i07.002
In this research, finite elements analysis is utilized, using SAP2000, to study the effectiveness of different techniques on the seismic retrofitting of existing reinforced concrete framed structures. The models are considered for reinforced concrete framed structures; and seismic evaluation is conducted. These models represent typical structures that were designed and constructed before and after the current Saudi Building Code, SBC-2007. The seismic evaluation was conducted using SAP2000 Program. This study focuses on performance based design of three multi-story RC framed buildings in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, subjecting them to monotonically increasing lateral forces with an invariant height wise distribution until the preset performance level (target displacement) is reached. Considering the deficiencies indicated in analysis, these buildings are redesigned by adopting retrofitting techniques such as shear wall, bracing and column strengthening. These techniques strengthen structures to reach the targeted performance level. The results indicate the effectiveness of each technique and how applicable it is to be used for seismic retrofitting of structures in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.
Original Research Article
Sept. 9, 2020
Causative Factor of Accidents in Commercial Buildings of Bharatpur Metropolitan City
Construction is a highly demanded for rapid development. In Chitwan, recently, large construction projects are ongoing that includes commercial buildings in majority. However, Construction industry is taken as the dangerous and dirty industries. Like every construction project, commercial building projects also involve different factors of Accident. Safety aspect is less concerned on the construction site. The objective of the paper is to assess the causative factors accidents in construction projects of commercial Building in Bharatpur. It will be significant to the construction practitioners and its stakeholders. It helps them to avoid accidents by maintaining safety requirement in their construction project and help them implement good provisions of safety adopted by other companies. Site visit of the Housing and interview were conducted after extensive literature review to list all the possible factors for questionnaire preparation. Questionnaires survey was conducted to all the consultant and contractor team working in the Area. Relative Importance Index was used to rank the major accident causation factor. The causation factor attribute to organizational level were identified as major one. No compliance to governmental safety rules and regulation, Workers Negligent in wearing personal protection items, Lack of working space and site layout, Condition of equipment, Workers was rushing to the work and Appropriate Personal Safety procedures were not specified were majour factors of accidents. The housing safety management in the project was inferior to the anticipated codes and byelaws. Some of the accident causation factor from the literature review also coincides with the risk and hazards in the housing construction.
Aug. 29, 2020
Comparative Comparison of Qualitative Criteria for Locating Art Street from the Perspective of Citizens and Experts
The public space in the city is the platform for the manifestation of cultural values. Locating and improving the quality of these spaces creates interaction between citizens and space. In the meantime, identifying and classifying the main spatial qualities under the title of Art Street is an effective step to locate and improve the quality of urban spaces. Such a street is organized with the focus on art and provides the possibility of two-way communication between people and art, or in other words, urban interactive art (public art). The result is the role of citizens as creators of Art works and increasing their belonging to the environment. The present study seeks to achieve the qualitative components affecting the locating of Art Street and tries to interpret the concept of street art, physical, social and perceptual criteria for the locating and organizing of Art Street. For this purpose, by studying the relevant theoretical foundations, the components and criteria of Art Street were collected and classified from the perspective of experts. From their viewpoint the components of environmental quality affecting the desirability of Art Street are classified into four dimensions: physical, traffic, socio-cultural and environmental. In the next step, based on theoretical foundations, a questionnaire was distributed among the citizens in three selected sequences, including a part of the three axes of Valiasr Street, Enghelab and North Kargar street and the qualitative dimensions and locating criteria of Art Street were extracted from their point of view and classified Then, a comparative comparison of the locating criteria of Art Street from the perspective of citizens and experts was performed. According to the research findings, the criterion for the existence of uses related to art and leisure and the continuity and flexibility of sidewalks is one of the main criteria for locating Art Street. the presence of activists such as artists and art students and functions such as art galleries, colleges and art and craft markets is the main factor in the successful location of Art Street. Also, the physical integration in the components, the cohesion of functional nodes, and the ability to diversity and fluidity of functions are the main criteria representing Art Street.
Original Research Article
Aug. 13, 2020
Evaluation of Road Safety Audit on Existing Highway by Empirical Babkov’s Method
A. Anandraj, S. Vijayabaskaran
Page Numbers : 85-91
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i06.001
Road Safety Audit (RSA) is a formal procedure for assessing accident potential and safety performance of new and existing roads. RSA is an efficient, cost effective and proactive approach to improve road safety. It is proved that RSA has the potential to save lives. RSA appears to be an ideal tool for improving road safety in India, as basic and accurate data on accidents have yet to be collected. The study aims to evaluate Road Safety Audit of a section of four - lane Madurai - Chennai, National Highway (NH) - 45 and will focus on evaluating the benefits of the proposed actions that have emanated from deficiencies identified through the audit process. After conducting RSA, it is found that trucks are parked on highway which reduces the effective width of carriageway and creating traffic hazards to high speed moving traffics. Unauthorized median openings were found which should be immediately closed. Missing road and median markings to be done and speed signs should match with speed. Access and service lanes are also in deficit which requires immediate improvement. The most Vulnerable Road User (VRU) i.e. pedestrians and cyclists facilities near habitations are lacking and needs to be facilitated on priority.
Original Research Article
July 30, 2020
Study on Job Satisfaction of Civil Engineers in Gandaki Provincial Government, Nepal
Better performance of infrastructure development depends on the several factors whereas job satisfaction seems one of the key factors. Large Number of Engineers was de-motivated to accept the staff adjustment policy. This study focuses to find the job satisfaction of civil Engineers in Gandaki Provincial Government. Data were collected through structured questionnaires. Questionnaires were distributed into 134 Engineers. The responses from 103 (76.87%) respondents were documented. The study adopted descriptive and interferential statistics analytical using Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS) and MS- Excel. The correlation coefficient varied between 0.292 (pay/salary) to 0.612 (Work Group). The result shows that there was significant relationship between work group and job satisfaction (r=0.612, p<0.01).There was no significant difference in level of satisfaction based on demographic factors like gender, academic qualification, Age Groups, Civil engineering sub sectors, designation level and time span for total years of experience. ANOVA test was carried out to test null and alternate hypothesis P value for each variable was recorded greater than 0.05. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted considering job satisfactions as dependent variable, R square was recorded as of 0.582 indicates that the independent variables (predictors) such Supervisors (Bosses), Work Group, Working Conditions, Promotion Opportunities, Pay / Salary, Transfer and Posting factors used in this model explained about 58.2% of the total variation in dependent variable job satisfaction of employees under study.
Original Research Article
July 30, 2020
Effect of Base Isolation in Multistoried RC Regular and Irregular Building by Using Response Spectrum Analysis
S. Gyawali, D. Thapa, T. R. Bhattarai
Page Numbers : 77-84
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i05.004
As we know that large population in the world are living in regions of seismic hazards, at risk from earthquakes of varying severity and frequency of occurrence. The significant loss of life and damage of property occurs every year due to earthquake. Here the one of the best solution to mitigate the effect of earthquake on building is base isolation technique. The main mechanism of seismic isolation is to decouple the structure from base by providing seismic isolators. The Lead Rubber Bearing (LRB) is mounted beneath the superstructure in base isolation system. The significant of base isolation device is to minimize the horizontal acceleration transmitted to the superstructure. It is very promising technology to protect different structures from seismic excitation. In this research, GF+4 storied regular, plan irregular (re-entrant corners) and vertical irregular (vertical geometric irregularity) building models were considered for both fixed base and base isolation in SAP. Response spectrum method analysis under IS1893:2002 was conducted in analysis software for the result of seismic performance parameters. The output results of seismic parameters were interpreted and compared. The SAP analysis results were compared and validated by ETABS software. Lead rubber bearings were designed as UBC 97 and used for base isolation. The research concluded that, Plan and vertical irregular LRB building found more seismically performed than regular LRB building however vertical irregular LRB building showed better performance as comparison to plan irregular LRB building.
Original Research Article
July 16, 2020
Technical Suitability Assessment of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Block as Alternative Building wall Construction Material; A Case of Nepal
Er. Deepak Khanal, Asso. Prof. Dr. Anjay Kumar Mishra, Asst. Prof. Birat Ghimire
Page Numbers : 55-67
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i05.002
The increasing demand of construction is a challenge to be fulfilled in this regard different new construction materials are found to be utilized differently. One of the wall construction materials Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Block (AAC) is found to be used in Bharatpur Metropolitanof Nepal.The purpose of this research is to assess the technical suitability of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Block as Alternative Building Construction Material for the construction of residential buildings and hotels. Laboratory test of the AAC blocks ware done .Quality control chart and t-test ware done for analysis. To test the physical properties, 5 samples of AAC block were observed for compressive strength, density andwater absorption. The compressive strength of the AAC block was found to be 4.324 N/mm2 even with a low density of 617.6 kg/m3when compared to a 3.402 N/mm2 average compressive strength of brick of 1685.8 kg/m3 density. However, the water absorption of the AAC block wasfound higher than that of the Clay brick.