Scholars International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (SIJTCM)
Sch Int J Tradit Complement Med.
Dr. Dilip Kr. Goswami
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Scholars International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine” ISSN 2616-8634 (Print) & ISSN 2617-3891 (Online) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports and Case Series, Essays within the whole traditional medical systems.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Scholars International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine” includes all the areas of research activities and findings in all fields of Traditional & Alternative Medical Sciences like Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Homeopathy, Herbal Medicine, Holistic Therapy, Music therapy, Traditional Chinese medicine, Holistic therapy, Acupuncture, Yoga, Unani, etc.
Dr. Dilip Kr. Goswami
Associate Professor Dept. of Agada Tantra and Vidhi Ayurveda Govt. Ayurvedic College Jalukbari, Guwahati – 781014 Kamrup (Assam), India Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Khaled Nabih Rashed
National Research Centre, Pharmacognosy Department, Dokki, Giza , Egypt
Dr. Sandeep Madhukar Lahange
Assistant Professor Department of Sharir Rachana National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Dr Jithesh M
Associate Professor Department of Kayachikitsa & PG Studies in Manas roga Vaidyaratnam PS Varier Ayurveda College, Kottakkal Kerala, India
Dr. Kalpana Patni
Asst. Professor, State Ayurvedic College and Hospital. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (India)
Dr. Roshanak Ghods
Assistant Professor Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran & School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Dr Madhavi Seetha
Associate Professor & H.O.D Panchakarma M.S.M. Institute of Ayurveda , B.P.S. Mahila Vishwavidyalaya, Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, Haryana-131305 , India
Assistant professor, Department of Shalakya, Tantra, MSM Institute of Ayurveda, Bhagat Phool Singh women university, Khanpur kalan, Sonepat, Haryana, India
Dr Guruprasad K
Associate Professor Dept of Swasthavritta, Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Ayurveda College and Hospital, Nazarathpet, Chennai Tamilnadu, India
Dr. Udaya Ganesh B
Assistant Professor, Dept of Panchakarma, SJS Ayurveda College and Hospital, Nazarathpet, Chennai, India
Dr Rajendra H.M
Associate Professor Sri Jayendra saraswathi Ayurveda College & Hospital, Nazarathpet, Chennai – 600123, Tamilnadu, India
Evaluation of the Antidepressant Activity of Griffonia simplicifolia Aqueous Extracts
Bakou Niangoran François, BA Abdoulaye, Diabate D, Atayi E
Page Numbers : 125-130
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i06.003
Objective: The present study was designed to evaluate the acute and chronic behavioral and antidepressant effects of aqueous extracts of GS leaves in standardized rats models of depression. Materials and Methods: Aqueous extracts of GS leaves were prepared, and phytoconstituents were determined using appropriate chemical analytical methods. Animals were divided into five groups: The control group received vehicle (saline water 10ml/rat). Amitriptyline (20mg/kg b.w., IP) was used as the positive control or standard group while the treated rats received GS (100, 200, and 400mg/kg body weight i.p). In the acute treatment study, a single dose was administered 30 min prior to testing. For the chronic treatment study, a single dose was administered daily for 14 days. In the chronic dose study, the behaviors of all groups were assessed for antidepressant activity 30 min after the last treatment dose on the 14th day. Different standardized depression models were used for behavioral tests to evaluate the antidepressant activity, such as forced swim test (FST), and tail suspension test (TST) test. Results: The preliminary pharmacological screening with acute dosing exhibited the antidepressant activity of GS, but its antidepressant activity was more enhanced after repeated dosing. In comparison with the acute studies, chronic dose studies displayed a significant antidepressant manifestation in the behavioral patterns when compared to the vehicle controls. Conclusion: The results obtained in this study suggest that aqueous extracts of GS may possess an antidepressant activity.
Original Research Article
June 26, 2020
The Profile of Consumers of Food Supplements in Morocco
El Kartouti Abdeslam, Youness Khalfaoui
Page Numbers : 118-124
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i06.002
Introduction: The market of food supplements is in full expansion, this evolution is due to several factors in particular, nutritional deficiencies, sedentary, lifestyle and lower energy needs. Hence the interest in studying the consumer profiles of these products. Subjects and methods: This is a prospective study conducted over a period of eight months; subjects are recruited at random during our training, on the internet and during medical caravans whose objective is to assess the knowledge and practices of Moroccans so that the doctor can find concrete answers usable during his medical practice. Results: 570 subjects were included, of which 316 subjects (57.1%) declared having already consumed food supplements. The study revealed the female predominance among consumers, as well as the predominance of the 20-30 year age group. Among the reasons for consumption, filling a deficiency comes first with (42.6%), improved a particular function second with (36.4%) and then treating an illness. For the essential expectations of consumers; fighting fatigue and fighting overweight come first with 34.8% and 14.1% respectively. The consumption of CA is most often done on the advice of a doctor with (46.7%) and the pharmacy remains the main distribution channel with (78.7%). Discussion and Conclusion: The regulatory framework for the marketing in Morocco of food supplements requires only the obtaining of a registration certificate. It is thus, the duty of each health professional to judge the benefit - risk of advising or prescribing a food supplement given the risks to which any consumer may be exposed.
Original Research Article
June 6, 2020
Evaluation of Antisnake Venom Activities of Some Medicinal Plants Using Albino Rats
Ibrahim Sani, Fatima Bello, Isah Musa Fakai and Abubakar Abdulhamid
Page Numbers : 111-117
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i06.001
Snakebite is a neglected public health problem in most of the countries in Africa. Its means of treatment is parenteral administration of serum-based antivenins. But due to the limitations of these antivenins, snakebite victims mostly depend on herbal antidotes. Hence, this research was designed to screen the antisnake venom activity of some medicinal plants on mixed venoms of Naja nigricollis, Echis ocellatus and Bitis arietans using Albino rats’ model. Information on the medicinal plants used for the treatment of snakebite envenomation in Zuru Local Government Area was obtained through ethnobotanical survey. Four (4) most cited plants; Parkia biglobosa stem-bark, Calotropis procera root, Sterculia setigera stem-bark and Bauhinia rufescens seed were selected and screened against the venom-induced lethal effect on albino rats. Albino rats of both sexes were randomly divided into six (6) groups of five (5) rats each and used for the antivenom screening of each plant methanol extract. Group 1 received distilled water. Groups 2, 3 and 4 received 0.8mg/kg b. wt. of the venom mixture, but 3 and 4 were treated with 200 and 400 mg/kg b. wt. of an extract respectively. Group 5 received 400mg/kg b. wt. of an extract only. Finally, group 6 received 0.8mg/kg b. wt. of the venom mixture and treated with standard antivenin. The plants’ extracts exhibited antivenom activities with varying degrees of efficacy. At 400mg/kg b. wt. of extract, the recorded mean animal survival times were 18.52 ± 1.50h, 14.04 ± 4.79h, 18.66 ± 4.32h and 5.96 ± 2.79h for C. procera root, P. biglobosa stem-bark, B. rufescens seed and S. setigera stem-bark extracts respectively. Thus, B. rufescens methanol seed extract was the most potent antivenom agent. These findings suggest that, the selected plants have potent antivenom activity on the selected snake venoms and can serve as lead for the development of safe, readily available and affordable antivenoms that can substitute the use of serum-based antivenins.
Original Research Article
May 28, 2020
A Comparative Clinical Study on Effect of Matra Basti of Sudhabala Taila and Ketakyadi Taila in Janusandhigata Vata
Dr. Biswajit Dash, Dr. R.N. Acharya
Page Numbers : 106-110
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i05.004
As per the ayurvedic text vayu (vata) is the main governing factor in our body as well as in the universe. Also it is mentioned that the three Doshas are predominant in different stages of our age like Kapha in Balyavastha (Childhood), Pitta in yuvavastha (Young age), Vata in Vriddhavastha (old age). That’s why the degeneration process is more in old age due to the predominance of Vata Dosha in our body. Sandhivata (Osteoarthitis) is one of the common examples of the degenerative disease in old age. In India Sandhivata is more prevalent in postmenopausal age group. For the management of sandhivata vatashamak drugs, Brimhan drug, snehan-swedan and Vasti chikitsa etc are being adopted as per the condition of the disease and the patient. In the present study an effort has been made to manage Sandhivata (Osteoarthritis) with matrabasti and shaman drugs. For the study total 100 no of patients of sandhivata were taken and treated with matrabasti with Sudhabala taila and ketakyadi taila. After treatment significant relief was noticed in both of the groups. In group A(Sudhabala taila) patients 14%, 66%, 16% of patients experienced complete remission, marked improvement and moderate improvement respectively. Where as in group B (Katakyadi taila) patients the same was 10%, 68%, and 20% respectively. The rest 4% in group A and 2% in group B patients were experienced no relief. Hence the group B patients showed better result in comparision to group A patients. From the study it can be concluded the matrabasti has a great scope in the management of Janusandhigata vata.
Original Research Article
May 17, 2020
Characterization of Conch Shell Nanoparticles (Shanka Bhasma) Synthesized by the Classical Method
Shankha (Conch) is one of member of Sudha varga (A class of calcium containing compound). It is used in various stomach ailments from many centuries. Shankha Bhasma (Conch Ash) is chief ingredient of many formulations. Physical and chemical characterization is fundamental step to understand the importance of determining efficacy and evaluating the clinically approved medicines of Tradition and complementary medicine (TCM). The physical characterization of Conch Ash was done by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM-EDX), and Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR) and particle size analysis by sieving technique and composition of heavy metals and its limits was determined using by Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). For chemical characterization pH, Loss on drying, total ash, Acid insoluble ash, Water soluble ash was performed. The results revealed that Bhasmikarana (Incineration) process use in preparation ultimately changes the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate of Shankha aragonite form into calcite from, along with formation of Portlandite and Lime in majority. FTIR spectra also confirm this assertion. Cubic-like calcite crystals of Conch Ash and rod-like aragonite crystals of conch shell powders were observed by SEM. The prepared formulation has nanoparticles with the average particle size ranging from to 62-90 nm as estimated using SEM and crystal size analysis by XRD.
May 17, 2020
Aasavikaranam: An Ayurvedic Technique for Phytochemical Extraction by Microbial Maceration
Aasavikarana is an age-old technique used in Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics. It dates back to “Rig Veda” which indicates the use of Soma and Sura which has been used in different medicinal preparations, surgical procedures and in many chemical and alchemical operations. Asava Arishtas (medical tincture), and Shukta (acidic fermented product) without doubt is one of the most potent medicinal formulations. Among many other reasons, one cause for its extraordinary performance may be the method of phytochemical extraction from it. The technique of microbial maceration of phytochemical extraction is inviting much attention in nutraceuticals due to its high yield, convenient, energy-saving and cost effective. Aasavikarana is a complex pharmaceutical process of microbial maceration and various other chemical processes like fermentation, Maillard reaction, hydrolysis of polymers and formation of antioxidant species. An effort is made to enlighten the process of microbial maceration in Aasavikarana and their effect on formulations in the present article.
May 13, 2020
“Ayurveda for Covid 19” Survey Analysis
Dr. Aakash Kembhavi, Dr. Anita Kadagad Kembhavi
Page Numbers : 81-89
DOI : 10.36348/sijtcm.2020.v03i05.001
Since the WHO announced Covid 19 as a global pandemic, the government of India started adopting strategies to tackle the crisis and ramp up the health infrastructure to deal with the cases. In this backdrop it was watched with great expectation that Ayurveda, the traditional health care system of India would be considered to play a role in the management of cases. During this period there were a lot of discussions on social media groups by Ayurveda physicians across the country questioning as to why Ayurveda was still not being considered? This provided the stimulus to develop the survey ‘Ayurveda for Covid 19” and was released on the 29th of March 2020 by the authors to collect opinions and suggestions on the issue. A total of 17 questions were created with multiple choice options and a few questions were open ended for respondents to suggest single herbs, herbal and herbo-mineral formulations that could be used in the management of Covid 19 cases. A total of 449 responses were received by the authors and these were analyzed and a report was generated. This report was then used by the authors to develop a proposal titled “Comprehensive Ayurveda Treatment Response Strategy for Covid 19” on the 2nd of April 2020 which was submitted to the Government of India. The authors present the analysis and its implications.