Scholars International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (SIJOG)
Sch Int J Obstet Gynec
Professor ADEL TAHA HASAN ABU-HEIJA
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Scholars International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology” ISSN 2616-8235 (Print) & ISSN: 2617-3492 (Online) is a Bi-Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review Article, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports and Case Series within the whole field of Obstetrics and Gynecology under Medical Sciences.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Scholars International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology” includes all the areas of research activities in all fields of Obstetrics and Gynecology such as- Maternal-fetal medicine, Reproductive endocrinology, infertility, Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, Family planning, Pediatric and adolescent gynecology, Menopausal and geriatric gynecology, Neonatal infection, in-vitro fertilization (IVF), gynecologic oncology etc
Professor ADEL TAHA HASAN ABU-HEIJA, FRCOG
Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Mutah University, Al-Karak, JORDAN
Professor Surekha Tayade
Professor , Obstetrics and Gynecology , Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram Wardha, Maharashtra, India
A Clinical Study of Postdated Pregnancy among Patients in Dhaka Medical College Hospital
Dr. Dorothy Shahnaz Mukul Fatema, Dr. Abdul Khaleque, Dr. Salma Rouf
Page Numbers : 212-216
DOI : 10.36348/sijog.2020.v03i09.004
Introduction: Any pregnancy that has occurred beyond the expected date of delivery (EDD) is referred to as post-dated or extended pregnancy. Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess the obstetric outcome of postdated pregnancy among patients at Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Method: This was a prospective observational type study. In this study, patients who have reached 40 weeks of gestational age were included patients who were aware of the date of the last menstrual period (LMP) along with the 1st-trimester obstetrics scan. In this study, patients who were not positive were removed from LMP. The research was carried out from January 2012 to December 2013 at Dhaka Medical College Hospital. This study was selected for 250 cases purposefully observational type study. Results: The study result indicates a fetus condition among the highest 95.5% of the 250 pregnant women were alive and 4.5 % died. Male baby and female babies were 49.5% and 50.5% respectively. After delivery, 75.33% of the baby admitted to the hospital, NICU 7.23%, and 17.44% did not admit to the hospital. The maximum of the management of pregnant women (87.5%) was a failure to cause oligo, and the rest was laparoscopy. Per patient operational analysis indicates the highest (75.59%) premature membrane rupture, 17.9% ectopic pregnancy, and 6.51% uterus rupture. Conclusion: Postdated pregnancy has a 50% recurrence risk for the next birth. The infection of the fetus in the form of fetal distress, meconium aspiration syndrome, birth trauma is at high risk of pregnancy. It also improves instrument delivery and operational delivery level.
Sept. 9, 2020
Full Term Pregnancy in A Septum Utérus: A Case Report
The septate uterus is the most common uterine malformation, accounting for 30 to 50% of cases, followed by uterine malformations such as bicornuate uterus and unicornuate uterus. We report a case of a total septate uterus suspected during the obstetric examination of a patient in labor 37 weeks of amenorrhea and during an obstetric ultrasound of the term. The interest of this case is to show the obstetrical prognosis in fertile women with this uterine malformation.
Original Research Article
Sept. 3, 2020
Reappraisal on the Management of Primary Dysmenorrhoea in Adolescents
Najimudeen M, Myo Hla Myint, Masharudin A. W
Page Numbers : 192-199
DOI : 10.36348/sijog.2020.v03i09.001
Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual period without any underlying pathological cause. It is a common problem among adolescents. Despite the high prevalence, primary dysmenorrhea is often poorly treated, disregarded by health professionals, pain researchers, and the adolescents themselves. They may accept it as a normal part of the menstrual cycle. Increased levels of prostaglandins E2 and F2α cause dysrhythmic myometrial contraction, hypercontractility, increased muscle tone leads to ischaemia and pain. It affects the quality of life and performance. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the first line of treatment. Progesterone significantly relieves the pain in subsequent cycles. Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are invaluable in the management of dysmenorrhoea.
Sept. 3, 2020
Challenges and Implications Associated with Septic Abortion in India: A Review
Dr. Saeeda Wasim, Tanish Baqar, Dr. Shriya Arora, Dr. Sharique Ahmad
Page Numbers : 200-205
DOI : 10.36348/sijog.2020.v03i09.002
With a population threatening towards 133.92 crores it is important for a country like India, to make mandatory efforts, providing health benefits to all especially those who are devoid till date. A terrific amount of strain is now being placed on the available medical facilities due to the low doctor-population ratio in India, which limits the time available for doctors to communicate with patients, especially those who belong to a lower socio economic class. Thousands of deaths are reported from unsafe abortion due to the lack of trained abortion providers, lack of knowledge, availability of safe services, compounded by the social stigma surrounding abortion. To save themselves from the surrounding stigma, they then turn towards local, less experienced doctors who charge low but, due to the lack of experience and proper knowledge the condition becomes more severe causing Septic abortion. Septic abortion, whether induced or spontaneously occurs because of improper, unsafe, and inadequate removal of products of conception. Subsequently products of conception become infected, bacteria infiltrate the placental tissue and infection spreads to the uterus. A condition unequivocally related to maternal complications such as hemorrhage, trauma and sepsis. Thus to avoid such outcomes the current article attempts to focus on the major challenges faced by the woman in India, further mentioning the prevention required and solutions associated with septic abortion.
Aug. 11, 2020
Laparoscopic Pectopexy Vs Sacrohysteropexy/Sacrocolpopexy in Management of Pelvic Organ Prolapse: A Review of Literature
Dr. Nidhi Jain, Dr. Jyotsna Kamra, Dr. Shruthi Srinivas
Page Numbers : 187-191
DOI : 10.36348/sijog.2020.v03i08.003
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common disorder characterized by downward displacement of pelvic organs through vaginal wall. Women of advance age, multiparous, with history of previous gynaecological surgeries are at risk of developing POP. Various clinical features associated with POP are something coming of vagina, altered bladder habits or defecation problems. These features affects the quality of life of a women, thus timely management of POP is essential. It can be managed conservatively or surgically. Surgical approaches are hysterectomy, sacrohysteropexy, sacrocolpopexy and pectopexy. Sacrohysteropexy/ sacrocolpopexy are considered as the gold standard procedure of management of POP. However, recently, another procedure i.e. laparoscopic pectopexy is described as a new alternative procedure, which is equally effective and associated with lesser complications. Thus, authors hereby review the literature to compare laparoscopic pectopexy over Sacrohysteropexy/ sacrocolpopexy.
Original Research Article
Aug. 6, 2020
To Compare the Efficacy of Labetalol and Methyldopa in Treatment of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
Dr. Neha Sharma, Dr. Alka Batar
Page Numbers : 178-181
DOI : 10.36348/sijog.2020.v03i08.001
Background: The present study is undertaken with limited available facilities to find out the efficacy of two oral antihypertensive drugs namely labetalol and methyldopa in management of pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: The study consisted of 150 patients with pregnancy induced hypertension attending outpatient department and admitted in ANW, or who directly came to labour room. These patients were randomly selected on lottery basis after they fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Total 150 patients were taken for the study and divided into 2 groups of 75 patients in each group. Results: The mean SBP before treatment in methyldopa group was161.33 ± 8.97 mmHg and 160.03 ± 8.23 mmHg in labetalol group which showed a fall to 138.61 ± 6.67 mmHg (methyldopa group) and 138.08 ± 5.37 mmHg (labetalol groups) after treatment. Fall of SBP was significant in both the groups. But inter group difference was not significant (p > 0.05). The mean DBP before treatment was 106.85 ± 4.33 mmHg in methyldopa group and 105.63 ± 5.23 mmHg in labetalol group which decreased to 89.31 ± 6.51 mmHg and 89.68 ± 5.26 mmHg respectively after treatment. Fall of DBP was significant in both the groups. But inter group difference was not significant (p > 0.05). Fall of MAP was significant in Group A and Group B. But inter group difference was not significant (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Labetalol and methyldopa are equally efficacious in controlling blood pressure in new onset hypertension in pregnancy.
During pregnancy there is a physiological hypercoagulability which may be increased by genetic risk factors and / or acquired thrombosis. This increases the risk of thromboembolism and the risk of thrombosis in placental vessels and thus termination of pregnancy. Among genetic risk factors for thrombosis, factor V Leiden and mutated factor II are responsible for spontaneous miscarriages, which are essentially late. The rare deficits in antithrombin, protein C and protein S are also involved. Factor V Leiden is a thrombophilic condition that can lead to serious thromboembolic events and in pregnant women recurrent miscarriages. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented 6 miscarriages that led to the diagnosis of thrombophilia by resistance to activated protein C and whose last 4 pregnancies were well followed by anticoagulant treatment with low molecular weight heparin aspirin.