Construction is a highly demanded for rapid development. In Chitwan, recently, large construction projects are ongoing that includes commercial buildings in majority. However, Construction industry is taken as the dangerous and dirty industries. Like every construction project, commercial building projects also involve different factors of Accident. Safety aspect is less concerned on the construction site. The objective of the paper is to assess the causative factors accidents in construction projects of commercial Building in Bharatpur. It will be significant to the construction practitioners and its stakeholders. It helps them to avoid accidents by maintaining safety requirement in their construction project and help them implement good provisions of safety adopted by other companies. Site visit of the Housing and interview were conducted after extensive literature review to list all the possible factors for questionnaire preparation. Questionnaires survey was conducted to all the consultant and contractor team working in the Area. Relative Importance Index was used to rank the major accident causation factor. The causation factor attribute to organizational level were identified as major one. No compliance to governmental safety rules and regulation, Workers Negligent in wearing personal protection items, Lack of working space and site layout, Condition of equipment, Workers was rushing to the work and Appropriate Personal Safety procedures were not specified were majour factors of accidents. The housing safety management in the project was inferior to the anticipated codes and byelaws. Some of the accident causation factor from the literature review also coincides with the risk and hazards in the housing construction.
Original Research Article
Sept. 19, 2020
Effectiveness of Different Techniques on the Seismic Retrofitting of Existing RC Framed Buildings in Saudi Arabia
Ayed Eid Alluqmani
Page Numbers : 113-118
DOI : 10.36348/sjce.2020.v04i07.002
In this research, finite elements analysis is utilized, using SAP2000, to study the effectiveness of different techniques on the seismic retrofitting of existing reinforced concrete framed structures. The models are considered for reinforced concrete framed structures; and seismic evaluation is conducted. These models represent typical structures that were designed and constructed before and after the current Saudi Building Code, SBC-2007. The seismic evaluation was conducted using SAP2000 Program. This study focuses on performance based design of three multi-story RC framed buildings in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, subjecting them to monotonically increasing lateral forces with an invariant height wise distribution until the preset performance level (target displacement) is reached. Considering the deficiencies indicated in analysis, these buildings are redesigned by adopting retrofitting techniques such as shear wall, bracing and column strengthening. These techniques strengthen structures to reach the targeted performance level. The results indicate the effectiveness of each technique and how applicable it is to be used for seismic retrofitting of structures in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.