Saudi Journal of Nursing and Health Care (SJNHC) | Volume-3;-Issue-07
Original Research Article
July 15, 2020
Mental Health with Stigma & Nurturing Resilience during COVID-19 Outbreak
Dr. Jaya Bharti
Page Numbers : 188-193
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i07.001
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis affecting India like other countries, with over 42,533 confirmed cases and 1373 deaths till 04 may 2020. This spread outbreaks are associated with adverse mental health consequences caused confusion, changed Quality of Life, including movement restrictions, fear of disease become panic, and closure of schools, shops and businesses, and brought about overwhelming psychological impacts, like anxiety, depression, stress, the psychological impact of COVID-19 and its relation with mental health were examined. Because of stigmatization and the fear of being labelled as someone who carries an infectious disease many at risk populations may not seek care until symptoms are unmanageable or may not seek care at all. Resilience is the capacity to cope up with stress and adversity. It is universally regarded as a positive and valued trait. Purpose of resilience is development of initiative, self-regulation and attachment, which are protective factors that can offset or moderate the effects of stress and adversity and allow to everyone to thrive of transformed by adversity. Specially, in situations of corona virus is important to nurturing resilience in individual, family and community. Methodology: In this short review, accordingly, the electronic databases, including PubMed, Medline, Elsevier, and Science Direct, Embase, PsycINFO, Google scholar, Scopus were reviewed for relevant studies (with key words )that have conducted since 2014. Results: The current review paper was carried out to indicate that COVID-19 has negative psychological problems with situational difficulties like patient isolation; contact tracing, quarantine, lockdown and infection control methods should also address the risk of stigmatization among populations and the negative effects which could occur. A review of the studies performed in other parts of the world showed that COVID-19 has caused several psychological impacts, including increased anxiety. Conclusions: By an increase in the prevalence rate of COVID-19 and its resulted movement restrictions, the level of anxiety increases, as well; therefore, there is the need to public awareness of the disease programmes and providing positive psychological intervention programs for controlling stress and reduce anxiety in general population as well as addressing stigma and discrimination targeted toward individuals affected by COVID-19 and groups at higher risks is a priority for public health and health care providers. Individual resilience is a person's ability to positively cope after failures, setbacks, and losses. Developing resilience is a personal journey. Individuals do not react the same way to traumatic or stressful life events. An approach to building resilience that works for one person might not work for another.
Original Research Article
July 15, 2020
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices towards COVID-19 among B.Sc. Nursing Students in Selected Nursing Institution in Saudi Arabia during COVID-19 Outbreak: An Online Survey
Dr. Farzana Begum
Page Numbers : 194-198
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i07.002
Coronavirus disease 2019 (abbreviated “COVID- 19”) is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China and since then it has spread across the globe and leads to many mortality and morbidity . Therefore strict lockdown and many unprecedented measures have been adopted to control the rapid spread of the COVID-19 across the world. The effectiveness of these measures is highly dependent on cooperation of all members of society. People’s adherence to preventive measures is markedly affected by their knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19. Health care professional should have correct knowledge and fair attitude towards COVID-19, since they are the most influential community in health matters. In this study, KAP towards COVID-19 among the B.Sc. nursing students of Saudi Arabia was assessed. An online KAP questionnaire was answered by the participants. The questionnaire consisted of 15 knowledge, 10 attitude and 5 practice based questions. The average knowledge score for participants was 10.8. The overall correct answer rate of the knowledge questionnaire was 72%. About 64% of participants were obtained scores above 10. The majority of the respondents 72.6% were hopeful that world people will get rid of COVID-19 very soon, 79% believe that hand hygiene and wearing a mask can help to prevent getting the infection, 90.3% agree that practicing quarantine by staying at home and avoiding crowded places can help prevent getting infection, 75.8% conscious about the guideline given by WHO, 88.7% agree that it is necessary to rub hands with soap or alcohol for at least 20 seconds, 96.8% agree that it is essential to maintain at least 1 meter physical distance to prevent getting infection, 71% believe that humanity, fraternity and empathy to one another help us fight against COVID-19, 74.2%believe that focusing on improving immune power is a good option to prevent getting infection, 38.7%think that COVID-19 will remain in the world forever, 48.4% believe that people those are already recover from the disease also cannot transmit infection to others, 77.4% wash their hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 to 40 seconds, 91.9% follow social distancing to avoid contact of infected persons, 83.9% avoid going crowded places these days, 75.8% practicing good respiratory hygiene and avoiding touching the eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands and 87.1% wore masks when going out in recent days. There was no significant difference found between the knowledgeable score of males and females about COVID-19. They hold optimistic attitudes, and have appropriate practices towards COVID-19.
Original Research Article
July 16, 2020
Evaluation of the Integrated Disease Post Guidelines Program (Posbindu PTM) in Buludoang Community Health Center Working Area Jeneponto Regency
The prevalence of PTM shows an increasing trend and is the number one cause of death in Indonesia. Through Posbindu a screening of residents aged ≥ 15 years is carried out as a step to prevent and control PTM risk factors. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the Integrated Disease Development Post Program (Posbindu PTM) in the work area of Buludoang Public Health Center in Jeneponto Regency, the focus of this research is to use system theory by looking at the components of input, process, output, and feedback. This research is qualitative research with a descriptive-analytic approach, through in-depth interviews, observation and document review. The research subjects consisted of 12 informants, selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were analyzed including stages, reduction, presentation, and drawing conclusions, testing the validity of using triangulation of data sources. The results of the study, the number of cadres in each Posbindu between 2-5 people and has not been supported by SK (Certificate) so that it is inadequate, found the limitations of Posbindu (Integrated Development Post) KIT and inspection sticks, there are no KIE (Communication, Information, and Health Education) modules and media and does not involve the village government in Posbindu funding. Planning is done every year but is not problem-oriented, Posbindu is not yet supported by an organizational structure, the implementation of activities is still carried out by the PTM Puskesmas program holder and there are stages that are not carried out optimally, especially tables 2 and 5. Monitoring through monitoring is not routine and only focuses on Public health center. Service coverage is 6.9% and far from the SPM (Minimum Service Standards) target, and no coaching steps have been made to improve. Improvements are needed in the system dimension by involving the village government to maximize the implementation of Posbindu.
Original Research Article
July 21, 2020
What is the Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in Learning of Undergraduate Saudi Nursing Students who have Completed or Currently in Their Internship Experience with High-Fidelity Simulation Labs?
Yasir Solaiman Alsalamah
Page Numbers : 205-213
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i07.004
Purpose: This study aims at assessing the impact of Saudi Arabia nursing students in their internship experience with High- Fidelity Simulation Labs. Focus is primarily on the satisfaction and self-confidence of the students in learning and also the ability of the program in preparing the students for the actual practice. Design: The study used a descriptive quantitative data collection method. Specifically, an online survey method via Survey Monkey was adopted and focused on collecting data that was related to learning tools in satisfaction and self-efficacy. Thirteen questions (items) were designed, five of which were about satisfaction, whereas eight addressed self-confidence. The theoretical framework chosen was from Bandura's social learning theory, which postulates that people learn from one another through observation, imitation, and modeling. Moreover, according to the theory, there are five basic human cognitive human capabilities, which are the ability to use symbols, learning through observation, forethought, self-regulation, and self-reflection. The study used descriptive data analysis, specifically the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25, to analyze the data collected. Participants: Nursing students from a private college in Saudi Arabia and the Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission (SACM) in the USA. Findings: The key findings from the research is that students increased their satisfaction and self-confidence while learning with (HFS). In this case, the students were satisfied with the materials, methods of learning, and activities involved when learning with HFS since this demonstrated their knowledge and experience in a clinical setting. Conclusion: High-Frequency Simulation offers a great opportunity for the students to have a near firsthand experience of how to take care of the patients without putting the actual patient’s health at risk. The significance of the study is that it can be instrumental in aiding educators in Saudi to improve and support the nursing students by utilizing HFS.
Original Research Article
July 28, 2020
Relationship of Sex Type, Shift Work, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Work Loads against Work Extension in the Air Traffic Controller Operator in Makassar Sultan Hasanuddin Airport
Chin Hoy, Lalu Muhammad Saleh, Anwar, Syamsiar S. Russeng, Yahya Thamrin, Darmawansya
Page Numbers : 214-218
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i07.005
Air Traffic Controller (ATC) is a service provider that regulates traffic in the air, especially airplanes to prevent planes from getting too close to each other and collisions. Increasingly crowded flight schedules the level of responsibility and workload of Air Traffic Controller (ATC) operators is increasingly numerous and this has an impact on the mental burden and fatigue felt by air traffic controller officers. This study aims to determine the sex relations, work shifts, Mass Index Body (BMI), and workload on work fatigue at the Air Traffic Controller operator at Sultan Hasanuddin Airport in Makassar. This research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design with a sample size of 65 people. Data were collected by conducting interviews. The instrument used was a data analysis questionnaire using the Continuity Correction test. The results of this study indicate that of the 65 respondents there was no significant relationship between sex and work fatigue (p = 1,000), there was a relationship between work shifts and work fatigue (p = 0.015), there was no relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) with fatigue (p = 0.064), and there is a relationship between workload and work fatigue (p = 0.021). The results of this study concluded that there was no relationship between sex and body mass index on fatigue and there was a relationship between work shifts and workloads at the Air Traffic Controller operator at Sultan Hasanuddin Airport in Makassar. It is expected that the Air Traffic Controller (ATC) operator should regulate and maintain the diet and intake of nutrients consumed, utilizing good rest time in between the controls so as to prevent the occurrence of errors felt by the Air Traffic Controller (ATC) operator.
Original Research Article
July 30, 2020
Percieved Psychosocial Factors Affecting Uptake of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccination among Female Civil Servants in Delta State, Nigeria
Beatrice M Ohaeri, Priscilla U. Ebunu
Page Numbers : 219-227
DOI : 10.36348/sjnhc.2020.v03i07.006
Cervical cancer constitutes global health issue. Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine (HPV) has been associated with its prevention. Despite importance of the vaccine, studies have shown that diverse factors could impede its uptake. Therefore, this study assessed these perceived psychosocial barriers, as well as the uptake of HPV among Female Civil Servants in Delta State, Nigeria. Methods: The design was descriptive and cross-sectional. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 435 women, who consented. A structured questionnaire of 0.7 reliability coefficient was used to collect data at the Secretariat. Data were analyzed using frequency counts and the results were presented in tables and charts. Result: Mean age of participants was 326.7 years. Many, (44.4%) of them had adequate knowledge of the HPV and most (94.7%), had not vaccinated their female adolescents. Cost (54.5%) and inaccessibility (51.3%) were projected as deterring factors. Psychosocial factors isolated were taboo and On the whole, 68.0% were enthusiastic about compliance with vaccination, later. Conclusion: Human Papilloma Vaccine is the primary prevention tool that could reduce the incidence of cervical cancer gobally. Subsidizing its cost by stakeholders and inclusion of National Immunization Programme could improve uptake. In addition, creating awareness about the vaccine, could improve knowledge, therefore ensuring that perceived barriers do not deter people from utilizing services. Active counselling by nurses / midwives will reduce fears, correct misconception and enhance uptake. Ultimately, there will be reduction in the global burden of cervical cancer.