Background: Parent quality of life refers to the degree to which parent of individuals of children with disabilities are able to meet their basic needs, enjoy time together, and pursue leisure interests and activities. Children with ASD causes stress in the family, most especially among parents, consequently affecting parental quality of life (QOL). Objective: Our objective was to identify the quality of life among the parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and behavioural aspects of children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: This paper describes the QOL of parents and behavioural aspects of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) by using a quantitative method design. The participants are parents of children with ASD (n=153) and were asked to answer the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF) Questionnaire Bengali Version and The Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form (NCBRF). The WHOQOL-BREF was used to assess parental QOL while the Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form (NCBRF) was used to assess the child’s social behavior/ competence and problem behavior, demographic data were also obtained. Results: The result identified the significant association between parent’s quality of life (physical domain, psychological domain, social domain and environment domain) with all the characteristics of children with ASDs problem behavior as conduct problem, anxious, hyperactive, stereotypic and self-isolated. The result showed that positive weak correlation between parent’s quality of life (physical health, psychological, social relationships and environment) with children with ASD’s social behavior (0 <rs<0.25). Conclusion: For the problem behavior (conduct problem, insecure, hyperactive, self-injury and overly sensitive) of the children with ASD showed the positive correlation with respondent four domains of quality of life except self-isolation.
Oct. 10, 2020
Building a Culture of Health: A Committee Approach to Wellness
Kelsey McEntyre, Jesse D. Brock, Colin G. Pennington, Andrew A. Wolfe, Kayla Peak, Stephanie Nelson
Page Numbers : 183-186
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i10.002
REVIVE, a committee of eight employees within the School of Kinesiology at Tarleton State University, focuses on promoting healthy lifestyles for employees. In an effort to promote interest in all dimensions of wellness, REVIVE offers a variety of events including, but not limited to: health screenings, information sessions, personal training, outdoor outings, exercise videos, and a walking program.
Original Research Article
Oct. 10, 2020
Compression of Elbow Angle between Tribal and Non-Tribal School Boys in Acceleration Phase during 100 Meter Sprinting
Debasish Mandal, Dr. Ashoke Kumar Biswas
Page Numbers : 187-192
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i10.003
Differences of cultural and physical activity of daily life are found between tribal and non-tribal community in India. Tribal group also called ethnic group of community other than tribal community people call non-tribal people. The present research study was to find out front and rear arm elbow angle and compare them in acceleration phase for tribal and non-tribal school boys. Total 120 tribal and non-tribal school boys were selected as subject. The subject was divided the age groups i.e., 10-11 yrs., 12-13 yrs. and 14-15 yrs. each age group consists 20 tribal and 20 non-tribal boys. The videography was done during 100 m sprinting. The front and rear arm elbow angle analyzed from video graphic movement by Kinovea 0.8.15 Motion analysis software. The average front arm elbow angle of (10-11) yrs., (12-13) yrs. and (14-15) yrs. tribal boys were 77.000, 78.000 and 81.600 whereas non-tribal boys were 78.850, 81.350 and 85.900 respectively. The front arm elbow angle in acceleration phase increased with increase of age for both tribal and non-tribal boys and front arm elbow angle increased towards the 900 tribal and non-tribal sections. Similarly, the rear arm elbow angle for (10-11) yrs., (12-13) yrs. and (14-15) yrs. tribal boys were 112.250, 105.550 and 113.450 whereas non-tribal boys were 111.050, 110.100 and 108.000 respectively. The rear arm elbow angle decreased with increase of age for tribal and non-tribal groups except one tribal group. The rear arm elbow angle was more than the 900 and it occur 105.550 to 113.450 for tribal whereas 108.000 to 111.050 for non-tribal boys. The difference between tribal and non-tribal school boys for front and rear arm elbow angle was not statistically significant at 0.05 level of significant.
Original Research Article
Oct. 16, 2020
Physiological and Anthropometric Characteristics of Amateur Women in the Kenya Rugby Union
Anthony Muchiri Wangui, Edwin Kadima Wamukoya, Micky Oloo Olutende
Page Numbers : 193-198
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i10.004
Rugby is a team body contact sport that is popular in many countries internationally. The team involves two opposing teams trying to carry an oval shaped ball to the end of a rectangular field, while preventing the other team doing the same it has demands broadly characterized by a high frequency of physical contacts and repeated intermittent bouts of high intensity activity. The game is played at amateur, semiprofessional, and professional levels with the players being divided into two groups, according to their on-field positions (forwards and backs). Forwards are roughly considered to be the ball conquerors and are responsible for the dispute of the ball both in static and dynamic moments of the game. They are involved in all the line outs, scrums and in most of the mauls and rucks. Therefore, they are required to have a group of characteristics that enables them to perform in these situations. Forwards are heavier than backs. The assessment of body composition in professional rugby players is frequently performed as part of their routine monitoring procedures in order to optimize competitive performance and to monitor the success of training regimen. For the optimal physical development of female rugby league players’, knowledge of positional differences in physical characteristics are vital to inform training practices the data was collected using protocols which the rugby players filled demographic data. The multi-stage fitness test, also known as the PACER test or PACER (Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run), the 20 m Shuttle Run Test (20 m SRT), or the beep test, is a running test used to estimate an athlete's aerobic capacity (VO2 max). Following institutional ethics approval, A team (Impala ladies Rfc) in the women league of the Kenya rugby union (KRU) was purposively selected from the rest of the teams in the championship league for the study. Thirty (30) women rugby league players from the team were recruited and participated in the study. A total of 30 players were sampled mean age 22.20±3.605. 73.3% (22) of the participants were Students, 16.7% (5) and 10% (3) were in employment. The mean for the caps was .40±.814. There was a significant correlation between the age and primary position of the players (ꭓ2=14.267, df=8, P˂.0075). There was no relationship between the players position and the acquiring of the NHIF cover (ꭓ2=.370, df=1, P˂.543). 178.2 (175.8 to 180.6) cm, 85.8 (80.6 to 91.0) kg, and 18.8 (17.3 to 20.3) % respectively. Forwards were significantly older (p<0.01) significantly heavier (p<0.01) than backs. estimated V~O2MAX scores for all subjects were 38.1 (35.7 to 40.5) cm, 2.58 (2.51 to 2.65) seconds, 6.63 (6.53 to 6.73) seconds, and 38.98 (37.18 to 40.78) ml/kg/min respectively. Scores for vertical jump were not significantly different (p>0.05) between forwards and backs. Although backs were faster than forwards during the 10 m sprint, the difference was not significant (p =0.07). Backs were significantly faster (p<0.01) than forwards during the 40 m sprint. No significant differences (p>0.05) were observed between forwards and backs for estimated V~O2MAX. In conclusion, when compared with professional players, estimates of maximal aerobic power, speed, and muscular power were lower, and percentage body fat higher in amateur rugby league players. Values for percentage body fat, vertical jump, 10 m sprint, and maximal aerobic power were not significantly different between forwards and backs. The results of this study show that the physiological and anthropometric characteristics of amateur women rugby league players are poorly developed.