“Saudi Journal of Civil Engineering” ISSN 2523-2231 (Online) & ISSN 2523-2651 (Print) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review, Short Communications, Essays and Case Studies within the whole field of civil engineering and its related and applied fields.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Saudi Journal of Civil Engineering” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of civil engineering like Structural Engineering, Construction Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Surveying, Water Resource Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Coastal Engineering, Tunnel Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Material Engineering etc.
Dr. Rabiul Ahasan
Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Prof. Shrikant M. Harle
Dept of Civil Engg & Member, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Development Centre (IEDC), Prof Ram Meghe College of Engg & Management, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Miskolc, Miskolc, Hungary
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Dr. Soumitra Hazra
Senior Researcher Frontier Institute for Biomolecular Engineering Research(FIBER), Konan University, Japan
Md. Samdani Azad
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University, Thailand
Assistant Professor, Engineering & Technology Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur (Raj.) India
Dr Adamu M
Department of Construction and Surveying, School of Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University UK, G4 OBA
Prof. Hamid Yaghoubi
The Director Iran Maglev Technology (IMT), Tehran, Iran
Dr. Zied DRISS
Associate Professor at National School of Engineers of Sfax(ENIS), University of Sfax (US), B.P. 1173, Road Soukra, 3038, Sfax, Tunisia
Assistant Professor Department of Civil Engineering Graphic Era University, Dehradun-248002, Uttarakhand, India
Dr. Praveen Kumar Sharma
Associate Professor Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University, Punjab-144411 India
Dr. Naveen BP
Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering Amity School of Engineering & Technology, Amity University Gurgaon, Panchgaon, Manesar Haryana-122413
Black Cotton Soil Properties Modification using Costaceae Lacerus Bagasse Fibre as Road Pavement Stabilizer
Gabriel Okonkwo Nnaji, Charles Kennedy, Nwaobakata Chukwuemeka
Page Numbers : 21-29
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i02.001
The research work examined the modification of expansive soils with bagasse fibre to improve its engineering properties for road pavement structures. Preliminary investigations classified the clay soils as A – 7 – 6 on the AASHTO Classification System and soils are dark grey at all conditions and percentage (%) passing BS sieves #200 are 73.85%, 67.38%, 6.35%, 82.35%, and 71.55%. Comparative results confirmed a decrease in plastic index properties of clay soils. Compaction test results showed a decreased in MDD values while OMC recorded increased values due to bagasse fibre inclusion. Results obtained showed an increase in UCS with an increase in fibre percentages to soil corresponding ratio. Relative results showed an increased in CBR values with an increase in bagasse fibre percentages to a peak ratio of 0.75% to soil ratio. The entire results showed the potential of using costaceae lacerus bagasse fibre (CLBF) as admixtures in the treatment of clay soils. The swelling potential of treated soil decreased with the inclusion of bagasse fibre up to 0.75%.
Jan. 24, 2020
The Contribution of Symmetrical in Different Analysis Methods for Plane Frame: A Critical Review
Sedeeq, A. A, Karim, F. R
Page Numbers : 1-9
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i01.001
This paper highlight, the techniques used to analyses symmetric structures subject to general loading. After an extensive review of previous work in this field, the paper introduces the most public way of structure analysis, based on conventional three methods which is force, matrix stiffness and column analogy techniques. It shows how this approach can systematically simplify a structural analysis and clarify a technique which is best known to structural engineers. For each method, a portal symmetry plane frame considered for analyzing with an explanation of the analysis calculation procedure, and it also shows that the influences of symmetry can observe and utilization in different methods to simplify the analysis procedure.
Jan. 24, 2020
Review on the Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Columns by Reinforced Concrete Jacketing
Karim SH, Karim FR
Page Numbers : 10-20
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i01.002
This paper highlights the review of the behavior and strength of strengthening reinforced concrete columns by reinforced concrete jacketing. Even with the fact that on a massive scale, numerous experimental studies on column strengthening with the assistance of reinforced concrete jacketing are performed after which suggested, however, there may be nonetheless an apparent need for locating and executing new approaches to improve the performance of classical RC jacketing. As in the case of RC structure, columns are subjected to uniform and non-stop loading, which increases with the boom in a number of stories and might cause partly damage or even general failure of the column. To overcome the whole failure of RC columns, instant attention is needed in and the broken part of reinforced concrete repaired by way of reinforced concrete jacketing. This paper additionally focuses on the effect of presenting dowel rebar by way of drilling holes and using concrete jackets made with particular types of concrete. The results show that each use of dowel rebar and distinctive kinds of concrete will increase the bond strength, basic load wearing capability, and primary crack load. Critical cases clarified to avoid such as reinforcing limit and form, type and property of concrete, types of surface preparation, and a recommendation for high temperature.
Original Research Article
Nov. 21, 2019
Variation of Soil Strength with Height to Diameter Ratios of Test Specimen
Golam Gaffar Khan, H Golam Morshed, Sanuar Ahmed Saikat
Page Numbers : 184-189
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2019.v03i06.002
The aim of this project was to find out the strength of the soil samples with different height to diameter ratio. To compare the similar properties of different samples identical soil samples must be required. To reach up to this goal reconstituted samples were used to find the strength of them. Unconfined compression test were performed on the reconstituted soil specimen to investigate the variation of strength with the variation of specimen height to diameter ratio (H/D).The undrained shear strength of clays is commonly determined from an unconfined compression test which is necessary for the determination of the bearing capacity. It can be performed on both undisturbed and remolded specimen. In order to assure and predict the longibility and settlements of the structure due to load it is very important. H/D ratio of between 2 and 3 is generally recommended by accepted scientific and technical authorities. Nevertheless, published reports on the effect of specimen shape on soil strength are scarce. The value of test decreases significantly with increasing H/D ratio. It is less steep when the ratio is between 1.25 and 2.50. The soil samples used for this project are collected from four different locations in Dhaka. The test was performed on undisturbed soil specimen. In addition few more tests are done to know the index properties of soil. The range of variation of the ratios was 1.0 to 2.5 in this project. It was seen that the strength of soil samples was almost same for the range of ratio 1.75 to 2.5.
Original Research Article
Nov. 20, 2019
Study on Utilization of Waste Tire Rubber Chip as Coarse Aggregate with Mineral Admixture in Concrete
Mazin Rahal, Cornelius kanmalai Williams, Eman Muhye Adeen Muhye Adeen Al-Hatali
Page Numbers : 190-200
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2019.v03i06.003
The research has shown that use of tire rubber as coarse aggregate in Reutilization of waste tire material can help reduce the environmental pollution, generated each year in Oman‘s landfills, where tire waste is often improperly or illegally disposed of. The number of vehicles over the decade has increased considerably, and the need to identify feasible solutions to minimize tire waste is needed. The aim of this project is to identify the optimal use of waste tire rubber as coarse aggregate by partial replacement of 10%, 15%, and 20% with micro silica in the concrete. The objective of this research study is to determine and evaluate the fresh and hardened properties of the concrete. The micro silica replaced the cement by 10%, 20% in the first experiment to determine if micro silica improved the strength in the concrete. Additionally, in the second experiment, the tire rubber was treated in NaOH solution to determine the bonding improvement between the rubber and cement, while using the same replacement ratio. The mix design was developed for C35 strength for both experiments. Using 150X150X150mm cube moulds a total of 28 cubes were casted and cured for 28 days under normal conditions. The mix proportion used is 1: 1.73: 2.2 with water cement ratio of 0.47. The objective of this research is to determine the fresh and hardened properties of concrete under the influence of rubber and mineral admixtures. The results of the experiments showed a reduction in compressive strength as tire rubber content increased when compared to control mix. However, the tire rubber treated in NaOH solution yielded slightly better compressive strength results overall.
Original Research Article
Nov. 11, 2019
Investigation on Effects of Sheep Wool fiber on Properties of C-25 Concrete
Dereje Gelana, Getechew Kebede, Lucy Feleke
Page Numbers : 156-183
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2019.v03i06.001
In developing countries like Ethiopia where concrete is widely used there is a steadily increasing the cost of concrete. This made construction work very expensive, due to less availability of concrete ingredients. In recent years, the use of natural fibers is become increasingly common in the civil engineering sector, as a part of energy-efficient and sustainable trends. Several researches demonstrated good properties of sheep wool fibres which a basis for compressive strength, tensile strength and improve environmental issue. The paper was focus on investigation on effects of sheep wool usage as a concrete composite material in C-25 concrete. The investigation is very important because, at present, the knowledge and the application of sheep wool fibers in this sector are relatively limited in our country. So an attempt has been made to achieve improved strength results using sheep wool fiber in conventional concrete. Experiments were conducted on concrete cubes and beam of various percentages of sheep wool fiber such as 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2% by weight of cement were tested for their workability, compressive strength and flexural tensile strength. The sheep wool were collected from different sources and dipped into salt water for 2 days to make hair surface rough. The wool has been sun dried. The mix ratio for C-25 concrete specimen was done in accordance with ASTM 595 and ACI 544.1R-96. From the study workability of the mix was reduced as percentage of sheep increase. The optimum amount of sheep wool fiber to produce concrete was 1.5%. Using 1.5% of fiber increase concrete compressive strength, flexural strength and split tensile strength property. It can be concluded that using sheep wool fibered concrete were preferable particularly to improve flexural strength.
Original Research Article
Sept. 30, 2019
Field Based Quality Assessment of Cement
Er. Binod Aryal
Page Numbers : 135-140
DOI : 10.36348/SJCE.2019.v03i05.005
Cement most conform the minimum standard for use. The study is focused to assess minimum quality of cement maintained at field practice at Lokanthali Area. The quality of cement in use at site was examined by manual field test and lab test was conducted for the confirmation of physical properties of most preferred cement brand as per Indian Standard Specifications. Also, secondary data were used to collect the relevant data for the analysis of the results. Hetauda cement being the highest consumer choice brand was tested in the lab. The 28 day compressive strength was found to be 47.48Mpa and 49.56Mpa for old and fresh cement respectively while other physical properties were confirmed as per Indian Standard Specifications. The results of 28 day compressive strength test shows that cement have less than 53 grades and greater than 43 grades. Since, 43 grade is enough for the general construction of structural element below M25 concrete grade, Hetauda cement can be considered as quality brand cement for such uses. It is recommended that manufacturer of Hetauda cement should increase its production capacity to meet the demand of the consumer.